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Notices of Books.
THE BRITISH CHURCHES IN RELATION TO
THE BRITISH PEOPLE. By EDWARD
CONCLODING NOTICE. The sixth chapter, on the “trade spirit," we regard as one of great value. It well deserves separate and cheap publication. And the same may be said of the seventh, on the “social and political hindrances to the spread of the gospel.” The majority of the “better off" portion of our churches, Mr. Miall observes, consists of tradesmen, of men in business of every kind. After mentioning the common reasons which induce or compel men to apply to business, he remarks, “Trade, resorted to for any of these purposes exclusively, is an impediment to spiritual life. Whether the end be bare subsistence, decent comfort, extravagant display, pleasurable excitement, or the love of money, there is the same absence of christian morality from it. The object aimed at falls short of spiritual good-is acquisition, not development - the gain of somewhat external to us, not the ripening of somewhat inherent in usand, inasmuch as the means to that object are in no sense religions, all activity, all self-sacrifice, all ex. penditure of our powers, in that direction, must be set down, in relation to the divine life, as coustitutiug so much dead loss. And this is what I mean by the trade spirit. The phrase, in the sense I attach to it, does not necessarily imply a reigning desire for wealth, a hard-hearted, mean-spirited, all. grasping eupidity, although it comprehends them. But under this term, I wish to expose and condemn, as fatally suppressive of religious vitality, the disposition to pursue trade with an exclusive, or even a predominant view to the worldly advantage to be got by it-making it its own end, or at least proposing in it something distinct and apart from, and infinitely inferior to the nourishment of our sympathies with God and his government. I belive this to be the greatest and most pernicious practical error of the present day." Hence vastly the larger portion of life is frequently withdrawn from the province and cognizance of religion altogether, worldly maxims and principles govern it, it injures our spiritual life, instead of affording, as it ought to do, opportunity for its development and cultivation, the world sees no difference between the reputed saint and the acknowledged worldling,-clerks, apprentices, servants, operatives, are dealt with merely as machines requisite to busi'ness,-and the thorough application of the truthful, and especially the benevolent prin
ciples of the gospel to trade, is regarded as impossible! We happen to have heard this chapter most gratefully spoken of by a christian tradesman who had read it, and we join with him in commending it affectionately to the notice of every man of business in our churches. As in all the other chapters, every possible allowance is made, compatible with faithfulness. An extract on the Railway Speculation we have given on page 205.
The seventh chapter is occupied with external hindrances to the success of our churches; of these, four are selected out of many—“deep poverty, excessive toil, popular ignorance, and political religionism." Mr. M. points out, we think with truth, that this mighty combination of obstructions to the success of the gospel cannot be overcome, except in very casual instances, by preaching merely, that the evils themselves must be examined, pondered, and encountered by the churches with remedial measures naturally adapted to remove them. For instance, he asks whether those who lament the excessive toil and poverty of the millions, ever enquire if it be really necessary that one-third of every working man's wages, - therefore one-third of his toil, should be demanded for government purposes ? and whether the enormous amount, and the division, too, of taxation, might not be altered? The awful effect of “political religionism" on the vast political organization calling itself “the Church," and, through it, on the community, in over spreading the land with superstition or infidelity, we have nowhere seen more naturally and justly painted. It fully sustains the view we have retained since it was forced upon us twenty years ago, when we began to preach the gospel in the suburbs of a great city, that the so-called “Church of England” is the greatest obstacle in this kingdom to the spread of the church of Christ; and that our hopes for the multiplication of truly apostolic churches in our native country would be greater, were our parish churches temples of some heathen gods, whose worship could not be mistaken for that taught by our blessed Lord.
In the last chapter, Mr. M. justly remarks, that the grand practical remedy is, in reality, the removal of those obstacles wbieb
attention the eff
have been described, chiefly by direct effort thoughts and simplify their knowledge, so to do it, and thus giving free scope to the as to bring them within the comprehension spiritual life of the church itself. He of those who frequent our Mechanics' strongly, but, as we think, incorrectly, in Institutes. We have often thought how sists again on the necessity of our rising much might be done to introduce christiabove seeking our salvation in the Scrip anity to the working classes especially, tures, and seeking in them, in preference, by seizing an idea so evidently successful all that makes God lovely. We think that in other departments of social effort,-by both objects, though logically separable, in lecturing in the public halls and political fact concur. “We love him because he meeting rooms, on secular as well as relifirst loved us." "Herein is love, not that gious topics, the lectures being of an intewe loved God, but that he loved us, and resting character, and imbued with the sent his Son to be the propitiation for our spirit of christianity. sins.” (1 John iv. 10.) The truth is, “the We have watched Mr. Conder's recent joy of the Lord is our strength.” (Neh. viii. effort at Leeds with very considerable in10.) And it is mainly while believing the terest. Two or three of his lectures we fulness “ of the salvation to be brought were privileged to attend, and we can bear unto us, that we rejoice with joy unspeak witness to the attention with which he was able and full of glory.” (1 Pet. i. 8, 9.) listened to, as well as the effect, on many GRATITUDE is the form of “disinterested minds at least, which he seemed to prolove” which has wrought the greatest duce. As the lectures are now printed, we moral wonders in our race.
are glad to give our testimony to their Some other points in this lecture which adaptedness to their object. They are poneed a little remark we must pass over for pular, interesting, and impressive, and, above want of space, and conclude with urging all, they contain many manifestations of our readers to study for themselves, with deep and honest interest in the social and special care and prayer, the parts more ap political advancement of the people. All propriate to themselves, and entreating honour to Mr. Conder for thus stepping Mr. Miall, while we heartily thank him for out from the ordinary course of ministerial his volume, to reprint it speedily, with con effort, and seeking to win “the common siderable excisions from the earlier chap people” to a knowledge of the truth. We ters, and careful consideration of the sug hope our friends will read and circulate gestions both of friends and of angry critics these lectures; and that one effect of Mr. too, in a very much cheaper form.
Conder's noble example will be the making LECTURES TO THE WORKING CLASSES ON
of similar efforts, by competent persons, in CARISTIANITY. By G. W. CONDER. many other parts of the kingdom. DELIVERED IN THE BAZAAR, LEEDS.
THE ULTIMATUM; OR, WHAT SAITH THB No. 1. Christianity the World Fact.
SCRIPTURB? A Discourse suggested by No. 2. Christianity, what it professes to
the recent case of Gorham v. the Bishop be and to do. London: Benjamin L. Green.
of Exeter. By John HOWARD HINTON, It is worthy of remark how much influ
Pp. 22. London: Houlston & Stoneman. ence is now being exerted upon the masses Notwithstanding an interpretation or two by means of lectures. Every subject has which we think doubtful or incorrect, this its expounder, and every society its lec tract is, as we might expect from Mr. turer; and even some of our greatest men Hinton, a conclusive appeal to Scripture on are condescending to popularize their | the subject of Baptismal Regeneration.
A Page for the Young. THE GOLDEN MUSIC BOOK. songs, play on golden harps, and sing • It is a sad thing for little boys to get angry perhaps out of golden music books. This or quarrel. Angels never quarrel. It is a story is a true one. It was told by the little beautiful world where they dwell, and all is boy after he had grown up to be an old harmony and love. They sing melodious man.
I had quarrelled with my little brother, “I am going to heaven," he continued, Willy, who bad not quite passed his sixth "and that is a happy place, you know, for year. I was two years his senior, and he God, our Father, whom we say our prayers was the only being I ever loved. Willy was to every night, lives there, and you know a frail and affectionate little fellow, not how often we have wanted to see him, meant to struggle long through this dark Jamie ; and there is Jesus, whom we love and weary existence. The little golden locks so much, and who loves little children, too, fell upon his slender and beautiful neck, so dearly; he will be there, and he will and his large blue eyes wore a soft and con carry me to his father, for he will be like a fidiny expression, which called forth irresis big brother, and take care of me, you know, tibly your love and protection. I went to Jamie! And there is little Harry Bentley, the corner of the garden, and continued he is gone to heaven, too, and I shall see building a house we had begun together. him there, and we will have two little The evening was fast coming on, and I still wings, and a little golden music book, required about a dozen bricks to finish it; between us; but we will leave a corner for I therefore stalked up to one which, after Jamie, so that when you come, we will all great trouble, he had just completed, and bow down together before the throne of pulled down part of the walls for that pur God our Father, and sing his glory for ever pose. The little fellow could not bear it, and ever." and he snatched them back from me; I, in The little fellow lifted up his bright eyes a rage, struck him violently on the breast, to heaven, and his countenance seemed to and he fell to the ground.
grow brighter and brighter. I gazed upon In a short time he recovered his breath, his face for some time in silent anguish; and said:
but as I gazed, his face appeared to was “Jamie, tell Annie to come and carry me
brighter and yet more brigbt; a smile still in. I cannot walk; my breast is very, very
lingered upon his parted lips, and his little sore.”
soul winged its flight to a sure and glorious I slunk quietly in at the back of the house.
eternity. In a few minutes I heard a low and mournful
And now, when the hurricane of riotous whisper go through the dwelling; my little
and irresistible passion sweeps over my Willy had broken a blood-vessel. The next soul, tearing down all distinctions of right evening about sunset I went to the door of and wrong, and dethroning reason, their the room where he lay, and as I looked in cherub voices seem to come wafted on the he beckoned me to him. The setting sun gale; and as these two little angel forms, fell full upon bis golden hair, and as he
with their little golden music book, and my reclined upon his snowy pillow, methought
empty and unmerited corner, rise up as he seemed like an angel floating on a fleecy were in a vision before me, my passion cloud!
vanishes, my frame shudders, and I burst I crept up slowly to the side of his bed,
into tears. and held the little band which lay upon the coverlet within my own.
WILLIAM HERBERT. “ Jamie,” said he, “ Jamie, I am going “Oh, dear Martha,” said William Herbert, to die.”
in a tone of despondency, to his older sister, I hid my face among the bed clothes and “I don't believe I shall ever learn to be sobbed aloud. “Don't cry,” said the little good.” fellow;" you know I love you dearly. Come, “Why, my dear,” said his sister, raising Jamie, let me play with your hand again, as her eyes from the print which she was I used when we sat together on the grass examining, “what has happened to displat in the warm sunshine, and don't cry, courage your attempts to-day ?” my dear little brother Jamie. You will be
“Nothing more to-day than another day; kind to my little pussy when I am gone, and but somehow it seems as if I don't know fill her saucer with new milk, wont you
how to be good. I can do my chores, and brother!” .
get my lessons, and mind what you tell me Pussy lifted up her head as she heard her pretty well, but,”—as he continued, be came name, and purring, smoothed her cheek close to his sister's side, and spoke in : against the pallid face of the young sufferer, more subdued tone of voice_“I don't think as though to thank him for his kind remom about God, Martha. I can't be good, as brance.
you, and father, and aunt Hannah are good,
and as dear mother was good. There is a 1 in believing, of which you cannot now conatrange feeling, when I think of the words ceive. You say you can't be good-you she said to me when she was dying. I don't | don't know how; and that is very true. It want to forget them, but sometimes they is true of every person in the world. No make me feel afraid."
one can change his own heart. But God Martha put her arm around her brother's has promised to do this great work for all waist, and kissed his cheek, which was who will wait upon him. If you will only glowing with the excitement of unwonted sincerely and perseveringly seek his favour, feeling. She felt a christian sister's strong pray for the influences of his Spirit, regard sympathy for the motherless boy, who, it! its teachings, and trust in the Saviour, you was evident, had just begun to seek for that will be a child of God, and then you will light, which is darkened by corruption
wonder how it could be that you did not within, and by bad influence without. With love him before.” a silent prayer for the divine Spirit's aid, William listened with much attention to she said, "I know what you mean, William. his sister's words, and when she had stopped There are times when all around must look speaking, he said with an appearance of dark and cheerless to those who do not love much feeling, “I sometimes wonder I don't God. And even a loving mother's dying
love God now, he has done so much for me. counsel, when it has been neglected, is
I will try and seek him-I am resolved.” recalled with a mysterious dread. But, my
And this resolution was kept, and William dear, there is One who is both ready and soon happily realized the truth of the willing to remove all your gloomy fears. promise, “I love them that love me, and If you will only be persuaded to give your they that seek me early shall find me."heart to him, you will find a peace and joy | Mother's Magazine.
CULMSTOCK, DEVON. Elizabeth May was born at Appledon, North Devon, in the year 1785. Her parents were strict Church folks; but, as she was a weakling from her birth, she was permitted to attend the Independent chapel, where, under a sermon from “ Thou God seest me," she received her first permanent religions convictions. Not long after her conversion, her attention was directed to the subject of baptism. There was only one Baptist in the town, and by her she was directed to "search the Scriptures.” She immediately formed the determination to
do 80; and her now bereaved husband well - remembers how, in his visits to her, she
directed his mind to the same subject, and how they used to search the Scriptures together, till they were both convinced that the immersion of believers was the only baptism of the New Testament.
The change that had passed on her mind could not be unnoticed by her parents, and Tears were entertained to what it would grow. Her father determined to send her out of the way of danger. He sent her to the care of her uncle in the town of Brix
ham. The late Rev. Thomas Roberts, of Bristol, was then pastor of the church at Brixham. She applied to him for baptism, and was baptized before her return. After her return, she had to endure the bitterness of opposition. Even a place for retirement was denied her; her bed-room was not safe from disturbance. Being rendered so very unhappy at home, she resolved to seek a situation. She soon found one in a pious family in the town of Ilfracombe, where she engaged as an assistant in a draper and grocer's shop. There she was very happy with the family, and in the place she found many opportunities for usefulness, which she eagerly embraced. While here. She had an attack of rheumatic fever, which brought her almost to the grave. By good medical attendance and kind attention she got better, and returned to her father's house to recruit her strength. On returning to her situation she had another attack, and again she was obliged to take refuge, under her father's roof for a permanency. Opposition had by this time entirely ceased, and for some time before their death she had the pleasure of seeing both her parents under the sound of the gospel.
On returning health she could not be in- I replied, “ He saves to the uttermost." After active. She had, in connexion with another a pause, she said, “But suppose it should friend, a large class in the Sunday school; be all a delusion.” It was replied, “That and it is a remarkable fact that, with one or can never be; has he not said, “Heaven and two exceptions, all that class were con earth shall pass away, but my word shall verted to God.
never fail ?!” Beside this, we never heard In the year 1813, she became the wife of a doubt from her lips; Satan was mercifully her now bereaved husband. With him, in
prevented from annoying her. One day her 1818, she removed to Barnstaple, where she
husband was standing by her bed, witnessing remained until 1828; when, her husband
her agonizing sufferings, his own mind having received a call to the pastorate of a
agonized at the sight; he said to her, “Oh, little church at Croyden, she accompanied
that I could bear your sufferings for you, him thither. In 1836, he removed to Pill, dear.” She looked at him in a manner all near Bristol, where she was visited with her own, and said, " Take care-be still and typhus fever, which produced effects in her
know that I am God.” On the morning of system she never got rid of; and though
the 21st, after a night of peculiar suffering, she was still useful, she was never able to
her husband asked her how her mind had exert herself as she had done.
been ? she said, “ He has told me he will In 1843, she removed to this place (Culm
deliver me: he smote, but he will deliver stock or Prescott). Though illness and
me.” She was asked, “ How do you interincreasing years had destroyed much of
pret that ? that you will recover ?” “Oh, her energies, yet she was always found at
no,” she replied. In consequence of her her post. She never forsook her place,
extreme weakness, much of what she said
was lost, and we did not like to put her to though she had a mile to walk, until she was absolutely obliged to do so. The last
the pain of repeating it. To two of our time she walked to Prescott, her husband
friends she said, “ Have Christ in your heart, was obliged to help her along by putting his
heaven in your eye, and the world beneath arm round her waist for support. This was
your feet.” To her niece, who stood by her her last visit to the hallowed spot, till she
fanning her, she said, “No pain, no fainting, was carried there for interment. She had
in heaven.” On the 22nd, after she had for several months the sentence of death in
been made more comfortable, she repeated
the linesherself. She had been long subject to a liver complaint, and towards the close of
“Comfort through all this vale of tears, her valued life it gathered strength. A
'Tis only Christ can give.” medical man was called in, but it baffled all On the morning of the 24th, she said to her his skill. - We found it necessary to send husband, "A present help in trouble.” “You for her niece, and the day after her arrival find him so ?” “Oh, yes.” The last time she took to her bed, from whence she rose her husband prayed with her while she was no more.
sensible, he asked her, “ What shall I pray The last six weeks of her life was a time for?” “Pray that I may be faithful unto of suffering indeed. But her state of mind death.” Her mind through all her illness during her illness was calm as a summer was in a sweet spiritual frame. To every evening. Not a murmur nor complaint one who visited her she had a word to say escaped her. Sometimes, on experiencing on divine things. She asked one, as the sun paroxysms of pain, she would say, “Lord, shone on her bed, “Does the Sun of Rightlet this cup pass from me; nevertheless eousness shine on your soul as the sun not my will, but thine, be done.” The shines on my bed ? He does on my soul.” first time her husband asked her the state Several friends visited her till the last few of her mind, her reply was, “Peace.” days, when we were obliged to admit none “ You feel your foundation then?” “Yes, I to the room but those who were about her. do.” One morning, after asking her how The last twenty-four hours she was insenshe had spent the night, she was asked, sible to all around her ; but was evidently “How has your mind been ?” She looked in great pain; and on the night of Novemup and replied with emphasis, “No con. ber 27th, at about a quarter to eleven, she demnation.” Another time her husband peacefully breathed her soul into the bosom was speaking to her of Christ as the foun of her Saviour. She sleeps in Jesus. dation of his people's hopes, especially in On Lord's-day, December 5th, a funeral his character as the great High Priest; she sermon was preached at Prescott, to