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they are the drops of thy lovers, and they weep for
thy death therefore rouse up fear and trembling,
and do observance to my mercy.

Cole. I think you are Sir John Falstaff, and in that
thought yield me.

Fal. I have a whole school of tongues in this belly of
mine, and not a tongue of them all speaks any other
word but my name.
An I had but a belly of any
indifferency, I were simply the most active fellow in
Europe: my womb, my womb, my womb, undoes
Here comes our general.





Lan. The heat is past; follow no further now:
Call in the powers, good cousin Westmoreland.


[Exit Westmoreland.

Now, Falstaff, where have you been all this while ?
When every thing is ended, then you come :
These tardy tricks of yours will, on my life,
One time or other break some gallows' back.

Fal. I would be sorry, my lord, but it should be thus: I 30 never knew yet but rebuke and check was the

20. An] Pope; and Q, Ff. 24. Enter

24. Lan.]

.] Enter Iohn Westmerland, and the rest. Retraite Q; Enter Prince Iohn, and Westmerland. Ff. Iohn Q. 24. further] farther Ff.

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15. observance] reverence. 18. school] multitude. For the primary sense "shǝal 19 (of fish), cf. Troilus and Cressida, v. v. 22. 21. indifferency] moderate dimensions. Cf. "indifferent " tolerable, as in Jonson, Cynthia's Revels, Induct.: "with any indifferent grace," and in the sense "moderate, of moderate size," in Fletcher, The Wild-Goose Chase, 1. i: "a rich mind in a state indifferent Would prove a better fortune."

25. Exit. . .] Rowe.

22. womb] belly, as in Greene, James the Fourth, Induct.: "ais dab this whiniard in thy wombe."

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24. heat] sc. of pursuit. Middleton, A Game at Chess, 1. i: "in the heat of battle," and Chapman, Alphonsus, Emperor of Germany, v. i: "the heat of battle hath an end." "The heat is past may have passed into familiar speech. It occurs, for instance, in Everie Woman in her Humor, 1. i: "Nay, sir, the heate is past, they that did it have tooke them to their heeles," a reference to a "row" in a tavern. Johnson explained "heat" as "the violence of resentment, the eagerness of revenge"; and Schmidt as "haste, urgency.'

31. check] reproof, as in Merry Wives, III. iv. 84.

reward of valour. Do you think me a swallow, an
arrow, or a bullet? have I, in my poor and old
motion, the expedition of thought? I have speeded
hither with the very extremest inch of possibility; 35
I have foundered nine score and odd posts: and
here, travel-tainted as I am, have, in my pure and
immaculate valour, taken Sir John Colevile of the
dale, a most furious knight and valorous enemy.
But what of that? he saw me, and yielded; that I
may justly say, with the hook-nosed fellow of Rome,
"I came, saw, and overcame.”

35. inch] ynch F 1. 41, 42. Rome, “I came] Rome, there cosin, I came Q.

32, 33. a. bullet] For these similes, cf. Peele, Anglorum Feriae, 291: "This lusty runner .. Flies like a bullet from a cannon's mouth," and Stow, Sorvay of London (ed. 1603, p. 94) "as swiftly as a bird flieth in the ayre, or an arrow out of a Crossebow." 34. expedition thought] Cf. Love's Labour's Lost, v. ii. 262, and Lyly, Midas, IV. i: "report flies as swift as thoghts."


35. with... possibility] with the very last inch of possible speed, with the extremity of, or most extreme, speed. Cf. Webster and Rowley, A Cure for a Cuckold, 1. ii: "With all the speed celerity can make," and Sonnets, LI. 6: "swift extremity," i.e. extreme speed. "Inch" is frequent in phrases expressing nearness in time or space, as in Jonson, Staple of News, 11. i: "I am come an inch too late!" and A Tale of a Tub, Iv. ii: "He is knight, Within six inches.' C. also the expression "at an inch,” at hand, in readiness, as in 2 Henry VI. 1. iv. 45. Extremest, last; cf. Middleton, Mayor of Queenborough, Iv. iii: "my life's Extremest minute." Onions explains "possibility" as "capability, capacity," citing All's Well, III. vi. 87: "to the possibility of thy soldiership."

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36. posts] post-horses. F. Moryson, Itinerary (1617), says: "In England post-horses are established at every ten miles or thereabouts, which they ride a false gallop after some ten miles an hour sometimes."

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Captain Cæsar." Humorous allusions to Cæsar's "thrasonical brag " are frequent. Cf. Beaumont and Fletcher, Beggars Bush, v. ii: "So I ... came forth Cæsar Vandunke, & veni, vidi, vici"; Massinger, The Maid of Honour, II. i: "in the conqueror's style; 'Come, see, and overcome""; Hon. James Howard, The Mad Couple, Iv. V : "Then I, thy conquering Cæsar, take my leave With this conclusion: 'veni, vidi, vici'." In Q, Rome is followed by the words there [their catchword on G, 4 recto] cosin, which Johnson took to be a corruption of there, Cæsar. Capell proposed to read Rome, your cousin-I came . . ., and Collier Rome, my cousin, I came ... Among other conjectural emendations are Rome, I Lan. There, cousin, it


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(Anon.); Rome, thy cousin, I... (Taylor, MS.). For there cosin might be hazarded the following: the cozener, the impostor (cf. King Lear, Iv. vi. 168); the cozening; the conqueror; there captain (cf. the passage cited above from Jonson, Every Man in his Humour, II. ii, between which and the text some relationship is possible). The words "there cosin" may have been a part of the sentence, as first drafted, which the author rejected but omitted to cancel. The "hook-nosed fellow of Rome" was perhaps an afterthought. 41. hooked-nosed Rome] See Webster, Duchess of Malfi, I. iii, where Bosola is described as "a fantastical scholar," who "hath studied himself half blear-eyed to know the true symmetry of Cæsar's nose by a shoeinghorn." Cf. Cymbeline, III. i. 36, 37.

Lan. It was more of his courtesy than your deserving.
Fal. I know not: here he is, and here I yield him and


I beseech your grace, let it be booked with the rest 45 of this day's deeds; or, by the Lord, I will have it in a particular ballad else, with mine own picture on the top on 't, Colevile kissing my foot: to the which course if I be enforced, if you do not all show like gilt two-pences to me, and I in the clear sky of fame 50 o'ershine you as much as the full moon doth the cinders of the element, which show like pins' heads to her, believe not the word of the noble: therefore let me have right, and let desert mount. 43. Lan.] Iohn Q. on't] of it Ff.

46. by the Lord,] I sweare, Ff.

43. more... deserving] A common saying. See Middleton, The Phenix, IV. i: "more of his courtesy than of our deserving "; Jonson, Poetaster, v. i: "more of thy gentleness than of my deserving"; Ford, The Lover's Melancholy, III. i: "more out of thy courtesy than my deserving."

45. booked] registered, as in Henry V. IV. vii. 77, and Sonnets, cxvii. 9. Icel. bóka, to register, record.

46, 47. I... ballad] An allusion to the practice of writing, or of having written by a friend or professional ballad-writer, one's own version of some incident affecting one's reputation. In the same way it was usual to employ a ballad-writer to lampoon an enemy. Julio, in Webster, The Devil's Law Case, v. iv, expresses a regret that, "I made not mine own ballad." "An thou wrong'st me," says Joan Trash, in Jonson, Bartholomew Fair, II. i, "I'll find a friend shall right me, and make a ballad of thee." See 1 Henry IV. II. ii. 44, 45, and notes. Particular, personal, as in Measure for Measure, IV. iv. 30. 47, 48. with. on 't] An allusion to the rude head pieces which adorned ballads and illustrated their subjectmatter. See Beaumont and Fletcher, The Pilgrim, III. iv: "Gallows set up for me... and nasty Songs made on me, Be printed with a Pint-pot and a Dagger," and Fletcher and Massinger, The Elder Brother, iv. iv: "I'll only have A ballad made of 't . . . It will sell rarely with your worship's name .. on the top."


47. else] om. Ff.

48. kissing... foot] So in The Return from Parnassus, 1. vi: "O sweet Thalia, I do kiss thy foot," where the speaker is Furor Poeticus; and lacke Drums Entertainment, 1. i: "I kisse thy foot sweet knight."

50. gilt two-pences] The two-pence, or half-groat, was a small silver coin issued by Edward III. and by succeeding sovereigns till 1662. See Dekker, The Shomakers Holiday (Pearson, i. 16): "here's three two pences"; Wily Beguiled (Haz. Dods., ix. 302):


give me but two crowns of red gold, and I'll give you twopence of white silver"; Fletcher, Bonduca, II. ii: "a bent two-pence"; and Walton, Compleat Angler, Part I. xvii. The silver two-pence was sometimes fraudulently gilded and passed off upon the unwary as a gold half-crown-piece; see Middleton, A Chaste Maid in Cheapside, 1. i : "Has no attorney's clerk... chang'd his half-crown-piece. Or cozen'd you with a gilded twopence?" The gold half-crown-piece (1592-1601) and the silver two-pence are shown in Grueber's Handbook of the Coins of Great Britain; the two coins are of about the same size.

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51. o'ershine] outshine, as in Titus Andronicus, I. i. 317.

52. cinders... element] embers of the sky, i.e. the stars. For "element," cf. Peele, Edward the First, ii: “ fellow dropt out of the element," and Twelfth Night, 111. i. 66.

54. mount] rise, be exalted. So in Kyd, Soliman and Perseda, 1: "humility shall mount"; Marston, The

Lan. Thine's too heavy to mount.


Fal. Let it shine, then.

Lan. Thine's too thick to shine.

Fal. Let it do something, my good lord, that may do me

good, and call it what you will.

Cole. It is, my lord.

Lan. Is thy name Colevile?

Lan. A famous rebel art thou, Colevile.

Fal. And a famous true subject took him.

Cole. I am, my lord, but as my betters are


That led me hither: had they been ruled by me, You should have won them dearer than you have. Fal. I know not how they sold themselves: but thou, like a kind fellow, gavest thyself away gratis; and I thank thee for thee.


Lan. Now, have you left pursuit ?

West. Retreat is made and execution stay'd.
Lan. Send Colevile with his confederates

To York, to present execution :



Blunt, lead him hence; and see you guard him sure.
[Exeunt Blunt and others with Colevile.

And now dispatch we toward the court, my lords:
I hear the king my father is sore sick :
Our news shall go before us to his majesty,
Which, cousin, you shall bear to comfort him;
And we with sober speed will follow you.

Fal. My lord, I beseech you, give me leave to go

57. Lan.] Prince Q (throughout).



68. gratis] om. Ff. 70. Re-enter W.]

Capell; Enter.. Q, Ff. 70. Now] om. Ff. 71. Retreat] Retraite Q.

74. Exeunt .. .] Exit with Colleuile. Ff 1, 2; Exit Collevile F 3; Exit Colevile F 4; om. Q. 80-82. My lord, report.] as verse first by Dyce (Collier conj.); prose Q, F 4; arranged as in text, but not printed as verse Ff 1-3.


Fawn, II. i: "mount with them whom
Fortune heaves "; and Dekker, Match
Me in London, iv. An echo of the
text is, perhaps, heard in Cæsar and
Pompey (1631), II. i: "let desert rise."

57. thick] dim; cf. Antony and Cleopatra, II. iii. 27: "thy lustre thickens," i.e. becomes dim. There is also, no doubt, a punning allusion to the opaqueness of Falstaff's thick body.

58, 59. do me good] be of use to me. So in Merchant of Venice, III. v. 7, and Field, A Woman is a Weathercock, 1. ii: "Pend. You shall have his good word. Shall he, my lord? Count Fred. 'Sfoot! he shall have my bond to do him good."

71. execution] infliction of slaughter, as in Macbeth, I. ii. 18.

Through Gloucestershire: and, when you come to court, Stand my good lord, pray, in your good report. Lan. Fare you well, Falstaff: I, in my condition, Shall better speak of you than you deserve.

[Exeunt all except Falstaff.

Fal. I would you had but the wit: 'twere better than 85 your dukedom. Good faith, this same young soberblooded boy doth not love me; nor a man cannot make him laugh; but that's no marvel, he drinks no wine. There's never none of these demure boys come to any proof; for thin drink doth so over-cool 90 their blood, and making many fish-meals, that they fall into a kind of male green-sickness; and then, when they marry, they get wenches: they are generally fools and cowards; which some of us should be

83, 84. Fare... deserve.] verse Ff; prose Q. 85. but] om. Q.

82. pray] 'pray Ff; om. Q. 84. Exeunt. .] Capell; Exit. Ff; om. Q. any Ff.

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82. Stand] Be, as in III. ii. 216 ante. New Eng. Dict. quotes from Feuillerat, Revels Q. Eliz. (1908), 408: "stand my good Lorde for the obtayning of the sayd office." Cf. also Jonson, A Tale of a Tub, Iv. i: "You stood my friend." 83. in condition] in my station, as "Duke" of Lancaster or as General; cf. Tempest, III. i. 59. Prince John's reference to his "condition " may have suggested the retort, "twere better than your dukedom" in Falstaff's soliloquy (lines 85, 86 post). The Prince may however mean, "in the kindliness of my disposition"; cf. Middleton, More Dissemblers Besides Women, IV. ii: "my condition may seem blunt to you," and T. Heywood, The Captives,

I. i.

90. come... proof] come to any good, turn out well. Proof, issue, fulfilment, as in Taming of the Shrew, IV. iii. 43, and Chapman, Duke of Byron's Tragedy, 1. i: "He that still daily reaps so much honour from me, And knows he may increase it to more proof From me than any other foreign king.'

90-92.] Suggested perhaps by Nashe, Summer's Last Will (Haz. Dods., ix. 60): "I beseech the gods of good fellowship thou may'st fall into a consumption with drinking small beer! Every day may'st thou eat fish . . . Venison be

89. none]

venenum to thee." Cf. Fletcher and Massinger, The Elder Brother, I. v: "And thou shalt not [by taking wholesome exercise]... Fall into the greensickness." Green-sickness, chlorosis, an anæmic disease incident to young women; one symptom of the disease is a greenish complexion. See Jonson, The Magnetic Lady, II. i: "the green sickness, The maiden's malady," where the malady is defined and explained. The dramatists frequently allude to the green sickness; but the causes to which they generally assign it, and the symptoms they describe, as morbid appetite, etc., are not accepted by modern medical science. See J. Shirley, The Witty Fair One, 11. ii; Nabbes, Covent Garden, II. iii; May, The Old Couple, 1:"He'll ... make her doat... Wear the green-sickness as his livery, And pine a year or two"; and Glapthorne, The Hollander, 1. i. For "male-greensickness," cf. Antony and Cleopatra, III. ii. 6, where the disease is jocularly attributed to Lepidus.

91. fish-meals] Cf. the ironic dictum, in Webster, The Duchess of Malfi, 11. i: your roaring boys eat meat seldom, And that makes them so valiant."

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92, 93. then... get wenches] The contrary opinion is most often advanced in the drama. See Middleton, The Phonix, 11. iii; Marston, The Fawn,

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