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weakness and humiliation, but in the day here spoken of when the whole house of Israel will be dwelling in the land and when that same rebellious element will be manifest in Jerusalem that he had to contend with before among his people,- at this coming they will be made willing by judgment, when he will trample them down as the mire of the streets, together with their allies and helpers. Therefore it is further said in this Psalm, “The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath, he shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill the places with the dead bodies, he shall wound the heads over many countries ” (especially the seven heads of the beast).

And that Christ comes in the latter days as a man of war is evident from what is said in the Revelation, “ In righteousness he doth judge and make war." And again it is evident from what is also contained in the forty-fifth Psalm (verse 3) saying, “Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O Most Mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty, and in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness, and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things. Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies, whereby the people fall under thee.” Now that Jesus of Nazareth is here spoken of, is proved by the fact that the two following verses which refer to the same person are quoted by Paul in his letter to the Hebrews (1:8) and are there applied to Christ.

The wars that Christ will wage and the battles which he will fight in the latter days will be after the manner of the wars and battles fought in times past by the God of Israel. For instance, in the battle of the great day of God Almighty, when Gog and all his mighty armies fall upon the mountains of Israel, the means by which the Lord Jesus Christ cuts him down, as spoken of by Ezekiel, are pestilence, and by turning every man's sword against his brother, and by an overflowing rain, great hailstones, fire and brimstone. These miraculous means are the same as the Lord has used in times of old. When the heaven was opened to John in vision, he saw the invisible agency (invisible to men in the flesh) by which the transgressors in Israel and the enemies of the true Israel of God, either of the Jews or Gentiles, are overthrown and destroyed from before him, as follows.

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A WHITE HORSE” (REV. 19:11) The Prophet Isaiah says, “Now the Egyptians are men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit.” The horses of Israel therefore are spirit, and white is the symbol of purity and holiness and virtue. In this vision Christ Jesus rides upon this horse, and is called “Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war."

HIS EYES WERE AS A FLAME OF FIRE (REV. 19:12) As fire penetrates and consumes, so our God is a consuming fire ” (Heb. 12: 29). He tries the hearts of the children of men, to give to every man according to his works; therefore it is written, “God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil" (Eccles. 12:14).

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Before Jesus ascended on high after his resurrection, he said to his disciples, “All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth ”; and Peter afterwards in his epistle said of him, “Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God, angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him” (1 Pet. 3:22). All kings therefore reign by his permission, and in the latter days he will put down his own rebellious nation and exalt them of low degree,

even the remnant of Israel, and give them power over all nations to rule them with a rod of iron.

HIS HIDDEN NAME

He who rides the white horse“ had a name written, that no man knew but he himself,"— that is, he had a name that no one knew in the sense of having in his possession the things that name implies. He alone has the name and the things contained therein.

CLOTHED WITH A VESTURE DIPPED IN BLOOD (REV. 19:13) The prophet inquired saying (Isa. 63), “Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat?” The reason is given saying, “I have trodden the wine-press alone, and of the people there was none with me, for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury, and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment." These people that he tramples in fury are his own erring people of whom he says, “You only have I known of all the families of the earth, therefore will I punish you for all your iniquities (Amos 3:2).

THE WORD OF GOD

“ His name is called the word of God.” The word and name and power of God the Father was placed in Christ. The Father saith, “I have put my spirit upon him ” (Isa. 42:1). John the Baptist said, “For God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him.” Paul says, “In him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.” Therefore the Spirit's work becomes his work, and the Spirit's history becomes his history, so that all that the Father has done by the power of the Holy Spirit is attributed to Christ, as well as to the Father himself. Therefore Paul says that the worlds were made by him, saying to the Hebrews, “ By whom also he made the worlds.” Moreover all the names that God himself bears and has, are bestowed upon Christ. He is even called “The Everlasting Father” (Isa. 9:6). Therefore Jesus said to Philip, “ He that hath seen me, hath seen the Father” (John 14:9).

“THE ARMIES OF HEAVEN (REV. 19:14) “And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.” These armies are spoken of in the plural number. They are the saints made perfect and are constituted in the resurrection after the model in the wilderness, the four grand divisions of the armies of Israel as they marched when Moses said, “ Rise up, Lord, and let thine enemies be scattered, and let them that hate thee flee before thee.” This will be fulfilled in the resurrection when Jesus, the great captain of the Lord's hosts, goes forth upon his white horse and when the armies of heaven follow him upon white horses, to scatter his enemies, the rebellious tribes of Israel and the armies of the nations.

These armies are called four beasts and four and twenty elders in this book of symbols. Zechariah speaks of them as four chariots that come out from between two mountains of brass which are the two brazen kingdoms, the house of Israel and the house of Judah. These chariots are drawn by horses of different colors, indicating the different forms of judgment that these armies of the heavens are to inflict upon the children of wickedness as they walk through the north and the south countries of Israel and Judah, to quiet God's spirit in these countries by judgment.

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A SHARP SWORD (REV. 19:15) “And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he might smite the nations.” The Lord speaks of Christ by the prophet Isaiah (11:4), saying, “He shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.” Therefore Jesus says to the churches who did wrong, Repent, or else I will come unto thee quickly and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.” “The word of God is quick and powerful and sharper than any two-edged sword,” saith Paul to the Hebrews. Therefore when Christ speaks, the work will be done, as it is said, “With the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.” And again, "Through the voice of the Lord (Jesus) shall the Assyrian be beaten down, which smote with a rod” (Isa. 30: 30-33). The breath of the Lord, like a stream of brimstone, kindles the fires that consume the Assyrian.

THE IRON RULE (REV. 19:15) “He shall rule the nations with a rod of iron.” With the experience of about sixteen centuries from the creation to the flood, the children of men demonstrated what manner of spirit was in them, which proved to be the spirit of rebellion (with few exceptions), and the disposition to walk after the imagination of their own evil hearts; and the devastation of the flood did in no wise change that spirit. Therefore when the Lord smelled a sweet savor that arose from Noah's sacrifice, he said in his heart, “I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake, for (though, margin) the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth." Therefore, as Paul said at Lystra, “God in times past, suffered all nations to walk in their own ways.” But he said again at Athens, “The times of this ignorance God winked at, but now commandeth all men everywhere to repent." But this command has been utterly disregarded by every nation of the earth, as nations; even the nation of Israel killed those who showed before of the coming of the Just One, of whom also, when he came, they were the betrayers and murderers. A few, chiefly obscure persons and those of low degree, respected the command, as Paul said to the Corinthians (I 1:26), "Ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble are called.”

But when the age of iron rule arrives, which will be after the Lord judges his own people Israel but spares a remnant over which the man child of David's line will be king, he who is destined and appointed to rule all nations with a rod of iron, as it is written of him in the Revelation (12:5), saying, “And she brought forth a man child who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron,”— then things will be changed. This little people, subject to a king like David and in David's line, will be established as a strong nation in Israel's land, with Jerusalem, the city of the great king, as its capital, and with the new Temple after the model which God gave the Prophet Ezekiel, to be built upon Mount Zion on the sides of the north as a house of prayer for all nations. When all these glorious things obtain, then this little kingdom of Israelites will be the chief nation upon the earth and the head of all the nations, great and small, — a nation unto which all the nations of the earth will be made subject and tributary, insomuch that it is written of them, saying, “The nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish, yea those nations shall be utterly wasted” (Isa. 60: 12). And again, “And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and queens thy nursing mothers; they shall bow down to thee with their faces toward the earth, and lick up the dust of thy feet" (Isa. 49:23). This brings us to consider

THE FEIGNED OBEDIENCE OF NATIONS Many of the strong and haughty nations of the earth will not relish complete subordination to the house of Israel, but when these nations are conquered and brought under with a rod of iron, and all insubordination suppressed by the strong hand of power, they will indeed submit, for they must either do that, or be utterly destroyed; but their submission will not be hearty nor real, but feigned, notwithstanding that the Lord reigneth and sitteth between the cherubims in the Holy of Holies in the Temple, and is the God of this little Hebrew nation in whose mouths there is no guile, a people whom the Lord has exalted from the dust to dwell on high, and of whom it is written, saying, “For he bringeth down them that dwell on high, the lofty city (Babylon) he layeth it low, he layeth it low even to the ground, he bringeth it even to the dust. The foot shall tread it down, even the feet of the poor and the steps of the needy” (Isa. 26:5-6). Again the Lord speaks of them by another prophet, Ezekiel (14:22), saying, “ Yet, behold, therein shall be left a remnant that shall be brought forth, both sons and daughters; behold, they shall come forth unto you, and ye shall see their way and their doings: and ye shall be comforted concerning the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, even concerning all that I have brought upon it. And they shall comfort you, when ye see their ways and their doings: and ye shall know that I have not done without cause all that I have done in it, saith the Lord God."

This people which are the hundred forty and four thousand of the Book of the Revelation, are the poor of the tribes and sealed out of all the tribes of Israel, as it is testified of them, saying, "I will leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and poor people, they shall trust in the name of the Lord. The remnant of Israel shall not do iniquity, nor speak lies, neither shall a deceitful tongue be found in their mouth” (Zeph. 3:13). Therefore it is written by Moses of this little Israelitish kingdom, saying, “ Happy art thou, O Israel; who is like unto thee, O people, saved by the Lord, the shield of thy help, and who is the sword of thy excellency and thine enemies shall be subdued liars (margin) unto thee (that is they will feign obedience), and thou shalt tread upon their high places,”— that is upon the capitals of their countries (Deut. 33: 29).

Again the Lord speaks of his rebellious people, saying, “ O that my people had hearkened unto me, and Israel had walked in my ways! I should soon have subdued their enemies, and turned my hand against their adversaries; the haters of the Lord should have (margin) lied or yielded feigned obedience unto him, but their time should have endured forever” (Ps. 81: 13-15). This is the kind of submission that many of the nations of the earth will yield under the iron rule in the ages to come.

Moreover, when God lays a heavy hand upon the nations of the earth to compel obedience, the Psalmist says, “Say unto the Lord, How terrible art

, thou in thy works; through the greatness of thy power shall thine enemies (margin) lie or yield feigned obedience unto thee " (66:3). Again, when Christ the Lord is made head of the heathen, it is written of him, saying,

As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me; the strangers shall lie, or yield feigned obedience unto me (margin), the strangers shall fade away, and

, be afraid out of their close places” (Ps. 18:44-45), that is, out of their strongly fortified places.

By similitude, mountains and hills represent empires and kingdoms, great and small; therefore it is written, “And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house (the kingdom of Israel) shall be established in the top of the mountains (the great kingdoms) and shall be exalted above the hills (the lesser states); and all nations shall Aow unto it” (Isa. 2:2).

THE WINE-PRESS OF THE FIERCENESS AND WRATH OF ALMIGHTY GOD

(REV. 19:15) Just in the ratio that the people of Israel have been honored and favored above all other nations by the Lord, so will their punishment be for rebellion and disobedience. Paul asks and answers the question, "What advantage then hath the Jew, or what profit is there of circumcision? Much every way; chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God” (Rom. 3:1-2). Again he says that his brethren "are Israelites, to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises, whose are the fathers, and of whom, as concerning the Aesh, Christ came, who is over all, God blessed forever, Amen” (Rom. 9:4-5). Wherefore it is contained in the one hundred and forty-seventh Psalm, saying (verses 19-20), “He showeth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and judgments unto Israel. He hath not dealt so with any nation, and as for his judgments, they have not known them.”

Wherefore the Lord said to them, that insomuch as they were the only nation that he ever knew, therefore he would punish them according to their iniquities. And as their sins have reached unto heaven, God will remember their iniquities and will render double unto them for all their works. The people that the King of Kings will tread in the wine-press, are the people

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