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And as they did in times past, so the prophets speak expressly saying that they will do so again in times to come, and more also.

COME OUT OF HER, MY PEOPLE (REV. 18:4) The woman that fed into the wilderness, or in other words, the remnant of Israel, the hundred forty and four thousand who will be entrenched and encamped in the city of David and who will stand at that time with the Lamb upon Mount Zion, before Jerusalem is destroyed, and their beautiful house where their fathers praised the Lord is burned up with fire, are called upon to come out of Babylon that they be not partakers of her sins and that they receive not of her plagues. For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities.

So also speaketh the Prophet Jeremiah of these same things, saying (51:6), “Flee out of the midst of Babylon, and deliver every man his soul; be not cut off in her iniquity; for this is the time of the Lord's vengeance, he will render unto her a recompense.” The righteous will flee the city before she is overthrown with violence, even as it is said, “And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and threw it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city, Babylon, be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.”

REWARD HER EVEN AS SHE REWARDED YOU (REV. 18: 6-8) Reward her even as she hath rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works; in the cup which she hath filled, fill to her double. How much she hath glorified herself and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her, for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow. Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death and mourning and famine, and she shall be utterly burned with fire, for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her.” Jesus said to the scribes and Pharisees and rulers in Israel in his day, “Ye be witnesses unto yourselves that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets. Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers. Ye serpents, ye generations of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell? Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets and wise men and scribes; and some of them ye shall kill and crucify, and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city; that upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel, unto the blood of Zacharias, son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar. Verily I say unto you, all these things shall come upon this generation” (Matt. 23: 32-36).

That wicked and adulterous generation that lived in the days of Jesus were like unto the stiffnecked children of wickedness that were manifest in Israel from the beginning, even as Stephen charged against them, “Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Spirit. As your fathers did so do ye. Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which showed before of the coming of the Just One, of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers ” (Acts 7:51). This generation of murderers who have always resisted the Holy Spirit, will reappear and be manifested again in the later days and will be of the same people, and in the same country, and in the same city, the city of Jerusalem, and they will then fill up to running over the measure of their fathers. They will transcend the deeds of their ancestors and slay the righteous by wholesale, insomuch that the harlot that rides the scarlet colored beast is said to be drunk with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus. But this will be the climax and end of their wickedness; Israel will then have come to her years, the days of recompense, as saith the Lord by the hand of Ezekiel (22:2-4); " Thou son of man wilt thou judge, wilt thou judge the bloody city? yea, thou shalt show her all her abominations. Then say thou, Thus saith the Lord God, The city sheddeth blood in the midst of it, that her time may come; and maketh idols against herself to defile herself. Thou art become guilty in thy blood that thou hast shed; and hast defiled thyself in thine idols which thou hast made; and thou hast caused thy days to draw near, and art come even unto thy years.”

The voice from heaven said, Reward her as she hath rewarded you." But to whom is this spoken? The Scriptures that we have cited show that all the righteous blood shed upon the earth from the beginning will be required of the rebellious house of Israel. The righteous therefore from the beginning will be raised from the dead, and will be employed as the executioners of the judgments written upon this persecutor and murderer of the righteous,— this bloody city, her wicked rulers, and people. Therefore it is said in verse 20, “Rejoice over her, thou heaven and ye holy apostles and prophets, for God hath avenged you on her.” The advice given to the Roman Christians by Paul is this, " Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath, for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord” (12:19). Therefore when the righteous have finished their course, have kept the faith, and have died in the Lord, many of them by the hand of the persecutor, and when they are raised from the dead immortal and are as the angels, they will then be sent forth as the angels have been in the past, to punish and destroy the wicked by the command of God, even as Paul spake to the church at Corinth, saying, “Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world?” (1 Cor. 6:2). The holy apostles and prophets who have suffered death by the hand of the enemy and the avenger, when raised from the dead, will be conspicuous among those who will be engaged to execute judgment upon the children of wickedness in the earth.

SHE SHALL BE UTTERLY BURNED WITH FIRE (REV. 18:8) Jerusalem was burned down by the hand of the king of Babylon, and the Temple destroyed, and her people fell by the sword and by captivity. The city and Temple were rebuilt on the return of the captivity of Judah from Babylon; and for the wickedness of its inhabitants it was destroyed again by the Romans after the days of Christ and the apostles. But in those times there was only the house of Judah in the land. But the next, and last time that Jerusalem and her Temple will be consumed and destroyed by the enemy will be when the whole twelve tribes will be dwelling in the land, when the whole house of Israel will fall by the famine, by the pestilence, and by the sword, when Judah and Israel will make their last stand together in the city of Jerusalem, as shown by the Prophet Ezekiel in the third, fourth, and fifth chapters of the book of his prophecies, at which time one-third of the house of Judah will go into captivity for a measured term of forty years' duration, and the house of Israel will also go into a measured term of captivity of 390 years' duration. These captivities overlap the millennial period of the reign of Christ and of the saints.

Moreover the troubles, the sorrows, and the anguish of these captives who go down to the great and wide sea of nations in human ships which do business in great waters, are graphically described by Moses in the twenty-sixth chapter of Leviticus, and also how the Lord will bring them again to their desired haven of rest when they repent and cry unto him. The destruction of Jerusalem and her people in the latter day will far exceed in magnitude and importance any of the misfortunes and calamities of the past, because Israel will then be as the sand of the sea for multitude, and Jerusalem will be great, mighty, and populous, a mart of nations, her merchants, princes, and her nobles, the honorable of the earth. These things appear by what is said of her by those who have been made rich by traffic in the abundance of her delicacies and varied merchandise when they see the smoke of her burning, standing afar off.

WAILING OF THE KINGS OF THE EARTH (REV. 18:9-10) And the kings of the earth who have committed fornication and lived deliciously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they see the smoke of her burning, standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgment come.”

WAILING OF THE MERCHANTS (REV. 18:11-17) (Verse 11) And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her, for no man buyeth their merchandise any more. The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner of ivory, and all manner of vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble, and cinnamon, and odours, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine four, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls (persons) of men, and the fruits that thy soul lusted after are departed from thee, and all things which were dainty and goodly are departed from thee, and thou shalt find them no more at all. The merchants of these things, which were made rich by her, shall stand afar off for the fear of her torment, weeping and wailing, and saying, Alas, alas, that great city that was clothed, in fine linen and purple and scarlet, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls! For in one hour so great riches is come to nought."

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WAILING OF THE SHIPMASTERS (REV. 18: 17-19) "And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea stood afar off and cried, when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like unto this great city! And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas, that

great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.”

REJOICINGS OVER HER PUNISHMENT (REV. 18:20) Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye holy apostles and prophets, for God hath avenged you on her.”

A SYMBOL OF HER DESTRUCTION (REV. 18:21-23) " And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all. And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters shall be heard no more at all in thee, and no craftsman of whatever craft he be shall be found any more in thee, and the sound of a millstone shall be heard no more at all in thee. And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee, and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee; for thy merchants were the great men of the earth, for by thy sorceries were all nations deceived."

THE BLOOD OF PROPHETS AND SAINTS (REV. 18:24) And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth.” This allegation, this charge, can be affirmed of no other city on the face of the earth, than the nation of Israel. This is proved beyond the possibility of contradiction by the words of the Lord Jesus Christ himself, spoken directly to Jerusalem and to the people of Israel themselves (Luke 13:33).

REJOICINGS OF THE HUNDRED FORTY AND FOUR THOUSAND

(REV. 19:1-3) In chapter 19 John writes saying, “And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia, Salvation and glory, and honour, and power unto the Lord our God; for true and righteous are his judgments, for he hath judged the great whore which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand. And again they said Alleluia.

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AND HER SMOKE ROSE UP FOR EVER AND EVER (REV. 19:3) This oracle is not intended to convey the idea that when Jerusalem is burned to ashes for the last time in the latter days by the enemy, she will continue to burn and never cease burning, and that her smoke will never cease to rise from her ruins. But it signifies that she will be utterly consumed and that the fires will burn and her smoke will continue to rise until that consumption is accomplished. Again the angel said, “Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all ” (Rev. 18:21). Again the prophet saith of her, “The lofty city he layeth low; he layeth it low, even to the ground; he bringeth it even to the dust; the foot shall tread it down, even the feet of the poor and the steps of the needy" (Isa. 26:5-6). And again the prophet saith of her, “Thou hast made of a city an heap; of a defenced city a ruin; it shall never be built" (Isa. 25:2).

Now in view of the fact that Jerusalem is again to be the chief city of the earth after this for a thousand years, how is this to be reconciled with these sayings, that it shall never be built, and never shall be any more? We reply that this and similar Scriptures are to be interpreted as follows: Abraham had two sons, one by a bondmaid, the other by a free woman, "Which things are an allegory,” saith Paul (Gal. 4: 24), “ for these are (or represent) the two covenants, the one from Mount Sinai which gendereth to bondage which is Agar. For this Agar is Mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children," and the Scripture saith that this bondwoman and her son are to be cast out, to give place to the free woman and her son, or the new covenant.

Therefore it is that Jerusalem under the old covenant as it has been in the past and as it is yet to be in the future under the second manifestation of the law, after the second exodus, will be cast out with her children and will never be any more, and never will be built again under the old covenant. Jerusalem has been a city of wickedness and provocation in the past, and in the future will exceed the past; but when her time comes, all her sins will be visited upon her and her children; not one jot or tittle of the curses of the law will fail to be visited upon her. The old heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements of the law will melt with fervent heat, and the earth (that is, the Hebrew earth) and the works thereof shall be burned up, or, as saith the prophet, “The transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it, and it shall fall and not rise again” (Isa. 24: 17-23).

These things are all plain to him that understands the position and condition of Jerusalem under the old covenant, and the exalted condition of Jerusalem and her children under the new. Jerusalem will be built the last time under the new covenant, and will therefore never appear nor exist again under the old covenant which will then have passed away with sound of trumpet, with war, and garments rolled in blood.

To these rejoicings of the hundred forty and four thousand, and to the truth of the things set forth therein, the body of Christ symbolized by the four beasts and the four and twenty elders responds, Amen, Alleluia," as it is said in verse 4, " And the four and twenty elders and the four beasts fell down and worshipped God that sat on the throne, saying, Amen, Alleluia." It might be objected that the rejoicings set forth in the first part of this chapter should be ascribed to the hundred forty and four thousand from the fact they are mortal men dwelling on the earth, inasmuch as John says, “I heard a great voice of much people in heaven," but this apparent difficulty disappears when we return to what is said of the hundred forty and four thousand (Rev. 14), “And I looked, and lo a Lamb stood on the Mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads. And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder, and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps."

Now in this instance the voice which John heard from heaven is unmistakably the voice of the hundred forty and four thousand, as the sound of many waters and as the voice of a great thunder. They sing of themselves.

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