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a body of directions for the prosecution of their undertaking, which were themselves sufficient to refute those calumniators who impeach either his worth or his wisdom. Under his auspices, and admirable provisions, the great labour of love was commenced in the year 1007, and finished with incredible diligence in three years. Scrupulously: and some may think tediously, minute as were the injunctions, the divines, neither coveting praise for expedition, nor fearing reproach for slackness, exceeded them by first examining all the English translations, at the same time with the originals ; and then comparing both with Italian, Spanish, French, and Dutch copies...

So exact and so complete was this arduous üti: dertaking found, that, even amidst the subsequent changes in religious 'sentiments, few attempts were made to alter or improve it. In a pretended parliament, sanctioned by Oliver Cromwell, in 1656, a committee was appointed to revise the tratıslations of the Bible; but its members, after some altercation, separated, having determined that the Bible of King James was the best exs. tant. 1 in

Highly then may we consider ourselves indebted to the learned and venerable divines, in the reign of our first James, for having bequeathed to us so rich a legacy ;-highly favoured in God's having raised up these wise, assiduous, and accurate, translators, to express in our mother tongue, and in language at once plain and refined, intelligible and sublime, the mysteries of his holy word : and this without any mistake of the slightest importance to salvation; without any heretical translation, or wilful corruption of the text; without any expression of the virulence engendered by temporary politics or religious controversy ; and in a form so proper, so correct, so admirable, that, while most other books of the same date are becoming obsolete, and, in consequence of the changes in our language, require glossaries for their interpretation, this is now, after the lapse of two centuries, with a few inconsiderable exceptions, a standard of pure English and of chaste style, which, it is likely, our language being now settled, to continue to the latest generations.

Holy band of glorified worthies ! yours is now the enjoyment of a well-earned felicity, which can derive no heightening from the feeble tribute of human applause. Yet, while the world is occupied in extolling its patriots ; in wondering at its terfible subduers; in remunerating its statesmen and warriors ;--when statues, tablets, mausoleums are erected; and public honours liberally, I say not profusely or needlessly conferred, on those who have deserved well, by temporal services, of their country; perpetual and boundless gratitude forbids us to cease recording your illus

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trious labours, and celebrating your pre-eminent merits; though our empty praises seem poor in your eyes, and be of no benefit or value in your beatified condition,

His saltem accumulem donis, et fungar inani.
Munere.

CHAPTER X.

THE REIGN OF CHARLES I, TO THE BREAKING

QUT OF THE CIVIL WAR,

Contents.

1. Wisdom of the early Reformers: Observations on

Sects.--II. State of Parties : Arminians and Calvinists. III. Proceedings against Montague, for his Arminian Book.-IV. Encroachments of the Commons. ,

V. The Doctrine of passive Obedience. VI. Pou licy of the King's Arminian Predilections; Advancement of Laud.–VII. Fund for the Establishment of

Lectureships.~-VIII. Temper of the Commons.-IX. · Laud enforces Ceremonies.--X. Removal of Communion-tables ; and bowing to them.--XI. Puritare

Preachers in Oxford.-XII. Death of Abbot: Laud · Primate.--XIII. Laud promotes Juxon, and opposes

the Puritans.--XIV. Prynne's Histrio-Mastyx,-XV. The Libels of Burlon und Bastwicke.--XVI. Irish, Dutch, and Scotch Churches.--XVII. Church-ales.XVIII. The Book of Sports.—XIX. New Grounds .. of Offence: Bishops' Courts.—XX. Prosecution of

Bishop Williams.-XXI. Attempts of Puritans to leave the Kingdom.---XXII. Laud opposes Popery.XXIII. Bishop Hall's Treatise on Episcopacy.XXIV, Canons passed in Convocation.XXV. The

Long Parliament condemns the Canons.--XXVI. Laud impeached.-XXVII. Violence of the Com. mons, and Progress of Fanaticism.-XXVIII. Root and Branch Petition, &c. and Bill to deprive Bishops of Votes in the House of Lords.-XXIX. Committee of Scandalous Ministers.---XXX. Unjust Charge of Popery levelled at the King.--XXXI. Star Chamber and High Commission Court abolished.--XXXII, Thirteen Bishops impeached on account of the Canons.

XXXIII. The Bishops are assaulted ; their Protest : they are deprived of their Votes.--XXXIV. Question-Did the Bishops presume themselves to be a third Estate ?-XXXV. The Scots are engaged for the Parliament.-XXXVI. Characters of the opposed Armies.-XXXVII. Their Attendants the Preachess.--XXXVIII. State of the Metropolis,

I. MAN, by some unhappy fatality, as it would appear, in escaping from abuses, and in seeking the improvement of his moral or political condition, is ever apt to transgress the lir:2 of rea! melioration, and to rush into the opposite extreme. The spirit of reform, having once re ceived its propulsion, admits, in few instances, of being regulated or checked by the cold and cautious hand of prudence. Thus, when the Papal authority was abolished in this country, an aversion from the corruptions of the Romish church þurried many well-disposed but intemperate men into a hatred and hostility towards every establishment, which retained even the remotest similitude to that superstition. Correction of abuses with. ,

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