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FOUNTAIN Of LIFE.
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Wherein four weighty Ends of Christ's Humiliation are opened, and particularly applied.
Isa. llii. 2. He Jba.ll see the travail of his fouls and be satisfied.
WE arc now arrived at the last particular which we design' ed to speak to in Christ\/?«f* of humiliation, namely, the defigns and blessed ends for which he was so deeply abased. It is iocoaiistent with the prudence of a common agent, to be at vast expences of time, pains, and cost, and not to propound to himself a design worthy of all those expences. And it is much less imaginable, that Christ shouldso stupendoufly abase himself, by stooping from the bosom of his Father to the state of the dead, where our last disconrse left him, if there had not been some excellent, and glorious thing in his eye, the attainment whereof, might give him a content and satissaction, equivalent to all the sorrows, and abasements, he endured for it.
And so much is plainly held forth in this scripture, " He shall M see the travail of his sold, and be satisfied." In which words three things sast under our consideration.
First, The travailing pangs of Christ. So the agonies of his sonl, and torments of his body are fitly called, not only because of the sharpness and acutenels of them, being in that respect, like birth-pangs of a travailing woman, for so this * word signifies, but also because they fore-run, and make way for the birth, which abundantly recompences all those labours. I shall not here insist upon the pangs and agonies endured by Christ in the garden, or upon the crols, which the prophet stiles " the travail of his "soul," having, in the former sermons, opened it largely in its particulars, but pass to the
* *?1S£, uS<c», This word signifies both the birth and pain attend* ihg it. Strigei.
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Second Thing considerable in these words; and that is the affured fruits and effects of this his travail; he shall see the travail of his foul. By feeing, understand the lruition, obtainment, or enjoyment of the end of his sufferings. He shall not flied his blood upon an hazard: his design shall not milcarry; but he shall certainly fee the ends he aimed at accomplished.
And Thirdly, This shall yield him great satissaction: as a "woman forgets her sorrow, for joy that a man is born into "the world," John xvi. 21. he shall fee it, and be satisfied. As God, when he had sinished the work of creation, viewed, that his work with pleasure and satissaction' so doth our exalted Redeemer, with great contentment, behold the happy issues of his hard sufferings. It affords pleasure to a man to fee great affairs, by orderly conduct, brought to happy issues. Much more doth it yield delight to Jesus Christ, to fee the results of that molt prosound wisdom and love, wherein he carried on re'demption-work. All runs into this doctrine.
Doct. That all the blessed defigns and ends for -which the Lord Jesus Christ humbled himself to the death of the crofs, shall certainly be attained, to his full content and satisfaction.
M Y present business Is not to prove, that Christ shall certainly obtain what he died for; nor to open the great satissaction and pleasure which will arise to him out of those issues of his death, but to point at the principal ends of his death; making some brief improvements as we pass along.
First, Then let us enquire into the designs and ends of Christ's humiliation, at least the main and principal ones; and we shall find, that as the sprinkling of the typical blood in the Old Testament was done for four weighty ends or uses, answerably, the precious and invaluable blood of the Testator and surety of the New Testament is shed for four weighty ends also.
First, That blood was shed and applied to deliver from danger; Exod. xii. 13. " And the blood shall be to you for a "f token upon the houses where you are; and when I fee "the blood, I will pass over you: and the plague shall not be
upon you, to destroy you when I smite the land of Egypt."
f The Jews implicitly acknowledged by this ceremony, that they were to be liberated from eternal death by the blood of the Meffialit Vatab.
Secondly, That blood was shed to make an atonement betwixt God and the people; Lev. iv. 20. And he shall do with the "bullock as he did with the bullock for a sin-offering; so shall "he do with this; and the priest shall make an atonement for "them, and it shall be forgiven them."
Thirdly, That blood was shed to purify persons from their ceremonial pollutions, Lev. xiv. 6. 7. "He shall dip the cedar '* wood, and scarlet, and hyssop, with the living bird, in the "blood of the bird that was^kitted over the running water, and "he shall sprinkle upon him that is to be cleansed from the "leprosy seven times*; and shall pronounce him clean, and "shall let the living bird loose in the open field,"
Fourthly, That f blood was shed to ratify and confirm the testament or covenant of God with the people, Exod. xxiv. 8. '' And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people and "said, behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord hath "made with you concerning all these words." These were the four main ends for shedding, and sprinkling that typical blood. Suitably, there are four principal ends for fliedding and applying Christ's blood. As that typical blood was sbed to deliver from danger, so this was slied to deliver from wrath, even the wrath to come. That was slied to make an atonement, so was this. That was shed to purify persons from uncleannefs, so was this. That was shed to confirm the Testament, so was this. As will appear in the following particulars more at large.
First, One principal design and end of sbedding the blood of Christ was to deliver his people from danger, the danger of that 'wrath -which burns down to the lowest hell. So you sind, 1 Thess, i. 10. "Even Jesus who delivered us from the wrath to come." Here our misery is both specified and aggravated. Specified, in calling it wrath, a word of deep and dreadful signification. The damned best understand the importance of that word. And aggravated, in calling it wrath to come, or coming wrath'. Wrath to come implies both the futurity and perpetuity of this wrath. It is wrath that shall certainly and inevitably come upon sinners. As sure as the night follows the day. As sure as the winter follows the summer, so shall wrath follow sin, and the pleasures thereof. Yea, it is not only certainly future, but when
* Seven times, Signifies perfect expiation; this number was consecrated to denote perfection. Memch. '' '' ,"
f The Jliedding and sprinkling of blood signifies that the covenant would be sare and stable, even with the hazard of life. [Rivet.
it comes it will be abiding wrath, or wrath still coming. . When millions of years and ages are past and gone, this will still be 'wrath to come. Erer coming as a river ever flowing.
Now, from this wrath to come, hath Jesus delivered his people by his death. For that was the price laid down for their redemption from the wrath of the great and terrible God, Rom. v. 9. " Much more then being justified by his blood, we shall "be saved from wrath through him." The blood of Jesus was the price that ransomed man from this wrath. And it was (hed not only to deliver them from -wrath to come, but to deliver them freely, fully, distinguishingly, and wonderfully from it.
First, Freely, by his own voluntary interposition and susception of the mediatorial office, moved thereunto by his own bowels of compassion; which yearned over his elect in their misery %. The saints were once a lost generation, that had fold themselves, and their inheritance also; and had not wherewithal to redeem either: but they had a near kinsman (even their elder brother by the mother's side) to whom the right of redemption did belong; who being a mighty man of wealth, the heir of all things, undertook to be their Goell; and out of bis own proper substance to redeem both them and their inheritance. Them to be his own inheritance, Eph. i. 10. And heaven to be theirs, 1 Pet. i. 4. All this he did most freely, when none made supplication to him. No sighing of the prisoners came before him. He designed it for us before we had a being. And when the purposes of his grace were come to their parturient fulness, then did he freely lay out the insinite treasures of his blood to purchase our deliverance from wrath.
Secondly, Christ"by death hath delivered his people fully. A full deliverance it is, both in respect of time and degrees. A full deliverance in respect of time. It was not a reprieve, but a deliverance. He thought it not worth the sbedding of his blood to respite the execution for a while. Nay, in the procurement of their eternal deliverance from wrath, and in the purchase of their eternal inheritance, he hath but an even bargain, not a jot more than his blood was worth. Therefore is he become *' the author of (eternal salvation) to them that obey him," Heb. v. 9. And as it is full in respect of titoe, so likewise io respect of degrees. He died not to proenrp a mitigation or abatement of the rigour or severity of the sentence, but to rescue his people fully from all degrees of wrath. So that there