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young Indian of the tribe of St. François, with which tribe she had continued from the beginning of her captivity. These were heavy tidings, and added greatly to the poignancy of my other afflictions.
23. However, not long after I had heard this melancholy news, an opportunity presented of acquainting that humane and
generous gentleman, the commander in chief, and my illustrious benefactor, with this affair also, who, in compassion for my sufferings, and to mitigate my sorrows, issued his orders in good time, and had my daughter taken away from the Indians, and conveyed to the same nunnery where her sister was then lodged, with his express injunction, that they should both of them together be well looked after, and carefully educated, as his adopted children.
24. In this school of superstition and bigotry they continued while the war in those days between France and Great Britain lasted. At the conclusion of which war, the governour went home to France, took my oldest daughter along with him, and married her there to a French gentleman, whose name is Cron Lewis.
25. He was at Boston with the fleet under Count de Estaing, (1778,) and one of his clerks. My other daughter still continuing in the nunnery, a considerable time had elapsed after my return from captivity, when I made a journey to Canada, resolving to use my best endeavours not to return without her.
26. I arrived just in time to prevent her being sent to France. She was to have gone in the next vessel that sailed for that place. And I found it extremely difficult to prevail with her to quit the nunnery and go home with me.
27. Yea, she absolutely refused; and all the persuasions and arguments I could use with her were to no effect, until after I had been to the governour, and obtained a letter from him to the superintendent of the nuns, in which he threatened, if my daughter should not be delivered immediately into my hands, or could not be prevailed with to submit to my parental authority, that he would send a band of soldiers to assist me in bringing her away.
28. But so extremely bigoted was she to the customs and religion of the place, that, after all, she left it with the greatest reluctance, and the most bitter lamentations,
which she continued as we passed the streets, and wholly
refused to be comforted. My good friend, Major Small, · whom we met with on the way, tried all he could to console
her; and was so very kind and oblīging as to bear us company, and carry my daughter behind him on horseback.
29. But I have run on a little before my story; for 1 have not yet informed you of the means and manner of my own redemption ; to the accomplishing of which, the recovery of my daughter just mentioned, and the ransoming of some of my other children, several gentlemen of note contributed not a little ; to whose goodness, therefore, I am greatly indebted, and sincerely hope I shall never be so ungrateful as to forget it.
30. Col. Schuyler, in particular, was so very kind and generous as to advance 2700 livres to procure a ransom for myself and three of my children. He accompanied and conducted us from Montreal to Albany, and entertained us in the most friendly and hospitable manner, a considerable time, at his own house, and I believe entirely at his own expense.
EXTRACT FROM THE SPEECH OF Mr. Pitt IN THE BRIT
ISH PARLIAMENT, JANUARY 20, 1775.
My LORDS, I RISE with astonishment to see these papers brought to your table at so late a period of this business; papers, to tell us what? Why, what all the world knew before ; that the Americans, irritated by repeated injuries, and stripped of their inborn rights and dearest privileges, have resisted, and entered into associations for the preservation of their common liberties.
2. Had the early situation of the people of Boston been attended to, things would not have come to this. But the infant complaints of Boston were literally treated like the capricious squalls of a child, who, it was said, did not know whether it was aggrieved or not.
3. But full well I knew; at that time, that this child, if not redressed, would soon assume the courage and voice of
Full well I knew, that the sons of ancestors born under the same free constitution, and once breathing the same liberal air as Englishmen, would resist upon the same principles, and on the same occasions.
4. What has government done? They have sent an armed force, consisting of seventeen thousand men, to dragoon the Bostonians into what is called their duty; and, so far from once turning their eyes to the policy and destructive consequence of this scheme, are constantly sending out more troops. And we are told, in the language of men'ace, that if seventeen thousand men won't do, fifty thousand shall.
5. It is true, my lords, with this force they may ravage the country; waste and destroy as they march ; but, in the progress of fifteen hundred miles, can they occupy the places they have passed ? Will not a country which can produce three millions of people, wronged and insulted as they are, start up like hydras in every corner, and gather fresh strength from fresh opposition ?
6. Nay, what dependence can you have upon the_soldiery, the unhappy engines* of your wrath? They are Englishmen, who must feel for the privileges of Englishmen. Do you think that these men can turn their arms against their brethren ? Surely 'no. A victory must be to them a defeat; and carnage, a sacrifice.
7. But it is not merely three millions of people, the produce of America, we have to contend with in this unnatural struggle ; many more are on their side, dispersed over the face of this wide empire. Every whig in this country and in Ireland is with them.
8. Who, then, let me demand, has given, and continues to give, this strange and unconstitutional advice? I do not mean to level at one man, or any particular set of men ; but thus much I will venture to declare, that, if his majesty continues to hear such counsellors, he will not only be badly advised, but undone.
9. He may continue indeed to wear his crown; but it will not be wortht his wearing. Robbed of so principal a jewel as America, it will lose its lustre, and no longer beam that effulgence which should irra'diate the brow of majesty. 10. In this alarming crisis, I come with this paper in my hand, to offer you the best of my experience and advice; which is, that an humble petition be presented to his majesty, beseeching him, that, in order to open the way towards a happy settlement of the dangerous troubles in America, it may graciously please him, that immediate orders be given to general Gage for removing his majesty's forces from the town of Boston.
* Pronounced ěn'jinz. t wurth.
11. And this, my lords, upon the most mature and deliberate grounds, is the best advice I can give you, at this juncture. Such conduct will convince America that you mean to try her cause in the spirit of freedom and inquiry, and not in letters of blood.
12. There is no time to be lost. Every hour is big with danger. Perhaps, while I am now speaking, the deci'sive blow is struck, which may involve millions in the consequence. And believe
very first drop of blood' which is shed will cause a wound which may never be healed.
THIS animal is produced in Africa, and the hottest parts of Asia. It is found in the greatest numbers in the scorched and desolate regions of the torrid zone, and in all the interiour parts of the vast continent of Africa.
2. In these desert regions, from whence mankind are driven by the rigorous heat of the climate, this animal reigns sole master. Its disposition seems to partake of the ardour of its native soil. Inflamed by the influence of a burning sun, its rage is most tremendous, and its courage undaunted.
3. Happily, indeed, the species is noi numerous, and is said to be greatly diminished; for, if we may credit the testimony of those who have traversed those vast deserts, the number of lions is not nearly so great as formerly.
4. From numberless accounts, we are assured, that, powerful and terrible as this animal is, its anger is noble, its courage magnanimous, and its temper susceptible of grateful impressions. It has often been seen to despise weak and contemptible enemies, and even to pardon their insults, when it has been in its power to punish them.
5. It has been known to spare the life of an animal that
was thrown to be devoured by it; to live in habits of perfect cordiality with it; to share its subsistence, 'and even to give it a preference where its portion of food was scanty.
6. The form of the lion is strikingly bold and majestick His large and shaggy mane, which he can erect at pleasure, surrounding his awful front; his huge eyebrows ; his round and fiery eyeballs, which, upon the least irritation, seem to glow with peculiar lustre; together with the formidable appearance of his teeth, exhibit a picture of terrifick grandeur, which no words can describe.
7. The length of the largest lion is between eight and nine feet; the tail about four; and its height about four feet and a half. The female is about one fourth part less, and without
8. As the lion advances in years, its mane grows longer and thicker. The hair on the rest of the body is short and smooth, of a tawny colour, but whitish on the belly. Its roaring is loud and dreadful. When heard in the night, it resembles distant thunder. Its cry of anger is much louder and shorter.
9. The lion seldom attacks any animal openly, except when impelled by extreme hunger; in that case no danger* deters him. But, as most animals endeavour to avoid him, he is obliged to have recourse to artifice, and take his prey by surprise.
10. For this purpose, he crouches on his belly in some thicket, where he waits till his prey approaches ; and then, with one prodigious spring, he leaps upon it at the distance of fifteen or twenty feet, and generally seizes it at the first bound.
11. If he miss his object, he gives up the pursuit; and, turning back towards the place of his ambush, he measures the ground step by step, and again lies in wait for another opportunity. The lurking places are generally chosen by him near a spring, or by the side of a river, where he has frequently an opportunity of catching such animals as come to quench their thirst.
12. The lion is a long-lived animal, although naturalists differ greatly as to the precise period of its existence. Of some that have been trained in the tower of London, one
* Prenounced dāne jŭr.