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PART III.-OLD TESTAMENT WISDOM.

PAGE

439

ERRATUM in Vol. I. page 85, line 3 from top.

For “ see in Keil,” read “ see Schrader, die Keilinschriften und das Alte

Testament. Giessen, 1872, p. 42; p. 383."

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3. ON THE VARIOUS KINDS OF OFFERINGS WITH REFERENCE

TO THEIR PURPOSE—continued.

(6) THE PEACE-OFFERING.

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Its Name, Notion, and Division. The name of this sacrifice (ouplwn nai) (1) may be explained in a twofold manner. According to the rabbinic view (2), it is derived from the Kal bbw, integer fuit, to be unharmed. Hence ośw, Ps. vii. 4, he who is in a peaceful or friendly relation to me.

This makes the name of the sacrifice declare that the offerer is in a relation of integrity, a relation of peace, and friendship with God. Hence the LXX. already render the words by ειρηνική θυσία and sometimes by σωτήριον, the Vulgate by sacrificia pacifica (3), moderns by peace-offering. That such a notion is at all events included in that of the peaceoffering, is evident from the fact that, in those cases in which these sacrifices appear in conjunction with sin-offerings, the latter (as also burnt-offerings) are to be offered first; comp. Lev. is. 18, Num. vi. 16, etc. Thus the peace - offering is manifestly a declaration that a relation of perfect peace between the Lord and the offerer is restored by means of the atonement effected. The second explanation of the expression (4) refers it to the Piel Dhe, to compensate, to which the

ow is said to be related in the same manner as 195, atonement, to 9 (5). In behalf of this explanation, it may be advanced that the Piel bbw is the technical term for the act of offering this sacrifice, for it is frequently used in combination

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VOL. II.

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