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ately for a school there, that we proceed without delay, stating to him our reasons for so doing. These reasons he would transmit to the Secretary, with the expectation that he should be directed to pay the expense.
27. The President, accompanied by Gen. Gaines and lady, stopped to visit the school. We had expected the President would call, as he passed, but supposed we should hear of his approach, in time to make a little preparation, and to meet and escort him in; but so silent was his approach, that we had no information of his having left Georgia, till he was announced as at the door. In thus taking us by surprise he had an opportunity of sering us in our every day dress, and observing how the concerns of the family and school were managed when we were alone; and perhaps it was best, on the whole, that he should have this view of us. If we had endeavored to appear a little better than usual, we might only have made it worse.
He looked at the buildings and farms, visited the school, and asked questions in the most unaffected and familiar manner, and was pleased to express his approbation of the plan of instruction, particularly as the children were taken into the family, taught to work, &c. He thought this the best, and perhaps the only, way to civilize and christianize the Indians, and assured us he was well pleased with the conduct and improvement of the children.
We had just put up, and were about finishing, a log cabin for the use of the girls. He said that such buildings were not good enough, and advised that we put another kind of building in the place of this;—that we make it a good two story house, with brick or stone chimney. glass windows, &c. and that it be done at the public expense. He also observed, that after this was done, it might perhaps be thought best to build another of the same description for the boys, but we could do this first. Giving us a letter directed to the Agent, he observed, “I have written to him to pay the balance of your account, for what you have expended on these buildings, and also to defray the expense of the house you are now about to build. Make a good hous”, having due regard to economy."
28. The President left us this morning after breakfast. Before bis departure, he in the kindest manner,requested father Hoyt to write to him unofficially, from time to time, and give him a free and particular statement of the concerns of the mission and of our wants.
We feel ourselves under great obligations of gratitude to the Supreme Criver of all good, and to the Chief Magistrate of our nation, for this friendly visit.
27. The Rev. Erastus Root with his wife, on a missionary tour from Georgia through the western states, called on us. Brother Butrick went to fulfil the appointment at Brother Hicks's.
Sabbath, 30. Brother Root preachel. Bro-her B:atrick returned at evening. He found a good number of Cherokees assembled, and they were attentive to the word.
31. Father Hoyt and brother Hall set out for Etowee, to make arrangements for a local school.
June 1. Brother and sister Root left us. We feel ourselves under great obligations of gratitude to our blessed Lord for sending this dear brother and sister to visit us. We have been refreshed by their company.
Brother Butrick received a heavy fall from a building which he was helping to raise. No bones were broken, and he did not sustain so great an injury as was at first apprehended. He is confined to the house, and probably will be for several days, if not weeks.
7. The Rev. Messrs. Job. P. Vinal, and Epaphras Chapman, licentiates on an exploring mission under the direction of the United Foreign Mission Society, called on us. They are instructed to perform an exploring tour among the Indians on the western side of the Mississippi, chiefly between the Racoon and Red rivers, with a view to ascertain whether a mission can be introduced among them, and to select the most suitable spot for commencing the operations. They are restric. ted to no tribe and are expected to bring back information which will govern the ultimate decision of the Siciety respecting the spot where to begin; but are to Lear in mind that the Society have their eye particularly on the Cherokees upon the Arkansaw, and have voted to attempt a mission there.
8. Mr. Isaac Fisk and Dr. William W. Pride, on their way to join the brethren at Elliot, arrived in good health.
Father Hoyt and brother Hall returned. An ample field for operation appears to be opened in that section of the nation. They determined on the place for a local school, and made arrangements for erecting the necessary buildings. They gave short notice of preaching on the Sabbath, near the place where the buildings are to be erected. About 80 persons assembled and gave good attention. This place is about 65 miles south east from Brainerd, near the waggon road that leads to Georgia. Springplace will afford a half-way house between Brainerd and the new school.
11. A lecture, preparatory to the Lord's supper, was preached by brother Chapman.
Mr. Job Bird, of Putnam County, Georgia, aged 52, travelling through the nation with his family,deccased last eveniug about 7 miles from this place. By request of the bereaved widow, his remains were this day deposited in our burying ground.
Sabbath 13. Brother Vinal preached. Our aged Cherokee sister, Anna Mc Donald, havilig given satisfactory evidence of her knowledge to discern the Lord's body, and of her faith to feed upon him, was admitted to full communion. The sacrament of the Lord's supper was then administered to 23 communicants, all members of this church, except the few visiting brethren. Brother Chapman lectured at evening. We have great cause to bless our God and Savior for this precious season,
In regular church meeting two of our scholars, viz. Mary Burns, aged about 16, and Nancy Melton aged about 15, offered themselves, and were examined and received as candidates for baptism.
17. Our dear brethren, Vinal and Chapman left us to pursue their long journey to the west. Our communion has been sweet and parting painful. May the God of Israel go with them, and make their way prosperous.
ARD Hort, D. S. BUTRICK, Moody HALL, WM. CHAMBERLAIN. [Our readers will have observed, that in the foregoing journal, under date of May 11th. the parting address of the Rev. Dr. Worcester to the Cherokee delegates at Washington, is mene tioned
as having been read and explained in a national council; and as having received the assent of the assembled patives. This is an interesting fact in the history of attempts to civilize our red brethren; especially when the solemn truths contained in that address are duly regarded. It is thought proper, therefore, that such a document should be laid before the public; and we doubt not, that all, who earnestly desire and pray for the religious improvement of the Indian tribes, will rejuice in every new proof that they are preparing to receive the Gospel.]
ADDRESS TO THE CHEROKEE DELEGATION.
7. Charles R. Hicks, and the other Delegates of the Cherokee Nation, now at
the city of Washington. BROTHERS,
I REJOICE with you and thank the Great and Good Spirit, for his kindness to you and your nation. It was a day of darkness. You were in great distress. Your nation was in distress. You feared that you would be compelled to give up your houses, your cornfields, your rivers, plains, and mountains, -all the lands of your fathers; your schools, and your hopes of advancement in knowledge, and in civilized life; and to go back into the wilderness, where you would be strangers, and find none of the things which you love and desire; and where your children would grow up without instruction and your nation melt away and perish. You coine with trembling hearts to make known your grief and your fears to your Father, the President. Your friends at the north, who established a school for you at Brainerd, hearing of your afflictions, were grieved; and I came to this city that I might be near you, and see what might be done for your help. The President has felt like a father, and listened to you with pity: the dark cloud has passed away; the sun shines out, and the day is bright. A good portion of your lands is secured to you. The wicked men, who seek your hurt, are to be kept from troubling you. You are to be allowed to sit quietly around your own fires, and under your own txes, all good things are to be set before you and your childreu.
Brothers, the Great Spirit is good. He loves his children, the red as well as the white. He has made them all of one blood, and they should love him and one another. He has inclined the heart of your father the President to be kind to you. He has made you glad with this bright day. And we should all give thanks to him, and praise his name.
Brothers, you have thought that white men were your enemies; and certainly too many of them have been your enemies. But not all. Many have long been your friends, and now many more are coming to be your friends. The Missionaries and Teachers, who are instructing you and your children are your friends; the men who sent them to you are your friends; and the hundreds and thousands of good men and women in all parts of this country, who are giving their money to support the Missionaries and teachers, and the children at the schools among you, are your friends. All good Christians are your friends. They love their red brethren and sisters of the wilderness, and desire to do them good. Every day they think of you, are grieved for your sufferings, and pray the Great Spirit to remember you in mercy, and to make his face to shine upon you.
Brothers, I rejoice greatly that some of your lands are given for a school fund. This will be a rich treasure to your nation for many generations. You may increase it from time to time by giving other lands.
Brothers, it is the morning of a new and bappy day: The Cherokees are to become a civilized people and good Christians. Their country is to become a land of cultivated fields--of good houses-of villages and cities--of schools and churches, and to be beautiful and flourishing like the garden of God. Let them all be inspired with this desire and hope, and seek this elevation and glory, and they will become good and great and happy.
Brothers, the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions sent to you the good men and women who are at Brainerd; and another Benevolent Society sent to you those who are at Spring place. The two Societies are bound together by the bright chain of Christian love; both of them love the Cherokees; they will do what they can to make all white people love the Indians, and seek their welfare. They have sent to you the good missionaries and teachers, and will send you more--not to get away your lands, not to rob you of your cattle, nor to do you any harm; but to teach your children and your people all that is good for them to do. They will be lights in your nation, to guide your feet in the way of peace. They will tell you of the Great and Good Spirit, the God who made the sun and moon and stars, the world and all that is in it. They will tell you of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, who came down from the bosom of his Father to seek and to save lost mankind. They will tell you of heaven that bright and happy world, to which all good men of all nations will go when they die, and where they will dwell together in the presence of the Glorious Father of them all, and in perfect love and peace, and neither hunger any more, nor thirst any more forever.
Brothers, you will love the good missionaries and teachers, and your people will love them and hearken to their voice. This will be for your good and the good of your children; and white men and red will become brothers and friends indeed, and hurt each other no more.
Brothers, return to your country in peace, and with gladness of heart, and tell these good tidings to your council and your people, that they also may be glad. And may the Great and Good Spirit keep you in his merciful hand, and bless you and your nation as lorg as the moon endures. Brothers, Farewell.
S. WORCESTER. Washington City, March 4, 1819.
JOURNAL OF THE REV. MR. POOR, AT TILLIPALLY.
( Continued from p. 83.) May 12, 1818. Received letters from our brethren at Bombay, informing 119 of their decision, that both of the brethren, Nichols and Graves, who have recently arrived from America, should be stationed at that place. It appears tous, that our situation, as it was known to the brethren there, furnished us with irre
sistible claims to one of them. Though the reasons for their decision are not satisfactory to us, it appears that they acted agreeably to their convictions of duty.
13. Sent by way of Calcutta to Dr. Worcester, extracts from my journal from Jan. 12th to May 9th, accompanied with the annual accounts of the expenses at this station.
26. Received from the Rev. Christian David a copy of the services in Tamul, which were performed in our church at the time it was dedicated. This copy was taken in short hand by some persons belonging to his school. This present is particularly acceptable, as it furnishes me gratifying evidence, that my sermon on that occasion was intelligible to the people.
Monday, June 1. Having been obliged repeatedly to dismiss the school at Mallagum, once for the want of a proper instructor, and again for the want of a suitable building for the school, I am about to make an attempt to get a permanent establishment at that place. Having obtained permission from the Collector, and prepared materials for the purpose, I this day began to build a schoolhouse upon the church land, hoping that we shall ere long obtain permission to repair the stone house and church at that place, which are fast going to decay. When the heathen are about to commence any important work, they are careful to wait long, and inquire diligently, to find out a lucky day. I trust I shall not be chargeable with the like superstition, in saying that I am much strengthened, and encouraged, when I am engaged in any important missionary work on the first Monday in the month, when multitudes of the disciples of Christ agree together, to ask the Father in his name spiritual blessings for the heathen, and for the success of inissionaries.
4. Opened a school at Milette, a parish two miles east of Tillipally.
8. Addressed a letter to the principal Secretary in behalf of the brethren, requesting permission of His Excellency the Governor, to take from the custom house, free of duty, two boxes of books, and three boxes of English types.
11. Visited the school at Milette for the first time. Found 33 boys present. 5 of whom were able to read on the olla. Most of the others are learning the Ta. mul alphabet. The head man of the parish, and several others, parents of the school-boys, were present, to whom I explained the object of my coming to the country, and prayed with them. Their curiosity was considerably excited, because I spoke with them in Tamul. Though I spoke with a stammering tongue, more attention appears to have been excited to what was said, than when I speak by an interpreter.
I learn that many parents have strong fears, lest their children should be made Christians; consequently they are unwilling that they should learn the catechism, or attend church on the Sabbath.
Sabbath, June 14. Nineteen boys attended church from Milette.
16. This morning received a letter from Dr. Worcester, directed to the four brethren, dated Dec. 8, 1817. Excepting that part which informs us that we must expect no more missionaries at present, the letter is truly animating and encouraging to us. We, at Tillipally, have peculiar emotions of gratitude and ffection towards our sisters, the members of the Tabernacle Thanksgiving Society, for the novel and effectual manner, in which they are strengthening our hands and encouraging our hearts in the missionary work. In regard to the name, intended to be given to the youth thus supported by the Society, we have anticipated their wishes. More than a thousand times has the name of "Worcester” in our yard, together with its associations, reminded us of what we left ou the other side of the waters.
18. This inorning attended a funeral in the weighborhood. The deceased was a man of some respectability. Between one and two hundred persons were present on the occasion. When I reached the place the people were making a great noise. Five or six were beating their tom toms, or wative drums; some were rolling in the dust; others were smiting on their breasts and crying out; many, in groups of eight or tes persons, were falling upon each other's bodies, and wringing each other's hands, as if they were in great anguish. But I could dis. cern little evidence of real feeling in any of them. On the contrary, much affectation of grief was manifested. As I stood near the bier, the people caine round me, and the noise ceased. I then began to speak to them on the subject of death. But they suon brought we corpse fron ile house, and the cries and
lamentations were renewed. The corpse was immediately carried to the seashore to be burnt. About 30 persons tarried at the house, to whom I had a good opportunity of preaching Christ and the resurrection.
20. Opened a Tamul school at Mallagum, in a house built upon the church premises.
21. A memorable day to me, being the anniversary of my ordination.
25. Visited the school at Milette, which at present consists of 50 boys. As the people had notice of my coming, many parents of the boys, and others, came together, to whom, by the assistance of my interpreter, I gave a short account of the nature and object of the Christian religion. The novelty of the subject appeared much to gain their attention. I think it was entirely new to many of them. Knowing that some were unwilling their children should learn the Christian religion, I urged that as a reason for which they shouid come to the school frequently, and also attend our preaching on the Sabbath; that they might distinctly understand what we wished to teach their children; and that then, if they were dissatisfied, they could take them from the school. The school-master is a young man, who was employed by the Rev. Mr. Palm, as Tamul teacher, and has served us at this place in the same capacity, ever since we came to Tillipally. He has acquired considerable knowledge of the Christian religion, and has a rational conviction of its truth and excellence. He is able, therefore, in some degree, to explain it, and to answer the objections of many who come to the school to converse with him on the subject. As several boys in this school wished to learn English, and I have no English instructor for that place, I have adopted the practice of sending my first class of boys at Tillipally, in rotation, week by week, to instruct, every morning, those who are studying English at Milette.
26. Opened another school in Tillipaly, about a mile and a half distant, near the famous heathen temple in this place.
29. Visited the school at Panditeripo. Having examined the progress of the boys in their studies, I preached in Tamul to th se who were presunt on the occasion. This is the first time I have had a formal service of preaching in that place. Besides the difficulty arising from preaching with an inperfect knowledge of the language, I experienced another of no small magnitude, proceeding from the almost entire ignorance of the people on those subjects which I endeavor to bring before them. Never was I more deeply impressed with the belief of the insufficiency of all human means, without divine aid, to bring men to repentance and faith in Christ, than I have been since I began to preach to this people in their own language. I should faint, and be discouraged, did I not know, that the treasure of the Gospel is committed to "earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God and not of us.”
This evening received a letter from John Dewasagayan of Tranquebar, to whom I wrote a letter of inquiry respecting Supyen. He informs me, that he saw Supyen on his arrival in that country from Jaffna. He then told Jo'ın, that he was going to Combaconam, a place near Tanjore, to visit his rela'ions; and that he should return in a few weeks, and spend some time at Tranquebar with John, but that he had heard nothing from Supyen since. Probably, he is yet with his hea. then relations; but whether by restraint or cho'ce, it does not appear.
July 1. Our weekly prayer-meetings on Wednesday evenings have become more interesting of late, in consequence of my having requested all the scholmasters connected with this station to attend, that they may give to ine and to each other some account of their schools, and receive instructions and diructions from me.
2. Visited the Manigar, or principal head man of Milette. He lives in a part of the parish which I had not before visited. About 30 persons came together, with whom I had much conversation on the subject of our religion. As is often the case, they made many inquiries concerning the sanship of Christ, as it affects the unity of God. It is very important that the missionary should have clear and definite ideas on this subject, that he may readily state to what extent the subject is revealed in the Word of God, and what parts of it are beyond our understanding. But to heathens, as well as to mere nominal Christians, the cross of Christ will be a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, unless they approach it with humility and repentance, with a conviction of their need of an atoning sacrifice, and an almighty deliverer. VOL. XV.