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the more remarkable deliverance of our Author notices : there are in.. the same people, which is yet to deed one or two others which he take place, from their last and heavi. considers important, which, as they est captivity, &c.—It is reasonable serve to keep his subsequent interto suppose that one period of pro- pretation within a more rigid limit, phecy should, in some respects, be it may be well to notice. There is, analogous to that of another; and first, that all the events that have hence, that if in one prophecy there marked the commencement and tershould be two commencements and mination of each period have formed two terminations, the same may
be the most important eras in history : found to be the case also in others.” as the call of Abraham, the Exodus, (P, 123.)
the final ruin of the kingdom of The last period noticed by the Israel, the captivity of Judah, their author is the seventy weeks or 490 deliverance, the restoration of the years dated from the edict of the Jewish church under Ezra, (for the seventh year of Artaxerxes, given importance of which era, in the view to Ezra, to the death of Christ, from of the author, we must refer to his B. C. 457 to A. D. 33. There is no work,) and, finally, the death of thing particularly worthy of obser- Christ, and the destruction of vation noticed of this period, in Jerusalem by the Romans. Sea chronological point of view, ex condly. these events have always cepting that, like the first and third had a special respect to the affairs periods brought forward, the time of the Church, and have never exof its commencement could only be clusively related to secular concerns. correctly ascertained when its ter- Thirdly, they have been characmination had either actually taken terized by change : i. e. they have place, or was approaching to it; marked all the great and extraand that the commencement of ordinary changes through which its fulfilment is not reckoned from it hath pleased God that his church the time the prophecy of each was should pass whilst under the Levitgiven. The difficulties which attend ical dispensation. Fourthly, they the right application of the scriptural have proved the ruin of the respectdivision of these seventy weeks are ive nations to whom they have well known, by all who have at all related, as Canaan, Egypt, Babylon, considered or read upon the subject: and Israel and Judah. It may farwe notice them for the sake of ther be noticed, that a greater or quoting a judicious observation of less degree of obscurity rests upon the Author thereupon :-"If such each prophetical period, according • difficulties still surround the true as circumstances have required that • and proper interpretation of a they should be concealed for a ' fulfilled prophecy, which has en greater or less time.
gaged, during the whole period Such are the principles or axioms • of the Christian era, the best at which the Author discovers ; and • tention and study of so many learn the work is well worthy of a perusal
ed men, it ought to be no matter if it be only to observe the manner * of surprise if equal difficulties are in which he makes them out, and • found connected with others, where, duly to consider his grounds for from the circumstances of their be- them. His application of these prining unfulfilled, equal advantages ciples to unfulfilled prophecy is a are not enjoyed.” (P. 158.) different concern : the foundation on Such are the peculiarities which which he builds may be sound and
sufficient, even though the super seven times more for your sins." structure reared upon it should prove The expression has not in the origfaulty. So far as our own opinion inal, nor obviously in the translais concerned, we candidly confess tion, any thing to do with duration that we are not prepared to go with of time, but refers only to the inMr. Habershon in all that he ad creased intensity of God's chastisevances in the way of interpretation. ments. Mr. Habershon is aware of He appears to us in some instances this; but his arguments for nevertheto give the rein too much to his im- less insisting upon it are ingenious. agination, and the obvious flaws This period then of seven times has which are thus created in parts of two special peculiarities : viz. first, his exposition have a necessary ten that it admits of a double application, dency to create in some persons a (i. e. to the kingdom of Israel
, and feeling of insecurity in the whole. also to the kingdom of Judah,) and At the same time, we are bound to secondly, that each of these appliacknowledge that the mass of evi- cations has a double commencement dence, and the remarkable coinci. and double termination. The first dences with which he strengthens two-fold application to the kingdom some of his points, amount to all of Israel he dates from its final de.but demonstration; and that the struction to its restoration; which arguments adduced for the gener. he calculates as follows: from B. c. ality of his prophetic periods are 727, when Shalmaneser carried away worthy of the most serious consider. Israel into captivity, to A. D. 1793; ation. We wish our limits would and again from B. C. 677, when allow us to give an out outline of all Esarhaddon finally extinguished the these, but we can only enter upon kingdom, to A. D. 1843 ; each of two of them.
which periods are of 2520 years . The first application of the prin- duration. Besides this, the Author ciple is to the seven times during conceives the probability still farther which Israel was to be punished increased by a chronological corres. and to fall under Gentile domi- pondence which he imagines he pernation, and which therefore is sup- ceives between the great national posed to be the same as the times shocks which preceded, portended, of the Gentiles.” The period itself and hastened Israel's and Judah's has more of plausibility than reality, fall and captivity, and those which and rests rather upon hypothesis portend to hasten their deliverance than upon any rigid principle of and the downfal of the nations by critical investigation. Mede based which they have been oppressed. it on the fact that the " time, times, This he points out in six particular and half a time” of Daniel vir. is instances ; (see p. 204.) but for the evidently the moiety of seven times, proof of these, and for the signs of and therefore he concluded it to the times which are very strikingly, have reference to such a period, and impressively, and practically set that-its commencement formed the forth, we must refer to the work bisecting point of the seven times. itself. Mr. Habershon considers the foun The second application of this dation to be farther strengthened by period to the kingdom of Judah is the frequent mention of the phrase dated from the dethronement of the seven times in Lev. xxvi. in con house of David, and again from the nexion with the threatened punish- destruction of the kingdom of Judah, ment of Israel—" I will punish you to the Millennium : i. e. from B. C.
ONE THOUSAND TWO
677 to A. D. 1843; and from B. c. dominion of the Pope himself ;—the 602 to a. D. 1918; both periods again second, twice expressed by FORTY continuing for 2520 years. In regard TWO MONTHS, having reference to the to the first period the Author observes, tyrannical dominion of the ten papal " that as the perpetual grant of the kingdoms ;-the third, which is twice • land secures the restoration of Is- expressed by • rael as an united people to their HUNDRED AND THREE-SCORE DAYS,"
country; so the perpetual grant of having reference to the depressed • the throne, confined to the tribe of condition of the church of Christ. Judah, (2 Sam. vii, 13, 16; Psalm He further considers, that the menLxxxix. 3, 4, 35—37) secures to tion of 1290 days, and 1335 days, in the house of David the restoration Dan. xi. 11, 12, in apparent con. • of all its royal honours and dignity. nexion with, andasan apparentexten
It is to this that the prophecy of sion of, the 1260 days, indicates that • "seven times” must have a refer- this period has three durations assign
ence as it regards Judah; because, ed to it. And to these he adds a double • for purposes essentially connected commencement and a double cor• with the first coming of Christ, it responding termination ; the neces• cannot have a reference to their sity for which, will be apparent in. dispersion, as they were, after 70 those instances in which the comyears captivity in Babylon, restored mencement of the 1260 years cor• to their own land for above 500 responds with the latter moiety of the
years.” He considers therefore 2520 years. For if the whole seven that the perfection of calamity, as times has two commencements and applied to the tribe of Judah, con two terminations, so must either half sists, in addition to their other com of that period correspond with it. plicated sufferings, in the loss of He dates the first then, from the their regal honours, which after 2520 giving the saints into the hands of years shall be again restored. the papal power, A. D. 533, to the
We pass by the 2300 years of inchoative fall of that apostasy A. D. Daniel viii. which he dates from the 1793; and again from the formaedict of the serenth year of Arta- tion of the ten papal kingdoms A. D. xerxes given to Ezra, B. C. 457, to 583, to their destruction, which he the cleansing of the sanctuary which expects will be in 1843 ; both which he supposes will be A. D. 1843,- periods contain 1260 years. And from and notice finally the great prophet- the latter epoch, viz. A. D. 583 he ical period of 1260 years, which dates the 1290 years expiring in under different expressions is men 1873, and the 1335 years, which tioned no less than seven times in will expire A. D. 1918, which is the the prophecies of Daniel and St. same date as the expiration of his John. These various expressions fifth period, in its application to the Mr. Habershon conceives to be sig- throne of David and the tribe of nificant, and supposes them to re
Judah. late to separate and distinct sub We regret that our limits prejects, all of which are nevertheless clude us from entering into farther involved in the period of 1260 years. particulars, and have compelled us to He considers it therefore under three be so brief in what we have brought distinct aspects : the first, which is forward. We could have wished thrice expressed by THREE TIMES
else to have exhibited the Author's AND A HALF, having respect to Po- view of the seals, which symbol he pery, as it appears under the actual conceives is itself to be considered
as having a meaning, and to refer sake of better acquainting the Reader to events to which is attached the with the character of Mr. Habershon seal of empire, indicated by some as an expositor ; for which purpose signal decree or marked incident likewise, some two or three other declarative of the ratification of the novelties in the work ought to have event by imperial power.
He con been adduced. But whatever impresfines himself to events of this na sion these might have made upon him ture; and embraces in his treatment (and some of them we consider, as of the subject most of the principal we have intimated, to be defects, decrees which have been brought rather than beauties,) yet are they forward by expositors of prophecy. but as a few cracked panes of glass This feature of the book we should in a large window, which neverhave brought forward, not as ap- theless admits much light and is proving or disapproving, but for the otherwise useful.
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INTERPRETATION OF THE APOCALYPSE.
(Continued from page 144.)
THE THINGS WHICH MUST BE HEREAFTER.”
Having already considered the two western churches. Of these two first parts of the three-fold division great prophetic subjects, (viz. the of the Apocalypse made by our Lord, civil and the ecclesiastical histories chap. 1. 19, viz. the manifestation of the Roman empire,) the former of himself to the Apostle John; and will be found to occupy chapters iv. the hortatory epistles addressed to to x. 7, together with xv. xvi, and the seven churches of Asia ; we are XVII. to xxi. 8; and the latter to now arrived at the third, last, and occupy the remainder of the Apocamost considerable portion of the lypse, viz. chapters x. 9 to xiv. xv. book, and that which alone, strictly xvi. and xxi. 9 to the end; each speaking, can be called prophetic, as consisting of a principal history, (inis indicated by its particular title, cluding the common supplement of " the things which must be hereafter," chaps. xv. xvi.) followed by an ex-òr rather, according to the literal planation, or addition of further rendering of the words, “ what must particulars given by the attendant be after these things,” or will suc angel. Thus this interesting volume, ceed in point of time to the then so simple in its objects and conpresent condition of the churches struction, resembles some of our referred to in chapters 11 and 111. best general histories, in which that
We have already found in the of each kingdom, or territorial divi. preceding epistles a broad and strik- sion, and the political and ecclesiasing recognition of the two characters tical subjects, (perhaps also the legal, of Christ as Priest and King, these commercial, &c.) are treated of sepabeing made respectively the peculiar rately. We shall find moreover that subjects of the fifth and sixth. And as prophecy is but history anticiwe find it again in the portion of pated, so the laws and principles of the book now about to be consider- all other historical writings are mained; for it consists of two distinct tained in this book; the first and parts,-first, that having reference most important of which is that of to the regal character of Christ as chronological arrangement, from the Creator and Governor of the which there is no deviation other. world, viz. the history of the king wise than, as it sometimes happens doms of this world, or of the Roman in the history of past events, that empire, (as distinguished into its matter which cannot for some cause Western and Eastern branches ;) — be conveniently introduced into the and, secondly, that having reference body of a work, is placed at the end to his character as Priest and Re of it in the form of a note or supdeemer, viz. the history of the plement; the chronological principle Church, distinguished also during being in fact still maintained by a its first period, (that is as long as reference being made to it where it the eastern church existed,) into the is to be introduced into the main separate histories of the eastern and body of the history. Of this we No. 4 New Series. (Vol. v. No. 46.)