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Matthew the publican; James the son of Alpheus, and Lebbeus, whose surname was Thaddeus; Simon the Canaanite, and Judas 4
Thomas.] See verse 2. and chap. iv. 18. 21. following Paul went in with us unto James, Then said Thomas which is called Didymus and the elders were present. Ac. xxi. 17, 18. unto his fellow disciples, Let us also go, that After three years I went up to Jerusalem to we may die with him (Jesus). John xi. 16. see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days; but Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, other of the apostles saw I none, save James, was not with them when Jesus came. The the Lord's brother. Ga. i. 18, 19. And other disciples therefore said unto him, We when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, to be pillars, perceived the grace that was Except I shall see in his hands the print of given unto me, they gave to me and Bar. the nails, and put my finger into the print nabas the right hands of fellowship, that we of the nails, and thrust my hand into his should go unto the heathen, and they unto side, I will not believe. And after eight days, the circumcision. Ga. ii. 9. James, a servant again his disciples were within, and Thomas of God, and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the with them : then came Jesus, the doors being twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace greeting. Ja. i. l. be unto you. Then saith he to Thomas, Lebbeus.] See verse 2. “Judas” (“ LebReach hither thy finger, and behold my beus”), not Iscariot, said unto him (Jesus), hands, and reach hither thy hand, and thrust Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself it into my side: and be not faithless, but unto us, and not unto the world ? John xiv. believing. And Thomas answered and said 22. Jude the servant of Jesus Christ, and unto him, My Lord, and my God! Jesus brother of James, to them that are sanctified saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus seen ne, thou hast believed ; blessed are they Christ, and called. Jude 1. that have not seen, and yet have believed. 4 Simon the Canaanite.] See verse 2, and John xx. 24–29. After these things Jesus com. shewed himself again to the disciples, at the And Judas Iscariot.] One of the twelve, sea of Tiberias, and on this wise shewed he called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief himself. There were together Simon Peter, priests, and said unto them, What will ye give and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael me, and I will deliver him unto you? And of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, they covenanted with him for thirty pieces and two other of his disciples. John xxi. of silver. And from that time he sought 1, 2.
opportunity to betray him. Mat. xxvi. 14, Matthew the publican.] As Jesus passed 15, 16. Then Judas which had betrayed him, forth from thence (his own city), he saw a when he saw that he was condemned, reman named Matthew sitting at the receipt of pented himself, and brought again the thirty custom: and he saith unto him, Follow me: pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, and he arose, and followed him. Mat. ix. 9. saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed As he (Jesus) passed by, he saw Levi the the innocent blood. Mat. xxvii. 3. See verse son of Alpheus, sitting at the receipt of custom, 2. And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, and said unto him, Follow me. And he arose, went unto the chief priests to betray him and followed him. Mar. ii. 14. After unto them. And immediately, while he these things he went forth, and saw a Pub- (Jesus) yet spake (saying, He that betrayeth lican named Levi sitting at the receipt of me is at hand), came Judas, one of the twelve, custom, and he said unto him, Follow me. and with him a great multitude, with swords Lu. v. 27.. See verse 2.
and staves, from the chief priests, and the James the son of Alpheus.] Among " which" Scribes, and the elders. Mar. xiv. 10. 43. (“ those who were beholding the crucifixion Then (when the chief priests sought to kill afar off") was Mary Magdalene, and Mary Jesus) entered Satan into Judas, surnamed the mother of Jaines and Joses, and the mother Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve. of Zebedee's children. Mat. xxvii. 56. See And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, verse 2, and com. He (Peter) beckoning unto and he that was called Judas, one of the them (the disciples) with the hand to hold their twelve, went before them, and drew near peace, declared unto them how the Lord had unto Jesus to kiss him. Lu. xxii. 3. 47. brought him out of the prison. And he said, Have nut I chosen you twelve (said Jesus), Go, shew these things unto James, and to the and one of you is a devil ? He spake of brethren. Ac. xii. 17. After they had held Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon ; for he it their peace (and gave audience to Barnabas was that should betray him, being one of the and Paul), James answered saying, Men twelve. John vi. 71. Supper being ended and brethren, hearken unto me (pronouncing (the Devil having now put it into the heart of sentence in favour of the Gentiles). Ac. xv. Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him), 13. And when we were come to Jerusalem, Jesus answered (being asked who should betray the brethren received us gladly, and the day him), He it is to whom I shall give a sop. VOL. II.
5 Iscariot, who also betrayed him. These twelve Jesus sent forth,
and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, 6 and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not: But go rather to
when I have dipped it. And when he had among the Gentiles, and teach the Gentiles ! dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, John vii. 35. They of the circumcision which the son of Simon. John xiii. 2. 26. And believed were astonished, as many as came after the sop, Satan entered into him. Then with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also said Jesus unto him, That thou doest do was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost; quickly. Now no man at the table knew for for they heard them speak with tongues, and what intent he spake this unto him; for magnify God. Then answered Peter, Can some of them thought because Judas had the any man forbid water, that these should not bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those be baptized which have received the Holy things that we have need of against the feast, Ghost, as well as we? And he commanded or that he should give something to the poor. them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. He then, having received the sop, went im- Then prayed they him to tarry certain days. mediately out, and it was night. John xiii. Ac. x. 45-48. The apostles and brethren 27-30 Judas also, which betrayed him, that were in Judea heard that the Gentiles knew the place (the garden beyond the brook had also received the word of God. And Cedron), for Jesus oft-times resorted thither, when Peter was come up to Jerusalem, they with his disciples. Judas then having received that were of the circumcision contended with a band of men and officers, from the chief him, saying, Thou wentest into men uncir. priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with cumcised, and didst eat with them. But lanterns, and torches, and weapons. Jesus Peter rehearsed the matter of his vision is therefore knowing all things that should come the city of Joppa) from the beginning; when upon him, went forth, and said unto them, they heard these things they held their peace, Whom seek ye? They answered him, Jesus and glorified God, saying, Then hath God of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto he. And Judas also which betrayed him life. Ac. xi. 1-4. 18. And he (Jesus of stood with them. John xviii. 245. Men Nazareth at Paul's conversion) said unto me and brethren, this Scripture must needs have (Paul), Depart, for I will send thee far hence been fulfilled which the Holy Ghost by the unto the Gentiles. And they gave him aumouth of David spake before concerning dience unto this word, and then lifted up their Judas, which was guide to them that took voices, and said, Away with such a fellow Jesus. It is written in the book of Psalms, from the earth ; for it is not fit that he should Let his habitation be desolate, and let no live. And as they cried out, and cast off their man dwell therein; and his bishoprick let clothes, and threw dust into the air, the chief another take. And they appointed two, Joseph captain commanded that he should be brought called Barnabas, who was surnamed Justus, into the castle. Ac. xxii. 21-24. For I and Matthias. And they prayed, and said, will not dare to speak of any of those things Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all which Christ hath not wrought by me, to men, shew whether of these two thou hast make the Gentiles obedient, by word and chosen, that he may take part of this ministry deed, through mighty signs and wonders, by the and apostleship, from which Judas by trans- power of the Spirit of God, so that from Jerugression fell, that he might go to his own salem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have place. Ac. i. 16. 20. 24, 25.
fully preached the gospel of Christ. Ro XV. 5 Sent forth.] The kingdom of heaven is 18, 19. Ye, brethren, became followers of the like unto a certain nobleman, which made a churches of God, which in Judea are in marriage for his son, and sent forth his Christ Jesus ; for ye also have suffered like servants to call them that were bidden to the things of your own countrymen, even as they wedding. Mat. xxii. 2, 3. He sent “ them” have of the Jews; who both killed the Lord (“his disciples") to preach the kingdom of Jesus, and their own prophets, and have perGod, and to heal the sick. Lu. ix. 2. After secuted us; and they please not God, and are these things the Lord appointed other seventy contrary to all men: forbidding us to speak also, and sent them two and two before his to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to face into every city and place, whither he fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come himself would come. Lu. x. 1. Peace be upon them to the uttermost. I The. ii. 14, 15, 16, unto you (said Jesus to his disciples), as my of the Samaritans.] And the king of Father hath sent me, even so send I you. Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from John xx. 21.
Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, Go not into the way.] See chap. iv. 15. and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the and com. Then said the Jews among them- cities of Samaria, instead of the children of selves, Whither will he go that we shall not Israel; and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt find him? Will he go unto the dispersed in the cities thereof. And so it was, at the
the lost sheep of the house of Israel. And as ye go, preach, 7
beginning of their dwelling there, that they remission of sins should be preached in his feared not the Lord; therefore the Lord name, among all nations, beginning at Jerusent lions among them, which slew some of salem. Lu. xxiv. 46, 47. Unto you (the them. Then the king of Assyria commanded, Jews) first, God having raised up his Son saying, Carry thither one of the priests whom Jesus, sent him to bless you in turning ye brought from thence; and let them go and away every one of you from his iniquities. dwell there, and let him teach them the man- Ac. iii. 26. Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, ner of the God of the land. Then one of and said, It was necessary that the word of the priests whom they had carried away from God should first have been spoken to you Samaria, came and dwelt in Bethel, and (the Jews); but seeing ye put it from you, taught them how they should fear the Lord. and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting 2 Ki. xvii. 24, 25, 27, 28. And (Christ) sent life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles. Ac. xiii. 46. messengers before his face ; and they went And when “they" (" the Jews") opposed and entered into a village of the Samaritans themselves (to Paul), and blasphemed, he to make ready for him. And they did not shook his raiment, and said unto them, Your receive him, because his face was as though blood be upon your own heads; I am clean: he would go to Jerusalem. And when his from henceforth I will go unto the Gentiles. disciples, James and John, saw this, they said, Ac. xviii. 6. I (Paul) shewed first unto them Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughdown from heaven and consume them, even out all the coasts of Judea, and then to the as Elias did ? Lu. ix. 52, 53, 54. Then Gentiles, that they should repent, and turn to cometh he (Jesus) to a city of Samaria, which God, and do works meet for repentance. Ac. is called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground xxvi. 20. And when they" ("the Jews at that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. The Rome") agreed not among themselves, they woman of Samaria (saith) unto him, How is departed, after that Paul had spoken one it that thou, being a Jew, askest drink of word: Well spake the Holy Ghost, by Esaias me, which am a woman of Samaria 2 For the prophet unto our fathers, saying, Go unto the Jews have no dealings with the Sama- this people, and say, Hearing, ye shall hear, and ritans. . Our fathers worshipped in this moun- shall not understand; and seeing, ye shall see, tain (said the woman), and ye say, That in and not perceive : for the heart of this people Jerusalem is the place where men ought to is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of worship. Jesus saith unto her, Ye worship hearing, and their eyes have they closed ; ye know not what; we know what we lest they should see with their eyes, and hear worship, for salvation is of the Jews; but with their ears, and understand with their the hour cometh, and now is, when the heart, and should be converted, and I should true worshippers shall worship the Father in heal them. Be it known therefore unto you, spirit and in truth; for the Father seeketh that the salvation of God is sent unto the such to worship him. God is a Spirit: and Gentiles, and that they will hear it. Ac. they that worship him mnst worship him in xxviii. 25—28. Have " they" ("the Jews") spirit and in truth. John. iv. 5. 9. 22, 23, 24. stumbled that they should fall ? God forbid ! Ye shall receive power after that the Holy but rather through their fall salvation is come Ghost is come upon you, and ye shall be unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to witnesses unto me, both in Jerusalem, and in jealousy. Now if the fall of them be the all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the riches of the world, and the diminishing of uttermost part of the earth. Ac. i. 8. Saul them the riches of the Gentiles, how much was consenting unto “his" (" Stephen's") more their fulness? Por if the casting away death. And at that time there was a great of them be the reconciling of the world, what persecution against the church which was at shall the receiving of them be but life from Jerusalem, and they were all scattered abroad the dead? Ro. xi. 11, 12. 15. throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, The lost sheep of the house of Israel.] See except the apostles. Ac. viii. 1. Then Philip chap. ix. 36. The Son of man is come to went down to the city of Samaria, and preached save that which was lost. How think ye? If Christ unto them. Ac. viii. 5.
a man have an hundred sheep, and one of 6 Gorather.] I am not sent (said Jesus) but them be gone astray, doth he not leave the unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. ninety and nine, and goeth into the mountains, Then came she (the woman of Canaan) and and seeketh that which is gone astray ? Mat. worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me ; but xviii. 11, 12. I have gone astray like a lost he answered and said, It is not meet to take sheep; seek thy servant, for I do not forget the children's bread, and to cast it to dogs. thy commandments. Ps. cxix. 176. All we Mat. xv. 24–26. And (Jesus) said unto them like sheep have gone astray, we have turned (his disciples), Thus it is written, and thus it every one to his own way; and the Lord behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the hath' laid on him the iniquity of us all. Is. dead the third day, and that repentance and liii. 6. My people hath been lost sheep;
8 saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand. Heal the sick, cleanse
their shepherds have caused them to go astray, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the they have turned them away on the mountains; opening of the prison to them that are bound they have gone from mountain to hill; they Is. Ixi. 1. Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great have forgotten their resting place. Je. 1. 6. city, and preach unto it the preaching that I Israel is a scattered sheep; the lions have bid thee. Jon. iii. 2. They (the disciples) driven him away ; first the king of Assyria went out, and preached that men should rehath devoured him, and last this Nebuchad- pent. Mar. vi. 12. Jesus said unto him nezzar king of Babylon hath broken his bones. (that asked to go and bury his father before bet Je. l. 17. And they (Israel) were scattered followed him), Let the dead bury their dead; because there is no shepherd, and they be- but go thou and preach the kingdom of God. came meat to all the beasts of the field, when Lu. ix. 60. The law and the prophets were they were scattered. My sheep wandered until John ; since that time the kingdom of through all the mountains, and upon every God is preached, and every man presseth into high hill : yea, my flock was scattered upon it. Lu. xvi. 16. The priests, and the cap all the face of the earth, and none did search tain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came or seek after them. As I live, saith the Lord upon “them" (" Peter and John"), being God, surely because my flock became a prey, grieved that they taught the people, and and my flock became meat to every beast preached through Jesus the resurrection from of the field, because there was no shepherd, the dead. Ac. iv. 1, 2. neither did my shepherds search for my flock, The kingdom of heaven is at hand. See but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not chap. ii. 2. Verily I say unto you, That the my flock, I will seek that which was lost and publicans and the harlots go into the kingbring again that which was driven away, and dom of God before "you" (" the priests will bind up that which was broken, and will elders”). Therefore say I unto you, The strengthen that which was sick. But I will kingdom of God shall be taken from you (the destroy the fat and the strong, I will feed Jews), and given to a nation bringing forth them with judgment. Ez. xxxiv. 5, 6. 8. 16. the fruits thereof. Mat. xxi. 31. 43. And he (Jesus) spake this parable unto they (the disciples) departed, and went " them" ("the Pharisees"), saying, What through the towns, preaching the Gospel, and man of you, having an hundred sheep, if he healing every where. Lu. ix. 6. As Peter lose one of them doth not leave the ninety was coming in (to the house), Cornelius met and nine in the wilderness, and go after that him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped which is lost until he find it? And when he him. Ac. x. 25. Paul dwelt two whole years hath found it he layeth it on his shoulders in his own hired house, and received all that rejoicing, and when he cometh home, he came in unto him, preaching the kingdom of calleth together his friends, and his neigh- God, and teaching those things which con bours, saying unto them, Rejoice with me, cern the Lord Jesus Christ with all confidence, for I have found my sheep which was lost. no man forbidding him. Ac. xxviii. 30, 31. I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in 8 Heal the sick.] See verse ), and cost heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more Heal the sick that are “therein" (" in the city than over ninety and nine just persons which that receiveth you,” said Jesus to his disciples). need no repentance. Either what woman Lu. x. 9. If we (Peter and John) this day be having en pieces of silver, if she lose one examined (said Peter to the rulers and elders piece, doth not light a candle, and sweep the of the people) of the good deed done unto the house, and seek diligently till she find it; impotent man, by what means he is made and when she hath found it she calleth her whole, be it known unto you all, and to all friends and her neighbours together, saying, the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Rejoice with me; for I have found the piece Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom which I had lost. Likewise I say unto you, God raised from the dead, even by him doth There is joy in the presence of the angels of this man stand here before you whole. And God over one sinner that repenteth. Lu. now, Lord (prayed the church of Christ), bexv. 3-10. For ye were as sheep going hold their threatenings (of the council of the astray, but are now returned unto the shep- Jews), and grant unto thy servants, that with herd and bishop of your souls. 1 Pe. ii. 25. all boldness they may speak the word, by See chap. xv. 24.
stretching forth thine hand to heal; and that 7 Preach, saying, &c.] See chap. iv. 17. signs and wonders may be done by the name
When Jesus had made an end of of thy holy child Jesus. Ac. iv. 9, 10. 29, 30. commanding his twelve disciples, he departed And by the hands of the apostles were many thence to teach and to preach in their cities. signs and wonders wrought among the people, Mat. xi. 1. The spirit of the Lord God is (and they were all with one accord in Soloupon me; because the Lord hath anointed me mon's porch: and of the rest durst no man to preach good tidings unto the meek; he join himself to them, but the people magnified bath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, them. And believers were the more added
the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give. Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your 9 purses, Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither 10 shoes, nor yet staves : for the workman is worthy of his meat.
to the Lord, multitudes both of men and blessed to give than to receive. Ac. xx. 33, women:) insomuch that they brought forth 34, 35. the sick into the streets, and laid them on 9 Neither gold, nor silver.) And (Jesus) beds, and couches, that at the least the sha- commanded them (his disciples) that they dow of Peter passing by might overshadow should take nothing for their journey, save a some of them. Ac. v. 12-15.
staff only; no scrip, no bread, no money in Freely ye have received, freely give.] He their purse. Mar. vi. 8. Take nothing for (Naaman, the leper) returned to the man of your journey, neither staves, nor scrip, neither God (Elisha), he and all his company (having bread, neither money, neither have two coats dipped himself seven times in Jordan, and been apiece. Lu. ix. 3. Carry neither purse, nor cleansed of his leprosy), and came and stood scrip, nor shoes. Lu. x. 4. When I sent before him; and he said, Behold now, I know you without purse, and scrip, and shoes, that there is no God in all the earth but in lacked ye any thing? And they said, NoIsrael: now, therefore, I pray thee, take a thing. Then said he unto them, 'But now he blessing of thy servant. But he said, as the that hath a purse let him take it, and likeLord liveth, before whom I stand, I will re- wise his scrip; and he that hath no sword, let ceive none. And he urged him to take it, him sell his garment and buy one; for I say but he refused. But Gehazi, the servant of unto you, that this that is written must yet Elisha, the man of God, said, Behold, my be accomplished in me (saith Jesus), And master hath spared Naaman, this Syrian, in he was reckoned among the transgressors : not receiving at his hands that which he for the things concerning me have an end. brought, but as the Lord liveth, I will run Lu. xxii. 35, 36, 37. Who goeth a warfare after him, and take somewhat of him. And any time at his own charges ? who planteth he (Elisha) said unto hiin (who had taken a vineyard, and eateth not of the fruit thereof? from Naaman two talents of silver, and two or who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the changes of garments), Is it a time to receive milk thereof? It is written in the law of money, and to receive garments, &c. ? The Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of leprosy therefore of Naaman shall cleave unto the ox that treadeth out the corn. He that thee, and unto thy seed for ever. And he ploweth should plow in hope, and he that went out from his presence a leper as white thresheth in hope should be partaker of his as snow. 1 Ki. v. 15, 16. 20. 26, 27. Peter hope. If we have sown unto you spiritual said (to the lame man), Silver and gold have things, is it a great thing if we shall reap I none; but such as I have I give thee. In your carnal things? Do ye not know that the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, rise up they which minister about holy things, live of and walk. Ac. iii. 6. When Simon (the the things of the temple; and they which sorcerer) saw that through laying on of the wait at the altar are partakers with the altar? apostles' hands the Holy Ghost was given, he Even so hath the Lord ordained, that they offered them money, saying, Give me also which preach the gospel should live of the this power, that on whomsoever I lay hands gospel. 1 Co. ix. 7. 9, 10, 11, 13, 14. he may receive the Holy Ghost. But Peter 10 Scrip for your journey.] Then (when said unto him, Thy money perish with thee, he advised him to consult Samuel where to find because thou hast thought that the gift of God his father's asses) said Saul to his servant, may be purchased with money. Thou hast But behold, if we go, what shall we bring the neither part nor lot in this matter, for thy man? for the bread is spent in our vessels, heart is not right in the sight of God; repent and there is not a present to bring to the man therefore of this thy wickedness, and pray of God. What have we? 1 Sa. ix. 7. And God, if perhaps the thought of thine heart he (David, going to combat with Goliath) took may be forgiven thee ; for I perceive that his staff in his hand, and chose him five thou art in the gall of bitterness, and in the smoooth stones out of the brook, and put bond of iniquity. Ac. viii. 18-23. I have them in a shepherd's bag, which he had, even coveted (said Paul to the elders of Ephesus) a scrip, and his sling was in his hand, and he no man's silver, or gold, or apparel; yea, ye drew near to the Philistine. Sa. xvii. 40. yourselves know that these hands have mi- Two coats.] He that hath two coats, let nistered unto my necessities, and to them him impart to him that hath none. Lu. iii. that were with me. I have shewed you all 11. The cloak that I left at Troas, when things, how that so labouring ye ought to thou comest bring with thee. 2 Ti. iv. 13. support the weak, and to remember the words for the workman is worthy of his meat.] In. of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more the same house (into which you enter) remain