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tribute unto Cesar, or not? But Jesus perceived their wickedness, 18 and said, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites ? Shew me the tribute 19 money. And they brought unto him a penny. And he saith unto 20 them, Whose is this image and superscription? They say unto 21 him, Cesar's. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Cesar the things which are Cesar's; and unto God the things that fathers, to eat the fruit thereof, and the good I do to inherit eternal life? Lu. X. 25. This thereof; behold we are servants in it. And they said (respecting the woman taken in it yieldeth much increase unto the kings whom adultery), tempting him, that they might thou hast set over us, because of our sins. have to accuse him. John viii. 6. How it Also they have dominion over our bodies, and (said Peter to Ananias and Sapphira) that ye over our cattle at their pleasure, and we are have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of in great distress. Ne. ix. 36, 37. After this the Lord ? Ac. v. 9. man (Theudas) rose up Judas of Galilee, in 19 A penny.] See chap. xviii. 28; xx. 2. the days of the taxing, and drew away much And I heard a voice in the midst of the four people after him. Ac. v. 37. For this cause beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny, also conscience' sake) pay ye tribute also ; and three measures of barley for a penny, &c. for they are God's ministers, attending con- Re. vi. 6. tinually upon this very thing. Render there- 20 Superscription.] Whose image and sufore to all their dues : tribute to whom tribute perscription hath "it". (" the penny")? They is due ; custom to whom custom ; fear to whom answered and said, Cesar's. Lu. xx. 24. fear; honour to whom honour. Ro. xiii. 6, 7. 21 Render therefore, &c.] What thinkest
Cesar.] It came to pass in those days thou, Simon (said Jesus to Peter), of whom (about the birth of Christ), that there went do the kings of the earth take custom, or out a decree (from Cesar Augustus), that all tribute ? of their own children, or of strangers ? the world should be taxed. Lu. ii. 1. If Peter saith unto him, Of strangers. Jesus thou let this "man" (" Christ") go (said the saith unto him, Then are the children free, Jews to Pilate), thou art not Cesar's friend; Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh go thou to the sea, and cast an hook, and take against Cesar. When Pilate therefore heard up the fish that first cometh up; and when that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat thou hast opened his mouth thou shalt find down in the judgment-seat, in a place that a piece of money, that take and give unto is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, them for me and thee. Mat. xvii. 25, 26, 27. Gabbatha. And it was the preparation of My son, fear thou the Lord, and the king, the passover, and about the sixth hour. And and meddle not with them that are given to he saith unto the Jews, Behold your king. change. Pr. xxiv. 21. We found this fellow But they cried out, Away with him ; away (said the Jews to Pilate) perverting the nawith him; crucify him. Pilate saith unto tion, and forbidding to give tribute to Cesar, them, Shall I crucify your king? The chief saying, that he himself is Christ, a King. Lu. priests answered, We have no king but Cesar. xxiii. 2. Render therefore to all their dues : John xix. 12-15.
tribute to whom tribute is due ; custom to 18 Perceived their wickedness. ] When whom custom ; fear to whom fear; honour to Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so whom honour. Ro. xiii. 7. reasoned' (respecting his power of forgiving And unto God the things that are God's. ] sins) within themselves, he said unto them, See verse 37. chap. iv. 10. Shadrach, MeWhy reason ye these things in your hearts ? shach, and Abednego, answered and said to Mar. ii. 8. When' Jesus perceived their the king, O Nebuchadnezzar, we are not thoughts, he answering said unto them, careful to answer thee in this matter. If it What reason ye in your hearts ? Lu. be so (that they be cast into a burning fiery v. 22. Jesus perceiving the thought of furnace), our God whom we serve is able to " their" ("the disciples") heart (which of them deliver us from the burning fiery furnace ; should be greatest), took a child and set him and he will deliver us out of thine hand, O by him. Lu. ix. 47. He perceived their king. But if not, be it known unto thee, (the chief priests) craftiness (in asking, Is it O king, that we will not serve thy gods, nor lawful to gite tribute to Cesar ?), and said worship the golden image which thou hast set unto them, Why tempt ye me? Lu. xx. 23. up. Da. iii. 16, 17, 18. Now when Daniel He (Jesus) knew all men, and needed not that knew that the writing was signed (which deany should testify of man, for he knew what creed, that whosoever shall ask a petition of was in man. John ii. 25. I am he which any god or man for thirty days, save of the searcheth the reins and hearts. Re. ii. 23. king, he shall be cast into the den of lions), he
Why tempt ye me ?] See chap. xvi. 1-4; went into his house, and his windows being xix. 3. Behold, a certain lawyer stood up open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall kneeled upon his knees three times a day, VOL. II.
22 are God's. When they had heard these words, they marvelled, 23 and left him, and went their way. The same day came to him
the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked 24 him, Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no chil
and prayed, and gave thanks before bis God, servants of God. Honour all mer.
Love as he did aforetime. Then these men (who the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the conspired against him) assembled, and found king. I Pe. ii. 13–17. Daniel praying and making supplication be- 22 They marvelled, &c.] See verses 33. 46. fore his God. And when he (Nebuchad- Be ye wise as serpents, and harmless as doves. nezzar, who signed the decree) came to the Mat. X. 16. Answer not a fool according to den (into which Daniel had been cast), he his folly, lest thou also be like unto bits. cried with a lamentable voice unto Daniel. Answer a fool according to his folly, lest he And the king spake and said unto Daniel, o be wise in his own conceit. Pr. xxvi. 4. 5. Daniel, servant of the living God, is thy God Render unto Cesar (said Jesus) the things whom thou servest continually able to deliver which be Cesar's, and unto God the things thee from the lions ? Then said Daniel unto which be God's. And they could not take the king, o king, live for ever. My God hold of his words before the people. And hath sent his angel, and hath shut the lions' they marvelled at his answers, and held their mouths, that they have not hurt me; foras- peace. Lu. xx. 25, 26. I will give you a much as before him innocency was found in mouth, and wisdom (said Christ to his apos. me, and also before thee, O king, have I done tles), which all your adversaries shall not be no hurt. Then was the king exceeding glad able to gainsay nor resist. Lu. xxi. lă. for him, and commanded that they should And they (of the synagogue) were not able to take Daniel up out of the den ; and no man- resist the wisdom and the spirit by which ner of hurt was found upon him, because he "he" (" Stephen ") spake. Ac. vi. 10. Let believed in his God. Da. vi. 10, 11. 20—23. your speech be alway with grace, seasoned A son honoureth his father, and a servant his with salt, that ye may know how ye ought master. If I then be a father, where is mine to answer every man. Col. iv. 6. honour ? and if I be a master, where is my 23 Same day.] Then come unto him the fear? saith the Lord of hosts unto you, ó Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection, priests, that despise my name ; and ye say, &c. Mar. xii. 18. Then came to him cerWherein have we despised thy name? Ye tain of the Sadducees, which deny that there offer polluted bread upon mine altar; and ye is any resurrection. Lu. XX. 27. say, Wherein have we polluted thee? In that The Sadducees.) See chap. iii. 7; xvi. f. ye say, The table of the Lord is contemptible. Then (when the apostles worked many miracles, And if ye offer the blind for sacrifice, is it not to the great increase of the faith) the high evil? and if ye offer the lame and sick, is it priest rose up, and all they that were with not evil? Mal. i. 6, 7, 8. Will a man rob him (which is the sect of the Sadducees), and God? Yet ye have robbed me : but ye say, were filled with indignation. Ac. v. 17. Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and Which say that there is no resurrection.) offerings : ye are cursed with a curse ; for ye Now if Christ be preached that he rose from have robbed me, even the whole nation. Bring the dead, how say some among you, that ye all the tithes into the store-house, that there is no resurrection of the dead? But if there may be meat in mine house ; and prove there be no resurrection of the dead, then is me now herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, Christ not risen : and if Christ be not risen, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is ånd pour you out a blessing, that there shall also vain. 1 Co. xv. 12, 13, 14. Shun prenot be room enough to receive it. Mal. iii. fane and vain babblings: for they will increase 8, 9, 10. Peter and John answered the unto more ungodliness. And their word will Jewish council) and said, Whether it be right eat as doth a canker : of whom is Hymenxas in the sight of God to hearken unto you more and Philetus; who concerning the truth have than unto God, judge ye. Ac. iv. 19. We erred, saying, that the resurrection is past ought to obey God rather than men (said already, and overthrow the faith of some Peter to the high priest). Ac. v. 29. Submit 2 Ti. ii. 16–18. yourselves to every ordinance of man for the 24 Master.] See verses 16. 36. Not every Lord's sake; whether it be to the king, as one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter supreme, or unto governors, as unto them into the kingdom of heaven, but he that doeth that are sent by him for the punishment of the will of my Father which is in bearen evil doers, and for the praise of them that do Mat. vii. 21. Why call ye me Lord, Lord, well. For so is the will of God, that with and do not the things which I say? Lu. Tie well doing ye may put to silence the ignorance 46. of foolish men. As free, and not using your Moses said, If a man die, &c.] Then (after liberty for a cloak of maliciousness, but as the the Lord slew Onan) said Judah to Tamar his
dren, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first, 25 when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, left his wife unto his brother: Likewise the second also, and the third, 26 unto the seventh. And last of all the woman died also. There- 27 fore in the resurrection whose wife shall she be of the seven? for 28 they all had her. Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, 29 not knowing the Scriptures, nor the power of God. For in the 30
daughter-in-law, Remain a widow at thy seven brethren. And the first took a wife, father's house till Shelah my son be grown, and died without children. And the second (for he said, lest peradventure he die also as took her to wife, and he died childless. And his brethren did.) And Tamar went and the third took her; and in like manner the dwelt in her father's house. Ge. xxxviii. 11. seven also : and they left no children, and If brethren dwell together, and one of them died. Last of all the woman died also. die, and have no child, the wife of the dead Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife of shall not marry without unto a stranger; her them is she? for seven had her to wife. Lu. husband's brother shall go in unto her, and xx. 29–33. It is appointed unto men once take her to him to wife, and perform the duty to die; but after this the judgment. He. ix. of an husband's brother unto her. And it 27. shall be, that the first-born which she beareth 29 Not knowing the Scriptures.] I know shall succeed in the name of his brother which that my Redeemer liveth, and that he shall is dead, that his name be not put out of Is- stand at the latter day upon the earth. And rael. And if the man like not to take his though after my skin worms destroy this brother's wife, then let his brother's wife go body, yet in my flesh shall I see God; whom I up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall be husband's brother refuseth to raise up unto hold, and not another; though my reins be his brother a name in Israel; he will not consumed within me. Job xix. 25, 26, 27. perform the duty of my husband's brother. Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory Then the elders of his city shall call him and rejoiceth; my flesh also shall rest in hope. speak unto him; and if he stand to it, and say, For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neiI like not to take her; then shall his brother's ther wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to - see wife come unto him, in the presence of the corruption. Thou wilt shew me the path of elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, life; in thy presence is fulness of joy; at thy and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, right hand there are pleasures for evermore. So shall it be done unto that man that will Ps. xvi. 9, 10, 11. As for me, I will behold not build up his brother's house. And his thy face in righteousness; I shall be satisfied name shall be called in Israel, The house of when I awake with thy likeness. Ps. xvii. him that hath his shoe loosed. De. xxv. 5— 15. Like sheep they are laid in the grave : 10. Naomi said (to Orpah and Ruth), Turn death shall feed on them, and the upright again, my daughters, why will ye go with shall have dominion over them in the mornme? Are there yet any more sons in my ing, and their beauty shall consume in the womb, that they may be your husbands. Ru. grave from their dwelling. But God will rei. 11. Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a deem my soul from the power of the grave; man's brother die, and leave his wife behind for he shall receive me. Ps. xlix. 14, 15. him, and leave no children, that his brother Whom have I in heaven but thee? And should take his wife, and raise up seed unto there is none upon earth that I desire besides his brother. Mar. xii. 19. Master, Moses thee: my flesh and my heart faileth, but God wrote unto us, If any man's brother die, is the strength of my heart, and my portion having a wife, and he die without children, for ever. Ps. Ixxiii. 25, 26. He will swallow that his brother should take his wife, and up death in victory; and the Lord God will raise up seed unto his brother. Lu. xx. 28. wipe away tears from off all faces; and the
25 There were with us seven brethren.] rebuke of his people shall he take away from Now there were seven brethren ; and the first off all the earth : for the Lord hath spoken it took a wife, and dying, left no seed. And 18. xxv. 8. Thy dead men shall live, together the second took her, and died, neither left he with my dead body shall they arise. Awake any seed; and the third likewise. And the and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew seven had her, and left no seed ; last of all the is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall woman died also. In the resurrection there- cast out the dead. Is. xxvi. 19. The righfore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall teous perisheth, and no man layeth it to heart; she be of them ? for the seven had her to wife. and merciful men are taken away, none conMar. xii. 20—23. There were therefore sidering that the righteous is taken away from
resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are 31 as the angels of God in heaven. But as touching the resurrection
the evil to come. He shall enter into peace; children of God, being the children of the they shall rest in their beds, each one walking resurrection. Lu. xx. 34, 35, 36. Marvel in his uprightness. Is. lvii. 1, 2. Many of not at this; for the hour is coming in the them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall which all that are in the graves shall hear awake, some to everlasting life, and some to his (the Son of man's) voice; and shall come shame and everlasting contempt. And they forth, they that have done good unto the that be wise shall shine as the brightness of resurrection of life, and they that have done the firmament; and they that turn many to evil, unto the resurrection of damnation. righteousness, as the stars for ever and ever. John v. 28, 29. This I say, brethren, the Da. xii. 2, 3. I will ransom them from the time is short. It remaineth that both they power of the grave: I will redeem them from that have wives, be as though they had none; death. O death, I will be thy plagues; 0 and they that weep, as though they wept not; grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance and they that rejoice, as though they rejoiced shall be hid from mine eyes. Ho. xiii. 14. not; and they that buy, as though they posThese are the words which spake unto you, sessed not; and they that use this world, as while I was yet with you, that all things must not abusing it; for the fashion of this world be fulfilled which were written in the law of passeth away. I Co. vii. 29, 30, 31. Behold Moses, and in the prophets, and in the Psalms what manner of love the Father hath bestoconcerning me. Then opened he their under- ed upon us, that we should be called the standing, that they might understand the sons of God. Therefore the world knoweth Scriptures; and said unto them, Thus it is us not, because it knew him not. Beloved, written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, now are we the sons of God; and it doth not and to rise from the dead the third day; and yet appear what we shall be ; but we know, that repentance and remission of sins should that when he shall appear we shall be like be preached in his name among all nations, him, for we shall see him as he is. I Jobs beginning at Jerusalem. Lu. xxiv. 44–47. iii. 1, 2. As yet they knew not the Scripture, that he As the angels of God, &c.] See chap. xii. must rise again from the dead. John xx. 9. 43; xviii. 10. Bless the Lord ye his angels, Whatsoever things were written aforetime, that excel in strength, that do his commandwere written for our learning, that we through ments, hearkening unto the voice of his word. patience and comfort of the Scriptures might Ps. ciii. 20. Thus saith the Lord of hosts have hope. Ro. xv. 4.
(to Joshua the high priest by the angel of the Nor the power of God.] Is any thing too Lord), If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if hard for the Lord ? Ge. xviii. 14. Ah, Lord thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt God! behold, thou hast made the heaven and also judge my house, and shalt also keep my the earth by thy great power and stretched- courts; and I will give thee places to walk out arm, and there is nothing too hard for among these that stand by. Zec. iii. 7. Bethee. Je. xxxii. 17. With God nothing is loved, now are we the sons of God; and it impossible. Lu. i. 37. Why should it be doth not yet appear what we shall be, but we thought a thing incredible with you, that God know that when he shall appear, we shall be should raise the dead? Ac. xxvi. 8. For like him, for we shall see him as he is. I our conversation is in heaven ; from whence John iii. 2. And “they" (* the four beasts also we look for the Lord Jesus Christ: and four and twenty elders") sung a new song, who shall change our vile body, that it may saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, be fashioned like unto his glorious body, and to open the seals thereof; for thou wast according to the working whereby he is slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy able even to subdue all things unto himself. blood, out of every kindred, and tongue, and Phi. iii. 21.
people, and nation; and hast made us unte 30 In the resurrection.] Do ye not there- our God kings and priests, and we shall reign fore err (said Jesus), because ye know not the on the earth. And I beheld and heard the Scriptures, neither the power of God; for voice of many angels round about the throne, when they shall rise from the dead, they and the beasts and the elders; and the numneither marry nor are given in marriage, but ber of them was ten thousand times ten thonare as the angels which are in heaven. Mar. sand, and thousands of thousands. Re. 1. xii. 24, 25. The children of this world 10, 11. And I fell at his (the angel's) feet to marry, and are given in marriage; but they worship him: and he said unto me, See that which shall be accounted worthy to obtain do it not; I am thy fellow-servant, and of thy that world, and the resurrection from the brethren that have the testimony of Jesus
. dead, neither marry nor are given in mar- Worship God : for the testimony of Jesus is riage; neither can they die any more, for the spirit of prophecy. Re. xix. 10. they are equal unto the angels, and are the
of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, 32 and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living. And when the multitude heard this, they were asto- 33 nished at his doctrine. But when the Pharisees had heard that 34 he had put the Sadducees to silence, they were gathered together.
31 Have ye not read that, &c.] Go ye and and many hearing him were astonished, saylearn what that meaneth, I will have mercy ing, From whence hath this man these things ? and not sacrifice; for I am not come to call and what wisdom is this which is given unto the righteous, but' sinners to repentance. him, that even such mighty works are wrought Mat. ix. 13. See chap. xii. 3. 7; xxi. 16. 42. by his hands ? Mar. vi. 2. Render to Cesar
32 I am the God of Abraham, &c.] I am (said Jesus) the things that are Cesar's, and the God of thy father (said the Lord to to God the things that are God's. And they Moses, as he kept the flock of Jethro his father- marvelled at him. Mar. xii. 17. And all in-law), the God of Abraham, the God of that heard him were astonished at his underIsaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses standing and answers. Lu. ii. 47. And all hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon bare him witness, and wondered at the graGod. Er. iji. 6. And God said moreover cious words which proceeded out of his mouth. unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the Lu. iv. 22. Then certain of the Scribes anchildren of Israel; The Lord God of your swering, said, Master, thou hast well said. fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of And after that they durst not ask him any Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me question at all. Lu. xx. 39, 40, Never man unto you. This is my name for ever ; and spake like this man (said the officers to the this is my memorial unto all generations. high priests). John vii
. 46. Go and gather the elders of Israel together, 34 When the Pharisees had heard.] One and say unto them, The Lord God of your of the Scribes came, and having heard them fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of reasoning together, and perceiving that he Jacob, appeared unto me, saying, I have had answered them well, asked him, which is surely visited you, and seen that which is the first commandment of all? Mar. xii. 28. done to you in Egypt. Ex. iii. 15, 16. When They were gathered together.] See chap. Moses saw it (the flame of fire in the bush), xii. 14 ; xxvi. 3–5. The isles saw it (God's he wondered at the sight (said Stephen), and mercy to his Church), and feared; the ends of as he drew near to behold it, the voice of the the earth were afraid, drew near, and came; Lord came unto him, saying, I am the God of they helped every one his neighbour, and thy fathers, the God of Abraham, and the every one said to his brother, Be of good God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Then courage. So the carpenter encouraged the Moses trembled, and durst not behold. Ac. goldsmith ; and he that smootheth with the sii. 31, 32. God is not ashamed to be called hammer him that smote the anvil, saying, their God, for he hath prepared for them It is ready for the sodering. And he fastened (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and ancient believers) it with nails, that it should not be moved. a city. He. xi. 16.
Is. xli. 5, 6, 7. Then gathered the chief God is not the God of the dead.] And as priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, touching the dead, that they rise, have ye not What do we? for this man doeth many. rend in the book of Moses, how in the bush miracles. If we let him thus alone, all men God spake unto him, saying, I am the God will believe on him, and the Romans shall of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God come and take away both our place and naof Jacob? He is not the God of the dead, but tion. And one of them named Caiaplas, the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly being the high priest that same year, said err. Mar. xii. 26, 27.' Now, that the dead unto them, Ye know nothing at all, nor are raised, even Moses shewed at the bush, consider that it is expedient for us that one when he calleth the Lord the God of Abra- man should die for the people, and that the ham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of whole natjon perish not John xi. 47–50. Jacob: for he is not a God of the dead, but Now when the high priest, and the captain of of the living, for all live unto him. Lú. XX. the temple, and the chief priests, heard these
things (respecting the release of the apostles 33 They were astonished.] See verse 22. from the prison), they doubted of them whereWhen Jesus had ended these sayings (his unto this would grow. Then came one and sernion on the mount), the people were asto- told them saying, Behold, the men whom ye nished at his doctrine: for he taught them as put in prison are standing in the temple, and one having authority, and not as the Scribes. teaching the people ; then went the captain Mat. vii. 28, 29. When the sabbath-day was with the officers, and brought them without come, he began to teach in the synagogue; violence (for they feared the people, lest they.