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.ONFESSION of FAITH,
CAT E C H I S M S,
SCRIPTURE-PROOFS At LARGE.
The Sum of Saving Knowledge ( contain'd in the Holy Scriptures, and held forth in the said Confession and Catechisins) and Practical Use thereof.
National and Solemn League.
Engagement to Duties.
Form of Church-government,'
CHURCH Of SCOTLAND.
ACTS os ASSEMBLY And PARLIAMENT/
RELATIVE TO, AND APPROBATIVE OF THE SAME.'
)r»T.^i. S, j. And these Words which I command thee this Day, fliall be in thy And thou (halt teach them diligently unto thy Children, and (halt talk of when thoo fittest in thy House, and when thou walkest by the way, and when , and when thou risest up.
fXIKTED BY ROBERT AND ANDREW FOULIS, FOR JOHN ORR BooitilLLEK. MDGCLXY.
HEADS Of FAMILIES.
AS we cannot bnt with grief of foul lament those multitudes of errors,' blasphemies, and all kinds of profaneness, which have in this last agd like a mighty deluge overflown this nation; so, among several othef Cos which have helped to open the flood gates of all these impieties, we cannot but esteem the disuse of family instruction one of the greatest. The twos great pillars upon which the kingdom of Satan is erected, and by which it isf upheld, are ignorance and error; the first step of our manumission from this* spiritual thraldom consists, in having our eyes opened, and being turned frotrt darknesj to light. Acts xxvi. 18. How much the serious endeavours of godly' parents and masters might contribute to an early seasoning the tender years of such as are under their inspection, is abundantly evident not only from: their special influence upon them, in respect os their authority Over them, interest in them, continual presence with them, and frequent opportunities o( bring helpful to them; but also from the sad effects which by woful experience we find to be the fruit of the omission of this duty. 'Twere easy ter set before you a cloud of witnesses, the language of whose practice hath beeri cot only an eminent commendation of this duty, but also a serious exhortation to it. As Abel, though dead, yet speaks by his example to us for imitation of his faith, ire. Heb. xi. 4. -So do the examples of Abraham,'of Joshua, of the parents of Solomon, of the grandmother and mother of Timothy/ the mother of Augustine, whose care was as well to nurse up the fouls as xhc bodies of their little ones; and as their pains herein was great, so was their faccefs no way unanswerable.
We should scarce imagine it any better than an impertinency, in this* toon-day of the gospel, either to inform or persuade in a duty so expressly Commanded, so frequently urged, so highly encouraged, and so eminently twned by the Lord in all ages with his blessing, but that our fad expericnee tells us this duty is not more needful than 'tis of late neglected. Fof tho' restoring of this duty to its due observance,' give us leave to suggest tniff tcuble advice.
?h» first concern* heads of families in respect of themselves, that as th*
A 2 hotA^, Lord hath set them in place above the rest of their family, they would labour in all wisdom and spiritual understanding to be above them also. 'Tis 'an uncomely sight to behold men in years babes in knowledge; and how onmeet are they to instruct others, who need themselves to oe*taught which 'be the first principles of the oracles of God ?' Heb. v. 12. Knowledge is an accomplishment so desireable, that the devils themselves knew not a more taking bait by which to tempt our first parents, than by the fruit of the 'tree 4 of knowledge. So shall you be as gods, knowing good and evil.' When Solomon had that favour (hewed him of the Lord, that he was made his own chuser what to ask, he knew no greater mercy to beg than wisdom, I Kings iii. j, 9. The understanding is the guide and pilot of the whole man, that faculty which sits at the stern of the foul: But as the most expert guide may mistake in the dark, so may the understanding when it wants the light of knowledge: 'Without knowledge the mind cannot be good,' Prov. xix. 2. Nor the life good, nor the eternal condition safe, Eph. iv. 18. * My 'people are destroyed for lack of knowledge,' Hos. iv. 6. 'Tis ordinary in scripture to set profaneness and all kind of miscarriages upon the score of ignorance. Diseases in the body have many times their rife from distempers in the head, and exorbitances in practice from errors in judgment: And indeed in every sin there is something both of ignorance and error at the bottom 5 for, did sinners truly know what they do in sinning, we might fay of every sin, what the apostle speaks concerning that great sin, 4 Had they known 4 him, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory;' did they truly know that every sin is a provoking the Lord to jealousy, a proclaiming war against heaven, 4 a crucifying the Lord Jesus afresh, a treasuring up wrath 'unto themselves against the day of wrath,' and that, if ever they be pardoned, it must be at no lower a rate than the price of his blood, it were scarce possible but sin, instead of alluring, should affright, and, instead of tempting, scare. 'Tis one of the arch devices and principal methods of Satan to deceive men into sin; thus he prevailed against our first parents, not as a lion but as a serpent, acting his enmity under a pretence of friendship, and tempting them to evil under an appearance of good; and thus hath he all along carried on his designs of darkness, by transforming himself into an angel of light, making poor deceived men in love with their miseries, and hug their own destruction. A most sovereign antidote against all kind of errors, is to be grounded and fettled in the faith: Persons, unfixed in the true religion, are very receptive of a false; and they who are nothing in spiritual knowledge, are easily made any thing. * Clouds without water are driven 'to and fro with every wind,' and ships without ballast liable to the violence of every tempest. But yet the knowledge we especially commend, is not a brain-knowledge, a mere speculation; this may be in the worst of men, nay, in the worst of creatures, the devils themselves, and that in such an eminency, as the best of saints cannot attain to in this life of imperfection: But an inward, a savory, an heart-knowledge, such as was in that martyr, who, tbo' she could not dispute for Christ, could die for him. This is that spirirnaJ sense and feeling of divine truths, the apostle speaks of, Heb. r. 14. 'Having your senses exercised,' &c.
Bat, alas, we may fay of most mens religion, what learned Rivet * speaks concerning the errors of the Fathers, " they were not so much their own "errors, as the errors of the times wherein they lived." Thus do most men take up their religion upon no better an account than Turks and Papists take up theirs, because 'tis the religion of the times and places wherein they live; and what they take up thus slightly they_Iay down as easily: Whereas an inward taste and relish of the things of God, is an excellent preservative to keep us settled in the most unsettled times. Corrupt and unsavory principles have great advantage upon us, above those that are spiritual and sound; the former-being suitable to corrupt nature, the latter contrary; the former springing up of themselves, the latter brought forth not without a painful industry. The ground needs no other midwifery in bringing forth weeds, than only the neglect of the husbandman's hand to pluck them up; die air needs no other cause of darkness, than the absence of the sun; nor water of coldness, than its distance from the fire, because these are the genuine products of nature: Were it so with the soul (as some of the philosophers have vainly imagined) to come into the world as an, " abrafa Tabula," a mere blank or piece of white paper, on which neither any thing it written, nor any blots; it would then be equally receptive of good and evil, and no more averse to the one than to the other: But how much worse its condition indeed is, were scripture silent, every man's experience does evidently manifest. For who is there that knows any thing of his own heart, and knows not thus much, that the suggestions of Satan have se easy and free admittance into our hearts, that our utmost watchfulness is too little to guard us from them? whereas the motions of God's Spirit are so unacceptable to us, that our utmost diligence is too little to get our hearts open to entertain them. Let therefore the excellency, necessity, Difficulty of true wisdom stir up endeavours in you, somewhat proportionable to such an accomplishment; ' Above 'all getting, get understanding,' Pror. iv. 7. 'And search for wisdom as * for hidden treasures,' Prov. ii. 4. It much concerns you in respect of yourselves.
Our second advice concerns heads of families, in respect of their families.
• Kivtt. Crit. Sacr,
A 3 Whatever