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WHAT a happy simplicity prevailed in ancient times,

when it was the custom for ladies, though of the greatest distinction, to employ themselves in useful, and sometimes laborious works! Every one knows what is told us in scripture to this purpose concerning Rebecca, Rachel, and several others.

2. We read in Homer of princesses drawing themselves water from springs, and washing with their own hands the finest of the linen of their respective families. The sisters of Alexander the Great, who were the daughters of a powerful prince, employed themselves in making clothes for their brothers. The celebrated Lucretia used to spin in the midst of her female attendants.

3. Augustus, who was sovereign of the world, wore, for several years together, no other clothes but what his wife and sister made him. It was a custom in the northern parts of the world, not many years ago, for the princesses, who then sat upon the throne, to prepare several of the dishes at every meal.

4. In a word, needle-work, the care of domestick affairs, and a serious and retired life, is the proper function of women; and for this they were designed by Providence. The depravity of the age has indeed affixed to these customs, which are very near as old as the creation, an idea of meanness and contempt; but, then, what has it substituted in the room of them? A soft indolence, a stupid idleness, frivolous conversation, vain amusements, and a strong passion for publick shows.

5. Let us compare these two characters, and pronounce which of them may justly boast its being founded on good sense, solid judgment, and a taste for truth and nature.

6. It must, nevertheless, be confessed, in honour of the fair sex, and of the American ladies in particular, that many among them, and those of the highest stations in life, have made it not only a duty, but a pleasure, to employ themselves in needle-work, not of a trifling, but of the most serviceable kind; and to make part of their furniture with

their own hands. I might also add, that great numbers of them adorn their minds with agreeable, and, at the same time, serious and useful studies.


Eliza. Miss Nancy, what child was that your aunt had in her arms this morning, as she was walking in the mall?*

Nancy. A child, Miss Eliza! a child! You don't think my aunt would be seen walking in publick with a child in her arms!

Eli. Pray, Miss, where would be the harm? I know she has a beautiful pair of twins; and I thought it might be one of them, as it was partly covered with her cloak.

Nan. No, indeed-it was her lap-dog.

Eli. Upon my word, Nancy, you have mended the matter mightily! Your aunt is ashamed to be seen walking with a child in her arms, but is not ashamed to be seen carrying a paltry puppy through the streets! Pray how much more valuable is a puppy than a child?

Nan. Why, as to the real value, Eliza, I don't know but a child should be prized the highest. Though my aunt says she had rather part with both her twins than lose her dear little Trip. But, you know, she would be taken for one of the lower sort of women, if she were to lug a child about with her; whereas nothing makes her appear more like a lady, than to be seen gallant'ing her little dog. And Trip is none of your common curs, I assure you. His mother was imported from Europe; and it is said she once belonged to a lady of nobility. You can't think what a sweet little creature he is. My aunt nursed him wholly herself ever ince he was a week old.

Eli. And who nursed the twins?

Nan. They were put into the country with a very good woman. They have never been at home but once since they were born. But their mamma visits them as often, at least, as once a month.

*Pronounced măl

Eli. Would she be willing to be as long absent from her dear little Trip, as you call him?

Nan. O no, indeed! She would run crazy if she were to lose him but for one day. And no wonder; for he is the most engaging little animal you ever saw. You would be diverted to see him drink tea out of the ladies' cups. And he kisses his mistress delightfully! My aunt says she would not sleep a night without him for his weight in gold.

Eli. It is very noble in your aunt to pay such attention to an object of so much consequence. He is certainly more valuable than half a dozen children. Does your aunt expect to teach him to talk?

Nan. Talk! why he talks already. She says she perfectly understands his language. When he is hungry, he can ask for sweetmeats. When he is dry, he can ask for drink. When he is tired of running on foot, he can ask to ride; and my aunt is never more happy than when she har him in her arms!

Eli. And yet she would not be seen with one of her ow children in her arms!

Nan. Why that would be very vulgar, and all her acquaintance would laugh at her. Children, you know, are always crying; and no ladies of fashion will ever admit them into their company.

Eli. If children are always crying, little dogs are often barking; and which is the most disagreeable noise?

Nan. Oh! the barking of Trip is musick to all who hear him. Mr. Fribble, who often visits my aunt, says he can raise and fall the eight notes to perfection; and he prefers the sound of his voice to that of the harpsichord. It was he who brought his mother from London; and he says there was not a greater favourite among all the dogs in possession of the fine ladies of court. And, more than all that, he says Trip greatly resembles a spaniel* which belongs to one of the royal family. Mr. Fribble and my aunt almost quarrelled, last night, to see which should have the honour of carrying the dear little favourite to the play.

Eli. After hearing so many rare qualifications of the little quadruped, 1 do not wonder at your aunt's choice of a companion! I am not surprised she should set her affections * Pronounced spăn'yěl.

upon a creature so deserving of all her care. It is to be wished her children might never come in competition with this object of her affections. I hope she will continue to maintain the dignity of her sex, and never disgrace the fashionable circle to which she belongs, by neglecting her lap-dog for the more vulgar employment of attending to her own offspring.


THAT education is one of the deepest principles of independence, need not be laboured in this assembly. In arbitrary governments, where the people neither make the law, nor choose those who legislate, the more ignorance the more peace.

2. But, in a government where the people fill all the branches of the sovereignty, intelligence is the life of liberty. An American would resent his being denied the use of his musket; but he would deprive himself of a stronger safeguard, if he should want that learning which is necessary to a knowledge of nis constitution.

3. It is easy to see that our agrarian law, and the law of education, were calculated to make republicans; to make men. Servitude could never long consist with the habits of such citizens. Enlightened minds and virtuous manners lead to the gates of glory. The sentiment of independence must have been connatural in the bosoms of Americans, and, sooner or later, must have blazed out into publick action.

4. Independence fits the soul of her residence for every noble enterprise of humanity and greatness. Her radiant smile lights up celestial ardour in poets and orators, who sound her praises through all ages; in legisla'tors and philosophers, who fab'ricate wise and happy governments as dedications to her fame; in pa'triots and heroes, who shed their lives in sac'rifice to her divinity.

5. At this idea, do not our minds swell with the memory of those whose godlike virtues have founded her most magnificent temple in America?. It is easy for us to maintain

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her doctrine, at this late day, when there is but one party on the subject-an immense people. But what tribute shali ⚫ we bestow, what sa'cred pæ'an shall we raise over the tombs of those who dared, in the face of unrivalled power, and within the reach of majesty, to blow the blast of freedom throughout a subject continent?

6. Nor did those brave countrymen of ours only express the emotions of glory; the nature of their principles inspired them with the power of practice; and they offered their bosoms to the shafts of battle. Bunker's awful mound is the capacious urn of their ashes; but the flaming bounds of the universe could not limit the flight of their minds:

7. They fled to the union of kindred souls; and those who fell at the straits of Thermop'ylæ, and those who bled on the heights of Charlestown, now reap congenial joys in the fields of the blessed.



THE great events on which my resignation depended

having at length taken place, I have now the honour of offering my sincere congratulations to congress, and of presenting myself before them, to surrender into their hands the trust committed to me, and to claim the indulgence of retiring from the service of my country.

2. Happy in the confirmation of our independence and sovereignty, and pleased with the opportunity afforded the United States of becoming a respectable nation, I resign, with satisfaction, the appointment I accepted with diffidence; a diffidence in my abilities to accomplish so arduous a task, which, however, was superseded by a confidence in the rectitude of our cause, the support of the supreme power of the Union, and the patronage of Heaven.

3. The successful termination of the war has verified the most sanguine expectations; and my gratitude for the interposition of Providence, and the assistance I have re

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