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* Heb. bowed down,
+ Or, give thanks.
Or, his pre.
$ Or, the little hill.
A.C. 1023. 4 When I remember these things, I pour out my soul in
me: for I had gone with the multitude, I went with them to the house of God, with the voice of joy and praise, with a multitude that kept holyday.
5 Why art thou' * cast down, O my soul ? and why art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet + praise him for the help of his countenance.
6 O my God, my soul is cast down within me: therefore rence is salva. will I remember thee from the land of Jordan, and of the
Hermonites, from the hill Mizar.
7 Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts : all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.
8 Yet the LORD will command his lovingkindness in the daytime, and in the night his song shall be with me, and my prayer unto the God of my life.
9 I will say unto God my rock, Why hast thou forgotten me? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the
enemy? ll Or, killing. 10 As with a | sword in my bones, mine enemies reproach
me; while they say daily unto me, Where is thy God?
11 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God.
PSALM XLIII 63. 1 David, praying to be restored to the temple, promiseth to serve God joyfully.
5 He encourageth his soul to trust in God. * Or, un. 1 Judge me, O God, and plead my cause against an * unmerciful.
Heb. from a godly nation: O deliver me + from the deceitful and unjust -man of deceit and iniquity. man.
63 This Psalm, in all probability was composed on the same occasion as the 42nd, (vide Bishop Patrick in loc.) Bishop Lowth was of opinion that the 42nd and 43rd Psalms were originally but one : and the supposition is confirmed by more than thirty manuscripts. The 43rd Psalm seems to have been written about the same time as the 42nd. Compare the last verses of the two Psalms together. Lightfoot.
Psalm lv. Lightfoot and Dr. Hales, (Anal. vol. 2. p. 381.) refer this Psalm to the occasion of Ahithophel's treachery: it is generally considered as a prophecy of the treachery of Judas, and is quoted as such by St. Peter, Acts i. 20.
Psalm iv. David probably composed this Psalm on the same occasion that he wrote the third, (Bishop Patrick.) Lightfoot has a curious thought on the 7th verse of this Psalm. David is expressing his confidence in God; and proceeds to say, that his reliance on the providence of God affords him greater gladness of heart than he felt at that moment when in the midst of his suffering and wearimess, his own temporal wants as well as those of his followers were so abundantly
of the enemy?
2 For thou art the God of my strength : why dost thou A.C. 1023. cast me off? why go I mourning because of the oppression
3. O send out thy light and thy truth : let them lead me; let them bring me unto thy holy hill, and to thy tabernacles. 4 Then will I go unto the altar of God, unto God *
my Heb the exceeding joy: yea, upon the harp will I praise thee, O God my joy.
5* Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art Ps. xlii, 5, thou disquieted within me? hope in God: for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God.
PSALM LV. 1 David in his prayer complaineth of his fearful case. 9 He prayeth against his
enemies, of whose wickedness and treachery he complaineth. 16 He comforteth himself in God's preservation of him, and confusion of his enemies.
To the chief Musician on Neginoth, Maschil, A Psalm of David. 1 Give ear to my prayer, O God; and hide not thyself from my supplication.
2 Attend unto me, and hear me: I mourn in my complaint, and make a noise;
3 Because of the voice of the enemy, because of the oppression of the wicked : for they cast iniquity upon me, and in wrath they hate me.
4 My heart is sore pained within me: and the terrors of death are fallen upon me. 5 Fearfulness and trembling are come upon me,
and horror hath + overwhelmed me.
+ Heb. covered me.
relieved by the corn and wine of the three wealthy men who supplied him with provision at Mahanaim. 2. Sam. xvii. 27.
Psalm v. This Psalm is among those of which the date and occasion are quite uncertain. Dr. Edwards conjectures that it was composed when David was persecuted by Saul or Absalom. It is inserted here as more applicable to the circumstances of the revolt of Absalom than the persecution of Saul.
Psalm lxü. David professes his trust in God during the unnatural persecution of his son. Calmet; Horne, Crit. 'Int. vol. 2. p. '160.
Psalm clxiii. Written during the war with Absalom. Dr. Wells; Calmet ; Horne ut supra.
Psalm clxiv. A thanksgiving for David's victories over Absalom, and other rebels. Calmet; Horne.
Psalm lxx. This Psalm is supposed to have been used by David continually during Absalom's rebellion. Wells's Comment. in loc. note.
Psalm lxxi. It is generally thought that this Psalm was composed by David on occasion of Absalom's rebellion, when David was old and grey-headed. Dr. Wells in loc. ; Calmet; Horne ; Dr. Gray.
6 And I said, O that I had wings like a dove! for then would I fly away, and be at rest.
7 Lo, then would I wander far off, and remain in the wilderness. Selah.
8 I would hasten my escape from the windy storm and tempest.
9 Destroy, O Lord, and divide their tongues : for I have seen violence and strife in the city.
10 Day and night they go about it upon the walls thereof : mischief also and sorrow are in the midst of it.
11 Wickedness is in the midst thereof: deceit and guile depart not from her streets.
12 For it was not an enemy that reproached me; then I could have borne it : neither was it he that hated me that did magnify himself against me; then I would have hid myself from him :
13 But it was thou, *a man mine equal, my guide, and according to mine acquaintance.
14 + We took sweet counsel together, and walked unto the house of God in company,
15 Let death seize upon them, and let them go down quick into #hell: for wickedness is in their dwellings, and
* Heb. a man
* Or, the grave,
16 As for me, I will call upon God; and the LORD shall
( Or, With whom also there be no changes, yet they fear not
17 Evening, and morning, and at noon, will I pray, and cry aloud : and he shall hear my voice.
18 He hath delivered my soul in peace from the battle that was against me: for there were many with me.
19 God shall hear, and afflict them, even he that abideth of old. Selah. Because they have no changes, therefore they fear not God.
20 He hath put forth his hands against such as be at Golba ne hath peace with him: || he hath broken his covenant.
21 The words of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet were they drawn swords.
22 · Cast thy * burden upon the LORD, and he shall susLuke xii. 22." tain thee: he shall never suffer the righteous to be moved.
23 But thou, O God, shall bring them down into the pit + Heb. men of of destruction: + bloody and deceitful men I shall not live bloods and de- out half their days; but I will trust in thee.
s Ps. xxxvii. 5. Matt. vi. 25.
1 Pet. v. 7. * Or, gift.
1 Heb. shall not hay their days.
Hab. iii. 19.
ous unto me.
1 David prayeth for audience. 2 He reproveth and exhorteth his enemies. 6 Man's
happiness is in God's favour. To the * chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David. 1 Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou A. C. 1023. hast enlarged me when I was in distress; thave mercy upon Or, overseer, me, and hear my prayer.
+ Or, be graci 2 Oye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glory into shame? how long will ye love vanity, and seek after leasing? Selah.
3 But know that the Lord hath set apart him that is godly for himself: the Lord will hear when I call unto him.
4 Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah.
5 Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your ... 14. & trust in the LORD.
6 There be many that say, Who will shew us any good ? LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us.
7 Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time that their corn and their wine increased.
8 " I will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: for thou, u Ps. iii. 5. LORD, only makest me dwell in safety.
David prayeth, and professeth his study in prayer. 4 God favoureth not the wicked. 7 David, professing his faith, prayeth unto God to guide him, 10 to destroy his enemies, 11 and to preserve the godly.
To the chief Musician upon Nehiloth, A Psalm of David. 1 Give ear to my words, O LORD, consider my meditation.
2 Hearken unto the voice of my cry, my King, and my God: for unto thee will I pray.
3 * My voice shalt thou hear in the morning, O LORD ; x Ps. cxxx. 6. in the morning will I direct my prayer unto thee, and will
4 For thou art not a God that hath pleasure in wickedness : neither shall evil dwell with thee.
5 The foolish shall not stand in thy sight: thou hatest Heb. before all workers of iniquity.
6 Thou shalt destroy them that speak leasing: the Lord will abhor $ the bloody and deceitful man.
? But as for me, I will come into thy house in the multi- and deceíl. tude of thy mercy: and in thy fear will I worship toward || thy holy temple.
8 Lead me, O Lord in thy righteousness, because of holiness * mine enemies; make thy way straight before my face.
| Heb. the man of blood
|| Heb. the temple of thy
# Heb. those which observe
in the mouth
I Heb. wick
9 For there is no * faithfulness in their mouth; their in
ward part is I very wickedness; their throat is an open + Heb. in his sepulchre; they flatter with their tongue. mouth, that is,
10 Destroy thou them, O God; let them fall || by their of any of them. own counsels; cast them out in the multitude of their transsa norme.iii. 13. gressions; for they have rebelled against thee.
11 But let all those that put their trust in thee rejoice:
let them ever shout for joy, because * thou defendest them: the fire bothors let them also that love thy name be joyful in thee.
12 For thou, LORD, wilt bless the righteous; with favour wilt thou t compass him as with a shield.
Heb. is si.
1 David, professing his confidence in God, discourageth his enemies. 5 In the sana:
confidence he encourageth the godly. 9 No trust is to be put in worldly things. 11 Power and mercy belong to God.
To the chief Musician, to Jeduthun, A Psalm of David. 1 Or, Only. 1 Truly my soul & waiteth upon God: from him cometh lent,
my salvation. || Heb. high 2 He only is my rock and my salvation; he is my | deplace. fence; I shall not be greatly moved.
3 How long will ye imagine mischief against a man? ye shall be slain all of you: as a bowing wall shall ye be, and as a tottering fence.
4 They only consult to cast him down from his excel
lency: they delight in lies: they bless with their mouth, but helt harvard they curse * inwardly. Selah. parts.
5 My soul, wait thou only upon God; for my expectation is from him.
6 He only is my rock and my salvation: he is my defence; I shall not be moved.
7 In God is my salvation and my glory: the rock of my strength, and my refuge, is in God.
8 Trust in him at all times; ye people, pour out your heart before him: God is a refuge for us. Selah.
9 Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men of high degree are a lie: to be laid in the balance, they are +altogether lighter than vanity.
10 Trust not in oppression, and become not vain in rob
bery: if riches increase, set not your heart upon them. Or, strength.
il God hath spoken once; twice have I heard this; that fer. IX: # power belongeth unto God.
12 Also unto thee, O Lord, belongeth mercy : for a thou Rom. ii.6. renderest to every man according to his work.
+ Or, alike,
ż Job xxxiv. 11. Prov.xxiv,
19. Ezek. vii, 27. Matt. xvi.