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IN

PALESTINE,

MOUNT SINAI AND ARABIA PETRÆA.

A JOURNAL OF TRAVELS IN THE YEAR 1838,

BY

E. ROBINSON AND E. SMITH.

UNDERTAKEN IN REFERENCE TO BIBLICAL GEOGRAPHY.

DRAWN UP FROM THE ORIGINAL DIARIES, WITH HISTORICAL ILLUSTRATIONS,

BY EDWARD ROBINSON, D.D.

Professor of Biblical Literature in the Union Theological Seminary, New York;

Author of a Greek and English Lexicon of the New Testament, etc.

WITH NEW MAPS AND PLANS IN FIVE SHEETS.

VOL. II.

BOSTON:

PUBLISHED BY CROCKER & BREWSTER,

No. 47, Washington Street.
KEW YORK-JONA. LEAVITT: LONDON-JOAN MURRAY :

HALLE-WAISENHAUSBUCHHANDLUNG.

1841.

[graphic]

2017

Azia .

1

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1841,

By Edward Robinson,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Southern District

New-York.

University Press.
JOHN F. TROW, PRINTER,

114 Nassau street, N. Y.

MICROFILMED
AT HARVARD

CONTENTS OF VOL. II.

I. HISTORICAL Notices, 1–64. Josephus' picture of the destruction

of Jerusalem by Titus, 1, 2. Not made a doomed site, 2. Destruction not

total, 2, 3. Accession of Adrian, 3. His plans to secure quiet, 4. Causes

of the Jewish war, 4. Successes of Barcochba, 5. Preparations of the em-

peror; Julius Severus ; results, 5, 6. Jerusalem taken and retaken, 6. Un-

known city of Bether, 6. Capture and sale of the Jews, 7. Forbidden to

approach Jerusalem, 7. The Holy City not again destroyed, 7, 8. Built

up and named Aelia, 8. Becomes a Pagan city; temple of Jupiter, etc. 9.

Duration of the name Aelia, 9. Few incidents until Constantine, 10.

Jews still shut out, 11. Extension of Christianity and beginning of pil-

grimages, 11.

Conversion of Constantine and Helena's visit to the Holy Land ac-

cording to Eusebius, 12. She erects churches at Bethlehem and on the

Mount of Olives, 12. Alleged discovery of the Holy Sepulchre, 12, 13.

Church erected there and at Mamre by Constantine, 13. Later accounts

of Helena's share in these transactions and discovery of the true cross, 14,

15. Existence of such an alleged cross, 15, 16. Later honours heap-

ed on Helena; all ancient churches now ascribed to her, 16, 17.

Descr, of the Basilica over and around the Sepulchre, 17, 18. Pilgrim-

ages and festivals, 18. The Jews admitted to the city; begin to rebuild

the temple under Julian; again excluded, 19, 20.

Cent. IV. Jerome's residence at Bethlehem, 20. Paula's journey and

convents, 20. Pilgrims flock together from all parts of the world, 20, 21.

End forgotten in the means; licentiousness, 21, 22. Effect upon the tra-

ditional topography of the Holy Land, 22. The Onomasticon, 22. Me-

tropolitan see at Caesarea, 23.

Cent. V. Jerusalem made a patriarchate, 23, 24. Religious contro-

versies, 24. Council of Chalcedon; outbreak of the Monophysites,
Theodosius, 24, 25. He retires to Sinai, 25.Cent. VI. Tumults in Egypt
and Antioch, 25. Elias of Jerusalem and St. Sabas adhere to the coun-
cil of Chalcedon, 26. So too John, 27. Death of St. Sabas, 27. Tumults

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