« AnteriorContinuar »
Wondrous in length and corpulence, involv’d
“amples to imprudent and unOf future,]
governed men, of a frugal As Horace says, Sat. i. i. 35. “ and self-governing democracy Haud ignara ac non incauta futuri. or commonwealth; safer and
more thriving in the joint in small room large heart inclosed, Georg. iv. 83.
providence and counsel of
“ many industrious equals, than Ingentes animos angusto in pectore “ under the single domination
“ of one imperious lord.” See It is there said of the bee, and his Ready and easy way to estahere applied to the ant.
blish a free commonwealth, p. 591. 487. Pattern of just equality] Edit. 1738. He adds perhaps We see that our author upon kereafter, as he had no hopes of occasion discovers his principles it at that time. He commends of government. He enlarges the ants or emmets for living in upon the same thought in an- a republic, as the bees are said other part of his works. “Go to to do under a monarchy; and “the ant, thou sluggard, saith therefore Mr. Pope says, Essay
Solomon; consider her ways on Man, ii. 186. “and be wise ; which having no The ants' republic, and the realm "prince, ruler, or lord, provides
her meat in the summer, and 490. The female bee, that feeds gathers her food in the harvest :
her husband drone “ which evidently shews us, Deliciously, and builds her " that they who think the na- waxen cells] “tion undone without a king, Dr. Bentley would throw out " though they look grave or part of these verses. The drone " haughty, have not so much (says he) is not the bee's hus. " true spirit and understanding band ; and that bees are all fe" in them as a pismire: neither males, seems an idle and idiot
are these diligent creatures ical notion, against the course “hence concluded to live in and rule of nature. But (how“ lawless anarchy, or that com- ever that be) both those opi“mended, but are set the ex- nions had been strenuously
Deliciously, and builds her waxen cells
Now heav'n in all her glory shone, and rollid Her motions, as the great first Mover's hand First wheel'd their course ; earth in her rich attire Consummate lovely smil'd; air, water, earth, By fowl, fish, beast, was flown, was swum, was walk'd Frequent; and of the sixth day yet remain'd; There wanted yet the master work, the end
maintained by Mr. Charles But- other from thirty to forty thouler in the fourth chapter of his sand bees. The drones or hus. curious treatise upon bees, en- bands of this queen, except when titled The Feminine Monarchie, they are paying their duty to printed in 1634. and it seems to her, live idly and luxuriously have been the prevailing doc- upon the finest honey, whereas trine in Milton's days. Pearce. the common bees live in great
There has been lately pub- measure upon wax; and the lished in French a natural his- queen herself will condescend tory of bees, Histoire naturelle to wait upon the drones, and des abeilles, &c. Paris 1744. bring them honey; and so, as wherein the curious author has Milton expresses it, feeds her huscollected all that Swammerdam band drone deliciously. and others have written upon 497. And hairy mane terrific,] the subject. He says that in a Virgil in like manner attributes hive there is commonly one a mane to serpents, Æn. ii. 206. queen, and perhaps a thousand males called drones, and near
Sanguineæ exuperant undas. twenty thousand working bees of no ser that can be distin- 505. There wanted yet the masguished. The queen or mother ter work, &c.] The author here bee is longer than the rest, and remembered and copied Ovid, will produce one year with an- Met. i. 76.
Of all done; a creature who not prone
Let us make now man in our image, man
Sanctius his animal, mentisque ca- closely to Scripture in his acpacius altæ
count of the formation of man, Deerat adhuc, et quod dominari in
as well as of the other creatures. cætera posset. -Finxit in effigiem moderantùm
And God said, Let us make man cuncta Deorum.
in our image, after our likeness; Pronaque cum spectent animalia and let them have dominion over
cætera terram, Os homini sublime dedit; cælumque fowl of the air, and over the cattle,
the fish of the sea, and over the tueri Jussit, et erectos ad sidera tollere and over all the earth, and over vultus.
every creeping thing that creepeth A creature of a more exalted kind upon the earth. So God created Was wanting yet, and then was man mun in his own image; in the design'd:
image of God created he him ; Conscious of thought, of more capacious breast,
male and female created he them. For empire form'd, and fit to rule And God blessed them, and God the rest.
said unto them, Be fruitful, and - Thus while the mute creation multiply, and replenish the earth, downward bend
and subdue it: and have dominion Their sight, and to their earthly mother tend,
over the fish of the sea, and over Man looks aloft, and with erected the fowl of the air, and over every eyes
living thing that moveth upon the Beholds his own hereditary skies,
earth, Gen. i. 26, 27, 28. I have
Dryden. set down the passage at length, 519. Let us make now man in that the reader may compare the our image, &c.] The author keeps divine historian and the poet
In our similitude, and let them rule
together. There are scarce any eastward in Eden ; and there le alterations, but what were re- put the man whom he had formed, quisite for the verse, or were oc- Gen. ii. 8. And afterwards ver. casioned by the change of the 15. And the Lord God took the person, as the angel is speaking man, and put him into the garden to Adam. And what additions of Eden, to dress it and to keep it. are made, are plainly of the This seems to imply that man same original, as the reader may was created in some other place, see by comparing both together. and was afterwards brought into And the Lord God formed mun the garden of Eden; and thereout of the dust of the ground, and fore Milton says, breatheil into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living Wherever thus created, for no place soul, Gen. ii. 7.
Is yet distinct by name, thence, as 535. Wherever thus created,
He brought thee into this delicious &c.] The sacred text says that
grove, the Lord God planted a garden This garden, &c.
Delectable both to behold and taste;
Here finish'd he, and all that he had made
548. Here finish'd he, and all Messiah returning into heaven, that he had made
and taking a survey of his View'd,]
great work. There is something The pause is very remarkable, inexpressibly sublime in this and admirably expresses the part of the poem, where the Creator surveying and contem- author describes that great peplating his work,
riod of time, filled with so many -and behold all was entirely glorious circumstances; when good;
the heavens and earth were So ev'n and morn accomplish'd finished; when the Messiah the sixth day :
ascended up in triumph through He finishes the account of the the everlasting gates; when he creation, in the same manner looked down with pleasure upon as Moses, Gen. i. 31. And God his new creation; when every snw every thing that he had made, part of nature seemed to rejoice and behold it was very good : and in its existence; when the mornthe evening and the morning were ing-stars sang together, and all the sixth day.
the sons of God shouted for joy. 551. Yet not till the Creator Addison. &c.] The poet represents the VOL. II.