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Egypt, and change their glory into the similitude of an ox that eateth grass, as they did at Mount Sinai, and as the ten tribes did after they fell away from the house of David. Then in figurative prophecy such as is contained in the prophecies of Ezekiel, and in the testimony and prophecy of Jesus, the Book of the Revelation, Jerusalem and her people are called Sodom and Egypt, and therefore when God's faithful witnesses, men like Moses and Aaron, in that day are slain in Jerusalem, it is said, “And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom, and Egypt." And that we may rightly understand this language, it is added, "where also our Lord was crucified.” Now as Christ was crucified neither in Sodom, nor in Egypt literally, but was crucified at Jerusalem, it follows that Jerusalem and her people in her latter day apostasy are called Egypt; and in the prophecy of Ezekiel her king is called Pharaoh, and her people Egyptians; and when the children of Israel make themselves more base and abominable than the Egyptians were, it is just and right that all the plagues of Egypt, and more, should be poured out upon them, even as the covenant which they enter into says they will be, as follows.
First, the Lord promised, saying (Deut. 7: 12), "Wherefore it shall come to pass, If ye hearken to these judgments, and keep and do them, that the Lord thy God will keep unto thee the covenant and the mercy which he sware unto thy fathers; (verse 15) and the Lord will take away from thee all sickness, and will put none of the evil diseases of Egypt which thou knowest, upon thee, but will lay them upon all them that hate thee.” But on the other hand, if they would not obey the voice of the Lord their God, he would make their plagues wonderful, and would also smite them with the botch of Egypt, and moreover he says (28: 60-61), “I will bring upon thee all the diseases of Egypt, which thou wast afraid of, and they shall cleave unto thee; also every sickness, and every plague which is not written in the book of this law, them will the Lord bring upon thee till thou be destroyed."
THE REDUCTION OF POPULOUS ISRAEL TO A REMNANT
(Verses 62-63) “And ye shall be left few in number, whereas ye were as the stars of heaven for multitude, because thou wouldest not obey the voice of the Lord thy God. And it shall come to pass, that as the Lord rejoiced over you to do you good, and to multiply you, so the Lord will rejoice over you to destroy you, and to bring you to nought, and ye shall be plucked from off the land whither thou goest to possess it.”
And to this agree the words of the prophet Esaias saying (10:22-23), “For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return. The consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness, for the Lord God of Hosts shall make a consumption, even determined in the midst of all the land.”
THE LATTER DAY CAPTIVITIES
The captivities of the latter days will strike many with surprise, especially that class of people which hold that God has cast away his people Israel, insomuch that they do not expect that they will even be gathered again from their present dispersion, while others who do believe that they are to return
and be reinstated as a great nation at the second coming of Christ believe that they are to be removed no more. But his coming should have transpired according to the interpretations and calculations of some of them in 1866. Thus these people in their ignorant zeal, with a dash strike out an age, the second age under the second law, which must run its course before Christ comes to reign.
In reference therefore to the mighty captivities that are yet to come in the latter days after the present long and unmeasured dispersion of Israel is over and passed into history, Moses says (Deut. 28: 64-68), “ And the Lord shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other, and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, even wood and stone. And among these nations shalt thou find no ease, neither shall the sole of thy foot have rest, but the Lord shall give there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind. And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee, and thou shalt fear day and night, and shalt have none assurance of thy life. In the morning thou shalt say, Would God it were even! and at even thou shalt say, Would God it were morning! for the fear of thine heart wherewith thou shalt fear, and for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see. And the Lord shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee. Thou shalt see it no more again, and there shall ye be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy you."
Now the great question to be determined here is this: Does Moses here speak of a dispersion that is in the past, or is this to be in the distant future? This question can be definitely settled as follows: the Lord says by the hand of Moses (Deut. 30), “And it shall come to pass, when all these things are come upon thee, the blessing and the curse which I have set before thee, and thou shalt call them to mind among all the nations whither the Lord thy God hath driven thee.” Now who that knows anything of the Holy Scriptures, and of all this righteous law of which we are treating, would for a moment pretend that all the blessings, and all the curses which are so specifically enumerated in this second law, have as yet been fulfilled upon the house of Israel? Who is so blind as not to see that the curses here enumerated, end with the utter destruction of the nation (save a very small remnant), insomuch that those who do not perish by all these plagues of famine, pestilence, and the sword from within among themselves, and from without, are to be scattered among all nations, and there serve their gods, wood and stone? Moreover, Moses distinctly tells us that this is to come to pass in the latter days, not in their former days which are now in the past, but in their latter days, which are in the future. Again, when David spake of the saints executing the judgments written, what judgments had he reference to that were written in his day, save these very judgments, called curses, written in this Book of Deuteronomy? And have the judgments that David speaks of been executed in the past? or are they still future? No doubt they are future.
The captivity of the house of Judah in Babylon was measured, but the present dispersion of the ten tribes of Israel and the two of Judah are unmeasured, though known of God. But the latter day dispersions are again
measured ; Judah's captivity will continue for a period of forty years, while that of the house of Israel will continue for 390 years, of which the Prophet Ezekiel gave a sign. He was required to lie first on one side forty days, and then on the other side 390 days, eating polluted or defiled bread, and lay siege to Jerusalem in miniature, each day to represent a year, and the Lord said to him, “Even thus shall the children of Israel eat their defiled bread among the Gentiles, whither I will drive them." These two periods have puzzled commentators and theological writers immensely, because they know nothing of the captivities to which they apply. These captivities commence at the judgment, and overlap the millennial reign of Christ, as we will show more fully when we speak of Ezekiel's prophecies.
RELATION OF BOOK OF REVELATIONS TO LAW AND PROPHECY In the law of Moses are laid deep, broad and wide, the foundations of the latter days of Israel, and the many things contained in the first and second parts of the law are afterwards amplified and enlarged upon by the prophets of Israel, and they open out like a full-blown flower in the great prophecy of Christ as set forth in the book of the Revelation. We will note some of these points and then proceed to consider the things of the second Exodus.
(1) THE FOUR SERIES OF JUDGMENTS In the Book of the Revelation there are four series of judgments; namely, the seven seals, the seven trumpets, the seven thunders, and the seven last plagues. The foundation for these is first exposed in the first part of the law, in the Book of Leviticus, where there are brought to view four series of judgments in each of which Israel is to be punished seven times more for her sins, as it is written, “Ye shall make no idols nor graven image, neither rear you up a standing image, neither shall ye set up any image of stone in your land, to bow down unto it, for I am the Lord your God. Ye shall keep my sabbaths and reverence my sanctuary, I am the Lord. If ye walk in my statutes, and keep my commandments and do them, then I will give you rain in due season, and the land shall yield her increase, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit; and your threshing shall reach unto the vintage, and the vintage shall reach unto the sowing time; and ye shall eat your bread to the full, and dwell in your land safely. And I will give peace in the land, and ye shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid; and I will rid evil beasts out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land. And ye shall chase your enemies, and they shall fall before you by the sword; and five of you shall chase a hundred, and an hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight; and your enemies shall fall before you by the sword; for I will have respect unto you, and make you fruitful, and multiply you, and establish my covenant with you. And ye shall eat old store, and bring forth the old because of the new; and I will set my tabernacle among you, and my soul shall not abhor you: and I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be my people. I am the Lord your God, which brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, that ye should not be their bondmen; and I have broken the bands of your yoke, and made you go upright.
"But if ye will not hearken unto me, and will not do all these commandments; and ye shall despise my statutes, or if your soul shall abhor my judgments, so that ye will not do all my commandments, but that ye break my covenant, I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes, and cause sorrow of heart; and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it. And I will set my face against you, and ye shall be slain before your enemies; they that hate you shall reign over you; and ye shall fee when none pursueth you " (Lev. 24: 1-17).
These preliminary evils which God threatens to bring upon his people Israel when they revolt, and when they will no longer hearken to the Lord, but when their soul begins to abhor his statutes and judgments, — these evils he first brings upon them to cause repentance, but when they rush on and a conspiracy is found among them, and they turn back to the iniquities of their ancestors, then the Lord inaugurates a systematic and regular series of evils which are to be visited upon the rebellious house until they are destroyed, which are stated as follows.
The First Series of Seven Plagues in the Law “And if ye will not yet for all this hearken unto me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins. And I will break the pride of your power, and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as brass. And your strength shall be spent in vain; for your land shall not yield her increase, neither shall the trees of the field yield their fruits."
The Second Series of Seven Plagues “And if ye walk contrary unto me, and will not hearken unto me, I will bring seven times more plagues upon you according to your sins. I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number, and your highways shall be deso
The Third Series of Seven Plagues "And if ye will not be reformed by me by these things, but will walk contrary unto me, then will I also walk contrary unto you, and will punish you yet seven times for your sins. And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of my covenant, and when ye are gathered together within your cities, I will send the pestilence among you, and ye shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy. And when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver you your bread again by weight, and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied."
The Fourth and Last Series of Seven Plagues “And if ye will not for all this hearken unto me, then I will walk contrary unto you also in fury, and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins. And ye shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the Aesh of your daughters shall ye eat. And I will destroy your high places and cut down your images, and cast your carcases upon the carcases of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you. And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries into desolation, and I will not smell the savor of your sweet odours. And I will bring the land into desolation, and your enemies which dwell therein shall be astonished at it. And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you, and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste."
These four series of plagues are somewhat elementary, and therefore the plagues in each series of seven are stated in the gross, but in the Revelation they are amplified and each of the seven plagues is enumerated. For instance, in the first series of seven plagues, the seven seals, as each of the seals of judgment is opened, the judgments of that particular seal are proclaimed and executed; and as it is with the seven seals, so also is it with the seven trumpets of alarm against the rebellious house; so also with the seven last plagues, in which is filled up the wrath of God against his erring and idolatrous people; and as each vial of the seven is poured out, the particular plagues under that vial are specified. But in the law what transpires under each series of seven is thrown together without being so methodically arranged as it is in the prophecy of the great prophet like unto Moses.
(2) ISRAEL'S SIN Now what is the peculiar sin of Israel, which they are so persistent in doing, and from which they are not turned, and of which they do not repent as these successive judgments of God are poured out upon them? It is the sin of idolatry, of which they are so often warned in other Scriptures, and particularly so in this twenty-sixth chapter of Leviticus; yet they are so enamored, and so mad upon their idols, that four successive series of desolating judgments and plagues do not produce repentance and reformation, insomuch that in the fourth and last series it is said, “And if ye will not, for all this, hearken unto me, but walk contrary unto me, then I will walk contrary unto you in fury, and I will chastise you seven times for your sins. And
shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your daughters shall ye eat.” This transpires under the seventh vial of the seven last plagues, as we will point out when we come to speak of the vials. And now observe what is said touching the idols of the house of Israel in that day, “And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your images, and cast your carcases upon the carcases of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you."
Jeremiah testifies of these evil times in the latter days, saying, "For according to the number of thy cities were thy gods, O Judah, and according unto the number of the streets of Jerusalem, have ye set up altars to that shameful thing, even altars to burn incense unto Baal.” Therefore the land is full of idols, and Ezekiel also confirms the words of Moses, in the sixth chapter, saying, “Son of man, set thy face toward the mountains of Israel, and prophesy against them, and say, Ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord God. Thus saith the Lord God to the mountains and to the hills and to the rivers, and to the valleys, Behold, I, even I, will bring a sword upon you, and I will destroy your high places, and your altars shall be desolate, and your images shall be broken, and I will cast down your slain men before