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to h:m the other also. 40. And if any man will sue thee at the Law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy rioke also. 41. And whosoever shall * compel (7) thee to go a mile, go with him twain. 42. Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would * borrow of thee, turn not thou away 43. ^J" Ye have hard that it hath been said, Thou strait c love thy .Neighbour, and d hate thine Enemy. 44. But I lay unto you, • Love your Enemies., bless them that curse

you,

HSecMat. 27. 32. And as they great, and ye shall be cal/ed the came out, they found a man of Children of the Highest; for he Cyrtae, Simon by Name; him is kind to the unthankful, and to they tmpelied to bear his Cross, the evil. See the Note on Luk. V Mar. 15. 21. And they compel 6. 30,

one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed S c f Lev. 19. 18. See on Jobby, coming out of the Country. 13. 34.

b*Deut. 15. 8,10. Thou d V Ps. 41. 10. But thou, O staff epen thine hand wide unto Lord, be merciful unto me, and him [the posr Man], and shalt surely raise me up, that I may requite faurhim sufficient for his need iniothem.

that which he wanteth, Thou c *Luk. 6. 27, 28. Love your stalt surely give him, and thine Enemies, do good to them which. heart shalt not be grieved when hate you: Bless them that curse thou givest unto him; because you, and pray for them which dethat for this thing the Lord thy islpitefully use you. fRom. ]2 i4; God shall bless thee in all thy 20. Blest them which persecute works, and ir^ all that thou puttest you, bless, and curse not. If thine thine hand untp. + Luk. 6. 3 y. Enemy hunger, feed him; if he Love ye your enemies, and do thirst, give, him drink: for in so gcod, and lend, hoping for nothingiodoing thou shalt heap coals of again: and your reward shall be Fire on his head.

for Eye, &t. had we any such Law amongst us. Turning the C'nek to the Smiter is no more than the patient bearing of Injuries. Trtose who desire farther Satisfaction in this Matter may consult Mr. Kettlevelss Discourse of Worthy Communicating, Part 3. Chap. 4.

(7) The Word here rendred compel is derived from a Persmn Word, which signifies such Persons as we in our Language call Posts. These People being employed in carrying Letters and Dispatches from Court, had authority to press Men, Cattle, and Ships,to expedite their Journey. And it is not unlikely but that this Authority might be ibmcrimrs abused to the Oppression of their fellow Subjects. It does not follow from what our Lord here fays, that we are obliged to be at the Command of every one that would employ us; but our Lord's Meaning seems to be, that if any small Violence should be offered to us under the Pretext of Authority, we should be willing to do more than our Duty, rather than raise a Contention about it.

you, do good to them that hate you, and f, pray i them which delpitefully use you, and persecute yoj 45. That, ye may be the children of your Father whi is in Heaven, for he maketh his Sun to rife on the vil and on the good, and fendeth * Rain on the and on the unjust. 46. For if ye h love them w love you, what reward have ye? do not even the P licaneTthe fame? 47. And if ye salute your bret only, what do ye more than others f do not even Publicans ib? 48. Be ye therefore perfect, even as y 'Father which is in heaven is perfect.

CHAP. VI.

A

TAKE heed that ye do not your k * Alms sjl righteousness] before Men, (8) to be seen of theril

Qthe)

f * Luk. 23. 34. Then saidje- which hath called you is holy, j fiis, Father, forgive them; for be ye. holyin all manner of conv« they know not what they do. sation; because it is written, t * Act. 7. 60. And he [town] kneel- ye holy, for I am holy, ed down, and cried with a loud 5 k f Deut. 24. 13. In any cal voice, Lord,/*/ mt thi<s/?w to their thou ftalt deliver him the Pled" Charge, f 1 Cor.4. 12,13. Being again when the Sun goeth dowi reviled, ve bless: being persecu- that he may sleep in his own Ra; ted, we suffer it: being defamed, menr, and bless thee: and it slia we intreat. — t 1 Pet. a. i3.iobe righteousness unto thee befor Who when he was reviled, reviled the Lord thy God. t Ps- "J.i not again; when he suffered, he He hath dispersed, he hath givi threatned not. — si Pet. 3.9. to the Poor; his righteousness endu Not rendring evil for evil, or rail- reth for ever, his horn shall b ing for railing: but contrariwiseijexalted with honour, f Dan. 4 £'#»£> knowing that ye are here- 27. Wherefore, O King, let ro unto called, that ye should inherit counsel be acceptable unto thee a Blessing. break off thy Sins by righteonsm},

e See on Acts 14. 17. and thine Iniquities by sliewin

h * Luk. 67 32. For if ye lovei0Merey to the poor, if it may be them which love you, what thank lengthning of thy tranquillin have you? tor Sinners also love f 2 Cor. 9. 9, 10. As it is writter those which love them. he hath dispersed abroad; he hat

'Eph. 5. r. Be ye therefore given to the poor: his righteiusnej followers of God as dear Children.»5remaineth for ever. Now he tha Lev- 1144 — Ve shall be holy; for ministrerh Seed to the Sower, bor 1 »mhoIy.~ Lev. 20. 26. Ye (hall minister bread for your food, am be holy unto me .- for I the Lord multiply your Seed sown, and in zraholy, and have severed yo crease the fruits of your righ from other People, that ye should 3 oteousness. be mine. 1 Pet. 1. 15,16. As he

(8) Our blessed Saviour does not absolutely forbid the doing Alms c

•th< otherwise ye have no reward * of [or, witls] your Father which is iu Heaven. 2. Therefore when thou dost

1 thine Alms,* do not ibund a trumpet f_or, cause not * trumpet to be sounded'} before thee, as the hypocrites do, in the fynagogues, and in the Streets, that they may have glory of Men. Verily, 1 fay unto you, they have their reward. 3. But when thou dost Alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doth: 4. That'tiiine Alms may be in secret: and thy Father which see* in secret, himself shall m reward thee openly. 5. % And when thou pray est, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites <tre, for they love to pray standing in the synagogues, $oi in the couriers- of the streets, that they may be seen of Men. Verily, I fay unto you, they have their reward. 6. But thou when thou prayest, enter into thy B Closet, and when thou hast jhut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret, and thy Father which seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly. 7. But when ye pray, use not 0 vain repetitions, as the Heathen

.' do:

!* Rom. 1 2. 8. He that glveth, "t,s Kings 4. 33. He [Elijha] let him do it with Simplicity. — went in therefore and jhut tki door Prov. 20. 6. Most Mm will pro. upon them twain, and prayed un(Uimevqry one his own Goodness.—> to the Lord.

2 King. 10. 16. Come with me, j 0 * Ecclesiastic. 7. 14. Make andy« my Zeal for the Lord. not much babbling when thcu pray

m t Luk. 14.. 14. And thou est. Ecclesiastes y. 2. Benotra/n

shalt be blessed; for they cannot with thy MoKs£,and let not thine

recompence thee: for thou ihalt heart be hasty to utter any thing be rectmpenced at the Resurrectionlobefore God: for, God is in Hea„

of the just. Matt. aj. 34. Come ven, and thou upon Earth: There,

ye blessed of my Father, inhirit fore, let thy Words be few. the Kivgde?* prepared for you.—

other good Works before Mm, but the doing themopenly out of Ostentation, with a design and a desirexo bepraised and commended by Men for them. The Reasons why we Humid do good Works are, that we may ghrifii Gcd, and benefit our Neighbour, and promote our own Salvation. But if we do them to gain Applause from Men, we cannot expect to receive any Reward from God. We may do them before Men, that they may be excited to glorifie God, and provoked to an Imitation ; for then we obey the Command of our Lord, Mat. %. 16. letting our Light ftsine before Men, &c.~ The Misunderstanding of this Precept has prevailed with many good Christians to conceal their Charity and .good Woiks, tad thereby deprive? the World of the Benefit of their Example.

do: for they think they sliaU,be P heard for th much speaking. 8. Be not ye therefore like unto ther for your Father knoweth what things ye have need < before ye ask him. 9. After this (y) manner therefc pray ye: * Our Father which art in x Heavt

* H;

* 7 1 Kings 18. 16, 59. They any to answer, nor any that

—called on the name of Baal from garded.

Morning even until Noun, saying, O q * Luk. II. 2, &c. The Lot

Baal hear us. —And it came to Prayer.

pass, when mid-day was past, and 5 r Ps. n. 4. The Lords Thr

they prophesied until the time of is inHcaven. Isa. 66. 1. Thus fa

the offering Evening Sacrifice; the Lord, the Heaven is my Thrc

that there was neither Voice, nor and the earth is my footstool.

(9) Concerning this divine and roost excellent Prayer we a (Observe,

Firft,'Tb*t this which is here recorded, was not delivered at the fa time with that in Luk. nth. but a considerable Time before it. 1 jhis'being a part of the Sermon on the Mount, was delivered |in the Y of our Lord 31. but that in St. Luke in the beginning of the 33d Y( which accounts for the little Variations between them. The Disciples not seem to have understood that their Master design'd it for a Fo> tut only for a Pattern of Prayer, and as some general Heads to wh thty were to reduce their Petitions. It is therefore said in St. L\ that our Lord having been at Prayer with his Disciples, one of them f unto him, Lord, teach us to pray, d/John taught his Disciples. Whc upenour Lord gives them the Form there set down, When ye pray, i &c. He does not forbid them to use otherTorms, but he enjoins th Ito use this.

Secondly, Grotius, Dr. Lightfoot,DruJius, Sec. observe,that this Prayer, cepting only the following Words, as we forgive them that trespass ag.i tis, is to be found in the Jewish Liturgies or Forms of Prayer. Our ther which art in Heaven, is in their Seder Tephilloth, or Form of Praye Let thy great Name be fanBified, and thy Kingdom reign, in their Form < led, Kaddijh; Let thy Memory be glorified in Heaven above, and in £• beneath, in the Sedtr Tephilloth; forgive us our Sins, in the sixth of tl eighteen daily Prayers. Deliver us not into the Hand of Temptations, and liver us from the evil Figment, in that and in the Book Mufar. For tl is the Power, and the Kingdom for ever and ever, is, faith Drujius, their ul Form of Doxology.

Thirdly, How ealie w<mld it have been for our Lord to have compos Prayer consisting entirely of new Matter? But it is plain, he did 1 affect novelty, nor disapprove of the Use of Forms of Prayer; for if had, we may reasonably suppose he would, on this Occasion, have t his Disciples as much. But so far was he from this, that when he 1 hanging on the Cross, he made use of Forms taken out of the Book Psalms. Some think he used a great Part of the 2 ith Psalm, but that did of the first Verse is recorded by St. Mark, Chap. Ij. 34 My God, Cid, s>hy host thuforfahn me} Another Prayer our Lord used, when

t

'Hallowed be thy Name. To. Thy * Kingdom comeThy 'will be done in earth as it is in heaven. 11* Give us (1) this Day tfur A daily bread. 12. And

* forgive

1 Ps J. 1. O Lord, our Lord, go and say, Come ye, and let us go howœfojf isthy Name in all the up to the mountain of the Lord, tie Mi.— Ps. in. 9. — Ho- to the house of the God of Jacob, If ind reoireni is his name. Ps and he will teach us of his ways, m-u, H. All thy works shall 5 and we will walk in his paths; M"'tnee, 0 Lord, ami rhy Saints for out of Zion shall go forth the Mblessthee. They shall speak of Law, and the word of the Lord the of thy Kingdom, and talk from Jerusalem, of thy Power. Ps. 148. through- <=■ Mat. 16. 42. — O my Father, out. Joh. 12. 28. Father, gltrifieio[{ this cup may nor pass aw ay from thy wiK. Then came there a voice me, except I drink it, thy mil be from heaven, faying, I have both done. Acts 21. 14. When he [Paul] glorified it, and will glorisie it a- would not be perlwaded, we ceasI'in. Isa. 6. 3. Holy, holy, holy, is ed, faying, The wit of the Lord be theW oimjls, the whole earth 15done. Ps. Ioj. 20, 2r. Bless the is Hill of his glory. Isa. 8. 13. San- Lord, ye his Angels, thatexcel in 8ifc the Lord of hosts himself, Strength, that do his commanded 1« him he your fear, and let him ments, Irearhm'ng unto the voice of hfmJretd. his word. Bless ye the Lord all ye

Msi. j. 2, 3. It shall come toiohis hosts, ye ministers of his that Pass in the last days, that the moun- do his pleasure. •wofthe Lord's house shall be e- - d f See Job 23. 12. — I have Itablistied in the top of the Moun- esteemed the words of his mouth tains, and shall be exalted above more than my necessary fad. t Prov. the Hills, and all Nationsfhsll flow 30. 8. — Give me neither Poverty, unto it. And many People shallzj nor

np the Ghost, which was taken out of the 317? Psalm, Ver y. ii recorded by St. Luke, Chap. 23. 47. Into thy Hands I commend

"■J Spirit.

FwfW/,Had our Lord intended t hat his Disciples should have used this °nyer only till they were endued with Power from on high, by their receiving the miraculous Gifts of the Holy Ghost, it is probable he *ould have told them so, and that they would have told their Followers as much, and this Prayer would not have been so generally used by Christians as it was, especially from the third Century downwards, and Probably long before. Those who think that the Silence in the History °fthe Acts, an Argument to the contrary, may consult Dr. Whiffy 1 »°tes on the 9th Verse; from which, what is said on the second Observation is for the most part taken.

(i)TheWord Daj,\a Scripture, often stands forthe whole Time of our Warfare cn Earth, as in that Place in the 95th Psalm, To Day is you will "if hit Voice. Exhort one another daily, that is, every Day, Heb. 3. 13. And triad is put for all Necessaries, Conveniences, and Comforts of »s may be observed from the References.

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