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To him will we prove loyal: till that time
Have we ramm'd up our gates against the world. K. John. Doth not the crown of England prove the king ? And if not that, I bring you witnesses,
We for the worthiest hold the right from both.
That to their everlasting residence,
In dreadful trial of our kingdom's king!
288, 289. Saint George . . . door] So Pope; the Folios end the first line at dragon.
276. Bastards, and else) Mr. Moore. The sign of “St. George and the Smith seems more accurate than Dragon ” must have been very comSchmidt in taking this to mean mon in Elizabethan times; indeed “Bastards and otherwise" instead it is not uncommon nowadays. Comof “ Bastards and such-like.”
pare Lyly, Euphues (ed. Arber, p. 281. Compound] settle among your- 47, line 288): “St. George, who is selves. Compare The Taming of ever on horseback yet never rideth.” the Shrew, 1. ii. 27: “We will com. 288. swinged] thrashed, whipped. pound this quarrel.”
A.S. swingan, to beat. Compare 285. fleet] Ait. Compare The 2 Henry Iỹ. v. iv. 21:Merchant of Venice, iv. i. 135: “Even “I will have you swinged soundly from the gallows did his fell soul for this.”' fleet.”
289. horse] Perhaps we ought to 288, 289. Saint George . . . door] read horse' to indicate the possessive. 290. some fence] literally “some 304. bleeding ground] Note the fencing.” Compare “An I thought transference of the adjective. he had been so valiant and cunning 308, 309. Upon the ... display'd] in fence” (Twelfth Night, 111. iv. 312), Vaughan connects" triumphantly and the phrase "a master of fence.”' display'd" with “French." Why
Teach us some fence! [To Aust.] Sirrah, were I at home,
290 At your den, sirrah, with your lioness, I would set an ox-head to your lion's hide,
And make a monster of you. Aust.
Peace! no more. Bast. O, tremble, for you hear the lion roar. K. John. Up higher to the plain; where we'll set forth 295
In best appointment all our regiments. Bast. Speed then, to take advantage of the field. K. Phi. It shall be so; and at the other hill Command the rest to stand. God and our right!
Here after excursions, enter the Herald of France, with
trumpets, to the gates. F. Her. You men of Angiers, open wide your gates, 300
And let young Arthur, Duke of Bretagne, in,
292. I would . . . hide] one more he should prefer this to the far more variation of the inevitable Elizabethan natural “ banners" does not appear. joke on the cuckold's horns.
Keightley inverts the line into
Who are at hand, triumphantly display'd,
310 Arthur of Bretagne England's king and yours.
Enter English Herald, with trumpet.
King John, your king and England's, doth approach,
Open your gates and give the victors way.
From first to last, the onset and retire 318. a staff] any staff Collier, ed. 2 (Collier MS.). “ Triumphantly display'd; who are To transfer dying to foes would at hand." This seems unnecessary. hardly be an improvement, and we
316. Hither ... blood] Compare are forced to believe that Shakespeare Macbeth, 11. iii. 118:
sacrificed sense a little for the sake of “Here lay Duncan playing with the sound. His silver skin laced with his 325. First Cit.] In the Folios the golden blood" ;
person here called the First Citizen is and Ford, 'Tis Pity, v. vi.: "gilt called Hubert. Mr. Knight retains with the blood of a fair sister and a this, identifying him with Hubert hapless father.” Compare also the de Burgh. Mr. Wright suggests phrase "red gold."
that the parts both of Hubert and of 318. staff] Here used as equivalent the Citizen were played by the same for the whole spear...
actor. In the Troublesome Raigne 323. Dyed ... dying] The play Hubert and the Citizen are two dis. upon words is obvious, and “ dying tinct persons. slaughter" may be compared with 326. retire] See line 253 and note. “bleeding ground," line 304 supra. supra.
330 Both are alike; and both alike we like. One must prove greatest: while they weigh so even,
We hold our town for neither, yet for both.
Say, shall the current of our right run on? 335
A peaceful progress to the ocean.
In this hot trial, more than we of France ;
Rather, lost more. And by this hand I swear, 335. run] Ff 3, 4; runne F 2; rome F 1; roam Malone; foam Nicholson conj.
327, 328. whose equality . . . cen- i. 33) is not, however, convincing. sured] our best eyes cannot dis- An old dictionary (1696) by Coles tinguish between the two claimants, gives “Censure : to judge, give so equally matched are you. Malone sentence," and the meaning in to says, “Our author ought to have judge" seems sufficient for our written 'whose superiority,' or passage. whose inequality' cannot be cen. 335. shall ... run on] Compare sured.” Vaughan explains, “whose v. iv. 56: “And calmly run on in equality is so exact that our best eyes obedience." In view of this there is can see no flaw in its completeness,” no doubt that run is the preferable and adds that “censure appears to be reading. a term specially applicable to the 344. climate] Here a portion of the discrimination of differences.” The sky. In Richard II. iv. i. 130 it is instance he quotes (Henry VIII. 1. used for a region of the earth (" That You equal potents, fiery kindled spirits ! 358. fiery kindled] fiery-kindled Pope ; fire-ykindled Collier, ed. 2 (Collier MS.); fire-enkindled Lettsom conj. in a Christian climate souls refined gives “to mouch” = “to eat up Should show as heinous ..."). greedily” (Linc.), and Coles, “to eat Cotgrave has "Climat : a clime, or up all.” climate ; a division in the skie, or 357. “havoc !”] The crying of portion of the world, between south “havoc 1" was the signal for indisand north” ; Coles (1696) “Climote criminate slaughter. Compare Julius (sic): clime, such a space of earth Cæsar, III. i. 273 :ibetween two parallel lines) as makes “Cry 'Havoc,' and let slip the half an hour's difference in the sun
That sways the earth this climate overlooks,
With slaughter coupled to the name of kings.
When the rich blood of kings is set on fire!
dogs of war.” dials and length of days.”
The New Eng. Dict. quotes (1385) 350. towers) soars.' See v. ii. 149 Ord. War Richard II. in Black Bk. infra. A hawking term. A grouse Admiralty (Rolls), i. 455:that rises high before dropping after “Item, qe nul soit si hardy de being mortally struck is still said to crier havok sur peine davoir la “ tower.”
teste coupe.” 354. mousing] generally given as 358. equal potents] equally “ tearing, as a cat tears a mouse." matched powers. A much better sense is given by tak- 358. fiery kindled] See readings ing the more obvious meaning of in the variant, supra. I would suggnawing, nibbling as a mouse does. gest“ fury-kindled spirits.” Compare The “ Well moused, Lion!” of A Ēdward III. 11. iii. 113: “Or that Midsummer-Night's Dream, v. i. 274, enkindled fury turn to flame”; and will also bear this interpretation. It Richard II.1. 1.152: “ Wrath-kindled is perhaps worth noting that Halliwell gentlemen, be ruled by me."