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Far otherwise th’ event, not death, but life
So saying, she embrac’d him, and for joy 990
995 She gave him of that fair enticing fruit With liberal hand: he scrupled not to eat Against his better knowledge, not deceiv’d, But fondly overcome with female charm. Earth trembled from her entrails, as again
989. And fear of deuth deliver but the woman being deceived was to the winds.] To deliver to the in the transgression, 1 Tim. ii. winds is a sort of proverbial ex- 14. Overcome with jemale charm, pression, Hor. od. i. xxvi. 1. which the holy page styles, - Tristitiam et metus
Hearkening unto the voice of his Tradam protervis in mare Creticum wife, Gen. iii. 17. Portare ventis. 998. -not deceiv'd,
Improbe amor, quid non mortalia But fondly over come with female
pectora cogis ?
Virg. Æn. iv. 412. charm.]
Hume. According to the historical relation of Moses, he did not plead 1000. Earth trembled from her for himself, that he was deceived, entrails,] When Dido in the (the excuse of Eve cheated by fourth Æneid yielded to that fatal the Serpent,) but rather enticed temptation which ruined her, and persuaded by her : The wo- Virgil tells us the earth trembled, man whom thou gavest to be with the heavens were filled with me, she gave me of the tree, and I flashes of lightning, and the did eat. Gen. iii. 12. Whence nymphs howled upon the mounSt. Paul, Adam was not deceived, tain tops. Milton, in the same
In pangs, and Nature gave a second groan,
poetical spirit, has described all been properly introduced as a nature as disturbed upon Eve's reason for his awakening his apeating the forbidden fruit, ver. prehensions, and making his 780.
heart, divine of something ill, misSo saying, her rash hand in evil hour give him, as well as her so long Forth reaching to the fruit, she delayed return, ver. 844. or it plucked, she eat:
might have been cleared up by Earth felt the wound, and Nature some other such lucky turn of from her seat
thought, as our author is master Sighing, through all her works gave of upon most occasions. Greensigns of woe,
niood. That all was lost.
1002. Sky low'r’d, and mutierUpon Adam's falling into the ing thunder,] It is not meant same guilt, the whole creation that thunder also lowered, but appears a second time in con; Sky lowered, and muttering thunvulsions. As all nature suffered der in the ablative case absolute, by the guilt of our first parents, some sad drops wept at completing these symptoms of trouble and of the morial sin. It was not consternation are wonderfully loud claps of thunder, but mut. imagined, not only as prodigies, tering thunder, melancholy and but as marks of her sympathiz- mournful. The passage alluded ing in the fall of man. Addison.
to in Virgil is this. Æn. iv. It could not be expected that 166. Adam should take any inore notice of this second groan of Na
-Prima et Tellus et pronuba
Juno ture, when he had eaten of the
Dant signum; fulsere ignes et con. forbidden fruit, than Eve did of scius æther the first after her transgression; Connubiis: summoque olularunt ver. because they are represented as
tice Nymphæ, with new wine intoxicated both.
Ille dies primus lethi, primusque
malorum But I wonder that this accurate
Causa fuit. and careful writer hath not hinted
Then first the trembling earth the something at Adam's thoughts
signal gave; upon the first convulsion, when
And fashing fires enlighten all the he was in a state of innocence, calmness, and retirement. As Hell from below, and Juno from Nature through all her works gave
above, signs of woe, he could not but be
And howling nymphs, were
scious to their love. very sensible of it: and if so,
From this ill-omen'd hour, in time he must certainly be startled at a phænomenon so strange and
Debate and death, and all succeed. new. This I think deserved in
ing woes. Dryden. some measure to be accounted 1002. But surely muttering for; and it might perhaps have is an active participle in the
Wept at completing of the mortal sin
Eve, now I see thou art exact of taste,
nominative case, and thunder is ing as well as to the palate: as governed by it. The sky mut- in Cicero de Fin. ii. 8. Nec enim tering thunder wept some sad sequitur, ut cui cor sapiat, ei drops, &c. E.
non sapiat palatum. 1019. Since to each meaning 1027. now let us play, savour we apply,] Since we use As meet is, after such delicious the word savour in both senses, fare;] and apply it to the understand- He seems to allude to Exod. VOL. II.
As meet is, after such delicious fare ;
xxxii. 6. 1 Cor. x. 7. And the peo. should have given a very imperple sat down to eat, and to drink, fect account of his beauties, if I and rose up to play ; understand. had not observed the most reing the word play with several markable passages which look commentators, not of dancing like parallels in these two great after the sacrifices as it ought authors. I might, in the course of probably to be understood in these criticisms, have taken nothese texts, but of committing tice of many particular lines and uncleanness, as the word is often expressions which are translated used in the learned languages. from the Greek poet; but as I
1029. For never did thy beauty, thought this would have ap&c.] Adam's converse with Eve, peared too minute and overafter having eaten the forbidden curious, I have purposely omitfruit, is an exact copy of that ted them. The greater incibetween Jupiter and Juno in the dents, however, are not only set fourteenth Iliad uno there off by being shown in the same approaches Jupiter with the gir- light with several of the same dle which she had received from nature in Homer, but by that Venus; upon which he tells her, means may be also guarded that she appeared more charm- against the cavils of the tasteless ing and desirable than she had or ignorant. Addison. ever done before, even when Our author had in mind the their loves were at the highest. conversation between Paris and The poet afterwards describes Helen in the third Iliad, as well them as reposing on a summit as that · between Jupiter and of mount Ida, which produced Juno on mount Ida. And as under them a bed of flowers, the Mr. Pope observes, it is with lotos, the crocus, and the hya- wonderful judgment and decinth; and concludes his de- cency that Milton has used that scription with their falling asleep. exceptionable passage of the dalLet the reader compare this liance, ardour, and enjoyment of with the following passage in Jupiter and Juno. That which Milton, which begins with seems in Homer an impious ficAdam's speech to Eve. As no tion, becomes a moral lesson in poet seems ever to have studied Milton; since he makes that Homer more, or to have more lascivious rage of the passion resembled him in the greatness the im ediate effect of the sin of of genius, than Milton, I think I our first parents after the fall.
So said he, and forbore not glance or toy Of amorous intent, well understood Of Eve, whose eye darted contagious fire. Her hand he seiz'd, and to a shady bank, Thick overhead with verdant roof imbow'rd, He led her nothing loath ; flow’rs were the couch, Pansies and violets, and asphodel, And hyacinth, earth's freshest softest lap. There they their fill of love and love's disport Took largely, of their mutual guilt the seal, The solace of their sin, till dewy sleep Oppress’d them, wearied with their amorous play. 1045 Soon as the force of that fallacious fruit, That with exhilarating vapour bland About their spi'rits had play'd, and inmost powers Made err, was now exhal'd; and grosser sleep Bred of unkindly fumes, with conscious dreams Incumber'd, now had left them ; up they rose As from unrest, and each the other viewing, Soon found their eyes how open'd, and their minds How darken’d ; innocence, that as a veil Had shadow'd them from knowing ill, was gone,
1034. So said he, and forbore 1049. and grosser sleep not glance or toy, &c.] What a Bred of unkindly fumes,]
fine contrast does this description How unlike the sleep mentioned of the amorous follies of our first parents after the fall make to
for his sleep that lovely picture of the same
Was airy light from pure digestion passion in its state of innocence
bred, in the preceding book, ver. 510. And temp’rate vapours bland.
-To the nuptial bower I led her blushing like the morn: The sleep of sin is nothing like
all heaven, And happy constellation &c.! the sleep of innocence.