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All barbarous people and their princes too,
All purple tyrants honour you,

The very wandering Scythians do.
Support the pillar of the Roman state,
Left all men be involv'd in one man's fate,

Continue us in wealth and state,
Let wars and tumults ever cease".


The worst of poets I myself declare,
By how much you the best of poets are'.

Abstain, as manhood you esteem,
From Salmacis' pernicious stream ;
If but one moment there you stay,

Too dear you'll for your bathing pay.
Depart nor man, nor woman, but a fight
Disgracing both, a loath'd Hermaphrodite'.

m Od. i. xxv. 9. * From a De FENCE OF THE PEOPLE, &c. PROSE-WORKS, i. 467. • Carm. xlvii. p From a DefenCE OF THE People, &c. Prose-WORKS, i. 469. 9 Metam. iv. 285. From a Defence, &c. vol. i. 448.




This is true liberty, when freeborn men
Having t'advise the public may speak free
Which he who can, and will, deserves high praise :
Who neither can nor will, may hold his peace,
What can be a juster in a state than this '?

No eastern nation ever did adore
The majesty of sovereign princes more".

And Britains interwove held the purple hangings'.

-- Laughing, to teach the truth,
What hinders ? As some teachers give to boys
Junkets and knacks, that they may learn apace”.



440. * Milton's Motto to his “ AREOPAGITICA, A Speech for the liber. ty of unlicensed Printing, &c.” PROSE-WORKS, vol. i. 141. U GEORG, iv. 210. w From a Defence, &c. PROSE-WORKS, vol. i. 461. * Georg.iji. 25.

y From a DepenCB, &c. PROSE-WORKs, vol. i. 533. I should not have exhibited this single line, but to shew a good sense of an obscure passage. See Note on Comus, v. 544. z Sar.i. i.

24. a From APOL. SMECTYMN. PROSE-WORKS, vol. i. 116.


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Joking decides great things
Stronger and better oft than earnest can,


you that say it, not I. You do the deeds, And your ungodly deeds find me the words '.

There can be sain
No facrifice to God more acceptable,
Than an unjust and wicked king'.

In silence now and with attention wait,
That ye may know what th’Eunuch has to prate'.

HOMER k. Glaucus, in Lycia we're ador'd as gods, What makes 'twixt us and others so great odds'?

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SAT. i.x, 14.


116. & ELECTR, v. 627. e From APOL, SMECTYMN. Ibid, f HERCUL. Fur. & From TENURE OF Kings, &c. PROSE-WORKS, vol. 1. 315. REUNUCH. PROL. i From A Defence, &c; PROSE-WORKS, vol. i. 447. * ILIAD, xiii. 310. ? From A DEFENCE, &c. Proge:WORKS, vol. i. 467.


EPIGRAM on Salmafius's * HUNDREDA". Who taught Salmasius, that French chattering pye To aim at English, and HUNDREDA cry? The starving rascal, flush'd with just a hundred English Jacobusses, HUNDREDA blunder'd : An outlaw'd king's last stock. A hundred more Would make him pimp for th’antichristian whore; And in Rome's praise imploy his poison'd breath, Who threaten'd once to stink the pope to death.


Done into verse, 1653.
Less'd is the man who hath not walk'd astray
In counsel of the wicked, and i'th' way

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* There are several passages in N. Heinsius's Letters, inserted in Burman's SYLLOGE EPISTOLARUM relating to Milton's Controversy with Salmafius. Some are remarkable. Tom. iii. p. 270. He says, in a Letter to Gronovius ; “ Miser ifte Senecio (Salmafius) prorsus “ delirat et insanit : Misit duas in hanc urbem (Amitelod.) epistolas,

rabiei fycophanticæ non inanes, quibus omne se virus in me con“ versurum minatar, quod Miltoni scriptum probari a me intelligat. “ Ego vero dixi et dicam prorsus, malam a Miltono causam tam bene

actam, quam Regis infelicissimi causam peffime egit Scribonius.

Inter Regicidas fi locum mihi dat, at omni procul dubio daturus, “ videbis brevi pro meritis ornatum depexum.” In a letter from 11. Voffius to Heinsius, are the following words, iii 620. “Ex animo

gaudet Salmasius, Librum Miltoni Lutetiæ publice a Carnifice esie “ combuftum interim hoc fcio fatum elle bonorum librorum, ut “ hoc modo vel pereant vel periclitentur.” Dr. J. WARTON.

A tranflation of his Latin epigram on this subject, which will be inserted in its proper place. This English epigram is Washington's, in his English version of the Defensio, Prose-WORKS, vol. i. 523.

+ Metrical psalmody was much cultivated in this age of fanaticism. Milton's father is a composer of some of the tunes in Ravenscroft's Psalms,




Of finners hath not stood, and in the feat
Of scorners hath not fat. But in the great
Jehovah's law is ever his delight,

And in his law he studies day and night.
He shall be as a tree which planted grows
By watry stream's, and in his season knows
To yield his fruit, and his leaf shall not fall,
And what he takes in hand shall prosper all.
Not so the wicked, but as chaff which fann'd
The wind drives, so the wicked shall not stand
In judgment, or abide their trial then,
Nor finners in th'assembly of just men.
For the Lord knows th’upright way of the just,
And the way of bad men to ruin must.

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Done Aug. 8. 1653. Terzette.
HY do the Gentiles tumult, and the na-

Mufe a vain thing, the kings of th'earth upstand

With pow'r, and princes in their congregations
Lay deep their plots together through each land

Against the Lord and his Messiah dear? 5
Let us break off, fay they, by strength of hand


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