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worship in several of his psalms, as Pl. xxvi. 8. “ Lord, I have loved the habitation of “ thy house, and the place where thine ho“ nour dwelleth.” Pf. cxxii. 1. “ I was " glad when they said unto me, Let us go “ into the house of the Lord.” And Pf. lxxxiv. 1. “ How amiable are thy taber“ nacles, O Lord of hosts! A day in thy “ courts is better than a thousand.” He also recommends the greatest reverence upon these occasions. Pf. lxxxix. 7. “ God is “ greatly to be feared in the afsembly of the “ faints : and to be had in reverence of all “ them that are about him.”

Though we have no particular accounts of the custom of the Jews, in antient times, with respect to the manner in which they spent their fabbaths, yet since they were cominanded to rest from all labour on those days, and were enjoined to read and meditate on their law “ at all times,” Deut. vi. 7. we cannot but suppose that they employed those days, in which they had most leisure for that purpose, in reading, meditation, and prayer; and several paffages in the Old Tef


tament seem pretty plainly to allude to such a custom. We find, however, in the time of our Saviour, that Synagogues were established through the whole country of Judea, and in all other countries where the Jews had any settlement; and in these places the books of the law and the prophets were regularly read, and prayers made every fabbath day. These services our Lord himself statedly attended, as Luke informs us, ch. iv. 16. As his custom was, he went “ into the synagogue on the fabbath-day.” And the same exercises were continued by the apostles in all christian churches, which were formed upon the same general plan, and have been transmitted through all ages to this day,



of the social duties.

TT would be tedious, and is by no means

I neceflary, to go over all the articles of fociul d'ity, as they are explained and enforced in the scriptures. Whatever I have observed in the first part of these Institutes, as the dictate of nature, is strongly inculcated in the books of the Old and New Testament, and recoinmended by motives and confiderations peculiar to revelation. I must not omit, however, to observe, that the prophets in the Old Testament, and our Saviour and the apostles in the New, do not content themselves with giving instructions concerning men’s conduct in particular cases and instances, but are more especially careful to inculcate the necesiity of cultivating such an inward temper of mind as will form a complete character, which will lead to the observance of every particular duty, and make the constant practice of it easy and delightful.


They more especially recommend the universal principle of brotherly love, and a constant attention to the interests of others. The second great commandment of the law, our Saviour fays, is, “ Thou shalt love thy “ neighbour as thyself ;” and in this, as the apostle Paul observes, the whole of the moral law, as far as it relates to society, is comprehended. Rom. xiii. 8. &c. “ Owe “no man any thing, but to love one ano“ther : for he that loveth another hath ful“ filled the law. For this, Thou shalt not “ commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, • Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear “ false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and “ if there be any other commandment, it “ is briefly comprehended in this saying, “ namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour " as thyself. Love worketh no ill to his “ neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling “ of the law.”

Our Our Lord and the apostles, besides this general good-will to all men, strongly recommend a more affectionate concern for our fellow-christians, those who have the fame faith, and the same hope with ourfelves, John xv. 12. “ This is my com“ mandment, That ye love one another, as “ I have loved you.” And xiii. 35. “ By “ this shall all men know that ye are my “ disciples, if ye have love one to another.” Accordingly the apostle Peter exhorts, i Peter i.22. “ See that ye love one ancther with “ a pure heart fervently.” The apostle John, more than any other, recommends this divine principle of brotherly love, and thews that it is impossible to love God without it. I John iv. 20. " This command“ment have we from him, that he who “ loveth God, love his brother also.” v. 11. “ Beloved, if God so loved us, we ought “ also to love one another. No man hath “ seen God at any time. If we love one “ another, God dwelleth in us, and his love “ is perfected in us. v. 16. “ He that “ dwelleth in love, dwelleth in God, and

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