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And fright him there? and make him tremble there?
O, let it not be said : forage, and run
To meet displeasure farther from the doors,

60 And grapple with him ere he come so nigh. K. John. The legate of the pope hath been with me,

And I have made a happy peace with him;
And he hath promised to dismiss the powers

Led by the Dauphin.

O inglorious league ! - 65
Shall we, upon the footing of our land,
Send fair-play orders and make compromise,
Insinuation, parley and base truce
To arms invasive ? shall a beardless boy,
A cocker'd silken wanton, brave our fields, 70
And flesh his spirit in a warlike soil,
Mocking the air with colours idly spread,
And find no check? Let us, my liege, to arms:

Perchance the cardinal cannot make your peace; 67. compromise] comprimise Ff. 72. idly] idlely Ff 1, 2; idely Ff 3, 4.

59. forage] range abroad, or, per- 70. cocker'd ... wanton] Very comhaps, seize supplies by force. Com- mon in Elizabethan English. Cotpare Edward III. iv. iii. 81: “And grave throws light on this expression forage their country as they have -"To cocker : ... mignarder”; done ours." Shakespeare uses the “Mignarder : to lull, feddie, dandle, word several times. Compare Henry cherish, wantonnize, make much or V. 1. ii. 110:

make a wanton of.” Compare Gos“Stood smiling to behold his lion's son's Schoole of Abuse (Arber): “ They whelp

are cockered continually in those Forage in blood.”

islandes, where they see nothing but Cotgrave has “Fourrager: ... to Foxes, and Hares, wil never be perforrage, ... to ransack, ravage, boot suaded that there are huger beastes." hale it."

71. flesh] to make an animal savage 66-69. Shall we ... invasive ?] by foretaste of flesh. Compare Hakshall we, with our feet upon our own luyt (1577), ed. Maclehose, x. 498 : soil, make overtures of peace to in. “The tigers being fleshed on those vading forces ?

dead çarkeisse,”


Or if he do, let it at least be said

They saw we had a purpose of defence. K. John. Have thou the ordering of this present time. Bast, Away, then, with good courage ! yet, I know,

Our party may well meet a prouder foe. [Exeunt.

SCENE II.-The Dauphin's camp at St. Edmundsbury.

BiGoT, and Soldiers.
Lew. My Lord Melun, let this be copied out,

And keep it safe for our remembrance:
Return the precedent to these lords again;
That, having our fair order written down,
Both they and we, perusing o'er these notes, 5
May know wherefore we took the sacrament

And keep our faiths firm and inviolable.
Sal. Upon our sides it never shall be broken.

And, noble Dauphin, albeit we swear
A voluntary zeal and an unurged faith

10 To your proceedings; yet believe me, prince,

I am not glad that such a sore of time 3. precedent] Johnson ; president Ff. 78, 79. Away, then, . . . prouder I am confident that our party could foe] We can hardly agree with beat a stronger foe.” Johnson that the Bastard is here showing the white feather by mean

Scene 11. ing “ Yet I so well know the faintness of our party, that I think it may 1. this] the compact with the easily happen that they shall en- English lords. As an actual document counter enemies who have more it is evidently the same as the “prespirit than themselves." Quite the cedent," the original draft which was contrary meaning is more in keeping to be returned to the Englishmen, with the Bastard's character and while "it" in line 2 must have with the continual appeal to English meant the copy that Philip ordered patriotism in the play "Even now to be made,



Should seek a plaster by contemn'd revolt,
And heal the inveterate canker of one wound
By making many. O, it grieves my soul,
That I must draw this metal from my side
To be a widow-maker! O, and there
Where honourable rescue and defence
Cries out upon the name of Salisbury !
But such is the infection of the time,
That, for the health and physic of our right,
We cannot deal but with the very hand
Of stern injustice and confused wrong.
And is 't not pity, O my grieved friends,
That we, the sons and children of this isle,
Were born to see so sad an hour as this;
Wherein we step after a stranger, march
Upon her gentle bosom, and fill up
Her enemies' ranks,-I must withdraw and weep
Upon the spot of this enforced cause,–
To grace the gentry of a land remote,



16. metal] Rowe (ed. 2); mettle Ff. 27. stranger, march] Ff; stranger march Theobald ; stranger's march Long MS.; stranger monarch Herr conj.

14. And heall We may take the “And cried, in fainting, upon Rosaconstruction to be either “such a lind." I incline to the second intersore of time . . . (should) healor pretation, because it has more “ (I am not glad to heal."

connection with what goes before. 17-19. O, and there . . . Salisbury] “ It grieves my soul to draw my Two explanations of the meaning of sword in order to become a widow these lines are offered. (i.) The maker, and that among those whom English honourably engaged in fight. I ought to rescue and protect." ing on their country's side would 27. stranger, march] Theobald and exclaim against Salisbury as a traitor. some others would omit the comma Compare 1 Henry IV. iv. iii. 81: after “stranger," thus making it an “Cries out upon abuses." (ii.) The adjective = foreign, and qualifying English would call upon Salisbury “march" = martial music." to rescue and defend them, where 30. spot] stain, dishonour. I must “cry out upon” = cry upon. Com- withdraw and weep over this dispare As You Like It, iv. iii. 150: honour into which I am forced.

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And follow unacquainted colours here?
What, here? O nation, that thou couldst remove !
That Neptune's arms, who clippeth thee about,
Would bear thee from the knowledge of thyself, 35
And grapple thee unto a pagan shore;
Where these two Christian armies might combine
The blood of malice in a vein of league,

And not to spend it so unneighbourly!
Lew. A noble temper dost thou show in this ;

And great affections wrestling in thy bosom
Doth make an earthquake of nobility.
O, what a noble combat hast thou fought
Between compulsion and a brave respect !
Let me wipe off this honourable dew,

That silverly doth progress on thy cheeks :
My heart hath melted at a lady's tears,
Being an ordinary inundation;
But this effusion of such manly drops,
This shower, blown up by tempest of the soul, 50
Startles mine eyes, and makes me more amazed
Than had I seen the vaulty top of heaven
Figured quite o'er with burning meteors.

36. grapple] Pope ; cripple Ff; gripple Steevens conj. ; couple Gould conj. 43. thou] omitted in Ff 1, 2, 3.

34. clippeth] embraceth, as often the distaste for this course into which in Shakespeare.

you are compelled by force of circum39. to spend] This insertion of the stances, and a consideration of the mark of the infinitive is common in woes of your country which make you the case of the second of two infini- bravely take this course. Hanmer tives following an auxiliary verb. printed “compassion” for “com

42. Doth] Attracted into the singu- pulsion," while Capell conjectured lar" by the influence of “bosom.” compunction." Hanmer printed Do,while Pope 51. amazed] See iv. ii. 137 and iv. corrected ' affections” in the previous iii. 140 supra. Here the word more line to “affection.”

nearly means “ astonished.” 44. Between . . . respect] between

Lift up thy brow, renowned Salisbury,
And with a great heart heave away this storm: 55
Commend these waters to those baby eyes
That never saw the giant world enraged;
Nor met with fortune other than at feasts,
Full of warm blood, of mirth, of gossiping.
Come, come; for thou shalt thrust thy hand as deep 60
Into the purse of rich prosperity
As Lewis himself: so, nobles, shall you all,
That knit your sinews to the strength of mine.
And even there, methinks, an angel spake :


Look, where the holy legate comes apace, 65
To give us warrant from the hand of heaven,
And on our actions set the name of right

With holy breath.

Hail, noble prince of France !
The next is this, King John hath reconciled
Himself to Rome; his spirit is come in,


56. waters]F 1; warres F 2; warrs F 3; wars F 4. Cambridge ed. (Heath conj.); Full warm of Ff.

59. Full of warm]

64. And even ... spake] The only "shapes," i.e. = shapes itself, apsatisfactory explanation of this line pears; Herr “shakes.” In the Two is that of the Cambridge Editors, Angry Women of Abingdon the last who consider it a contemptuous aside part of scene vi. between Mistress of Lewis', with a play upon the word Goursey and Coomes turns upon “angel," suggested by “purse" and exactly the same pun upon the word “nobles.” There is also a reference “angel." to the entrance of Pandulph. Even 69. next] I can find no Shakethese explanations are not entirely spearian warrant for this peculiar use satisfactory. The Folios place the of “next.Did Shakespeare write stage-direction “Enter Pandulpho” “news," as he did in scores of after line 63. Hanmer read “speeds” similar situations ? for “spake"; Vaughan suggests

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