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scheme of salvation for himself. And in those who are brought up in ignono better way can the duty I am speak-rance of it, who cannot consult for ing of be performed than by promot themselves the very Scriptures to ing the education of children, as the which he refers them: and even if Apostle directs, “ in the nurture and he were to direct all his preaching to admonition of the Lord.” If it be the this purpose, still the length of time will of Christ that the poor should it would take to explain each point have the Gospel preached to them, of our religion to persons not reguand if it be our duty to fulfil his will, larly taught as children, and the inwe are bound to contribute, every terval between one sermon and anoone according to his peculiar ability ther, would be likely to cause them and opportunities, towards their early to forget some part of what they instruction.
heard : above all, the difficulty which If the poor have opportunities of those find in fixing their attention to attending public worship, and lis- the subject who have not been early tening to the ministry of the Gospel, trained to habits of attention :-all so far is that from being a reason why these causes would conspire to render they are not to be educated as chil- | the preacher's labour, in a great dedren, that it seems an additional call gree, ineffectual. to afford them education. For if they And the same may be said of the be not early trained to appreciate the portions of Scripture that are read in value of that advantage, experience the church: it is important that they shows that they will, first as children, should be so read that all may underand then as grown people, too often stand them; for a passage that is read employ the Lord's day in a very dif- aloud with care and propriety is more ferent manner; and even if they do than half explained. But though it attend public service of the church, is desirable that those who cannot extreme ignorance very much coun- read should have, at least, this opteracts the benefit which they might portunity of receiving some instrucderive from such attendance. The tion in the Scriptures, I scruple not prayers contained in our Liturgy are, to say that those profit the most in for their purpose, admirable as hu- the church, who have been best eduman compositions; and much is to be cated in its religion. Those learn learned from them by those who have most who have learned already, proalready learned something. But it vided they will make use of their is plain that they are composed for knowledge in consulting the Scripthose who are already Christians, and tures at home. For it is but a small not to convey the elements of the portion, and that a broken, scattered Christian faith. He who cannot read portion, of the Holy Scriptures that them, or has never had them ex can be read in church: and here a plained to him, is not likely to un- chapter and there a chapter, delivered derstand and properly go along with at long intervals, can give but a very them. Preaching, again, ought in- imperfect knowledge of the Bible to deed to be instructive, since there is those who have nothing else to refer no Christian who does not need Chris-to. It is better, certainly, to have tian instruction ; but it was never in- such instruction as this than none at tended by the church that the sole all, and they must make the most of business of the preacher should be to it who can get no better; but if any teach the rudiments of the faith to one thinks that instruction in church
is absolutely enough, that it is not the number of his sins. Shall we desirable for a poor man to be able therefore abstain from doing good to read his Bible at home, let me in- because it is possible to turn good treat such a one to read it more zea- into evil? lously himself, and he will be brought Undoubtedly, however, it is our to a better mind by God's grace. He duty to guard against such evils, as will find there that the Son of God far as can be done. And accordingly patiently laboured, day after day, our Lord and his apostles appointed and year after year, to enlighten gra- ministers in the several churches, for dually the minds of humble fisher- the express purpose of teaching the men; and made it the characteristic, people. It is therefore our business, the peculiar boast, if I may so speak, as ministers of the gospel, to explain of his ministry, not that he had gained the Scriptures to the people, to unfold the admiration of the great and of the character of the religion they prothe learned, but that he had preached fess, to clear up the difficulties of it, the gospel to the poor. His apostles and to refute errors which from time did the like; and they have left be- to time may spring up. Our preachhind them on record their own and ing is intended to show the right use their master's words, for the instruc- of the Scriptures, not as a substitute tion of all men in all ages. Can it for them. But all that can be done be unfitting, then, or unnecessary, in this way by the most diligent that the poor should be enabled to preacher is of use chiefly to those read in our days wbat the poor in the who have been elsewhere regularly days of the apostles heard repeated trained as children in the principles continually from their mouths? Or of true religion, and in such conduct shall we follow his example, who as ought to spring from those prineipreached the gospel to the poor, if ples. This is to be done for far the we do not make use of all the means greater part of the community at in our power to make it known ? school; and much the greater part of
There are some who pretend that the community must receive assistthe labouring classes will be likely, for ance for the purpose of being able to want of sufficient learning, to misun- send their children to those schools. derstand, and misinterpret the Scrip- This must be provided, in part, at the tures, so as to derive more evil than expense of their richer neighbours. good from the study of them. How As for the objection that the lanearly some Protestants approach to bouring classes are unfitted by such Romanism, without knowing it! This an education as this for hard labour, is precisely the argument used by the and for an humble station, I might adherents to the church of Rome safely appeal to all who have had against the use of the Scriptures at any wide experience, whether such all in the vulgar tongue. But that a acquirements as those which are endanger does exist there can be no couraged in these schools either make question ; for there is no advantage a man unwilling to labour, or prefer which can be bestowed on man that starving rather than work, or support they cannot make a bad use of. If | himself by fraud rather than by hoyou give money to the dissolute, they nest industry; or whether, on the may squanderit away in intemperance, contrary, the most profligate are not The sick man who has his life pro- to be found amongst the most enslaved longed may live. so as to add daily to and ignorant? I have been in various
parts of this and other countries, and phemy and the impurity which may I have invariably found, that where be propagated through the medium the lower classes are most degraded of noxious publications- it is clear to and untaught, there they are the idlest every candid mind that education is and most vicious: and it is well known the best safe-guard against these that the great majority of those who evils. If we could preclude the genewere engaged in the late disgraceful rality from being able to read such riots and outrages were amongst the works, we cannot preclude all: some most uneducated and ignorant of the will always be found able and willing whole class, and therefore most fitted to buy this poison ; nor can we stop to become the tools of crafty men, the ears of the rest. And by whom who, for their own purposes, misled will such poison be most greedily
drunk in? The enlightened or the And those who are seeking, not for ignorant? By those who are able to truth, but for arguments to confirm read and reject for themselves, or by their prejudices, may here and there those who are left to hear uninstructed find the case of one whose knowledge whatever is spoken or read to them? has filled him with pride, or has been By one who from a child has known used for bad purposes. Now, when the holy scriptures, which are able such instances are brought forward, to make him wise to salvation, and the best remedy is, not to strive to has been trained to just notions of check the progress of knowledge, but good conduct, and whose preposto diffuse it far and wide among the sessions have been secured on the people. If any one is puffed up with right side-or by him who has been conceit, it must surely be from his brought up without any solid prinfinding that he surpasses those of bisciples? Is it, in short, in light or in own station : no one prides himself darkness that falsehood is more easily on that which is no distinction ; nor passed off for truth? does the labourer think his condition If noxious publications are by at all elevated for being as well in- teaching to read more widely spread, formed as his fellow labourers. | be it remembered that the scriptures Doubtless the labouring classes will and other useful books are spread by by this become nearer in acquire- the same meads. And let it be consiments to the rich; but supposc they dered in what manner the educated of could equal them, which they never the higher classes can follow the lower can, if the rich only use the means classes to all their places of resort they possess-still there is no reason to the crowded lanes and alleys of to suppose they would be more dis- our towns, to the ale-houses and the posed to indolence or insubordination. dram-shops--to counteract the bad We must not suppose that superiority principles that may have been inculin knowledge is the only ground of cated ? How can we follow them to respect: 'a person of great wealth, of such places except through the mehigh rank and station, is sure to meet dium of the press ?* Vain is every with sufficient deference, even from attempt to secure men in encounterthose who do not at all suppose him ing those trials and temptations which superior to themselves in talents or are our appointed lot upon the earth, information. .
if our efforts are not well employed * Then with respect to the irreligious in fortifying the minds of the rising and seditious principles, the blas- generation to encounter them with
success, so that unharmed they may | children may derive benefit from it take up the serpents that they may and every child who, by his good meet with, and if they drink any conduct, does credit to the institution deadly thing it shall not hurt them. --beside the immediate advantage to
You have, probably, been informed himself, may consider that he is a that there is need on the present oc- powerful contributor to the prosperity casion for liberal contributions, both of the schools, and to the welfare, for carrying on and extending the both in this world and in the next, of institution of schools in this neigh- those who shall be educated in it. bourhood. I trust there is no one | He is giving what he has to give, the who now hears me that is indifferent strongest encouragement to all who on such a point: I trust there is no labour in the work, by showing them one of you who wishes such institu- that their labour is not in vain. tions to prosper without his having Those who shall have thus aided any share in contributing towards that by preaching the gospel to the poor, prosperity : but that every one who and those who shall have grudged has any thing to give will bless his this aid--those who shall have listened Redeemer for affording him an op- to this gospel, and those who shall portunity of aiding in that work for have shut their ears to it-will all which he lived and died; and who meet together before the judgment graciously promised to regard what seat of Christ, at the last day to is done to the least of these his receive their final doom. Consider brethren as done to himself.
| this, I beseech you, now, (for this But I cannot forbear reminding is the time to profit by the considerathose who are the objects of this tion) how, when that day shall have charity, the children who are and arrived, you will have wished to have have been here educated, and their acted here on earth. Consider what parents, that, though they cannot account you will have then to render directly contribute more than a small of all your own advantages--how far share towards the expense of the you shall appear to have shown your establishment, its success, mainly de- gratitude for the religious instruction pends upon them. If the parents you have had, or might have had, by show themselves negligent and un- | labouring to improve in religious thankful-if they encourage their knowledge, in striving and praying ehildren to withdraw or absent them that each day and year may find you selves from its calls, or to neglect more advanced than the last, both in what they have learned or if they that knowledge, and in the application present them an example at home, of it to your life, and by showing in which is likely to undo what is done every way more zeal for promoting at school- they will have a dreadful | the religious instruction of others, account to render, not only for having inviting them to it by your own line hindered the salvation of theirchildren, of conduct, and helping them to it by but also for having discouraged, by sharing the expense. their own example, the rich from Give, therefore bountifully, if you contributing to this good work, and have the means, because your bounty the poor from profiting by it. can in no way be better applied : and
On the other hand, every parent | if you have not such means, be conwho feels himself grateful for what tent and not ashamed to give a little. is done, and takes pains that his God blesseth the widow's mite; he
prizes the will, and not the ability. I beloved flock, for whom he laid down God loveth a cheerful giver; and the his life. “Simon, son of Jonas," Son of GOD will not forget those said he to Peter, “lovest thou me ?" whose love for him is great, whether | He saith unto him, “Yea, Lord ; thou their wealth is great or small, and knowest that I love thee,” Jesus saith who for his sake minister to his unto him, “ Feed my sheep.”
DELIVERED BY THE REV. I. E. TYLER,
AT ST. GILES' CHURCH BLOOMSBURY, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 4, 1833.
Luke, X. 41, 42.-" And Jesus answered and said unto her, Martha, Martha, thou art
careful and troubled ubout many things : but one thing is needful: and Mary hath chosen that good part, which shall not be taken away from her.”
THE religion of Jesus is the religion among professed Christians, than of love. Unless the best feelings of zeal without knowledge, intemperate our heart, our purest and holiest af- views of the doctrines of Christ, imfections, are engaged towards him, moderate and excessive enthusiasm we have not the one thing needful. in adopting his rules of conduct.
If we love any one thing on earth Some, indeed, have so thoroughly set better than him, we are not his in common sense at defiance in the litruth. But whether we contemplate teral or perverted interpretation of the personal conduct and sentiments what is written, that, were it not for of our blessed Lord as a living their harmless and retiring character, teacher of morality, or the general they must have been suppressed by terior and spirit of his Gospel as the the strong arm of the civil power ; written record of his doctrines, one but, as it is, their extravagancies in of the main characteristics in each, points of no essential consequence, which cannot fail to impress them- perhaps, only excite a smile, while selves on any candid and reflecting their decorum and their charities mind, is the moderation and sound engage many a good heart in their common sense which pervade the defence. whole. Though Christianity is cal- | Again in the institution of those culated to kindle our best and warm- strong rigid orders among the Roest feelings, and to make the heart manists, in the unreformed church, for overflow with piety and devotion, at ages before any reformation dawned, the same time it speaks so calmly as well as in the great majority of the and temperately and sensibly, that monstrous tenets of that church, we our reason is convinced of the reality see the most striking contrast beof those truths which affect our heart tween the calm and sober minded, Nothing, on the contrary, more fre- the temperate and sensible Founder quently or more strongly charac- of our faith, and that great mass of terises the unwise and injudicious Christians who perverted it and made