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his fellow-servants, which owed him an hundred pence: and he laid hands on him, and took him by the throat, saying, Pay me that thou owest. And his fellow-servant fell down at his feet, and 29 besought him, saying, Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all
. And he would not : but went and cast him into prison, till 30 he should pay the debt. So when his fellow-servants saw what 31 was done, they were very sorry, and came and told unto their lord
28 And took him by the throat.] Every with bread of affliction, and with water of creditor that lendeth ought unto his neighbour, affliction, until I come in peace (from Ramoth shall release it, he shall not exact it of his Gilead). 1 Ki. xxii. 27. neighbour, or of his brother, because it is 31 They were very sorry.] Rivers of waters called the Lord's release. De. xv. 2. Then run down mine eyes because they keep not I consulted with myself (said Nehemiah), and I thy law. I beheld the transgressors, and rebuked the nobles, and the rulers, and said was grieved, because they kept not thy word. unto them, Ye exact usury, every one of his Ps. cxix. 136. 158. O that my head were brother. And I set a great assembly against waters and mine eyes a fountain of tears, that them. I likewise, and my brethren, and my I might weep day and night for the slain of servants, might exact of them money and the daughter of my people. Je. ix. 1. And corn ; I pray you, let us leave off this usury. when "he" (" Jesus”) had looked round Ne. v. 7. 10. Restore, I pray you, to them about on them with anger (who had conspired even this day, their lands, their vineyards, his death), being grieved for the hardness of their olive-yards, and their houses, also the their hearts, he saith unto the man (that had hundredth part of the money, and of the the withered hand), Stretch forth thine hand. corn, the wine, and the oil, that ye exact of And he stretched it out : and his hand was them. Ne. v. ll. They (the people) entered restored whole as the other. Mar. iji. 5. into a curse and into an oath, that if the And when he was come near, he beheld the people of the land bring ware, or any victuals city (of Jerusalem), and wept over it. Lu. on the sabbath-day to sell, that we would not xix. 41. I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, buy it of them on the sabbath, or on the holy my conscience also bearing me witness in the day; and that we would leave the seventh Holy Ghost, that I have great heaviness, and year (the year of release), and the exaction continual sorrow in my heart ; for I could of every debt. Ñe. X. 31. Wherefore have wish that myself were accursed from Christ we fasted, say they, and thou seest not? for my brethren, my kinsmen according to Wherefore have we afflicted our soul, and the flesh. Ro. ix. 1–3. Rejoice with them thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the that do rejoice, and weep with them that day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact weep. Ro. xii. 15. I speak (said Paul, all your labours. Is. lviii. 3. Remove vio- shewing that he was not inferior to the other lence and spoil, and execute judgment and apostles) as concerning reproach, as though justice, take away your exactions from my we had been weak; howbeit, whereinsoever people (0 princes of Israel), saith the Lord any is bold (I speak as a fool), I am bold God. Ez, xlv. 9.
also. 2 Co. xi. 21. Remember them that 29 Have patience with me, &c.] See verse are in bonds, as bound with them; and them 26 and chap. vi. 12. If he (Onesimus, which suffer adversity, as being yourselves Philemon's servant) hath wronged thee, or also in the body. He xiii. 3. oweth thee ought, put that on mine account; And came and told unto their Lord.] Joseph I Paul have written it with mine own hand, being seventeen years old, was feeding the I will repay it: albeit I do not say to thee Aock with his brethren, and the lad was with how thou owest unto me even thine own the sons of Bilhah, and with the sons of Zilpah self besides. Philm. 18, 19.
his father's wives ; and Joseph brought unto 30 But went and cast him into prison.] his father their evil report. Ge. xxxvii. 2. When Ahab heard these words (God's judg- That servant (who was sent to invite the guests ment against him) he rent his clothes, and to the marriage supper) came and shewed his put sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, and lord these things (the excuses of those that lay in sackcloth, and went softly. And the were bidden); then the master of the house word of the Lord came to Elijah the Tishbite, being angry, said to his servant, Go out saying, Seest thou how Ahab humbleth him- quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, self before me ? because he humbleth himself and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, before me, I will not bring the evil in his and the halt, and the blind. Lu. xiv. 21. days, but in his son's days will I bring the Obey them that have the rule over you, and evil upon his house. 1 Ki. xi. 27–29. Thus submit yourselves; for they watch for your saith the king (Arab), Put this fellow (Mi- souls, as they that must give account, that caiah the prophet) in the prison, and feed him they may do it with joy and not with grief;
32 all that was done. Then his lord, after that he had called him,
said unto him, O thou wicked servant, I forgave thee all that debt, 33 because thou desiredst me: Shouldest not thou also have had com34 passion on thy fellow-sérvant, even as I had pity on thee? And
his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he 35 should pay all that was due unto him. So likewise shall my
heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.
for that is unprofitable for you. He. xiii. 58, 59. To you who are troubled (God will 17.
recompense), rest with us, when the Lord 32 0 thou wicked servant.] Thou wicked Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his and slothful servant (said the lord who had mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance delivered the talents to his servants), thou (he on them that know not God, and obey sot who had hid his talent) knewest that I reap the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ : who shall where I sowed not, and gather where I have be punished with everlasting destruction from not strawed; thou oughtest therefore to have the presence of the Lord, and from the glory put my money to the exchangers, and then at of his power. 2 The. i. 7, 8, 9. The same tij my coming I should have received mine own any man worship the beast) shall drink of the with usury. Mat. xxv. 26, 27. Out of thine wine of the wrath of God, which is poured own mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked out without mixture into the cup of his inservant; thou knewest that I was an austere dignation ; and he shall be tormented with man, taking up that I laid not down, and fire and brimstone, in the presence of the holy reaping that I did not sow ; wherefore then angels, and in the presence of the Lamb; and gavest not thou my money into the bank, the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for that at my coming I might have required ever and ever, and they have not rest day mine own with usury. Lu. xix. 22, 23. Now nor night, who worship the beast' and bis we know, that what things soever the law image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of saith, it saith to them who are under the his name. Re. xiv. 10, 11. law, that every mouth may be stopped, and 35 Do also unto you.] See chap. vi. 12. all the world may become guilty before God. 14, 15 ; vii. 1, 2. Whoso stoppeth bis ears Ro. iii. 19.
at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry him. 33 Even as I had pity on thee.] See chap. self, but shall not be heard. Pr. xxi. 13. I v. 44, 45. Love ye your enemies, and do ye do not forgive, neither will your Father good, and lend, hoping for nothing again ; which is in heaven forgive your trespasses. and your reward shall be great, and ye shall Mar. xi. 26. Judge not, and ye shall not be be the children of the Highest ; for he is kind judged ; condemn not, and ye shall not be unto the unthankful, and to the evil ; be ye condemned ; forgive, and ye shall be forgiven, therefore merciful, as your Father also is give, and it shall be given unto you; good merciful. Lu. vi. 35, 36. Be ye kind one to measure, pressed down, and shaken together, another, tender-hearted, forgiving one another, and running over, shall men give into your even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven bosom ; for with the same measure that ye mete you. Ep. iv. 32, Be ye therefore followers withal, it shall be measured to you again. of God as dear children, and walk in love, as Lu. vi. 37, 38. For he shall have judgment Christ also hath loved us, and hath given without mercy that hath shewed no mercy: himself for us, an offering and a sacrifice to and mercy rejoiceth against judginent. Jo. God, for a sweet smelling savour. Ep. v. ii. 13. 1, 2. Put on, therefore, as the elect of God, From your hearts forgive, &c.] Every way holy and beloved, kindness, humbleness of of a man is right in his own eyes, but the mind, meekness, long-suffering; forbearing Lord pondereth the hearts. Pr. xxi. 2. For one another, and forgiving one another ; if all this, “her” (“ Israel's”) treacherous sister any man have a quarrel against any, even Judah hath not turned unto me with her whole as Christ forgave you, so also do ye. Col. heart, but feignedly, saith the Lord. Je.ii. iii. 13.
10. Yea “they" ("the Jews") made their 34 And delivered him to the tormentors.) See hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should chap. v. 25, 26. When thou goest with thine hear the law, and the words which the Lord adversary to the magistrate, as thou art in the of Hosts hath sent in his Spirit by the former way, give diligence that thou mayest be prophets ; therefore came a great wrath from delivered from him ; lest he hale thee to the the Lord of Hosts. Zec. vii. 12. Ye are judge, and the judge deliver thee to the they which justify yourselves before men officer, and the officer cast thee into prison. but God knoweth your hearts; for that which I tell thee, thou shalt not depart thence till is highly esteemed among men is abomination thou hast paid the very last mite. Lu. xii. in the sight of God. Lu xvi, 15. If ye have
AND it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these sayings, 1 he departed from Galilee, and came into the coasts of Judea beyond Jordan; And great multitudes followed him; and he 2 healed them there. The Pharisees also came unto him, tempting 3 him, and saying unto him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every cause ? And he answered and said unto them, 4 Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning
bitter envyings, and strife in your hearts, art true, and carest for no man, for thou glory not, and lie not against the truth. Ja. regardest not the person of men, but teachest iii. 14. Draw nigh to God, and he will draw the way of God in truth. Is it lawful to give nigh to you ; cleanse your hands, ye sinners, tribute to Cesar or not? Shall we give or and purify your hearts, ye double-minded. Ja. shall we not give ? But he knowing their iv. 8. I am he which searcheth the reins, and hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me ? hearts; and I will give unto every one of you Mar. xii. 13, 14, 15. The Scribes and the according to your works. Re. ii. 23.
Pharisees began to urge him vehemently, and
to provoke him to speak of many things, CHAP. XIX.-) That when Jesus had laying wait for him, and seeking to catch fenished, &c] And le arose from thence, and something out of his mouth, that they might cometh into the coasts of Judea by the farther accuse him. Lu. xi. 53, 54. This they said side of Jordan; and the people resort to him (of the woman taken in adultery) tempting again, and as he was wont he taught them him, that they might have to accuse him. again. Mar.-x. 1. And (Jesus) went away John viii. 6. Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost ägain beyond Jordan, into the place where saith), to-day, if ye will hear his voice, John at first baptized, and there he abode. harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, John X. 40.
in the day of temptation in the wilderness, 2 Great multitudes, &c.] See chap. iv. when your fathers tempted me, proved me, 23, 24, 25; ix. 35, 36; xii. 15; xiv. 35, 36: and saw my works forty years. He. iii. 7,8,9. xv. 30, 31. And “they" (" the people") ran See chap. xxii. 18. through that whole region round about, and Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife ? ] began to carry about in beds those that were See chap. v. 31, 32. Ye say, Wherefore ? sick, where they heard he was. And whither- doth not God regard your offering ?) Because soever he entered, into villages, or cities, or the Lord hath been witness between thee and country, they laid the sick in the streets, and the wife of thy youth, against whom thou hast besought him, that they might touch, if it dealt treacherously : yet is she thy comwere but the border of his garment, and as panion, and the wife of thy covenant. And many as touched him were made whole. did not he make one? yet had he the residue Mar. vi. 55, 56.
of the spirit. And wherefore one ? that he 3 Tempting him.] See chap. xvi. I. And might seek a godly seed. Therefore, take heed they (the Pharisees) sent out unto him their to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, against the wife of his youth. For the Lord, we know that thou art true, and teachest the the God of Israel, saith, that he hateth way of God in truth, neither carest thou for putting away ; for one covereth violence with any man; for thou regardest not the person his garment, saith the Lord of Hosts. Thereof men. Tell us, therefore, What thinkestfore, take heed to your spirit, that ye deal not thou ? · Is it lawful to give tribute unto treacherously. Mal. ii. 14, 15, 16. Cesar or not? But Jesus perceived their 4 Have ye not read, &c.] See chap. xii. 3. wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, Did ye never read in the Scriptures, The ye hypocrites ? Mat. xxii. 16, 17, 18. Then stone which the builders rejected, is become one of them which was a lawyer, asked him a the head of the corner ? This is the Lord's question, tempting him, and saying, Master, doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes ? which is the great commandment in the law ? Mat. xxi. 42. As touching the resurrection Mat. xxii. 35. And the Pharisees came to of the dead, have ye not read that which was him, and asked him, Is it lawful for a man to spoken unto you by God (in Ex. iii. 6.)? I am put away his wife, tempting him. Mar. X. 2. the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, And they sent unto him certain of the Pha- and the God of Jacob. God is not the God of risees and of the Herodians to catch him in the dead, but of the living. Mat. xxii. 31. his words. And when they were come, they Have ye never read what David did, when say unto him, Master, we know that thou he had need, and was an hungred, he and
5 made them male and female, And said, For this cause shall a man
leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they 6 twain shall be one flesh ? Wherefore they are no more twain, but
one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let no man
they that were with him ; how he went into to him shalt thou cleave and swear by his the house of God, and did eat the shewbread ?
De. x. 20. If ye shall diligently keep &c. Mar. ii. 25, 26. Have ye not read so all these commandments which I command much as this, what David did when himself you, to do them, to love the Lord your God, was an hungred, and they which were with to walk in all his ways, and to cleare unto him ; how he went into the house of God, him, then will the Lord drive out all these and did take and eat the shewbread ? Lu. vi. nations from before you, &c. De. xi. 22. The 3. A certain lawyer stood up, and tempted soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul him, saying, Master, what shall I do to in David, and Jonathan loved him as his own herit eternal life? He said unto him, What soul! 1 Sa. xviii. l. I am distressed for is written in the law? How readest thou ? thee, my brother Jonathan (said David), very Lu. X. 25, 26.
pleasant hast thou been unto me; thy love That he which made them at the beginning.] to me was wonderful, passing the love of God created man in his own image : in the
2 Sa. i. 26. Of the nations concernimage of God created he him. Male and ing which the Lord said unto the children of female created he them. Ge. i. 27. Male Israel, Ye shall not go into them, neither and female created he them, and blessed shall they come in unto you, for surely they them, and called their name Adam, in the will turn away your heart after their gods : day when they were created. Ge. v. 2. Did Solomon clave unto these in love. I not he make one ? And wherefore one ? Ki. xi. 2. My soul followeth hard after That he might seek a godly seed. Mal. ii. 15. thee; thy right hand upholdeth me.
5 Said, for this cause, &c.] The Lord God lxiii. 8. Let love be without dissimulation. caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he Ro. xii. 9. slept. And he took one of his ribs, and closed And they twain shall be one flesh.] What! up the flesh instead thereof; and the rib, know ye not that he which is joined to as which Lord God had taken from man, harlot is one body? For two, saith he, shall made he a woman, and brought her unto the be one flesh. I Co. vi. 16. Nevertheless, to man. And Adam said, This is now bone of avoid fornication, let every man have his own my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall wife, and let every woman have her own be called woman, because she was taken husband. Let the husband render unto the out of man. Therefore shall a man leave wife due benevolence; and likewise, also, the his father and his mother, and shall cleave wife unto the husband. The wife hath not unto his wife : and they shall be one power of her own body, but the husband; flesh. Ge. ii. 21-24. Hearken, o daugh- and likewise also the husband hath not power ter, and consider, and incline thine ear; for- of his own body, but the wife. I Co. vii. 2, get also thine own people, and thy father's 3, 4. house. Ps. xlv. 10. They (the Pharisees) 6 God hath joined, &c.] “Which" (h the said, Moses suffered to write a bill of divorce strange woman") forsaketh the guide of her ment, and to put “her" ("the wife") away. youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God. And Jesus answered and said unto them, Pr. ii. 17. The Lord hath been witness be For the hardness of your heart he wrote you tween thee and the wife of thy youth, against this precept. But from the beginning of the whom thou hast dealt treacherously, yet is creation God made them male and female. she thy companion, and the wife of thy coveFor this cause shall a man leave his father and nant. Mal. ii. 14.' What therefore God hathu mother, and cleave to his wife; and they joined together, let not man put asunder. Mar. twain shall be one flesh : so then they are no x. 9. The woman which hath an husband is more twain, but one flesh. Mar. x. 3-8. bound by the law to her husband so long as What therefore God hath joined together, let he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is not man put asunder. Mar. x. 9. For this loosed from the law of her husband. Ro.vii
. cause shall a man leave his father and mother, 2. Unto the married I command, yet not by and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two but the Lord, Let not the wife depart from shall be one flesh. Ep. v. 31.
her husband : but and if she depart, let ber Cleave to his wife.] And his (Shechem's) remain unmarried, or be reconciled to be soul clave unto Dinah, the daughter of Jacob, husband. And let not the husband put away and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly unto his wife. If any brother hath a wife that bethe damsel. Ge. xxxiv. 3. Ye that did cleave lieveth not, and she be pleased to dwelt with unto the Lord your God are alive every one him, let him not put her away. And the of you this day. De. iv. 4. Thou shalt fear woman that hath an husband which believeth the Lord thy God ; him shalt thou serve, and not, and if he be pleased to dwell with her,
put asunder. They say unto him, Why did Moses then command 7 to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away? He saith 8 unto them, Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts suffered you to put away your wives: but from the beginning it was not so. And I say unto you, Whosoever shall put away his wife, except 9 it be for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery:
let her not leave him : for the unbelieving the Lord hath been witness between thee and husband is sanctified by the wife, and the un- thy wife of the youth, against whom thou hast believing wife is sanctified by the husband; dealt treacherously; yet is she thy companion, else were your children unclean, but now are and the wife of thy covenant. Mal. ii. 13, 14. they holy. 1 Co. vii. 10-14. So ought men For the hardness of your heart he wrote you to love their wives as their own body; he that this precept. Mar. x. 5. loveth his wife loveth himself. Ep. v. 28. Suffered you to put away your wives.] See Marriage is honourable in all, and the bed chap. iii. 15; viii. 31. Defraud ye not one undefiled, but whoremongers and adulterers the other (husband and wife), except it be God will judge. He. xiii. 4.
with consent for a time, that ye may give 7 Why did Moses then command, &c.] See yourselves to fasting and prayer, But I speak chap. v. 31. When a man hath taken a wife this by permission, and not of commandment. and married her, and it come to pass that she I Co. vii. 5, 6. find no favour in his eyes; then let him write But from the beginning it was not so.] het a bill of divorcement, and give it in her Therefore shall a man leave his father and hand, and send her out of his house. And his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife, when she is departed out of his house, she and they shall be one flesh. Ge. ii. 24. Noah may go and be another man's wife. And if went in, and his sons, and his wife, and his the latter husband hate her, and write her à sons' wives with him, into the ark, because of bill of divorcement, and giveth it in her hand, the waters of the flood. Ge. vii. 7. Thus and sendeth her out of his house; or, if the latter saith the Lord, Stand ye in the ways, and husband die which took her to be his wife, see, and ask for the old paths, where is the her former husband which sent her away may good way, and walk therein, and shall find not take her again to be his wife, after that rest for your souls. Je. vi. 16. she is defiled. De. xxiv. 1-5. Where is 9 Whosoever shall put away his wife.] Whothe bill of your mother's divorcement (saith soever shall put away his wife, saving for the the Lord to the Jews) whom I have put away? cause of fornication, causeth her to commit Is. l. I. And I saw (saith the Lord) when adultery, and whosoever shall marry her that for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel is divorced committeth adultery. Mat. v. 32. committed adultery, I had put her away and Whosoever shall put away his wife, and marry gisen her a bill of divorce ; yet her trea- another, committeth adultery against her. cherous sister Judah fearednot, but went Mar. x. 11. And if a woman shall put away and played the harlot also. Je. iii. 8. Moses her husband, and be married to another, she suffered to write a bill of divorcement, and to committeth adultery. Mar. X. 12. Whosoput her ('he wife) away. Mar. x. 4.
ever putteth away his wife and marrieth anAnd to put her away.] See chap. i. 19. other, committeth adultery; and whosoever The Lord the God of Israel saith, that he marrieth her that is put away from her hushateth putting away, for one covereth violence band, committeth adultery. Lu. xvi. 18. with his garment, saith the Lord of Hosts : Unto the married I command, yet not I, but therefore take heed to your spirit, that ye deal the Lord Let not the wife depart from her not treacherously. Mal. ii. 16.
husband: but, and if she depart, let her re8 Because of the hardness of your hearts.] main unmarried, or be reconciled to her hus. Harden not your heart as in the provocation, band ; and let not the husband put away his and as in the day of temptation in the wilder- wife. But to the rest speak I, not the Lord. ness. Ps. xcv. 8. They (the Jews) made If any brother have a wife that believeth their hearts as an adamant-stone, lest they not, and she be pleased to dwell with him, should hear the law, and the words which the let him not put her away. And the woman Lord of Hosts hath sent in his Spirit by the which hath an husband that believeth not, former propbets; therefore came a great wrath and if he be pleased to dwell with her, let her from the Lord of hosts. Zec..vii. 12. This have not leave him. The wife is bound by the law ye done again, covering the altar of the Lord so long as the husband liveth ; but if her huswith tears, with weeping and with crying out, band be dead, she is at liberty to be married insomuch that he regardeth not the offering to whom she will only in the Lord. 1 Co. any more, or receiveth it with good will at vii. 10–13. 39. your hand; yet ye say, Wherefore ? Because Except it be for fornication.] It is reported