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the region of comedy altogether. In a household so richly furnished with comic types as Olivia's, the professed humorist plays a minor part. Feste, the clown, is distinguished among Shakespeare's fools by his comparative realism; he is not sublimated and poetised like Touchstone, but renders, literally enough, the regulation buffooneries of the typical court jester. In one point he stands alone, as the singer of the songs scattered through, the play, which so finely touch its various moods—languishing sentiment, rollicking gaiety, and mischief. It contributes something to its harmonious unity that the mocking reminiscence of the old Vice with his dagger of lath' springs from the same excellent breast which had recalled for the solace of the sentimental duke antique memories of another order—the old plain song :
That dallies with the innocence of love
Enter DUKE, Curio, and other Lords ; Musicians
4. fall, cadence.
5. 6. the sweet sound That breathes, etc. Pope altered sound to south, and Dyce and Singer followed him. But the duke's description is subtler. He tries
to convey the intoxicating richness of the music by comparing it to that which appeals to two senses at once-to the melodious breeze charged with the perfume of violets.
Of what validity and pitch soe'er,
Cur. Will you go hunt, my lord ?
What, Curio ?
Duke. Why, so I do, the noblest that I have :
How now! what news from her ? Val. So please my lord, I might not be ad
mitted ; But from her handmaid do return this answer : The element itself, till seven years' heat, Shall not behold her face at ample view; But, like a cloistress, she will veiled walk And water once a day her chamber round With eye-offending brine: all this to season A brother's dead love, which she would keep fresh And lasting in her sad remembrance.
Duke. O, she that hath a heart of that fine frame To pay this debt of love but to a brother, How will she love, when the rich golden shaft Hath kill'd the flock of all affections else
12. validity, value.
26. The element, the air. ib. pitch, high worth.
ib. till seven years' heat, for 14. fancy, love.
seven summers. 21. turn'd into a hart. A 32. remembrance ; four sylreference to the classic story of lables. Artemis and Actæon.
35. shaft, i.e, of Cupid.
That live in her; when liver, brain and heart,
Enter Viola, a Captain, and Sailors.
Vio. And what should I do in Illyria ?
sailors ? Cap. It is perchance that you yourself were
saved. Vio. O my poor brother ! and so perchance may
he be. Cap. True, madam : and, to comfort you with
number saved with you
Vio. For saying so, there's gold: 37. liver; this was regarded 39. one self king, one self-same as a special seat of the passions, king, i.e. Love. especially of courage and love.
Mine own escape unfoldeth to my hope,
Cap. Ay, madam, well; for I was bred and born
Vio. Who governs here?
Cap. And so is now, or was so very late;
Vio. What's she?
Cap. A virtuous maid, the daughter of a count
O that I served that lady,
That were hard to compass ;
Vio. There is a fair behaviour in thee, captain ;
21. The like of him, a similar own occasion mellow What my escape in his case.
estate is, till I had made use of my 42. delivered, made known. opportunities to better my pre43, 44. Till I had made mine sent condition.