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Stood visible, among these pines his voice
I heard, here with him at this fountain talk’d:
So many grateful altars I would rear
Of grassy turf, and pile up every stone
Of lustre from the brook, in memory,
Or monument to ages, and thereon
Offer sweet smelling gums and fruits and flowers :
In yonder nether world where shall I seek
His bright appearances, or foot-step trace ?
For though I fled him angry, yet recall’d
To life prolong'd and promis'd race, I now
Gladly behold though but his utmost skirts
Of glory, and far off his steps adore.

To whom thus Michael with regard benign.



vol. i. edit. 1738. And both them; he therefore changes his passages very much resemble expression and says, Or in mothe following in Pliny's. Pa- nument to ages, that is, to warn, negyric to Trajan. xv. Veniet teach, and instruct them that ergo tempus, quo posteri visere, God formerly appeared there to visendum tradere minoribus suis The Doctor not perceiving gestient, quis sudores tuos hau- this sense of the passage, would serit campus, quæ refectiones reail tuas arbores, quæ somnum saxa -from the brooks in memory, prætexerint, quod denique te- A monument to ages. etum magnus hospes impleve

Pearce. ris, &c.

332. Gladly behold though but 325. in memory

his utmost skirts Or monument to ages,]

Of glory,] Dr. Bentley asks what differ. He alludes to Exod. xxxiii. 22, ence there is between memorial 23. And it shall come to pass and monument, that or must se

while my glory passes bythou parate them. I think that by shalt see my back parts, but my in memory Adam means for a memorial to himself, for marks follows he had Statius in me

face shall not be seen : as in what by which he might "remember

mory, Thebaid xii. 817. the places of God's appearance: but because his sons (who had

—and far off his steps adore. not seen God's appearing there) Sed longe sequere, et vestigia semper could not be said to remember



Adam, thou know'st heav'n his, and all the earth,
Not this rock only'; his omnipresence fills
Land, sea, and air, and every kind that lives,
Fomented by his virtual pow'r and warm'd:
All th' earth he gave thee to possess and rule,
No despicable gift ; surmise not then
His presence to these narrow bounds confin'd
Of Paradise or Eden : this had been
Perhaps thy capital seat, from whence had spread
All generations, and had hither come
From all the ends of th' earth, to celebrate



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337. -and every kind that Warms in the sun, refreshes in the

breeze, lives,] The construction is, his

Glows in the stars, and blossoms in omnipresence fills every kind that

the trees, lives: which, if true, says Dr. Lives thro' all life, extends thro' all Bentley, was not the author's extent, intention. But how it can be Spreads undivided, operates proved that it was not the au


Breathes in our soul, informs our thor's intention, when his words

mortal part, so clearly express it, I am at a As full as perfect, in a hair, as heart, loss to apprehend: and if the As full, as perfect in vile man that Doctor could really question the mourns, truth of the assertion, it must be

As the rapt seraph that adores and

burns; said that the poet had nobler

To him, no high, no low, no great, and more worthy conceptions no small; of God's omnipresence than the He fills, he bounds, connects, and divine ; for in him we live, and move, and have our being, Acts Nay, an heathen poet has a rexvii. 28. Another poet has en- markable passage to this purlarged upon the same sentiment, pose, to which no doubt Milton with great sublimity of thought, alluded. Lucan, ix. 578. and as great force of language. Estne Dei sedes nisi terra, et pontus, Essay on Man, i. 259, &c.

et aer, Et cælum, et virtus ? Superos quid

quærimus ultra ? All are but parts of one stupendous

Jupiter est quodcunque vides, quowhole,

cunque moveris. Whose body nature is, and God the

344. -and had hither come] That, chang'd through all, and yet in So the first editions, and not

all the same, Great in the earth, as in th' ethereal thither, which is in most of the frame,

Jater ones.

equals all.



And reverence thee their great progenitor.
But this preeminence thou' hast lost, brought down
To dwell on even ground now with thy sons :
Yet doubt not but in valley and in plain
God is as here, and will be found alike
Present, and of his presence many a sign
Still following thee, still compassing thee round
With goodness and paternal love, his face
Express, and of his steps the track divine.
Which that thou may'st believe, and be confirm'd 355
Ere thou from hence depart, know I am sent
To show thee what shall come in future days
To thee and to thy offspring; good with bad
Expect to hear, supernal grace contending
With sinfulness of men; thereby to learn
True patience, and to temper joy with fear
And pious sorrow, equally inur'd
By moderation either state to bear,
Prosperous or adverse : so shalt thou lead
Safest thy life, and best prepar'd indure

365 Thy mortal passage when it comes. Ascend


366. -Ascend

poems, is entertained with a This hill; ]

sight of all those who are to The angel afterwards leads Adam descend from him; but though to the highest mount of Para- that episode is justly admired dise, and lays before him a as one of the noblest designs in whole hemisphere, as a proper the whole Æneid, every one stage for those visions which must allow that this of Milton were to be represented on it. is of a much higher nature. I have before observed how the Adam's vision is not confined plan of Milton's poem is in to any particular tribe of manmany particulars greater than kind, but extends to the whole that of the Iliad or Æneid. species. Addison. Virgil's hero, in the last of these


This hill; let Eve (for I have drench'd her eyes)
Here sleep below, while thou to foresight wak’st;
As once thou slept'st, while she to life was form’d.

To whom thus Adam gratefully replied.
Ascend, I follow thee, safe Guide, the path
Thou lead'st me', and to the hand of Heav'n submit,
However chast’ning, to the evil turn
My obvious breast, arming to overcome
By suffering, and earn rest from labour won,
If so I may attain. So both ascend
In the visions of God: It was a hill
Of Paradise the highest, from whose top
The hemisphere of earth in clearest ken
Stretch'd out to th' amplest reach of prospect lay: 380



367. -let Eve (for I have Quicquid erit, superanda omnis for. drench'd her eyes)

tuna ferendo est. Here sleep below,]

377. In the visions of God:) It may be asked, why Eve was A Scripture expression, Ezek. not permitted to see this vision, viii. 3. And the Spirit lifled me as she had no less occasion than up between the earth and the heaAdam thereby to learn true pa ven, and brought me in the visions tience : but Milton here only of God to Jerusalem. And again, continues the decorum Ezek. xl. 2. In the visions of God which he had before observed, brought he me into the land of when he made Eve retire upon Isruel, and set me upon a very Raphael's beginning his con- high mountain. And these may ference with Adam, Book viii

. very properly be called the riBesides, the tenderness of the sions of God, not only for disfemale mind could not be sup- covering things future, but likeposed able to bear the shocking wise for the extensiveness of the scenes which were going to be

prospect, such as no human eye represented. Thyer.

could reach.


upon 367. Drenched with the dews highest mountain the eye can of sleep. Compare Comus, 996. command only a small part of -drenches with Elysian dew. the hemisphere by reason of

T. Warton. the roundness of the earth; but 374. -to overcome

here a whole hemisphere lay By suffering ]

stretched out to view at once Virg. Æn. v. 710.

like a plain.


Not high'er that hill nor wider looking round,
Whereon for different cause the Tempter set
Our second Adam in the wilderness,
To shew him all earth's kingdoms and their glory.
His eye might there command wherever stood
City of old or modern fame, the seat
Of mightiest empire, from the destin'd walls


381. Not high'er that hill lemy, and thence to Agra and &c.] That hill was not higher, Lahor, two great cities in the whereon the devil set our Sa- empire of the great Mogul, down viour (the second man, 1 Cor. xv. to the golden Chersonese, that is, 47. the last Adum, ver. 45.) to Malacca, the most southern proshow him all the kingdoms of the montory of the East-Indies, so world, and the glory of them, called on account of its riches, Matth. iv. 8. The prospects to distinguish it from the other are well compared together, and Chersoneses or peninsulas, or the first thought of the one where the Persian in Ecbatan might probably be taken from sut, Ecbatana, formerly the cathe other; and as the one makes pital city of Persia, or since in part of the subject of Paradise Hispahan, the capital city at Lost, so doth the other of Para

present, or where the Russian dise Regained.

Ksar, the Czar of Muscovy, in 387. —from the destin'd walls Moscow, the metropolis of all Of Cambalu, &c.]

Russia, or the Sultan in Bizance, He first takes a view of Asia, the Grand Signior in Constanand there of the northern parts, tinople, formerly Byzantium, the destined walls, not yet in Turchestan-born, as the Turks being, but designed to be, (which came from Turchestan, a prois to be understood of all the vince of Tartary; he reckons rest,) of Cambalu, seat of Ca- these to Asia, as they are adthaian Cun, the principal city of joining, and great part of their Cathay, a province of Tartary, territories lie in Asia. He passes the ancient seat of the Chams, now into Africa; nor could his and Samarchand by Oxus, the eye not ken th' empire of Negus, chief city of Zagathaian Tartary, the Upper Ethiopia, or the land near the river Oxis, Temir's of the Abyssinians, subject to throne, the birth-place and royal one sovereign, styled in their residence of Tamerlane; and own language Negus or king, from the northern he passes to and by the Europeans Prestor the eastern and southern parts John, to his utmost port Ercoco, of Asia, to Paquin or Pekin of or Erquico on the Red Sea, the Sinaan kings, the royal city of north-east boundary of the AbysChina, the country of the an- sinian empire, and the less macient Sinæ mentioned by Pto- ritime kings, the lesser kingdoms

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