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1, IN “the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
2 And the earth was without form and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
li ; And God said, "Let there be light: and there was
* Two objects are continually kept in view throughout the volume of the Old Testament. One, is to turn men from idolatry in all its forms of vice and error; the other, to direct their attention, by the gradual developement of the scheme of prophecy, to the future Messiah. It is my design, in the following notes, not only to give the reader, wherever it may appear necessary, satisfacfactory references for the arrangement I have adopted; but to point out the wonderful manner in which Infinite Wisdom has manifested itself in the government of the world, in constant reference to these two great objects.
* The design of Moses will be better understood, if we consider the state of the world at the time in which the Pentateuch was written. Mankind was absorbed in the grossest idolatry; and that idolatry, for the most part, originated in the neglect, the perversion, or the misapprehension of certain truths, which had once been universally known. Moses therefore commences his narrative, by relating, in simple language, the truths thus disguised, or perverted; and he alludes, in many of his expressions, to the surrounding superstitions. In pursuance of this plan, he relates first, the creation of the world by the one true God, in opposition to the Egyptian doctrines of the necessary eternity of the world, and an infinite succession of similar worlds.-Wide Horsley's Biblical Criticisms, vol. i. p. 3; Faber's Origin of Pagan Idolatry, vol. i. p. 111—152; Hales' Analysis, vol. i. p. 317; with the authorities in Pritchard's Egyptian Mythology, p. 178—187.
* The dates of the Bible chronology are chiefly adopted throughout; Dr. Hales' dates are inserted in an Appendix.
b2 Cor. iv. 6. A. C. 4004.
4 And God saw the light, that it was good : and God divided * the light from the darkness. 5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. F And the evening and the morning were the first day. 6 || And God said, ‘Let there be a f firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the Waters. 7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. 8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day. 9 || And God said, "Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. 10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good. 11 And God said, Let the earth bring forth $grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it Was SO. 12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good. 13 And the evening and the morning were the third day. 14 || And God said, “Let there be" lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide || the day from the o: and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: 15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. 16 And God made two great lights; the greater light * to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. 17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, 18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. d 19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth ay.
* Heb. be.
d Job xxxviii. 8. Ps. xxxiii. 7. cxxxvi. G.
W Heb. tender grass.
e Deut. iv. 19. Ps. cxxxvi. 7. |Heb. between the day and between the night.
* Heb. for the rule of the day, &c.
f Jer. xxxi. 35.
* The sun and moon being objects of worship, Moses here specifies the pur
poses for which they were created; as is in ridicule of the idolatrous Sabianism of the day.
20 And God said, “Let the waters bring forth abun-A.C. 4001. dantly the * moving creature that hath + life, and fowl that g 2 Esdr. vi may fly above the earth in the topen firmament of heaven. ..." 21 And God created great whales, and every living crea- i. , creepture that moveth, which the waters brought forth abun- #o, dantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: #.” and God saw that it was good. 22 And God blessed them, saying, "Be fruitful, and hoi. 'il. multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth. 23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day. 24 of And God said, Let the earth i. forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind : and it was so. 25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and * every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was
26 T And God said, "Let us make man in our image, i.org.: after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the #2; "é. fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the #2;&#". cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing * that creepeth upon the earth.
27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; *male and female created he k Matt.xix.i. them.
28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, "Be 1 chap. ix.1. fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that § moveth Heere. upon the earth.
29 o' And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb |bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and ||...?" every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed;" "choir.o. to you it shall be for meat.
30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is “sife, I have given every green herb for :*.** meat: and it was so.
31 And * God saw every thing that he had made, and, oi. behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
* For the same reason (vide note") he mentions the creation of vegetables, reptiles, and inferior animals; many of which were worshipped by the PBYPtians; thereby asserting, in the very beginning of his work, the super"? of the God of Israel to the gods of the Egyptians.