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Verse 9. The bow and spear are implements of war. Chariots here mean war chariots.

Verse 10. The psalmist introduces Jehovah as immediately addressing the warlike nations.

Verse 11. This verse forms the refrain or burden of the song

Inference from the whole psalm : the movements of the nations are under divine control.


1. What is the subject of the forty sixth psalm? 2. Will you please to repeat the psalm? 3. What does strength, in the first verse, mean. 4. What do you say of the language in the second and

third verses? 5. Is the figurative language continued in the fourth verse ? 6. What is the sentiment of the fourth verse ? 7. What is meant by the city of God, in the same verse ? 8. In the midst of whom is God said to be, in the fifth

verse ? 9. Who is said to have uttered his voice, in the sixth verse? 10. What is meant by the LORD of hosts being with us, in

the seventh verse ? 11. What are the bow and spear, in the ninth verse ? 12. What is meant by chariots, in the same verse? 13. What do you say of the tenth verse ? 14. What do you say of the eleventh verse? 15. What is the inference from the whole psalm?


Prayer for pardon, under a deep sense of guilt. 1. Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy loving

kindness : According unto the multitude of thy tender mercies

blot out my transgressions.

2. Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity,

And cleanse me from my sin. 3. For I acknowledge my transgressions :

And my sin is ever before me.
4. Against thee, thee only, have I sinned,

And done this evil in thy sight :
That thou mightest be justified when thou speakest,

And be clear when thou judgest. 5. Behold, I was shapen in iniquity;

And in sin did my mother conceive me. 6. Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts : And in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know

wisdom. 7. Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean :

Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. 8. Make me to hear joy and gladness;

That the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice. 9. Hide thy face from my sins,

And blot out all mine iniquities. 10. Create in me a clean heart, O God;

And renew a right spirit within me. 11. Cast me not away from thy presence;

And take not thy Holy Spirit from me. 12. Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation;

And uphold me with thy free spirit. 13. Then will I teach transgressors thy ways;

And sinners shall be converted unto thee. 14. Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, thou God of

my salvation :

And my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness. 15. O LORD, open thou my lips;

And my mouth shall shew forth thy praise.

16. For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it:

Thou delightest not in burnt-offering. 17. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit :

A broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not

despise. 18. Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion:

Build thou the walls of Jerusalem. 19. Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of right

With burnt-offering and whole burnt-offering:
Then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar.


Verse 4. Sentiment: the psalmist confesses that he has sinned against God, and him only, or especially; and in this way he shows, that God is justified in speaking sentence against him, and innocent in condemning him.

Verse 5. Sentiment: I have sinned from my earliest childhood.

Verse 6. Truth here means sincerity.-In the latter clause of this verse, the psalmist expresses his confidence that God will enlighten his heart.

Verse 7. Hyssop is a plant made use of in the sacred sprinklings, which were commanded in the ceremonial law.

Verse 8. Joy and gladness, namely, of forgiven sin.The Hebrews often use the term bones, to denote the whole person.Which thou hast broken, namely, with a sense

of guilt.

Verse 10. A clean heart, i. e. a pure or holy heart.—A right spirit, i. e. a right disposition.

Verse 11. God's Holy Spirit, i. e. a divine influence exciting the soul to holiness.

Verse 12. Uphold me with thy free spirit, better uphold me with a free spirit, i. e. impart unto me a willing or obedient heart.

Verse 13. The psalmist engages to seek the conversion of sinners, as the best means of testifying his gratitude.

Verse 14. The phrase blood-guiltiness is used here to denote murder or any aggravated sin.—Thou God of my salvation, i. e. my preserving God.-Righteousness here means goodness.

Verses 16 and 17. The sentiment here expressed is to be taken comparatively : the external worship of God is of no value in comparison with the internal state of the heart or feelings.

Verses 18 and 19. The preceding verses of this psalm were written by David; but the two last verses were probably added, after the destruction of Jerusalem, by another hand. They contain a prayer, that Jerusalem might be rebuilt, and the regular sacrifices instituted anew.-Zion, in the eighteenth verse, is one of the hills on which Jerusalem was built.-Sacrifices of righteousness, i. e. the sacrifices ordained by law.

Inference from the whole psalm : a broken and contrite spirit is in the sight of God of great price.


1. What is the title of the fifty first psalm? 2. Will you please to repeat the psalm ? 3. What is the sentiment of the fourth verse? 4. What is the sentiment of the fifth verse ? 5. What does truth, in the sixth verse, mean? 6. What does the psalmist express, in the latter clause of

the same verse ? 7. What is hyssop mentioned in the seventh verse ? 8. What is the joy and gladness spoken of in the eighth

verse? 9. How do the Hebrews use the term bones, in the same

verse? 10. What is meant by the phrase, which thou hast broken,

in the same verse ? 11. What is meant by a clean heart, in the tenth verse? 12. What is meant by a right spirit, in the same verse ? 13. What is meant by God's Holy Spirit, in the eleventh

verse? 14. What is meant by the phrase, uphold me by thy free

spirit, in the twelfth verse?

15. What does the psalmist engage in the thirteenth verse? 16. What is meant by blood-guiltiness, in the fourteenth

verse ? 17. What is meant by God of my salvation, in the same

verse? 18. What is meant by righteousness, in the same verse ? 19. What do you say of the sixteenth and seventeenth

verses? 20. What do you say of the eighteenth and nineteenth

verses ? 21. What is Zion mentioned in the eighteenth verse ? 22. What is meant by sacrifices of righteousness, in the

same verse ? 23. What is the inference from the whole psalm?


The Israelites call upon the nations to praise God for his

works of power and goodness.

1. Make a joyful noise unto God, all ye lands : 2. Sing forth the honor of his name:

Make his praise glorious. 3. Say unto God, “ How terrible art thou in thy works ! Through the greatness of thy power shall thine enemies

submit themselves unto thee. 4. All the earth shall worship thee, and shall sing unto


They shall sing to thy name." 5. Come and see the works of God:

He is terrible in his doing toward the children of men. 6. He turned the sea into dry land : They went through the flood on foot :

There did we rejoice in him.

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