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to the rites of the Romilh church, as far as the laws of Great Britain permit.

His Britannic Majesty further agrees, that the French in- Liberty to the habitants, or others, who had been the subjects of the most subjects to retire Christian King in Canada, may retire with all safety and freedom from Canada wherever they

Thall think proper, and may sell their estates, pro- of eighteen vided it be to subjects of his Britannic Majesty, and bring away their effects, as well as their persons, without being restrained in their emigration, under any pretence whatsoever, except that of debts, or of criminal prosecutions; the term limited for this emigration shall be fixed to the space of eighteen months, to be computed from the day of the exchange of the ratification of the present treaty,


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HEREA $ we have taken into our royal confideration the

extensive and valuable acquisitions in America, secured to our erown by the late definitive treaty of peace concluded at Paris the tenth day of February last; and being desirous that all our loving fubjects, as well of our kingdoms as of our colonies in America, may avail themselves, with all convenient speed, of the great benefits and advantages which must accrue therefrom to their commerce, manufactures, and navigation, we have thought fit, with the advice of our privy council, to issue this our royal proclamation, hereby to publish and declare to all our loving subjects, that we have, with the advice of our faid privy council, granted our letters patent under our great seal of Great Britain, to erect within the countries and islands ceded and confirmed to us by the said treaty, four distinct and separate governments, stiled and called by the names of Quebec, East Florida, West Florida, and Grenada, and limited and bounded as follows, viz..

Government of

First, The government of Quebec, bounded on the Labrador coast by the river St. John, and from thence by a line drawn from the head of that river, through the lake St. John, to the south end of the lake Nipislim; from whence the said line, crossing the river St. Lawrence and the lake Champlain in forty-five degrees of north latitude, passes along the high lands, which divide the rivers that empty themselves into the said river St. Lawrence from those which fall into the sea; and also along the north coast of the Baye des Chaleurs, and the coast of the gulf of St. Lawrence to Cape Rosieres, and from thence crossing the mouth of the river St. Lawrence by the west end of the illand of Anticosti, terminates at the aforesaid river St. John.


East Florida.

Secondly, The government of East Florida, bounded to the west-Government o£ ward by the gulf of Mexico and the Apalachicola river ; to the northward, by a line drawn from that part of the said river where the Catahouchee and Flint rivers meet, to the source of St. Mary's river, and by the course of the said river to the Atlantic Ocean; and to the east and south by the Atlantic Ocean and the gulf of Florida, including all the islands within six leagues of the seacoast.

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Thirdly, The government of West Florida, bounded to the south-Welt Florida, ward by the gulf of Mexico, including all islands within fix leagues of the coast from the river Apalachicola to lake Pontchartrain; to the westward by the said lake, the lake Maurepas, and the river Misfilippy; to the northward, by a line drawn east from that part of the river Missisippy which lies in thirty-one degrees of north latitude, to the river Apalachicola, or Catahouchee; and to the eastward by the said river.

Fourthly, The government of Grenada, comprehending the Grenada island of that name, together with the Grenadines, and the illands of Dominica, St. Vincent, and Tobago.

And to the end that the open and free fishery of our subjects Enlargement of may be extended to, and carried on upon, the coast of Labrador of Newfoundand the adjacent islands, we have thought fit, with the advice of our faid privy council, to put all that coast, from the river St. John's to Hudson's Streights, together with the islands of Anticosti and Madelaine, and all smaller islands lying upon the faid coast, under the care and inspection of our governour of Newfoundland.

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We have also, with the advice of our privy council, thought Enlargement of fit to annex the islands of St. John and Cape Breton, or Idle Royale, of Nova Scotia. with the lesser islands adjacent thereto, to our government of Nova Scotia,

We have also, with the advice of our privy council aforesaid, Enlargement of annexed to our province of Georgia all the lands lying between the rivers Attamaha and St. Mary's.


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mon general affemblies.

And whereas it will greatly contribute to the speedy fettling our said new governments, that our loving subjects Tould be informed of our paternal care for the security of the liberty and properties of those who are and shall become inhabitants thereof; we have thought fit to publish and declare, by this our proclamation, that

we have, in the letters patent under our great seal of Great Britain, Power to the by which the faid governments are constituted, given express power the new govern- and direction to our governours of our faid colonies respectively, that ments to fum- so soon as the state and circumstance of the said colonies will admit

thereof, they shall, with the advice and consent of the members
of our council, summon and call general assemblies within the
said governments respectively, in such manner and form as is used

and directed in those colonies and provinces in America which are Power to make under our immediate government; and we have also given power to content of ruch the said governours, with the consent of our faid council, aiz1 the

representatives of the people, so to be summoned as aforesaid, to
make, constitute, and ordain laws, statutes, and ordinances for the
public peace, welfare, and good government of our faid colonies,
and of the people and inhabitants thereof, as near as may be, agree-
able to the laws of England, and under such regulations and

restrictions as are used in other colonies ; and in the mean time, and England fhall be until such assemblies can be called as aforesaid, all persons inhabiting in,

or resorting to, our said colonies, may confide in our royal protection

for the enjoyment of the benefit of the laws of our realm of England;
for which purpose we have given power under our great seal to the
governours of our faid colonies respectively, to ere&t and constitute, with
the advice of our faid councils respectively, courts of judicature and
public justice within our said colonies, for the hearing and determining
all causes, as well criminal as civil, according to law and equity, and,
as near as may be, agreeable to the laws of England, with liberty to
ell persons who may

think themselves aggrieved by the sentence of such
courts, in all civil cases, to appeal, under the usual limitations and
restrictions, to us in our privy council.


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mean time.

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Power to grant lands.

We have also thought fit, with the advice of our privy council as aforesaid, to give unto the governours and councils of our said three new colonies upon the continent full power and authority to settle and agree with the inhabitants of our faid new colonies, or any other person who shall resort thereto, for such lands, tenements, and hereditaments as are now, or hereafter shall be, in our



power to dispose of, and them to grant to any such person or persons, upon such terms and under such moderate quit-rents, services, and acknowledgements as have been appointed and settled in other colonies, and under such other conditions as shall appear to us to be necessary and expedient for the advantage of the grantees, and the improvement and settlement of our faid colonies.

And whereas we are desirous, upon all occasions, to testify our Lands to be royal sense and approbation of the conduct and bravery of the granted to celes officers and soldiers of our armies, and to reward the same, we do and soldiers, hereby command and impower our governours of our said three new colonies, and other our goverhours of our several provinces on the continent of North America, to grant, without fee or reward, to such reduced officers and soldiers as have served in North America during the late war, and are actually residing there, and shall personally apply for the same, the following quantities of land, subject at the expiration of ten years, to the same quit-rents as other lands are subject to in the province within which they are granted, as also subject to the same conditions of cultivation and improvement, viz.

To every person having the rank of a field officer, 5000 acres.
To every captain, 3000 acres.

subaltern or staff officer, 2000 acres. To every non-commissioned officer, 200 acres. To every private man, 50 acres.

We do likewise authorize and require the governours and com- And likewise to manders in chief of all our faid colonies upon the continent of reduced afficers North America to grant the like quantities of land, and upon the same conditions, to such reduced officers of our navy of like rank as served on board our thips of war in North America at the times of the reduction of Louisbourg and Quebec in the late war, and who shall personally apply to our respective governours for such grants.

And whereas it is just and reasonable, and essential to our interest, and the security of our colonies, that the several nations or tribes of Indians, with whom we are connected, and who live under our protection, should not be molested or disturbed in the possession of such parts of our dominions and territories as, not



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