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360

Then let confusion of one part confirm
The other's peace; till then, blows, blood, and

death!
K. John. Whose party do the townsmen yet admit?
K. Phi. Speak, citizens, for England; who's your king ?
First Cit. The king of England, when we know the king.
K. Phi. Know him in us, that here hold up his right.
K. John. In us, that are our own great deputy,

365 And bear possession of our person here,

Lord of our presence, Angiers, and of you.
First Cit. A greater power than we denies all this;

And till it be undoubted, we do lock
Our former scruple in our strong-barr'd gates; 370
King'd of our fears, until our fears, resolved,

Be by some certain king purged and deposed. Bast. By heaven, these scroyles of Angiers flout you,

kings, And stand securely on their battlements, As in a theatre, whence they gape and point 375

At your industrious scenes and acts of death. 362. who's] Ff 2, 3, 4; whose F 1. 367. of you] Ff 1, 4; if you Ff 2, 3.

367. Lord of our presence] See 1. i. feare," and 3 and 4, Kings of our 137 supra. Vaughan's explanation fear.”—having our fears for king. of the use in Act 1, would not hold Various other readings have been here. Mr. Wright says "presence suggested, but none seem worth comhere means “personal dignity"; but paring with Tyrwhitt's suggestion. it seems difficult to think that John 373. scroyles] scabby fellows, a means “I am here master of my term of utmost contempt. Compare personal dignity, of Angiers, and of Cotgrave, “âme escrouellée, an inyou."

I should imagine Lord of fected traiterous or depraved spirit our presence" to mean “ Lord of the “Les escrouelles, the King's" evil.' title by which I am generally known, Steevens quotes Ben Jonson, Every i.e. King of England, and also Lord Man in his Humour, 1. i. : “hang 'em of Angiers and of you."

scroyles.371. King'd of our fears] So Rann, 376. At your ,

death] at the after a conjecture of Tyrwhitt's. Scenes and acts of death which you Folios 1 and 2 read “ Kings of our industriously perform. For the trans

Your royal presences be ruled by me:
Do like the mutines of Jerusalem,
Be friends awhile and both conjointly bend
Your sharpest deeds of malice on this town: 380
By east and west let France and England mount
Their battering cannon charged to the mouths,
Till their soul-fearing clamours have brawld down
The flinty ribs of this contemptuous city:
I'ld play incessantly upon these jades,

385
Even till unfenced desolation
Leave them as naked as the vulgar air.
That done, dissever your united strengths,
And part your mingled colours once again;
Turn face to face and bloody point to point; 390
Then, in a moment, Fortune shall cull forth
Out of one side her happy minion,
To whom in favour she shall give the day,

And kiss him with a glorious victory. 379. awhile] a-while Ff 1, 2; a while Ff 3, 4. ference of adjective, compare line 383. soul-fearing) causing the soul 304 supra. Capell reads “ illustri- to fear. Compare The Merchant of ous."

Venice, 11. i. 9:378. mutines] Spedding needlessly “I tell thee, lady, this aspect of conjectures mutiners. Compare mine Hamlet, v. ii. 6: “Methought I lay Hath fear'd the valiant." worse than the mutines in the bilboes." Compare Ralph Roister Doister, InThe reference is to the leaders of the duction (ed. Dent, p. 13, line 85): factions in Jerusalem, John of Giscela “ We 'll fear our children with him ; and Simon bar Gioras, who stopped if they be never so unruly do but cry, their internecine strife in order to Ralph comes . : and they'll be as fight against the Romans (see quiet as lambs." Josephus, Fewish Wars, bk. v. chs. 392. minion] Cotgrave has “Mig2 and 6). Since Josephus was not a minion, favourite, wanton, translated until 1602, Mr. Wright dilling, darling.' Compare 1 Henry believes Shakespeare's source to have IV. 1. i. 83: “Who is sweet Forbeen Peter Morwyng's translation of tunes minion and her pride." Used the spurious narrative of Joseph ben often as a slighting term in ShakeGorion.

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How like you this wild counsel, mighty states ? 395

Smacks it not something of the policy?
K. John. Now, by the sky that hangs above our heads,

I like it well. France, shall we knit our powers
And lay this Angiers even with the ground;

Then after fight who shall be king of it? 400 Bast. An if thou hast the mettle of a king,

Being wrong'd as we are by this peevish town,
Turn thou the mouth of thy artillery,
As we will ours, against these saucy walls; 404
And when that we have dash'd them to the ground,
Why then defy each other, and pell-mell

Make work upon ourselves, for heaven or hell.
K. Phi. Let it be so. Say, where will you assault?
K. John. We from the west will send destruction

Into this city's bosom.
Aust. I from the north.
K. Phi.

Our thunder from the south
Shall rain their drift of bullets on this town.

410

411. thunder) thunders Grant White (Capell conj.).

395. states] persons in high posi- Elizabethan plays the word denotes tions. Compare Troilus and Cres. crafty dealings. Compare Middleton's sida, v. v. 65: “Hail, all you state Roaring Girl, ii. 2: “By opposite of Greece.” Compare also “ infant policies, courses indirect"; ibid. iv. state" (11. i. 97 supra).

1:"I'll make her policy the art to 396. the policy] Gould suggests trap her"; and Webster's Vittoria “true policy." Schmidt explains Corombona (ed. Dyce, p. 11, col. 2): " the policy you make so much of"; “So who knows policy and her Mr. Wright, “ the policy which is so true aspect, much thought of.” Cotgrave and Shall find her ways winding and Coles equate policy with government, indirect.” a meaning which lends colour to 406. pell-mell] Cotgrave has“ PesleMr. Moore - Smith's conjecture of mesle: pell-mell, confusedly, hand “ Has it not some smack or savour over head, all on a heap, one with of the political art.” In the light of another." this meaning, Gould's suggestion of 412. drift) the shower of bullets "true" for “the” is tempting. In compared to snow driven by the wind.

Bast. O prudent discipline! From north to south.

Austria and France shoot in each other's mouth :
I 'll stir them to it. Come, away, away!

415 First Cit. Hear us, great kings: vouchsafe awhile to stay,

And I shall show you peace and fair-faced league ;
Win you this city without stroke or wound;
Rescue those breathing lives to die in beds,
That here come sacrifices for the field :

420
Persever not, but hear me, mighty kings.
K. John. Speak on with favour; we are bent to hear.
First Cit. That daughter there of Spain, the Lady Blanch,

Is niece to England: look upon the years
Of Lewis the Dauphin and that lovely maid: 425
If lusty love should go in quest of beauty,
Where should he find it fairer than in Blanch?
If zealous love should go in search of virtue,
Where should he find it purer than in Blanch?
If love ambitious sought a match of birth,

430
Whose veins bound richer blood than Lady Blanch?
Such as she is, in beauty, virtue, birth,
Is the young Dauphin every way completė :

If not complete of, say he is not she; 421. Persever] Ff 1, 2; Persevere Ff 3, 4. 422. Speak on with favour ; we] Speak on with favour, we Ff; Speak on ; with favour we Rowe. 424 niece] So Singer, ed. 2 (Collier MS.); neere Ff 1, 2; neer Ff 3, 4. 428. should] omitted in Ff 2, 3, 4.

418, 419. Win you : Rescue] I Neece to K. Iohn, the lovely shall win you I shall rescue.

Ladie Blanch." 422. Speak on ... to hear] we 434. complete of] There seems to grant you leave to speak on; we are be no other instance of the use of this listening:

phrase, and several emendations have 424. niece] The reading of the Folios been suggested. Hanmer, is an obvious misprint. Compare complete, oh say, he is not she". Troublesome Raigne :

Kinnear for " of "reads “so." “So," “ The beauteous daughter of the with the longs, may have been King of Spaine,

“ If not

printed “ os" and read as

66 of.”

And she again wants nothing, to name want, 435
If want it be not that she is not he:
He is the half part of a blessed man,
Left to be finished by such as she ;
And she a fair divided excellence,
Whose fulness of perfection lies in him.

440
O, two such silver currents, when they join,
Do glorify the banks that bound them in;
And two such shores to two such streams made one
Two such controlling bounds shall you be, kings,
To these two princes, if you marry them. 445
This union shall do more than battery can
To our fast-closed gates; for at this match,
With swifter spleen than powder can enforce,
The mouth of passage shall we fling wide ope,
And give you entrance: but without this match, 450
The sea enraged is not half so deaf,
Lions more confident, mountains and rocks
More free from motion, no, not Death himself
In mortal fury half so peremptory,

As we to keep this city.
Bast,

Here's a stay

455

438. such as she] Theobald reads, bear its more usual meaning of after a conjecture of Thurlby's, “such “ill-temper.” a she," a very probable reading, 454. peremptory] Cotgrave has

447. match] A play upon the double “peremptoire, absolute, meaning, the match between the forcible; . earnest; that will have Dauphin and Blanch, and the match

no nay.” to fire the mine. In the next line 455. stay] Johnson was dissatisPope reads "speed” for “spleen,” fied with this word, and conjectured while Becket conjectures

“ Swifter

• flaw,” which Hudson adopted. than powder can in spleen enforce.” Becket suggested “say,” which We must either take “spleen to Singer adopted in his second edition. mean haste" (see v. vii. 50 infra) Williams suggested story or suspect the text, for it cannot here “storm”; Elze (Athenæum, 1867)

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