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his death, resurrection, alcenfion, yea, of his very present intercession in heaven, and shew it to us. He can be with us in a moment, he can, (as * one well observes), tell yeu what were the very last thoughts Christ was thinking in heaven about you. It was he that formed the body of Christ in the womb, and so prepared him to be a sacrifice for us. He filled that humanity with his unexampled fulness f. So fitting and anointing him for the discharge of his office.

It is he that puts efficacy into the ordinances, and without him they would be but a dead letter. It was he that blessed' them to your conviction and conversion J. For if angels had been the preachers, no conversion had followed without the Spirit. It is he that is the vineulum unionis, bond of union betwijtr Christ and your fouls, without which you could never have had interest in Christ, or communion with Christ. It v/as he that so often hath helped your infirmities, when you knew not what to say; comforted your hearts when they were overwhelmed within you, and you knew not what to do; preserved you many thousand times from sin and ruin, when you have betn upon the slippery brink of it in temptations. It is he, (in his sanctifying-work), that is the best evidence your fouls have for heaven. It were endless to enumerate the mercies you have by him. And now, reader, dost thou not blush to think how unworthy thou hast treated such a friend? For which of all these bis offices or . benefits dost thou grieve and quench him? O grieve not the Holy Spirit whom Christ sent as loon as ever he came to heaven, in his Father's name, and in his own name, to perform all these offices for you.

'Infer. 5. Is Christ ascended to the Father as our forerunner? "Fhen the door of salvation stands open to all believers, and by virtue of Christ's afeenfim, they also /hall ascend after him, far above all visible' heavens ||, O my friends, what place hath Ghrist prepared and taken up for you! what a splendid habitation hath he provided for you !" God is not ashamed to be: *< called your God; for he hath prepared for you a city," Heb, xi. 16. ]fi that city Christ hath provided mansions, and restingplaces for your everlasting abode, John xiv. 2., and keeps thtnv.

* Mr. Tho. Goodwin. f Luke i. Jj. Isa. lxi. 1. Col. i. 19J 2 Cor. ix. 6. John xvi. 9. I Pet. u 12. 1 John iii. 24

Rotn. viii. 9,"26. John xiv. 26. Ezek. xxxvi. 17.

|| The hope of suture inheritance is most fully secured to us in our

Head, and we are set down together with him in heaven, Eph. i'<

6. Synopfis purioris Thsol. Diff. 28. /' 342.

for you till your coming. O how august and glorious a dwelling is that,, moon, and stars, shall shine as much below your feet, as th*y are now above your heads? Yea, filch is the lore Christ hath to the believer, that, as one saith, if thou only hadst been the chosen of God, Christ would have built that house for himself and thee. Now it is for himself, for thee, and for many more, who shall inherit with thee. God send us a joyful meeting within the veil with our Forerunner, and sweeten our passage into it, with many a foresight and foretaste thereof. And, in the mean time, let the love of a Saviour enflame our hearts, so that whenever we cast a look towards that place, where our Forerunner is for us entered, our fouls may say, with melting affections, Thanks be to God for Jesus Christ; and again, Blessed be Godfor bis unspeakable gift.

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Wherein Christ's fitting at God's right-hand is explained and applied, being the third Step of his glorious Exaltation.

Heb. 1. 3. When he had by himself purged our fins, [at down

en the right-hand of the majesty on high.

CHRIST being returned again to his Father, having sinished his whole work on earth, is there bid by the Father to sit down in the seat of honour and rest. A feat prepared for him at God's right-hand, that makes it honourable; and all his enemies as a footstool under his feet that makes it easy. How nrnch is the state and condition of Jesus Christ changed in a few days! Here he groaned, wept, laboured, suffered, sweat, yea, swear blood, aud found no rest in this world, but when he comes to heaven, there he enters into rest. Sits down for ever in the highest and eafiest throne, prepared by the Father for him, when he had done his work. "When he had by himself purged our "sins, he sat down," isc.

The scope of this epistle is to demonstrate Christ to be the fulness of all legal types and ceremonies, and that whatever light glimmered to the world through them, yet it was but as the light of the day-star, to the light of this fun. In this chapter, Christ the subject of the epistle, is described, and particularly, in this third verse, he is described three ways.

First, By his essential and primeval glory and dignity, he is MwvyitffpM, the brightness of his Father's glory, the very splendor ot glory, the very refulgeacy of that son of glory. ," * The primary reason of that appellation is with respect to ** his eternal and ineffable generation, light of light, as the "Nicene creed expresses it. As a beam of light proceeding from "the fun. And the secondary reason of it, is with relpect to ** men," for look as the fun communicates its light and influence to us, by its beams, which it projects; so doth God communicate his goodness, and manifest himself to us, by Christ. "Yea, "he is the express image, or character of his person. Not as "the impressed image of the seal upon the wax, bur as the en"graving in the seal itself f." Thus he is described by his essential glory.

Secondly, He is described by the work he wrought here on earth, in his humbled state, and it was a glorious work, and that wrought out by his own single band, " when he had by "himself purged our sins." A work that all the angels in heaven could not d», but Christ did it.

Thirdly, and lastly, He is described by his glory, the which (as a reward of that work) he now enjoys in heaven. "When "he had by himself purged our sins, he sat down on the right"hand of the majesty on high," i. e. the Lord cloathed him with the greatest power, and highest honour, that heaven itself could afford; for so much this phrase of" sitting down on the

right-hand of the majesty" imports, as will appear in the explication of this point, which is the result of this clause, viz.

Dost. That when cur Lord Jesus Christ had finished his work on earth, he was placed in the feat of the highest honour, and authority s at the right-hand of God in heaven.

This truth is transformingly glorious. Stephen had but a glimpse of Christ at his Father's right-hand, and it caused " his "sace to shine, as it had been the sace of an angel," Acts vii. 56. This, his high advancement, was foretold and promised

* Ratio appellationes pr'maria es respeftu Patris cttleslis a quo eib aterm, per ineffabilem generationem irtstar luminis, de lumine resplenduit, secundaria respeflu hominum, &c. Glass. Rhet. p. J74

f Xctfxrluv insculpere dicitur, non tarn imaginem ex stgillo eerie imprejsatn, quant ipjumstgillum denature. Glass. Rhet. sac. p. i$9. before the work of redemption was taken in hand, Psal. ex. 1. "The Lord laid unto my Lord, sit thou at my right-hand, "until I make thine enemies thy footstool." And this promise was punctually performed to Christ, after his resurrection and ascension, in his lupreme exaltation, sar above all created beings, in heaven and earth, Eph. i. 20, 21, 22. We shall here open two things in the doctrinal part, viz. What is meant by God's right-hand, and what is implied in Christ's sitting there, with his enemies for a footstool.

First, What are we to understand here by God's right-hand? + It is obvious enough, that the expression is not proper, but figurative and borrowed. God hath no hand, right or left; but if is a condescending expression, wherein God stoops to the creature's understanding, and by it he would have us to understand honour, power, and nearness.

First, The right-hand is the hand of honour, the upper hand, where we place those whom we highly esteem and honour. So Solomon placed his mother in a seat, at his righthand, 1 Kings ii. 10. So, in token of honour, God sets Christ at his right-hand; which, on that account, in the text is called the right-hand of Majesty. God hath therein expressed more favour, delight, and honour, to Jesus Christ, than fiver he did to any creature. "To which of the angels said he "at any time, fit thou on my right-hand?" Heb. i. 13.

Secondly, The right-hand is the hand of power: we call it the -weapon band, and the -working hand. And the setting of Christ there, imports his exaltation tb the highest authority, and most supreme dominion. Not that God the Father hath put himself out of his authority, and advanced Christ above himself; no, " for in that he saith he hath put all things un"der him, it is manifest that he is excepted which did put all "things under him," 1 Cor. xv. 27. But to sit as an entbrop« ed king at God's right-hand, imports power, yea, the most sovereign and supreme power; and so Christ himself calls the right-hand at which he sits, Mat. xxvi. 64. " Hereafter ye "shall see the Son of man sitting on the right-hand of pow"er."

Thirdly, And as it signifies honour and power, so nearness in

I The right hand of God denotes divine honour and glory, on which the Son of God, who existed before all ages, as God, in the highest, co-essential with the Father, and incarnate in the latter times, fat down with his glorified body. Damasc. lib. 4.1. 2. de trio. side.

place,' 9& we use to say at one's elbow, and so it is applied to Christ, in Psal. ex. 5. " The Lord at thy right-hand, {hall "strike through kings in the day of his wrath;" that is, the Lord, who is very near thee, present with thee, he shall subdue <biue enemies. This then is what we are to understand sty God's right-hand, honour, power, and nearness.

Secondly, In the next place let us see what is implied in Christ's fitting at God's right-hand, with his enemies for his foot-stool. And, if we attentively consider, we shall sind that it implies and imports divers great and weighty things in it. As,

First, It implies the compleating and perfecting of Christ's work, -that he came into the world about. After his work was ended, then he sat down and rested from those labours, Heb. x. U, 12. "Every priest standeth daily ministring, and offering "oftentimes the same sacrifices ; which can never take away "sins: but this man when he had once offered one sacrifice for *' sins, for ever sat down on the right-hand of God." Here he assigns a double difference betwixt Christ, and the Levitical priests; they stand, which is the posture of servants; he sits, which is the posture of a Ldrd. They stand daily, because their sacrifices cannot take away sin; he did his work fully, by one offering; and after that sits, or rests for ever in heaven. And this (as the accurate and judicious Dr. Reynolds * observes) was excellently sigured to us in the ark, which was a lively type of Jelus Christ, and particularly in this, it had rings by which it was carried up and down, till at last it rested in Solomon's temple, with glorious and triumphal solemnity, Psal. cxxxii. 8, 9. 2 Chron. v. 13. So Christ, while he was here on earth, beiig anointed with the Holy Ghost and wisdom, went about doing good, Acts x. 38. and having ceased from his works, did at last enter into his rest, Heb. v. 10. which is the heavenly temple, Rev. xi. 19.

Secondly, His f sitting down at God's right-hand, notes the high content and satissaction of God the Father in him, and in his work. "The Lord said to my Lord, sit thou on my .rightV hand ;" the words are brought in as the words of the Father, welcoming Christ to heaven; and (as it were) congratulating the

* Dr. Edward Reynolds, on Psalm ex. p. 3;, 36.

f They are said to sit down, who rest from their labour, and thereby refresh themselves, Gen. xviii. 1. in which fense some understand what is said of Christ. Tcfsit at God's right-hand, i. e. in the heavens, to rest in that eternal blessedness with God, from these labours and miseries to which he voluntarily subjected himself for ut. Ravan. on the -word to fit.

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