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the region of comedy altogether. In a household so richly furnished with comic types as Olivia's, the professed humorist plays a minor part. Feste, the clown, is distinguished among Shakespeare's fools by his comparative realism ; he is not sublimated and poetised like Touchstone, but renders, literally enough, the regulation buffooneries of the typical court jester. In one point he stands alone, as the singer of the songs scattered through the play, which so finely touch its various moods-languishing sentiment, rollicking gaiety, and mischief. It contributes something to its harmonious unity that the mocking reminiscence of the 'old Vice with his dagger of lath' springs from the same excellent breast which had recalled for the solace of the sentimental duke antique memories of another order—the old plain song:
That dallies with the innocence of love
Enter DUKE, CURIO, and other Lords ; Musicians
4. fall, cadence.
to convey the intoxicating rich5. 6. the sweet sound That ness of the music by comparing breathes, etc. Pope altered sound it to that which appeals to two to south, and Dyce and Singer senses at once-to the melodious followed him. But the duke's breeze charged with the perfume description is subtler. He tries of violets.
Of what validity and pitch soe'er,
Cur. Will you go hunt, my lord ?
What, Curio ?
Duke. Why, so I do, the noblest that I have :
How now! what news from her? Val. So please my lord, I might not be ad
mitted ; But from her handmaid do return this answer : The element itself, till seven years' heat, Shall not behold her face at ample view; But, like a cloistress, she will veiled walk And water once a day her chamber round With eye-offending brine: all this to season A brother's dead love, which she would keep fresh And lasting in her sad remembrance.
Duke. O, she that hath a heart of that fine frame To pay this debt of love but to a brother, How will she love, when the rich golden shaft Hath kill'd the flock of all affections else
26. The element, the air.
12. validity, value.
21. turn'd into a hart. A reference to the classic story of Artemis and Actæon.
32. remembrance ; four syl. lables.
35. shaft, i.e. of Cupid.
That live in her; when liver, brain and heart,
Enter Viola, a Captain, and Sailors.
Vio. And what should I do in Illyria ?
saved. Vio. O my poor brother ! and so perchance may
he be. Cap. True, madam : and, to comfort you with
chance, Assure yourself, after our ship did split, When you and those poor number saved with you 10 Hung on our driving boat, I saw your brother, Most provident in peril, bind himself, Courage and hope both teaching him the practice, To a strong mast that lived upon the sea ; Where, like Arion on the dolphin's back, I saw him hold acquaintance with the waves So long as I could see.
Vio. For saying so, there's gold: 37. liver; this was regarded 39. one self king, one self-same as a special seat of the passions, king, i.e. Love. especially of courage and love.
Mine own escape unfoldeth to my hope,
Cap. Ay, madam, well; for I was bred and born
Vio. Who governs here?
He was a bachelor then.
Cap. And so is now, or was so very late;
Vio. What's she?
Cap. A virtuous maid, the daughter of a count
O that I served that lady,
That were hard to compass;
Vio. There is a fair behaviour in thee, captain;
21. The like of him, a similar own occasion mellow What my escape in his case.
estate is, till I had made use of my 42. delivered, made known. opportunities to better my pre43, 44. Till I had made mine sent condition.