Imágenes de páginas

paying the freight, as in the 26th article. They shall also have the furs which are in the posts above, and which belong to them, and may be on the way to Montreal: and for this purpose they shal} have leave to send this year, or the next, canoes, fitted out, to fetch such of the said furs as shall have remained in those parts.

Granted, as in the 26th article.

The Aecadians.

Article XXXVIII. All the people who have left Accadia, and who shall be found in Canada, including the frontiers of Canada on the side of Accadia, shall have the fame treatment as the Canadians, and shall enjoy the same privileges.

The King is to dispose of his ancient subjects: in the mean time

they shall enjoy the same privilege as the Canadians.

Article XXXIX. None of the Canadians, Accadians, or French, who are now in Canada, and on the frontiers of the colony on the fide of Accadia, Detroit, Michilimakinac, and other places and posts of the countries above, the married and unmarried soldiers remaining in Canada, shall be carried or transported into the English colonies, or to Old England, and they shall not be troubled for having carried arms.

Granted, except with regard to the Canadians.

The Indians in alliance with the French,

Article XL. The favages, or Indian allies of his most Christian Majesty, shall be maintained in the lands they inhabit, if they chuse to remain there : they shall not be molested on any pretence whatsoever for having carried arms, and served his most Christian Majesty. They shall have, as well as the French, liberty of religion, and shall keep their missionaries. The actual vicarsgeneral, and the bishop, when the episcopal see shall be filled, Thall have leave to send them new missionaries when they shall judge it necessary.

Granted, except the last article, which has been already refused.

Article XLI. The French, Canadians, and Accadians, of what ftate or condition foever, who shall remain in the colony, shall not be forced to take arms against his most Christian Majesty or his a'lies, directly or indirectly, on any occafion whatsoever. The British government shall only require of them an exact neutrality,


They become subjects of the King.

the Greach laws.

Article XLII. The French and Canadians shall continue to be continuance of governed according to the custom of Paris, and the laws and usages established for this country; and they shall not be subject to any other imposts than those which were established under the French dominion.

Answered by the preceding articles, and particularly by the



Article XLIII. The papers of the government shall remain Papers of the without exception in the power of the Marquis de Vaudreuil, and shall go to France with him. These papers Thall not be examined on any pretence whatsoever.

Granted, with the reserve already made.

office, and other

Article XLIV. The


of the intendancy, of the office of Papers of the comptroller of the marine, of the ancient and new treasurers of intendant's the King's magazines, of the office of the revenues and forges of public papers. St. Maurice, shall remain in the power of M. Bigot, the intendant, and they shall be embarked for France in the same vessel with him. These papers

shall not be examined. The same as to this article.


Article XLV. The registers and other papers of the supreme The registers of council of Quebec ; of the provost, and admiralty of the said city; council of Qucthose of the royal jurisdictions of Trois Rivieres and of Montreal; bec, and of the those of the seigneurial jurisdictions of the colony; the minutes justice in the of the acts of the notaries of the towns and of the countries; and, in general, the acts and other



serve to prove the estates and fortunes of the citizens, shall remain in the colony, in. the rolls of the jurisdictions on which these papers depend.


[blocks in formation]

Liberty of Article XLVI. The inhabitants and merchants shall enjoy all
trading in the
Lime manner as the privileges of trade, under the same favours and conditions granted
British subjects. to the subjects of his Britannic Majesty, as well in the countries

above as in the interior of the colony.


Negroes and
Panis llaves.

Article XLVII. The negroes and Panis of both sexes shall remain, in their quality of flaves, in the possession of the French and Canadians to whom they belong: they shall be at liberty to keep them in their service in the colony, or to sell them; and they may also continue to bring them up in the Roman religion.

Granted, except those who shall have been made prisoners.

Liberty to all Article XLVIII. The Marquis de Vaudreuil, the general and point attornies staff officers of the land forces, the governours and staff officers of their kaltaires of the different places of the colony, the military and civil officers,

and all other persons who shall leave the colony, or who are already absent, shall have leave to name and appoint attornies to act for them, and in their name, in the administration of their effects, moveable and immoveable, until the peace. And if, by the treaty between the two crowns, Canada does not return under

the French dominion, these officers or other persons, or attornies and to sell their for them, shall have leave to sell their manors, houses, and other and fend thes, estates, their moveables and effects, &c. to carry away or send to produce to Old France the produce, either in bills of exchange, specie, furs, or

other returns, as is mentioned in the 37th article.


Those, whose goods have been

Article XLIX. The inhabitants and other persons who shall damaged con- have suffered any damage in their goods, moveable or immoveable, pitulation of the which remained at Quebec, under the faith of the capitulation of

faveugbecs that city, may make their representation to the British governdone them for ment, who shall render them due justice against the person to whom

it shall belong


fuch injuries.


Article Li and last. The present capitulation shall be inviolably executed in all its articles, and bona fide on both sides, notwithstanding any infraction, and any other pretence with regard to the preceding capitulations, and without making use of reprisals,


[blocks in formation]




[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]


on the 10th Day of FEBRUARY, in the Year 1763,


The Cession of Canada to the Crown of Great Britain.

Cellion of Nova Scotia, or Accadia.

Cession of Canada and Cape

of St. Lawrence.

HS moft Christian Majesty renounces

all pretensions which he has heretofore formed, or might form, to Nova Scotia, or Accadia, in all it's parts, and guarantees the whole of it, and all it's dependencies, to the King of Great Britain.

Moreover, his most Christian Majesty cedes and guarantees to Breton, and the his said Britannic Majesty, in full right, Canada, with all it's coasts in the dependencies, as well as the island of Cape Breton, and all the other gulf and river islands and coasts in the Gulf and River of Saint Lawrence, and, in

general, every thing that depends on the said countries, lands, islands,
and coasts, with the sovereignty, property, poffeffion, and all rights
acquired by treaty or otherwise, which the most Christian King and
the crown of France have had, till now, over the said countries,
islands, lands, places, coasts, and their inhabitants, so that the
most Christian King cedes and makes over the whole to the said
King, and to the crown of Great Britain, and that in the most
ample manner and form, without restriction, and without any
liberty to depart from the said guaranty, under any pretence, or
to disturb Great Britain in the possessions above-mentioned.

Liberty of the
Catholic rc-


His Britannic Majesty, on his side, agrees to grant the liberty of ligion to the the Catholic religion to the inhabitants of Canada: he will con

fequently give the most effectual orders, that his new Roman
Catholic subjects may profess the worship of their religion, according


« AnteriorContinuar »