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do and teach themy the same sliall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20. For I say uuto you, That. except your righteousness shall 1 exceed the righteausnes: of the Scribes and Pharisees, ye mail in no cafe entei into the kingdom of heaven. 21. ^[ Ye have heard that it was said * by them Lor, to . thcm~\ of old time, Thou shalt, not •» kill: and whosoever shall kill, sliall b( in danger of the judgment. 22. But I say unto you. That whosoever is n angry with his brother without a cause, shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall 0 say to his brother, (4) Racha, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall lay. Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell-fire. 23. Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the p altar, and there remembrest that thy brother hath ought against thee;

24,

1 Mat. 23. 27, 28. Wo unto m * Exod. 20. t?. Thou you scribes and pharisees, hypo- lhalt not kill. Repeated Deut. crises; for ye are like unto whited J. 17.

Sepulchres, which indeed appear n f 1 Job. %. Ij. Whosoever beautiful outward, but are with- j hateth his brother is a murderer: ir full of dead mens bones, and of and ye know, that no murderall uncleanness. Even so ye also er hath eternal life abiding in outwardly appear righteous unto him.

men, but within ye are full of by- 0 '.' Jam. 2. 2a. But wilr thou focrijie &n& Iniquity, '. Rom.Q J I. Is-ioknow, O vain man, that Faith rael which followed after the law of without works is dead? righteoufnefs, hath not attained to the p '." Mat. 8. 4. — Offer the law of righteousness.'.'Rom.io. 3. gift that Moses commanded. V They being ignorant of God's righ- Mat. 23. 19. Ye fools and blind, teoufhess, and going about to esta-t yfor whether is greater, the Gift, blilh their own righteousness, have or the Altar which lanctifieth the not submitted themselves to the Gift, righteousness of God.

the moral Law, he sliall be deemed unworthy of being a Member of my Kingdom, and have no Place in ir, but be excluded

from it.

(4) Or, curfid Wretch. It is a Term of Reproach, and signifies a vain, empty, despicable, or witless Person. Some think that the •words in the foregoing Part of the Verse, without cause, are to be understood here, because our Lord himself calls the Scribes and Pharisees Fools, Blind, whited Sepulclsres, Serpents, Generation of Vipers, &c. But it msy be justly doubted, whether we may imitate our Lord in such Instances, because he came with an extraordinary Cmmiffim from God, and knew to whom such Terms could be truly applied. Such reproachful words therefore should be butsel* dom, if they may at all be used by us.

44. * Leave there thy gift before the Altar, and go thy Way, first be * reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. 25. c Agree with thine Adversely quickly, A whiles thou art in the way with him: lest at any time the Adversary deliver thee to the Judge, and the Judge deliver thee to the Officer, and thou be cast into Prison. 26. Verily I fay unto thee, thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou bast paid the uttermost farthing. 27. % Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit e Adultery. 28. But I say unto you, That whosoever f looketh on a woman to lust after her,

C 3 hath

11 See Job ^i.t. —Go to my with •her. Lev. 20.10. — He that tenant Job, and offer up for your committeth adultery with his neighfelves a burnt-offering — bours wise, the Adulterer and the

k V Mat. 18. 19. —If two of Adulteress shall surely be put to yon sttaU agree on earth as 5 death Deut. 22. 22. If a man be touching any thing they shall found lying with a woman marriask, it shall be done for them ed to an husband, then they shall of my Father which is in Hea- both cf them die.— Prov. 6. 32. ven. '.' 1 Tim. 2. 8. IwiJlthat Whoso committeth adultery with a men pray every where, liftingioWomam, lacketh understanding: op hoiy hands without wrath and he 'that .doth it, deflroyeth his doubting, f 1 Pec. 3.7. — That own Soul Mai. 3. 5. — I will be your Prayers be not hindred. a l'wifc Witness against the AdulRom. 12. 18. If it be possible, as terers.— Mar. 7. si. From within, much as Heth in you, live peateably t $cmt of the heart of men, proceed with all Men. evil thoughts, adulteries, fornica

c * Luk. ra. 58. When thou tions. — Joh. 8. 4, 5.Master, this goest with thine Adversary to the Woiran was taken in Adultery in Magistrate, as thou art in the way, the very act. Now Moses corngive diligence that thou mayst be2omanded us that such should be stoned; ■dtlivered from him.— but what siyst thou? Heb. 13

a fSeePsal. 32. 6. ForthisstiaH 4. Marriage is honourable in all, <very one that.i« godly, pray unto and the bed undefiled: but whorethre, in a time when thou mayst be mongers and adulterers God will fiund, &C. Prov. 25. % Go not2jjudge. Adultery is joined with oforth hastily to strive, lest thou ther enormous Crimes which shut know -not what to do in the end the guilty out of the kingdom of thereof, when thy neighbour hath heaven. Se,e on J Cor. 6. 9. put thee to shame. 4 Isa. $$.6. f + Job. 51. 1. I made a cor Seek ye the Lord while he may bciovenant wiph-jniae eyes; why then stund, call upon him while he is IhouJdl chink upon a maid. Prov. .near. . 6. ay. Lust not after her beaury

c * Exod. 20. 14. Thou -shalt in thine heart; neither let hex not commit Adultery. .Repeated, take thee with her eyeJids. 2 Pet. Deut. 5. 18. Lev. 18.20. Thou ?' 14. Having *Jtt full of Ad.ut•ihalt not lie carnally with thy3 jtery, -r neighbours Wife defile thy self

hath committed adultery with her already in his 'heart 2.9. And(5) if thy 1 right eye* offend thee, F_or,' cause thee to cffend~\ h pluck it out, and cast it from thee: tor it is profitable for thee that one of thy members fliould perisli, and not that thy whole body Ihould be cast into hell. 30. And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy Members stiould perish, and not. that thy whole body mould be cast into hell. '31. k hath been laid, Whosoever lhall 1 put away his Wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement. 32. But I lay. unto you, That whosoever shall k put away

his

* Mat. 13. 9. IF thine eye that by any means when I have offend thee, pluck it out, and cast preached to others, I. my self should it from thee: it. is better for be a cast-away. + Col. 3. y. Marthee to.enter into life with one eye, tifie..therefore your Members Which rather than having two eyes to be j are upon the earth; fornication, cast into Hell-Fire. "Mar. 9. 47. uncleanness, ire. If thine eye offend thee, pluck it '* Deut. 24. t. When a Man out: it is better for thee to enter hath taken a Wife and married her, into the kingdom of God with owjioand it. come to pass that she find eye, than having two eyes to be nofavour. in his eyes, because he cast into Hell-Fire. Psal. 119 37. hath sound some Unclcanntfs in her: Turn away mint eyes from behold, then let him write her a Bil of dU ing vanity.— uorcement, and g ve it in her hand,

t Mat. 19 12. There- a re j 5 and fend hir away. + See Mat. 19. fame Eunuchs, which were so born l,6t. The Pharisees also came from their Mothers Womh; and unto him, tempting him, and faythere are some Eunuchs, which w.ere ing unro him, Is it. lawful for a made Eunuchs of Men: and there Man to put away his Wife for every be Eunuchs, which have madethem- cause, ire. \ Mar. 10. 2, &c. The selves Eunuchs for the Kingdom ofioPharjsces came to him, and asked Heavens lake. He that is able him, Is ir lawful fora Man to pat to receive ir, let him receive it. away his Wife? tempting him, Crc. t Rom. 8. 13. If ye live ester the k '.' Mat. 19.9. Our Lord afFlejh, ye stiall die: but if ye firms the fame thing: Also * Luk. through the Spirit do ntrtifie the. 16. 18. only this Clause [faying deeds of the body, ye shell live. t25for the Cause of Fornication] is not 1 Cor. 9. 27 I keep under my body, added. Mai. 2. 14, 15.— The and bring it into fubjeflion: lest Lord

(5) We are not to understand these, Parecepts of. our Lord, as if it were our duty in any Cafe to pull out our Eyes, or cut off our Hands; but the Meaning is, that though any fnful Lust should be as dear to us as is a right Eye, or a right Hand, we must notwithstanding resolve to part with it, rather than by our indulging it, plunge both Uody and Soul into Hell. Sin is in Scripture compared to a natural Body; as therefore rlie natural Bcdy has many Mtrafars, sq the■Body of Sin has many Members too.

his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: aud whosoever ihall many her that is divorced, committeth adultery. 33. •[[ Again ye have heard that it hath 1 been said by them of old time, Thou strait m not forswear thy self, but stialt "perform unto the Lord thine Oaths. 34. But I sty onto you, 0 Swear not at all • neither by Heaven, for it is p Gods throne. 35. Nor by the Earth, for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem-, for it is the 'City of the great King. 35. Neither slialt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black. 37. But let your 1 communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whattoever is more than these, cometh of evil. 38. ^[ Ye have heard that it hath been said, An f eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.

C 4 39. But

Lord hath been witness between thou prophane the Name of thy

tbteand the wife of thy youth, a- God; I am the Lord.

gainst whom thou hast dealt trea- n t Dcut. 13. 23. That [Vow]

tktrott/lj: yet is she thy compani- which is gone out of thy lips thou

on and the wife of thy covenant. 5 stialt keep and perform.

And did not he make one? yet 0 '.' Mat. 43. i<5. recited un

had he the residue of the Spirit: der ver. 33. in the following Ver

•nd wherefore one? that he might fes is condemned Swearing by the

seek a godly Seed; therefore take AUar or any created things, tjam.

heed to your Spirit, and let none J. Ji. But above all things, my

dea! treacherously against the wifeioBrethren,swear not, neither by Hea

of his youth. Mar. 10. 11. Who- ven, neither by the Earth, neither

soever shall put away his wife, and by any other oath.

marry another, committeth adultery p t Isa. o"6. 1. See on Mat.

against her. *i Cor. 7. 10,11. 23.22.

Unto the married I command, yetij 0 t Ps- 48. 2. Beautiful for not I, but the Lord, Let not the situation, the joy of the whole wife depart from her husband: But .earth is mount Zion, on the sides and if {he depart, let her remain of the North, the City of the great unmarried, or be reconciled «to King.

her husband: and let not the hus-10 ' V Col. 4. 6. Let your spee.b band put away his wife. be always with Grace, seasoned with

1 T Mat. 22. 16. Wounwyou, salt, that ye may know how ye ye blind guides, which say, Who- ought to answer every Man. *Jam. soever shall swear by the Temple, it 5- >2. —Let your yea beyca, and is nothing: but whosoever stallijyour nay, nay; lest ye fall into swear by the Geld of the Temple, condemnation, he is a debter. 1 '* Excd. at. 24. Eye for eye,

m * Exod. 20. 7. The 3 d Com- tooth for tooth, hand for hani, mandmenr. Oeut. j. 11. the fame, foot for foot. "Lev. 44. 20. Breach 'Levit. 19. 12. Ye stall not swear. Qfor breach, eye for eye, tooth for by my name faljly, neither staltJ roeth: as he hath caused* M*

tsm 39. But I say unto you, That y$ S resist (6) not evil but whosoever lhall u smite thee on thy right cheek, tun

t<

misli in a Man, so shall it be your selves, but rather give plac, dm.e to him again. * Deut. 19. unto wrath: for it is written 31. Thine eye shall not pity, but Vengeance is mine, I will repay life slull go for life, eye for faith the Lord. * 1 Cor. 6.7. Ther« eye, tooth for toorh, hand for 5 is utterly a Fault among you, behand, foot for foot. cause ye go to Law one with a

S f Prov. 24. 29. Say not I nother. Why do ye not rathei jtittdo to him as he hath done to take wrong? Why do ye not rame; I will render to the Man ther suffer your selves to be according to his work. Lev. io.iodefrauded? f 1 Thess. 5. x$. 18. Thou shalt not avenge, nor See that none render evil for ebear any grudge against the chil- vil unto any Man: but everfoldren of thy People. Prov. 20. lew that which is good, both a22. Say not thou, I will recom- mong yourselves and to all Men. pence evil: but wait on the Lord, 1 Pet. 2. 23. Who when he was and he shall save thee. Ecclesi-I y reviled, reviled mt again; when asticus :8. t,crc. He that revmgeth he suffered, he threatened not; lhall find vengeance of the Lord, but committed himself to him and he will surely keep his Sins that judgeth righteously, t 1 Pet. in remembrance, drc. * Luk. 6. 29. 3. 9. Not rendnng evil for evil, or Unto him that smiteth thee on2orail ng for railing: but contrathe em Cheek, offer also the o- riwise Blessing; knowing that ye ther: and him that taketh away are thereunto called, that ye •thy cloke, forbid not to take should inherit a Blessing, thy coat also. * Rom. 12.17,19. "7 Lam. 3. 30. He giveth Recommence to no Man evil for f-ijhis Check to him that smiteth him, •nil. — Dearly beloved, avenge not he is silled full with reproach.

(6) This Versi r.rd the following are not to be understood according to the flric} Letter, but as spoken proverbially. For we are not required here to turn the other Cheek to the Smiter, nor to give up our Possessions to every unrighteous and illegal invader; nor are we forbidden to make use of the L3W in our own Defence, when we are called before Magistrates; for this our Lord did in the Cafe of him that smote him in the Presence of the HighPriest, Joh. 18. 22, 23. And St. /»^r«/ plends his Privilege of being a R.oman to save himself from Scourging, Aftt 22. y. Nor are we forbidden in all Cases to bring others before Tudges and Magistrates in order to do ourselves right. For St. Paul's Behaviour toward', these Magistrates who had beaten him and Silai uncondemntd, being Romans, Act. i<5. 37, &t- stems to imply that he intended, so to do, had not the Magistrates by their compliance with the Terms proposed by him prevented it.

But we are here forbidden to go to Law for small and inconsiderable Losses and Injuries. We are forbid p-ivate Revenge, and even pullick Appeals to Courts of Judicature, only to gratifit a malicious Temper of Mind; also seeking such reparation for Injuries as will snake us no amends which he would, dp who should require Eye

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