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N the Year 1688, there was a wonderful Confternation among some People, and an eager Expectation in All, what would be the Event of

an Army's landing in England, under the Command of a Prince so nearly related, and nearer ally'd to the King. The pretended Cause of his coming was for Redress of Grievances; the real one needs not be mentioned, and will be easily imagined.

The Nation had been long uneasy, even in some former Reigns, with Fears of Pope

(iv) ry and arbitrary Power; and of late many of the Court and Council appear'd unsatisfied on that Account. Some were vex'd also for two other Reasons; the great Diminution of their Salaries, by the ill-timed Retrenchments of the Treasury, and their finding all the Power and Favour engross'd by a few, and those also the foolishest of the Roman Party.

This general Dislike of the King's Management, had, like an Infection, reach'd some of his Ministers themselves, as the Earls of Mulgrave and Middleton, never the least tainted with being either false or fa&ti. ous; yet the first of them, not only in Execution of his Office, aflisted openly all the Protestant Clergy, but absented himself from all the Councils; and both of them, in their own Justification, took all Occasions of deriding the ill Advices of the Papists.

But a more dangerous Symptom of the future Change, was a Desertion among the Officers of his Majesty's Army, and, at last, of the Lord Churchill himself, tho' a kind of Favourite.

Yet all this was nothing, in comparison of the Princess's withdrawing herself from Court by Night, without any Servants, except the Lady Churchill, and Mrs. Berkeley,


conducted by the Bishop of London, whose lage Disgrace at Court had help'd him to a reverential fort of Popularity, which he, of all the Bishops, would least have found otherwise.

And because this extraordinary Desertion of one Daughter, as well as the other's sitting on a Father's Throne afterwards, must needs seem wonderful in two fuch Princesses, both of ftri& Devotion, and many great Virtues, Posterity perhaps will be glad to have some farther Account of such unprecedented Proceedings in Persons of so unblameable and illustrious a Character,

'Tis very remarkable, that this Prince was so thoroughly unfortunate, as to be undone by his own Children, and the more, by their being bred up most carefully and religiously, and their being endowed with all virtuous Inclinations. These being first deceived, by the indefatigable Industry of some People, drew in a great Part of the Nation to be deceived also, by the Good. ness of their Dispositions, and the Nearness of their Relation to the Person accused. For who could suspect such Daughters of wronging their Father? It was infused into them severally by the properest Instruments that could be found, that their Father was

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not only resolved to persecute the Protestant Religion, but to stick at nothing in order to it; and therefore, at once to prevent his eldest Daughter's succeeding him, and to secure the Throne after him to one of his own Religion, he had contrived a suppositious Son, who was to succeed, and to settle that which his supposed Father might not live long enough to fix sufficiently. And tho' the Justice of his Mind, and the Tenderness of his Nature, were enough to disperse all such Apprehensions; yet the Zeal of Popish Religion was brought in to overbalance all other Considerations. All this was joined with the Prince of Orange's conjugal Impositions on the most complying Wife in the World, who was at last drawn into the dismal Necessity of giving up either her Husband or a Father, resolved and ready (as she thought) to disinherit her. So that two worthy religious Ladies, even because they were so, consented to dethrone a most indulgent Father, and to succeed him boldly, in their several Turns, before an innocent Brother then a Child.

Tantum Religio, &c. 'Tis no wonder, after this, if the King began to miltrust every body; which made



him on a sudden leave his Army at Salifbury, in order to consider his Condition more securely at London. And here I must observe his ill Fortune, in depending on his Army at first too much, and now at 'last too little. For ’tis very probable, that his Soldiers, if once blooded, would have gone on with him, and have beaten the Prince of Orange, just as he had done before the Duke of Monmouth; the Nature of Englishmen being like that of our Game-cocks, which an Irish Footman once thought he might trust safely together, because they were match'd on one Side, but quickly found them picking out one another's Eyes. The Truth is, our Countrymen love no Cause, nor Man, so well as Fighting, even sometimes without any Cause at all.

In quitting his Army thus suddenly, the King was thought too suspicious and

precipitate: But (as unlucky Betters will lose on both Sides) he had just before err'd as much by his Dilatoriness, as he did now by his Haste; for when the Lord Churchill deserted him at Salisbury, he sent Orders immediately to seize all his Papers at Whitehall, before he had secur'd either his Lady or the Princess, which was only frightening the one, and disobliging the other.


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