« AnteriorContinuar »
Cast up, cast up tbe causeway.
Clear away the stones,
Raise high a standard for the nations.
11. Behold, Jehovah hath caused it to be heard
Say ye to the daughter of Zion,
Lo, his hire is with him,
And the reward of his labour before him.
12. And they shall be called " the holy people,"
And thou shall be called " Sought out,"
All this most clearly relates to the final establishment of the restored Jerusalem. This is the acceptable year of the Lord, the year of his delighting to favour Zion.
But the same epocha, as we have seen in every prophecy, is also " the day of vengeance of our God," and, as before, the country spiritually called " Edom," is the scene of the dreadful judgment. This is remarkably represented in the part of the vision that follows : —
1. Who is this that cometh from Edom,
VOL. I. E E
This that is glorious in his apparel,
I who speak in righteous vengeance,
These two lines may be illustrated from chap, xxxiii. 3, "At thy terrible voice the peoplea fled, at thine uprising the nations were dispersed:" and from chap. xlii. 13, "Jehovah shall come forth as a champion, and like a warrior shall he rouse his ardour. He shall call out and raise the shout, and upon his enemies he shall exert his strength."
2. Why ' this' red on thine apparel?
And why thy garments like him that trcadeth the wine-press?
3. I have trodden the press alone,
And of the nations no man was with me:
And I trod them in mine anger,
And trampled them in mine indignation:
And their life's blood spirted on my garments,
4. For the day of vengeance was in my heart,
5. And I looked, and there was no helper,
And I found myself alone without an upholder:
And mine own arm hath wrought salvation for me,
6. And I have trodden down the nations in mine anger,
And I made their life's blood to run down on the ground.
1 " Stridinginlmgreatstrength." —Bp. Stock, nyy, caput reflectens, (reclinato cnpite incedens ut
victor triumphans. — Sim. Lei. Heb.
'So Bp. Lowtl1. See his Note.
The prophecies referred to in the margin * have rendered it so clear to what this vision is to be applied, and the connecting circumstances are so distinctly marked, that it seems impossible not to understand it, with the ancient Jews, of the destruction of their European or . Roman adversary.1 This, then, is the day of vengeance. But how awful and alarming the intimation: " Of the nations there were none with me!"
The latter Part of the Sixty-third and the Sixty-fourth
A Remarkable break is to be earefully observed in this place: as Bishop Lowth has observed, " The remaining part of this chapter, with the whole chapter following, contains a penitential confession and supplication of the Israelites in their present state of dispersion, in which they have so long marvellously subsisted, and still continue to subsist, as a people cast out of their country; without any proper form of civil polity or
* Jude, xiv.; Job, xix. S3, and Deut. xxxii. 40, 41; Numbers, xxiv. 24; 1 Sam. ii. 10; Psalms lxviii., ex., and cxlix.; Isaiah, ii. 10; xiii.; xxv.; xxvii. 1; xxix. 5; xxx. 30; xxxiii.; xxxiv.; xlix. 24, &c.; lix. 17, &c.; lxii. 8.
1 " Judap.i"—" hie vident nostrorum referent ad fmemmundi:
finale judicium Roma, cum sua in quo sive canialiter sive spiritu
liberatione copulandum." — Vi- aliter (diversn enim gententia plu
Tkinoa. rimorum est) explcnda conten
"Hieronymi verba—multi dunt."—Idem.
religious worship, their temple destroyed, their city desolated and lost to them, and their whole nation scattered over the face of the earth, apparently deserted and cast off by the God of their fathers, as no longer to be his peculiar people."—" It seems designed as a formulary of humiliation for the Israelites in order to their restoration." The seventh verse I conceive not to be a part 6¥ the confession, but to contain its title.
7. The loving-kindnesses of Jehovah.
I will record the praises of Jehovah, according to all that Jehovah hath bestowed upon us, and his great goodness towards the house of Israel, which he bestowed upon them through his tenderness and great kindness:
8. and he said:
Surely these are my people!
'They are' sons! let them not prove false:
And He became their Saviour.
9. In all their distress, his " hand" was not closed,'
In his love and in his indulgence he redeemed them,
10. But they rebelled, and grieved his Holy Spirit,
And he became their enemy, and himself hath fought against them.
1 Literally, " He was not LXX. Houbigant, following the
closed;" ut, "uter 4 pariendo Cetib, (which, I doubt not, is the
cohibitus et stcrilis." "In all true reading,) renders, — "In all
their affliction he was afflicted." their straits, he was not strait" [in
Our translators have followed the goodness.] —" In omnibus an
Keri »b instead of the Cetib xb, gustiis ipsorum non fuit angustA
Bishop Lowth, in the interpreta- bonitate."—Horsley. tion of the passage, follows the
11. But let him be reminded of the ancient days, of Moses
How he brought them up from the sea, the shepherd with his flock:
How he placed his Holy Spirit within him,
12. Leading the right hand of Moses with his glorious arm:
Cleaving the waters before them,
13. Leading them in the deep places,
As a horse in the desert, that they should pot stumble,
14. As the herd descendeth into the valley,
So didst thou lead thy people,
15. Look down from heaven, and behold,
Where is thy jealousy, and thy might?
The yearning of thy bowels, and thy tender affections?
Are they restrained from us?
16. Surely thou art our Father, Though Abraham knoweth us not,
And though Israel doth not acknowledge us.
Thou, 0 Jehovah, art our Father;
Oh, redeem us for the sake of thy name.3
17. Wherefore hast thou made us, 0 Jehovah, to wander from
1 " I would render the eleventh How he brought," &c.—lions Lev. verse thus :— 'Read yvh- See Bp. Lowth.
"But" [or with Bp. Stock, " still"] Bp. Stock has, " From everlasting
"he remembered the days of is thy name, our Redeemer."
old—Moses ! and his people!