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Et circum gemino cælaverat argumento:
In medio rubri maris unda, et odoriferum ver, 185
Littora longa Arabum, et sudantes balsama sylvæ,
Has inter Phœnix divina avis, unica terris,
Cæruleum fulgens diversicoloribus alis,
Auroram vitreis furgentem respicit undis;
Parte alia polus omnipatens, et magnus Olympus:
Quis putet? hie quoque Amor, pictæque in nube

pharetræ, 191

Arma corusca faces, et spicula tincta pyropo;
Nee tenues animas, pectusque ignobile vulgi
Hinc ferit, at circum flammantia lumina torquens,
Semper in erectum spargit sua tela per orbes 195
Impiger, et pronos nunquam collimat ad ictus.
Hinc mente6 ardere saeræ, sormæque deorum.
Tu queque ;n his, nee me fullit spes lubrica,

Damon,
Tu quoque in his certe es, nam quo tua dulcis abiret
Sanctaque simplicitas, niira quo tua Candida virtus?
Nee te Lethæo fas quæsivisse sub orco, / 201

He had flattered himself with the happiness of shewing these tokens of the regard with which he had been treated in his travels, to Deodate, at his return. Or perhaps this is an allegorical description os some of Manso's favours.

195. He aims his darts upwards, per cries, among the stars. He wounds the gods.

198. Tu quoque in bis, fee] The transition is elegant.

aoi. Nee te Letbao fas quasivijfe sub oreo, &c] From this line to

the

[graphic]

Nee tibi conveniunt lacrymæ, nee flebimus ultra,
Ite procul lacrymæ, purum colit æthera Damon, .
Æthera purus habet, pluvium pede reppulit arcum;
Heroumque animas inter, divosque perennes, 305
Æthereos haurit latices, et gaudia potat
Ore sacro. Quin tu, cœli post jura recepta,
Dexter ades, placidusque save quicunque vocaris,
Seu tu noster eris Damon, five æquior audis
Diodotus, quo te divino nomine cuncti 210

Cœlicolæ norint, svlvisque vocabere Damon:
Quod tibi purpureus pudor, et sine labe juventus
Grata suit, quod nulla tori libata voluptas,
En etiam tibi virginei scrvantur honores;

the last but one, the imagery is almost all from his own Lycidas. v. 181.

Weep No More, woful shepherds, Weep No More J

For Lycidas your sorrow is Not Dead.

— Lycidas funk low, but Mounted High,

Where other groves, and other streams along,

With nectar pure his oozy locks he laves,

And hears the Unexpresivb Nuptial Song,

In ihe Blest Kingdoms meek of joy and love.

There entertain him al! the Saints above,

In solemn troops, and sweet societies,

Who sing, and singing in their glory move.

"** •

Henceforth thou art the Genius Of The Shore.

Here is puritanism, yet with some tincture of classical fiction, exalted

into poetry.

214. En etiam tibi virginei fervantur b<morei!\ Deodate and Lycidas

were both unmarried. See Revelations, xiv. 3; 4. "These are'

"they which were not defiled with women, for they are virgins, tic."

4 D Ipsc

fpsc caput nitidum cinctus rutilante corona, 215
Lætaque frondentis gestans umbracula palmæ,
Æternum perages immortales hymenæos;
Cantus ubi, choreifque furit lyra mista beatis,
Festa Sionato bacchantur et Orgia thyrso *.

Jan. 23. 1646.

Ad JoanNEm Rousium Oxonienjis Academia Bibliothecarium -K

De libra Poematum amijso, quern ille sibi denuo mitti pojlulabat, ut cum aliis nojlris in Bibliotheca publica reponet, Ode.

Strophe 1.

GEmelle cultu simplici gaudens liber,
Fronde licet gemina,

* Doctor Johnson observes, that this poem is "written with the "common but childish imitation os pastoral life." Yet there are some new and natural country images, and the common topics are often recommended by a novelty of elegant expression. The pastoral form is a fault of the poet's times. It contains also some passages which wander far beyond the bounds of bucolic song, and are in his own original style of themore sublime poetry. Milton cannot be a shepherd long. His own native powers often break forth, and cannot bear the assumed disguise.

+ John Rouse, or Russe, Master of Arts, fellow of Oriel college Oxford, was elected chief librarian of the Bodleian, May 9, 1620. He d^ed in April, 1652, and was buried in the chapel of his college. He succeeded to Thomas lames, the first that held this office from the foundation, in painted glass, in a window of the Provost's Lodgings at Oriel college, are the heads of fir Thomas Bodley, James, and Rouse, by Van Ling. Rouse's portrait, large as life, a three quarters length, and coeval, is in the,Bodleian library. He published an Appendix to James's Bodleian Catalogue, Oxon. 1636. 410. In 1631, the University printed, " Epistola ad Johanncm Cirenbergtum,

m „b

[graphic]

Munditieque nitens non operosa;
Quam manus attulit

** ob acceptum Synodalium Epiilolarum Conciiii Basileenfis Airiyfw ** $or, præfixa variorum carminibus honorariis in eundcm Cirenber** gium. Oxon. 1631." In quarto. Where among the names of the writers in Latin, are Richard Busby of Christ Church, afterwards the celebrated Master of Westminster: Jasper Maine, and Thomas Cartwright, both well known as English poets, and of the fame college: and Thomas Masters of New-college, author of the famous Greek Ode on the Crucifixion. The Dedication, to Cirenberg, is written by our librarian Rouse, who seems to have conducted the publication. In it he speaks of his Travels, and particularly of his return from Italy through Basil. Not only on account of his friendship with Milton, which appears to have subsisted in 1637, but because he retained his librariansliip and fellowship through Cromwell's Usurpation, we may suppose Rouse to have been puritanically inclined. See Notes on Sir Henry Wootton's Letter prefixed to Comus, supr. p. i 19. However, in 1627, he was expelled from his fellowship; but soon afterwards, making his peace with the presbyterian Visitors, wa» restored, Walker's Suff. Cler. P. ii. p. 132. We are told- also by Walker, that when the presbyterian officers proceeded to search and pillage sir Thomas Bodley's chest in the library, they quitted their design, on being told that there was no money to be found there, " by "Rouse the librarian, a confiding brother." Ibid. P. i. p. 143. See a religious letter of Dionyfia Fitzherbert, of Bristol, to Rouse, BibL Bodl. MSS. Mus.169. Probably Milton might become acquainted with Rouse, when he was incorporated a Master of Arts at Oxford in 1635. Neale fays, the Assembly of Divines in 1645, recommended the new version of the Psasms by Mr. Rouse, to be used instead of Sternhold's, which was grown obsolete. Hist. Pur* vol. iii. 31c. edit. 1736. But this was Francis Rouse originally of Broadgate-Hall Oxford, one os the assembly of Divines, the presbyterian provost of Eton college, and an active instrument in the Calvinistic visitation of Oxford: whose works were collected and published together at London, in 1637, under the title " Treatises and meditations dedicated "to the Saints, and to the Excellent throughout the three kingdoms." His Psalms appeared in 1641. Butler fays of these psalms, " When "Rouse stood forth for his trial, Robin Wisdom [in Sternhold and ••Hopkins] was found the better poet." Remains, edit. 1754. p. 230. I know not if he was related to the librarian.

Milton, at Rouse's request, had given his little volume of poems, printed in 164;, to the Bodleian library. But the book being loft, Rouse requested his friend Milton to fend another copy. In 1646, another was sent by the author, neatly but plainly bound, munditie nttens non oferofa, in which this ode to Rouse, ih Milton's own hand

4 P 2 writing,

Juvenilis olim,

Sedula tamen baud nimii poctæ;

writing, on one sheet of paper, is inserted between the Latin and English Poems. It is the fame now marked M. 168. Art. 8vo. In the fame library, is another small volume, uniformly bound with that last mentioned, of a few of Milton's prose tracts, the first of which is of Reformation touching Cburcb Discipline, printed for T. Underhill, 164*1. 410. Marked F. 56. Tb. In the first blank leaf, in Milton's own hand writing is this inscription, never before printed. "Doc"tiflimo viro proboque librorum æstimatori Johanni Rousio, Oxoni"cnGs Academiæ Bibliothecario, gratum sibi hoc sore testanti, Jo"annes Miltonus opufcula hæc sua, in Bibliothecam antiquiflimana 41 atque ccleberrimam adscisccnda, libens tradit j tanquam in memo"riæ perpetuæ famam, emeritamque, uti sperat, invidiae calumniæ"que vaeationem> si veritati bonoque simul eventui iatis sit litatum. •• Sunt autem De Reformation e Angliæ, Lib. 2.— De Epifcopatu "Prælatico, Lib. 1. — De ratiohe Politiz Ecclesiasticæ, Lib. 1.— "Animadversiones in Remonstrantis Defensionem, Lib. 1. — Apolo"gia, Lib. 1. — Doctrina et diseiplina Divortii, Lib. 2.— Judicium "Buceri de Divortio, Lib. 1. — Colasterion, Lib. 1.—Scripture locm "de Divortio, instar Lib. 4. Areopagitica, five de libertate

•• Typographiæ oratio. — De Educatione Ingenuorum epistola*.— "poemata Latina, Et Anclicana Seorsim." About the year 1720, these two volumes, with some other small books, were hastily, perhaps contemptuously, thrown aside as duplicates, either real or pretended: and Mr. Nathanniel Crynes, an esquire beadle, and a diligent collector of scarce English books, was permitted, on the promise of some future valuable bequests to the library, to pick out of the heap what he pleased. But he, having luckily many more grains of party prejudice than of taste, could not think any thing worth having that bore the name of the republican Milton; and therefore these two curiosities, which would be invaluable in a modern auction, were fortunately suffered to remain in the library, and were soon afterwards honourably restored to their original places.

I. Cemelle cultu fimplici gaudem liber,

Fronde licet gemina, Issc] We should read Fronts, according to the Bodleian manuscript, and the sense required by the context. But yet Fronde appears in every edition hitherto published. Milton's volume of Poems 1645, has a double front or title-page; both separate and detached from each other, the one, at the beginning, prefixed to the Latin, and the other, about the middle, to the English poems. Hence the volume is Liber gemellui, a double book, as con

• Tractate of Education to Hartlib,

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