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folio edition of his works. The following is an extract from a letter written by Hoadly to Lady Sundon nearly twenty years after the Dedication first appeared. “I remember, when I last waited on you at Kensington, you were willing to see a certain Dedication, which you could not find among your books. Be pleased to accept of this ; and, as you read it, remember that it had never been printed, if it had not been first read over, and received the approbation of some of the best judges, in your parlour. Call to mind the excesses of joy with which Dr Clarke then received it.” This extract, the testimony of his son, and the general consent of his friends, are a sufficient proof that he was the author of the Dedication, although he never published it with his name. Besides his controversial and political writings, Hoadly published several works of value as aids to practical religion and a right understanding of the Scriptures. His discourses on the Terms of Acceptance with God are founded on the rational and scriptural principles of moral ability in man, and of human freedom and accountableness. He portrays the danger and folly into which some christians are prone to run by indulging a secret hope of divine favour on other terms, than a holy life and absolute obedience. He rejects all substitutes for practical virtue and piety, whether they are supposed to be excessive zeal, a capacious faith, or imputed righteousness. The scripture motives are urged with earnestness and perspicuity, and every man is called on, as a free agent, to comply with the terms of salvation, and render himself a worthy object of divine favour. At an early period of his life he wrote, besides pieces in defence of miracles and prophecy, four excellent sermons on impartial inquiry in religion. He published two or three volumes of discourses, and many single sermons at different times; and also a life of Dr Samuel Clarke, prefixed to an edition of his sermons. But one of his most celebrated and laboured performances was, A Plain account of the Nature and End of the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. The character and objects of this work may be understood from the following remarks of the author. “As, for the sake of one sort of christians,” says he, “I never ceased to inculcate the necessity of universal obedience to the will of God, that there might be no hope left to them of acceptance without this ; so, for the defence and support of others in their sincere endeavours to please God, against all those uneasy impressions of superstition, which they had a right to be freed from, I made it my care to state and explain the commands peculiar to christianity, from the first declarations of Christ himself and his Apostles, in such a manner, as that they might appear to honest minds to have as little tendency to create distress and uneasiness, as they were designed in their first simplicity to have.” Of the same work, Dr Middleton observes, in a letter to Lord Hervey, “I like both the design and the doctrine, as I do every design of reconciling religion with reason, or, where that may not be done, of bringing them as near together as possible. His enemies will insult him with the charge of lessening christian piety, but the candid will see, that he only seeks to destroy a superstitious devotion by establishing a rational one in its place.” As the Plain Account is elaborate and not well adapted to common use, it was abridged and put into a more popular form by Dr Disney. The last publication of Hoadly was a very spirited letter, written after he was eighty years old, vindicating himself from misrepresentations, which had gone abroad by reason of an impostor having forged a note against him. This letter was considered a remarkable performance, both in regard to its ability, and the knowledge it discovered of the technical mysteries of the law. Horace Walpole said, in alluding to it, “the bishop has not only got the better of his adversary, but of his old age.” The humanity and kind temper of the writer towards the person, who had attempted to deceive and defraud him, are not the least striking excellences of this vindication. We have to regret, that no good biography of Hoadly has ever appeared. The sketch in the Biographia Britannica, which is copied into the folio edition of his works, is meagre beyond description. It is rich only in dates and genealogies. His character was drawn in his lifetime with considerable fidelity, discernment, and elegance, by Balguy in a dedication prefixed to a volume of tracts. An anonymous hand, in another dedication, passed a high encomium on the bishop's virtues, and on his zeal and labour in the cause of liberty. But even from these sources we can derive no more than imperfect hints, and gain but a feeble perception of his true character as displayed in his works and his life. Dr Akenside wrote an ode to Hoadly, in which he has not been unsuccessful in portraying some of the bolder features of his character. The lines quoted below may not be thought unappropriate in the present connexion. - O nurse of freedom, Albion, say, Thou tamer of despotic sway, What man among thy sons around, Thus heir to glory hast thou found 2 What page, in all thy annals bright, Hast thou with purer joy surveyed, Than that where truth, by Hoadly's aid,

Shines through imposture's solemn shade,
Through kingly, and through sacerdotal night?

For not a conqueror's sword,
Nor the strong powers to civil founders known,
Were his; but truth by faithful search explored,
And social sense, like seed, in genial plenty sown.
Wherever it took root, the soul, restored
To freedom, freedom too for others sought.
Not monkish craft the tyrant's claim divine,
Nor regal zeal the bigot's cruel shrine,

Could longer guard from reason's warfare sage;

Not the wild rabble to sedition wrought,

Nor synods by the papal genius taught,
Nor St John's spirit loose, nor Atterbury's rage.

The influence, which such a mind as Hoadly's must have had, in destroying the delusion and power of a false religion, and in establishing the principles of a rational faith and freedom, cannot be realized without going back and taking a minute survey of the times when he commenced his career, and sollowing him step by step through all his arduous labours and noble designs. Christianity has profited by his wisdom and talents, his judgment and resolution. What he gained was durable ; it has never been lost; and he gained much. No man has been more successful in restoring reason to its true office, and in proving the religion of Jesus to be adapted to the human understanding and practice. He gave a new impulse to the cause of the Reformation. Those who have come after him in the same work have been strengthened by his achievements, and encouraged by his success.

If all christians had the same love of truth and liberty, as Hoadly, the same aversion to bigotry, superstition, and prejudice; if all were as firm and resolute, as zealous and active in correcting abuses and resisting encroachments; if all were as ready to defend the universal right of private thought, judgment, and belief, and to recognize a true christian in

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