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Saul's jealousy and hatred of David.


Michal given to David to wife slain his thousands, and David his ten || family in Israel, that I should be son-inthousands. law to the king?

8 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but thousands and what can he have more but 1 the kingdom?

9 And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.

10 ¶ And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul's hand.

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17¶ And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife: only be thou valiant for me,

19 But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife.

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20 And Michal Saul's daughter loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him.

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21 And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Wherefore Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son-in-law in the one of the twain.


22 And Saul commanded his servants, saying, Commune with David secretly, and say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and all his servants love thee: now therefore be the king's son-in-law.

23 And Saul's servants spake those words in the ears of David. And David said, Seemeth it to you a light thing to be a king's son-in-law, seeing that I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed?

24 And the servants of Saul told him, saying, "On this manner spake David.


25 And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth not any dowry, but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to make Ďavid fall by the

hand of the Philistines.

26 And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king's son-in-law: and the days were expired.




27 Wherefore David arose and went, he his men, and slew of the Philistines and fight the LORD's battles. For Saul two hundred men; and 'David brought


said, Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines be upon


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their foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king's son-in-law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife.

28 And Saul saw and knew that the

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Heb. was evil in his eyes. g Eccles. 4. 4. h ch. 15. 23. ich. 16. 14. k ch. 19. 24. 1 Kings 18. 29. Acta 16. 16. 1 ch. 19. 9. 23.6 ch. 16. 13, 18. p ch. 16. 14. & 28. 15. q ver. 16. Num. 27. 17. 2 Sam. 5. 2. e Or, prospered. ver. 5. r Gen. 39, 2, 3, 23. Josb. 6. 27. s ver. 5. t ch. 17. 25. f Heb. a son V valear, u Num. 32. 20, 27, 29. ch. 25. 28. xver. 21 25. 2 Sam. 12. 9. y See ver. 23.

a Judg. 7. 22. b ver. 28. g Heb. was right In

e See ver. 26. n Heb. According to these words h ver. 17. i Sce ver. 21. i Heb. fulfilled, k ves

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8 And there was war again : and David went out, and fought with the Philistines, and slew them with a great slaughter; and they fled from him.


9 And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand and David played with his hand.

10 And Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with the javelin; but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he smote the javelin into the wall: and David fled, and escaped that night.

11 Saul also sent messengers unto Da

AND Saul spake to Jonathan his son, vid's house, to watch him, and to slay him and to all his servants, that they in the morning: and Michal David's wife should kill David. told him, saying, If thou save not thy 2 But Jonathan Saul's son delighted life to night, to life to night, to morrow thou shalt be much in David and Jonathan told David, slain. saying, Saul my father seeketh to kill thee now therefore, I pray thee, take heed to thyself until the morning, and abide in a secret place, and hide thyself: 3 And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where thou art, and I will commune with my father of thee; and what I see, that I will tell thee.

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5 For he did put his life in his hand, slew the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?


6 And Saul hearkened unto the voice of Jonathan : and Saul sware, As the LORD liveth, he shall not be slain.

12 ¶ So Michal "let David down through a window: and he went, and fled, and escaped.


13 And Michal took an image, and laid it in the bed, and put a pillow of goats' hair for his bolster, and covered it with a cloth.

14 And when Saul sent messengers to take David, she said, He is sick.

15 And Saul sent the messengers again to see David, saying, Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may slay him.

16 And when the messengers were come in, behold, there was an image in the bed, with a pillow of goats' hair for his bolster.


17 And Saul said unto Michal, Why hast thou deceived me so, and sent away mine enemy, that he is escaped? Michal answered Saul, He said unto me, Let me go; " why should I kill thee?


18 ¶ So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he

7 And Jonathan called David, and Jona- and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth.

m 2 Sam. 11. 1. n ver. 5. k Heb. precious. ch. 26. 21. 2 Kings 1. 13. Ps. 116. 15. CHAP. XIX. a ch. 18. 1. b Prov. 31. 8, 9. c Gen. 42. 22. Ps. 35. 12. & 109. 5. Prov. 17 13. Jer 18. 20. d Judg. 9. 17. & 12, 3. ch. 28. 21. Psal. 119, 109. e ch. 17. 49, 50. Sam. 11 13. 1 Chron. 11 14. gen. 20.32. h Matt. 27 4. ich. 16. 21. & 18 2 13

a Heb. yesterday third day. b Heb. his face. k eh. 16. 14. & 18. 10, 11.1 Psal. 59, ti tle. m So Josh. 2. 15. Acts 9. 24, 25. c Heb. teraphim. Gen. 31. 19. Judg. 17. 5. a Sam. 2. 22.


David consulteth


with Jonathan 19 And it was told Saul, saying, Behold, as thy soul liveth, there is but a step beDavid is at Naioth in Ramah. tween me and death.


20 And Saul sent messengers to take David: P and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as appointed over them, the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied.

21 And when it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, and they prophesied likewise. And Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they prophesied also. 22 Then went he also to Ramah, and came to a great well that is in Sechu: and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And one said, Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah.

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1 David consulteth with Jonathan for his safety. 11 Jonathan and David renew their covenant by oath. 18 Jonathan's token to David. 24 Saul, missing David, seeketh to

kill Jonathan. 35 Jonathan lovingly taketh his leave of David. [BEFORE CHRist 1062.]

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AND David fled from Naioth in Ra- shall tell me? or what if thy father anmah, and came and said before Jona-swer thee roughly? than, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life?

2 And he said unto him, God forbid ; thou shalt not die behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will shew it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so. 3 And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have


grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: but truly as the LORD liveth, and

See John 7. 32, 45, &c. p1 Cor. 14. 3, 24, 25. eh. 10, 5, 6. q Num. 11. 25. Joel 2. 28. reh. 10. 10. Isai. 20. 2. d Hen. fell. Num. 24. 4. t Mic. 1. 8. Seo 2 Sam. 6. 14, 20. HAP. XX. a Heb. uncover mine ear. ver. 12. ch. 9. 15. b Or, Say what is thy mind,

ch. 10. 11.

11 ¶ And Jonathan said unto David, Come, and let us go out into the field. And they went out both of them into the field.

12 And Jonathan said unto David, O LORD God of Israel, when I have sounded my father about to morrow any time, or the third day, and, behold, if there be good toward David, and I then send not unto thee, and shew it thee;

13 The LORD do so and much more to Jonathan: but if it please my father to do thee evil, then I will shew it thee, and send

and I will do, &c. c Heb. speaketh, or, thinketh.

a Num. 10. 10. & 28. 11. b ch. 19 e ch. 25. 17. Esth

2. c ch. 16. 4. d Or, feast. ch. 9. 12. d See Deut. 1. 23. 2 Sam. 17. 4. 7.7. f Josh. 2. 14. g ver. 16. ch. 18. 3. & 23. 18. h 2 Sam. 14. 32. FHeb. uncover thine car. ver 2. i Ruth 1. 17.

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Jonathan's token to David.


Saul seeketh to kill Jonathan. thee away, that thou mayest go in peace: wall and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat and the LORD be with thee, as he hath by Saul's side, and David's place was been with my father.

14 And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of the LORD, that I die not:

15 But also thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house for ever: no, not when the LORD hath cut off the enemies of David every one from the face of the earth.

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26 Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he is not clean; surely he is not clean.

21 And, behold, I will send a lad, saying, Go, find out the arrows. If I expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee, take them; then come thou for there is peace to thee, and no hurt; as the LORD liveth. 22 But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way for the LORD hath sent thee

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27 And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month, that David's place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to day?

24 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat.

25 And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a seat by the

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28 And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Beth-lehem:

29 And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be there and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king's table.

A Josh. 1. 5. ch. 17. 37. 1 Chron. 22. 11, 16. 12 Sam. 9. 1, 3, 7. & 21. 7. g Heb. cut. n ch. 25. 22. See ch. 31. 2. 2 Sam. 4. 7. & 21.8. h Or, by his love toward him. n ch. 18. 1. o ver. 5. i Heb. missed. k Or, diligently. Heb. greatly. p ch. 19 2. m Heb. n the day of the business. n Or, that sheweth the way. o Heb. not any thing. q Jer.

30 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, "? Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother's nakedness?

31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he 'shall surely die.

32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, "Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?

33 And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.

34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.

4. 2. r ver. 14, 15. See ver. 42. 8 Lev. 7. 21. & 15. 5, &c. t ver. 6. p Or, Thou percerst rebel. g Heb. Son of perverse rebellion. r Heb. is the son of death u ch. 19.5 Mati 27. 23. Luke 23. 22. x ch. 18. 11. y ver. 7. 366


Jonathan taketh leave of David.


David obtaineth hallowed bread.

35 ¶ And it came to pass in the morn-man know any thing of the business whereing, that Jonathan went out into the field about I send thee, and what I have comat the time appointed with David, and a manded thee: and I have appointed my little lad with him. servants to such and such a place.

36 And he said unto his lad, Run, find 3 Now therefore what is under thine out now the arrows which I shoot. And hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond hand, or what there is " present. him.

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4 And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women.

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6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.


7 Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the LORD; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul.

8 And David said unto Ahimelech, And is there not here under thine hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste.

9 And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that, take it for there is no other save that here. And David said There is none like that; give it me.

10 ¶ And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.

11 And the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not this David the king of

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z ch. 1. 17.

f Lev. 8. 26.

Ps. 52, title. 56, title.

k ch. 17. 2, 50.

Heb. found c Ex. 25. 30. Lev. 24. 5. Matt. 12. 4. & Ex. 19. 15. Zech. 7. 3. e
a ch. 14. 3, called Ahiak. Called also Abiathar, Mark 2. 26. b ch.

when this day there is other sanctified in the vessel
Mark 2. 25, 26. Luke 6.3, 4.
h Lev. 24. 8, 9. i ch. 22. 3

1 See ch. 31. 10. c Or, Abimelech, Ps. 34, title. m P

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