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of the Spirit h, and the word of inftitution, which contains, together with a precept authorising the use thereof, a promife of benefit to worthy receivers i.
IV. There be only two facraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the gospel, that is to fay, baptifm and the supper of the Lord: neither of which may be difpenfed by any but by a minister of the word lawfully ordained k.
V. The facraments of the Old Teftament, in regard of. the spiritual things thereby fignified and exhibited, were, for fubftance, the fame with thofe of the New .
CHAP. XXVIII. Of Baptifm.
APTISM is a facrament of the New Teftament, ordained by Jefus Chrift a, not only for the folemn admiffion of and of the Son, and of the holy Ghoft. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's fupper. v. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which alfo I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jefus, the fame night in which he was betrayed, took bread. 1 Cor. iv. 1. Let a man fo account of us, as of the minifters of Chrift, and stewards of the myfteries of God. Heb. v. 4. And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron.
whereunto, even baptifm, doth alfo now fave us, (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the antwer of a good confcience towards God) by the refurrection of Jefus Chrift.
b Mat. iii. 11. I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance; but he that cometh after me, is mightier than I, whofe fhoes I am not worthy to bear: he fhall baptize you with the holy Ghost, and with fire. 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
i Mat. xxvi. 27, 28. (See in letter f.) Mat. xxviii. 19. (See in letterb.) v. 20. Teaching them to obferve all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
IV. Mat. xxviii. 19. Goye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father,
V. 11 Cor. x. 1. Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye fhould be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all paffed through the fea; v. 2. and were all baptized unto Mofes in the cloud, and in the fea; v. 3. and did all eat the fame fpiritual meat; v. 4. and did all drink the fame fpiritual drink; (for they drank of that fpiritual Rock that followed them; and that Rock was Chrift.)
I. Mat. xxviii. 19. (See letter k
of the party baptized into the visible churchb; but also to be unto him a fign and feal of the covenant of gracec, of his ingrafting into Christ d, of regeneratione, of remiffion of finsƒ, and of his giving up unto God thro' Jefus Chrift, to walk in newness of lifeg. Which facrament is by Chrift's own appointment to be continued in his church until the end of the world h.
II. The outward element to be used in this facrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Ghoft, by a mipifter of the gospel lawfully called thereunto 7. III. Dip
of the foregoing chapter.)
b 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
‹ Rom. iv. 11. And he received the fign of circumcifion, a feal of the righteouinefs of the faith, which he had yet being uncircumcifed: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcifed: that righteousness might be imputed unto them alfo. With Col. ii. 11. In whom alfo ye are circumcifed with the circumcifion made without hands, in putting off the body of the fins of the flesh, by the circumcifion of Chrift, v. 12. Buried with him in baptifm, wherein alfo ye are rifen with him, thro' the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.
a Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Chrift, have put on Christ. Rom. vi. 5. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death; we fhall be alfo in the likeness of his refurrection.
Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righ
teousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he faved us by the wathing of regeneration, and renewing of the holy Ghost.
f Marki. 4. John did baptize in the wilder nefs, and preach the baptifin of repentance, for the remiffion of fins.
fo many of us as were baptized into
nefs of life.
foregoing chapter.) v. 20. TeachMat. xxviii. 19. (See in letter ing them to oblerve all things whatfoever I have commanded you: and lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
you with water unto repentance; II. i Mat. iii. 11. I indeed baptize but he that cometh after me, is mightier than I, whofe fhoes I am not worthy to bear: he fhall bapwith fire. John i. 33. And I knew tize you with the holy Ghost, and him not: but he that fent me to baptize with water, the fame said unto
III. Dipping of the person into the water is not neceffary, but baptifm is rightly adminiftred by pouring or fprinkling water upon the perfon k.
IV. Not only those that do actually profess faith in and obedience unto Chrift, but also the infants of one or both believing parents, are to be baptized m.
me, Upon whom thou shalt fee the Spirit defcending, and remaining on him, the fame is he who baptizeth with the holy Ghoft. Mat. xxviii. 19. (See in letter k foregoing chapter.) v. 20. (Sce in letter b.)
III Heb. ix. 10, 19, 20, 21, 22. Acts ii. 41. Then they that gladly received his word, were baptized: and the fame day there were added unto them about three thoufand fouls. Acts xvi. 33. And he took them the fame hour of the night, and wafhed their ftripes, and was baptized, he and all his, ftraightway. Mark vii. 4. And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold, as the wafhing of cups and pots, brazen yeffels, and of tables.
IV. I Mark xvi. 15. And he faid unto them, Goye into all the world, and preach ye the gospel to every creature. v. 16. He that believeth and is baptized, fhall be faved; but he that believeth not, fhall be damned. Acts viii. 37. And Philip said, if thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayeft. And he answered and faid, I believe that Jefus Chrift is the Son of God. v. 38. And he commanded the chariot to ftand ftill: and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him.
m Gen. xvii. 7. And I will efta
blifh my covenant between me and thee, and thy feed after thee, in their generations, for an everlasting covenant; to be a God unto thee, and to thy feed after thee. v. 9. And God faid unto Abraham, Thou fhalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy feed after thee, in their generations. With Gal. iii. 9. So then they who be of faith, are bleffed with faithful Abraham. v. 14. That the bleffing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles thro' Jefus Chrift; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through. faith. And Col. ii. 11. In whom alfo ye are circumcised with the circumcifion made without hands, in putting off the body of the fins of the fleth, by the circumcifion of Chrift: v. 12. Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. And Acts ii. 38. Then Peter faid unto them, Repent, and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remiffion of fins, and ye shall receive the gift of the holy Ghost. v. 39. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God fhall call. And Rom. iv. II. And he received the fign of circumcifion, a feal of the righteoufnefs of the faith, which he had yet being uncircumcifed: that he might be the father of all them
V. Although it be a great fin to contemn or neglect this ordinancen, yet grace and falvation are not fo infeparably annexed unto it, as that no perfon can be regenerated or faved without ito, or that all that are baptized are undoubtedly regenerated p.
VI. The efficacy of baptifm is not tied to that moment of time wherein it is adminiftredq; yet notwithstanding, by the right ufe of this ordinance, the grace promised is not only offered, but really exhibited and conferred by the holy Ghoit, to fuch (whether of age or infants) as that grace belongeth
that believe, though they be not circumcifed; that righteoufneis might be imputed unto them alfo: v. 12. and the father of circumcifion to them, who are not of the circumcifion only, but alfo walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcifed. 1 Cor. vii. 14. For the unbelieving husband is fanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is fanctified by the hufband: elfe were your children unclean: but now they are holy. Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Ghost. Mark x. 13. And they brought young children to him that he fhould touch them; and his difciples rebuked thofe that brought them. v. 14. But when Jefus faw it, he was much difpleafed, and faid
unto, fed them. Luke xviii. 15. And they brought unto him alfo infants, that he would touch them: but when his difciples faw it, they rebuked them.
V." Luke vii. 30. But the Pharifees and lawyers rejected the counfel of God against themfelves, being not baptized of him. With Exod.iv. 24. And it came to pais by the way in the inn, that the Lord met him, and fought to kill him. v. 25. Then Zipporah took a fharp tone, and cut off the foreskin of her fon, and caft it at his feet, and faid, Surely a bloody husband art thou to me. v. 26. So he let him go: then the faid, a bloody husband thou art, because of the circumcifion.
to come unto me, and forbid them not for of fuch is the kingdom of God. v. 15. Verily I fay unto you, Whofoever fhall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he thall not enter therein. v. 16. And he took them up in his arms, put his hands upon them, and blef
• Rom. iv. 11. (See in letter m.) Acts x. 2, 4, 22, 31, 45, 47.
P Acts viii. 13. Then Simon himfelf believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the mi
unto them, Suffer the little children racles and figns which were done. y. 23. For I perceive that thou art in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity.
VI. 9 John iii. 5. Jefus answered, Verily, verily, I fay unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. v. 8. The wind blow
unto, acccording to the counsel of God's own will, in his pointed timer.
VII. The facrament of baptism is but once to be adminiftred to any perfons.
CHAP. XXIX. Of the Lord's Supper.
UR Lord Jefus, in the night wherein he was betrayed, instituted the facrament of his body and blood, called the Lord's Supper, to be observed in his church unto the end of the world, for the perpetual remembrance of the sacrifice of himself in his death, the fealing all benefits thereof unto true believers, their spiritual nourishment and growth in him, their farther engagement in and to all duties which they owe unto him: and to be a bond and pledge of their communion with him, and with each other, as members of his mystical body a. II. In
bloweth where it lifteth, and thou heareft the found thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: fo is every one that is born of the Spirit.
Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you, as have been baptized into Chrift, have put on Chrift. Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteoufnefs which we have done, but according to his mercy, he faved us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the holy Ghoft. Eph. v. 25. Hufbands, love your wives, even as Chrift alfo loved the church, and gave himfelf for it; v. 26. That he might fanctify and cleanse it with the wafhing of water by the word. Acts ii. 38. Then Peter faid unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jefus Chrift, for the remiffion of fins, and ye fhall receive the gift of the holy Ghoft. v. 41. Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the fame day there were added unto
them above three thousand souls.
VII./Tit. iii. 5. (See in letter r.) I. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which alfo I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jefus, the fame night in which he was betrayed, took bread: v. 24. And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and faid, Take, eat; this is my body which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. v. 25. After the fame manner alfo he took the cup, when he had fupped, faying, This cup is the new teftament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. v. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do fhew the Lord's death till he come. I Cor. x. 16. The cup of bleffing which we blefs, is it not the communion of the blood of Chrift? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Chrift? v. 17. For we being many, are one bread and one body: for we