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Hymn of Pan . . . . . . .
The Zucca - - - - - -
A Lament - -
Music - - - - - - - -
To Mary – -
The Past . . - -
To ––– - - - -
The World's Wanderers
Gloucestershire . . .
Lines, written on hearing the News of the
Death of Napoleon Summer and Winter The Tower of Famine The Aziola Dirge for the Year
ib. il. th. * The sentiments connected with and characteristic of this cir cumstance have no personal reference to the writer.
Page - Page Sonnet. Ozymandias . . . . . . . 237 Scenes, from the “Magico Prodigioso of Cal——— . Ye hasten to the dead! What seek deron . . . . . . . . . . 253 ye there?» . . . . . . . . . ib. Translation from Moschus . . . . . 260 ––– Political Greatness . . . . . ib. Scenes from the . Faust n of Goethe. —Pro––– « Alas! good friend, what profit can logue in Heaven . 26o you see . . . . . . . . . . ib. May-Day Night . . . . . . . 26. ——— . Lift not the painted veil which those th FRAGMENTs:— who live • . . . . . . . . to. - . . . . . . . . . 265 ——— To Wordsworth . . . . . . ib. Ginevra - - ––– Feelings of a Republican on the Fall Charles the First . . . . . . . . 267 eeling p th From an unfinished Drama . . . . 27 o of Bonaparte . to. Prince Athanase . . . . . . . ib.
––– Dante Alighieri to Guido Cavalcanti ib. ––– Translated from the Greek of Moschus 238
The Publishers of the present edition of Mr Shelley's Poetical Works think it necessary to state, that the first poem in the collection, . The Revolt of Islam,” did not originally bear that title: it appeared under the name of . LAoN AND CYTHNA; or the Revolution of the Golden city: a vision of the Nineteenth century." But, with the exception of this change of name, into the reasons that led to which it is now unnecessary to inquire—some inconsiderable verbal corrections, and the omission of the following paragraph and note in the preface, the poem is in all respects the same as when first given to the public.
• In the personal conduct of my hero and heroine, there is one circumstance which was intended to startle the reader from the trance of ordinary life. It was my object to break through the crust of those outworn opinions on which established institutions depend. I
Mazenghi . . . . . . . . 273
have appealed, therefore, to the most universal of all feelings, and have endeavoured to strengthen the moral sense, by forbidding it to waste its energies in seeking to avoid actions which are only crimes of convention. It is because there is se great a multitude of artificial vices, that there are so few real virtues. Those feelings alone which are benevolent or malevolent are essentially good or bad. The circumstance of which I speak was introduced, however, inerely to accustom men to that charity and toleration, which the exhibition of a
practice widely differing from their own has a tendency to promote." Nothing, indeed, can be more mischievous
than many actions innocent in themselves, which might bring down upon individuals the bigoted contempt and rage of the multitude.”
#lemoir of Ajerry 13pgsbe spelley.
Field-Place, in the county of Sussex, was the spot 'fagging, which pedagogues are bold enough to where Percy Bysshe Shelley first saw the light. defend openly at the present hour.
He was born on the 4th of August, 1792; and At Oxford he imprudently printed a dissertawas the eldest son of Sir Timothy Shelley, Bart. tion on the being of a God, which caused his of Castle-Goring. His family is an ancient one, expulsion in his second term, as he refused to and a branch of it has become the representative retract any of his opinions; and thereby inof the house of the illustrious Sir Philip Sidney curred the marked displeasure of his father. of Penshurst. Despising honours which only rest This expulsion arising, as he believed conscienupon the accidental circumstances of birth, Shel- tiously, from his avowal of what he thought to ley was proud of this connection with an im- be true, did not deeply affect him. His mind mortal name. At the customary age, about thir- seems to have been wandering in a maze of teen, he was sent to Eton School, and before he doubt at times between truth and error, arhad completed his fifteenth year, he published dently desirous of finding the truth, warm in two novels, the Rosicrucian and Zasterozzi. From its pursuit, but without a pole-star to guide Eton he removed to University College, Oxford, him in steering after it. In this state of things to mature his studies, at the age of sixteen, an he met with the Political Justice of Godwin, earlier period than is usual. At Oxford he was, and read it with eagerness and delight. What according to custom, imbued with the elements he had wanted he had now found; he determined of logic; and he ventured, in contempt of the that justice should be his sole guide, and justice fiat of the University, to apply them to the in- alone. He regarded not whether what he did vestigation of questions which it is orthodox to was after the fashion of the world; he pursued take for granted. His original and uncompro- the career he had marked out with sincerity, and mising spirit of inquiry could not reconcile the excited censure for some of his actions and praise limited use of logical principles. He boldly for others, bordering upon wonder, in proportion tested, or attempted to test, propositions which as they were singular, or as their motives could he imagined, the more they were obscure, and not be appreciated. His notions at the University the more claim they had upon his credence, the tended to atheism; and in a work which he pubgreater was the necessity for examining them. lished entitled a Queen Mab,” it is evident that His spirit was an inquiring one, and he fearlessly this doctrine had at one time a hold upon his sought after what he believed to be truth, be-, mind. This was printed for private circulation fore, it is probable, he had acquired all the in- only, and was pirated by a knavish bookseller formation necessary to guide him, from collateral and given to the public, long after the writer sources—a common error of headstrong youth. had altered many of the opinions expressed in it, This is the more likely to be the case, as when disclaimed it, and lamented its having been time had matured his knowledge, he differed printed. He spoke of the commonly-received much on points upon which, in callow years and motions of God with contenipt; and hence the without an instructor, flung upon the world to idea that he denied the being of aury superinform his own principles of action, guileless, and tending first cause. He was not on this head sufvehement, he was wont to advocate strongly. |ficiently explicit. He seemed hopeless, in moshelley possessed the bold quality of inquiring ments of low spirits, of there being such a ruling into the reason of every thing, and of resisting power as he wished, yet he ever clung to the idea what he could not reconcile to be right accord- of some a great spirit of intellectual beauty." ing to his conscience. In some persons this has being throughout all things. His life was inbeen denominated a virtue, in others a sin—just flexibly moral and benevolent. He acted up to as it might happen to chime in with worldly the theory of his received doctrine of justice; custom or received opinion. At school he formed and, after all the censures that were cast upon a conspiracy for resistance to that most odious him, who shall impugn the man who thus acts and detestable custom of English ~~~~ lives?
his addresses to another lady, Miss Godwin, with whom, in July, 1814, he fled, accompanied by Miss Jane Claremont, her sister-in-law, to Uri, in Switzerland, from whence, after a few days' residence, they suddenly quitted suspecting they were watched by another lodger; they departed for Paris on foot, and there found that the person to whom they had confided a large trunk of clothes, had absconded with them: this hastened their return to England. A child was the fruit of this expedition. Shortly after they again quitted England and went to Geneva, Como and Venice. In a few months they revisited England, and took
up their abode in Bath, from whence Shelley was
suddenly called by the unexpected suicide of his wife, who destroyed herself on the oth November, 1816. Her fate hung heavy on the mind of her husband, who felt deep self-reproach that he had not selected a female of a higher order of intellect, who could appreciate better the feelings of one constituted as he was. Both were entitled to compassion, and both were sufferers by this unfortunate alliance. Shortly after the death of his first wife, Shelley, at the solicitation of her father, married Mary Wolstonecraft Godwin, daughter of the celebrated authoress of the Rights of Woman; and went to reside at Great Marlow in Buckinghamshire. That this second hymen was diametrically opposed to his own
sentiments will be apparent from the following
letter, addressed to Sir James Lawrence, on the perusal of one of that gentleman's works:– • Lymouth, Barnstaple, Devon, August 17, 18 1 a. • Sin, I feel peculiar satisfaction in seizing the opportunity which your politeness places in my power, of expressing to you personally (as I may say) a high acknowledgement of my sense of your
tal nts and principles, which, before I conceived
it possible that I should everkuow you, I sincerely entertained. Your - Empire of the Nairs,” which I read this spring, succeeded in making me a perfect couvert to its doctrines. I then retained no doubts of the evils of marriage; Mrs Wolstone. craft reasons too well for that; but I had been dull enough not to perceive the greatest argu
ment against it, until developed in the - Nairs, viz. prostitution both legal and illegal. • I am a young man, not of age, and have been married a year to a woman younger than myself. Love seems inclined to stay in the prison, and my only reason for putting him in chains, whilst convinced of the unholiness of the act, was a knowledge, that in the present state of society. if love is not thus villainously treated, she, who is most loved, will be treated worse by a mis|..." world. In short, seduction, which term could have no meaning in a rational society, has now a most tremendous one; the fictitious merit attached to chastity has made that a forerunner to the most terrible ruins, which in Malabar would be a pledge of honour and homage. If there is any enormous and desolating crime of which I should shudder to be accused, it is seduction. I need not say how I admire • Love, and little as a British public seems to appreciate its merit, in not permitting it to emerge from a first edition, it is with satisfaction I find, that justice had conceded abroad what bigotry has denied at home. I shall take the liberty of sending you any little publication I may give to the world. Mrs S. joins with myself in hoping, if we come to London this winter, we may be favoured with the personal friendship of one whose writings we have learnt to esteem. -Yours, very truly, Pency Bysshe Shelley.
A circumstance arose out of his first unarriage which attracted a good deal of notice from the public. As we have already mentioned, there were two children left, whom the Lord Chancellor Eldon took away from their father by one of his own arbitrary decrees, because the religious sentiments of Shelley were avowedly heterodox. No immorality of life, no breach of parental duty was attempted to be proved; it was sufficient that the father did not give credit to religion as established by act of parliament, to cause the closest ties of nature to be rent asunder, and the connection of father and child to be for ever broken. This despotism of a law-officer has since been displayed in another case, where immorality of the parent was the alleged cause. Had the same law-officer, unhappily for England, continued to preside, no doubt the political sentinents of the parent would by and by furnish an excuse for such a monstrous tyranny over the rights of nature. Shelley for ever sought to make mankind and things around him in harmony with a better state of moral existence. He was too young and inexperienced when he first acted upon this principle too perceive the obstacles which opposed the progress of his views, arising out of the