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friends and foes, whenever they become eye witnesses, that it is a reality, and not feigned; nothing which is the effect of design in the subject. That is indeed placed beyond all doubt. Divine Providence seems to have singularly ordered events, in such a manner as to confound and effectually difap • point all attempts which have been made to account for this work from natural causes. Many who have made the attempt have themselves fallen, and become subjects of what they before termed a delusion. No causes have been assigned, which have not been demonstrated by facts, to be trifling and absurd.—It belongs to us in these things to be modest, and not to despise and disbelieve, if " there are some things hard to be understood." I will conclude this subject by observing, that I firmly believe this to be a conspicuous and glorious work of divine grace; and that thousands of immortal fouls, the subjects of it, will adore the riches of divine mercy, thro' eternity. May the Lord of all grace carry on his work gloriously, to the honor of his great name, and the enlargement of Zion!

quiry of some amongst us what shall we do to be saved .'But what of all appears most singular to people from New-England is the falling down. Some appear to be as it were faint, but most are seized with a kind of convulsions, some to a very great degree. .Some are in that situation longer, some {horter than others, no two alike. Yet after recovering they appear to have received no injury from being held to prevent struggling; and although entirely helpless, they have a retentive memory and have a full knowledge of all that is said or going on near them. Youngerly people seem generally to be the subjects of the awakening, and some children of eight or ten years of age. Some have immediate relief, others are in great agonies of mind for many days. People in general are serious. May Zion rejoice! Pray for us. The prayer of the righteous availeth much. The great Jehovah will do as he hath determined. May his will be done, and in humbleness of mind may we resign ourselves into his hands!

ExtraB of a letter from a gentleman in New Connecticut, to one of the Editors, dated November 21st, 1803.

WE had seventy persons attended a conference the other evening. Mr. Badger was with us. Such scenes I never saw before. The Lord of all will do just as he pleases.,. Many are very thoughtful, some are struck down. Jehovah appears to be riding forth in many places conquering and to tonquer. In many parts of Pennsylvania the awakening is very powerful, and of fote it is the in


ON the 19th of October last, the Rev. Sethwilliston, Missionary from Connecticut, was installed in the pastoral office over the church in Lisle, State of NewYork, with a reserve for the present, of half the time to labor in the service of the Missionary Society of Connecticut. The publicservices of the day were performed in the followingorder. The Rev. Mr. Darrozo of Homer made the first prayer ; the Rev. Mr. Chapin of Jericho preached the sermon from Acts xx. 31, and also made the consecrating prayer;

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3. Th j1 hsod, wnen hardest trills came,
H»i often" clear'd my way;

And thou wilt give thy servant strength
Proportions to my day.

4. Oh, let me to thy gracioaj hand
My life, my all resign:

Be thou my guardian and my guide,
And be thy pleasure mir.e.

5. Let threat'ning billows round n»

If, Lord, thou judge it best;
Thy presence in the fiercest storra
Shall calm my fears to refl.

6. My willing heart, if thou cdrnrr.aiiJ,
Shall quit its fond desires:

Thou writ bestow vfrhat most it ciavri,
Or quench its idle fires.

7. If earthly comforts be denied,
And piercing sorrows come,

Jesus, en thee I'll fix mine eye,
Aiid on my heav'nly home.

8. There, when this dream of life is past,
Safe let my fnul arrive:

feedeem'd by thee, beneath thy smile I would forever live.


* Several of the (calling thoughts ofil's hymn are borrowed from another, fuh'if* ed in the J\dag/œhie for March, 1S0J, entitled " Jesus the Christian's refugt it trouble?'

Donations to the Missionary Society of ConneSicut. lSo+ D. C. Jan. i. Mr. Thomas Williams, contributed in newsettlements -----..._.- 32 5S

5. Rev. James Woodward, do, ------ 4s -23

15. Rev. Samuel Leonard, do»w •---.-» 4.0

Rev. Ira Hart, do. ------ 31' j

Avails of Dr. Strong's Sermon at the ordination

of Rev. Thomas Robbing, - - - - - --14.37

A friend of Miffior.s, to purchase Books, - - .- 11 31

134 s9

By Doctor Trumbull, 6cc Addre&s (.n Prayerand Family Religion. By Mr. Ruggles Humphrey, late of Simsbury, deceased, a Bequest ef six Dollars, annually.

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On Moral Taste.

BY moral taste is here meant a disposition of mind, or preparation of heart, to relish, or be disgusted with moral subjects. An attempt will be made to show that there is something in the human mind, of a moral nature, which bears a resemblance to the appetites of the body, by which men have a preparation to be pleased or displeased with certain kinds of food, fruitR or liquors.

Moral subjects admit only of moral evidence, and not of mathematical demonstration; and when they are of an abstruse nature, sixed attention and careful illustration are necessary, that their evidence may be clearly manifested and suitably impressed. The subject to be now considered, being of this nature, it is proposed to give a short dissertation on the taste or appetites of the body, which may illustrate and assist in inquiring into the moral taste.

1. The universal experience and observation of mankind render it manifest, that people are pleased by tasting certain kinds of food and fruits, and are disgusted with

Vol. IV. No. 9.

other kinds. Different men arc pleased and disgusted with different things; so that what is agreeable to one is loathsome to another, and what one regards with indifference, is exquisitely relished by his neighbor. This also take* place among animals of every species; so that they choose different kinds of food. Something similar operates as really in smelling and hearing, as in tasting. And from a like cause, people are led to prefer different employments, company and amusements. And this is so powerful, that those things which highly entertain seme, do as strongly disgust others.

2. Experience and observation equally prove that the affections of being pleased or disgusted by certain thing3, are in a degree permanent, arid continue the same for years together, and frequently through life, when those things are applied to the taste; and that they never can be contemplated without some degree of desire or abhorrence, accordingly as the taste is a preparation to be pleased or offended by them. There is however many times a gradual, and sometimes, by some ipecial R r

cause, a sudden change, by which some things which once pleased disgust, and which once disgusted please; and when the change has taken place, it continues as permanent as other appetites.—From these considerations it seems to be evident, that there is a certain preparation in the organs of taste, smell, &c, to be pleased or displeased with certain objects of fense; because, wherever these objects are presented, they uniformly produce those effects, unless some powerful cause prevents them. And this preparation of palate is by common consent called the taste or appetite. And men say, 'They always have an appetite for these things.'—The word taste is also used in a still more extensive sense, and we speak of a taste, not only for food, but for music, company, polite accomplishments, history and many other things; meaning a preparation to be pleased with them, and such a preparation as remains through life, or for a long time, and is proved by the uniform effects which they produce on every occasion, when those things occur.

3. This preparation to be so pleased or displeased, tho' it remains in the palate continually, is never in exercise, unless the particular food or fruits, which excite pleasure or displeasure, are tasted, seen, or at least tho't of. The appetite, or preparation of Lhe organs ot talte lies dormant, and gives one no desire, pleasure, pain or other affection, until called into action by the object by which it Is pr. pared to be affected.

4. When the oljict of the appetite is pusentcd,' tliL-ii it acts, if notliing iitcileres, in proportion to its strength and the nearness of the object. "If we but bartly think of the object, the appetite

may be but little affected. If in addition to this we expect to enjoy it soon, the appetite is stul more affected. If it be bro't in sight, prepared to be eaten, if it , be smelt and contemplated with undivided attention, there is a great affection of the organs of taste, and the desire is powerful But it is only when actually received that the sensation is most exquisite. The appetite therefore is distinct from actually tasting the object, and from the pleasure or disgust it produces. Tt is the preparation, and these are the affections of the appetite.

5. There may be an appetite for two kinds of fruit, and the appetite for one of them may be j much stronger than for the other. If both should be.presented at the j same time, and but one could be j obtained, a decided preference j might be given to one, because the organs of taste are adapted to ; be more exquisitely affected by ; one than by the other. Let one 'be a pomegranate and the other | an orange, and I am unable to J purchase but one. I should with1 out hesitation purchase the pomegranate, for the sake of its taste, if both were presented at the same time. But I have a desire for the orange also, and if I had the I means, I would gladly procure both, and ffould eat both with pleasure.

In certain circumstances how-' ever, my appetite would lead me to purchase the orange, in preference to the pomegranate. Let the orange be now present, and the pomegranate cannot be obtained within an hour: It is out of sight, tho' soon expected; but the orange is before me, I fee it, i smell it, I contemplate it, my appetite is powerfully excited. But the pomegranate being at a

distance, and unseen, has much less effect on the appetite, and hence, after some debate with my judgment, which would direct me to wait an hour for the pomegranate, that would afford more pleasure in the issue, I purchase however, from present appetite, the orange. This is according to the known properties of the ap • petites.

Mankind are agreed in acknowledging the existence of such appetites; and it is reasonable from the uniform effects of their objects, to consider them permanent, tho' often dormant ; the effects cannot in any other way be rationally accounted for.

Therefore, if there be something in the moral affections of the mind, similar to those of the body in all these particulars, it is conceived, that it would be unreasonable to deny the existence of a moral appetite, taste, disposition or preparation to be pleased or displeased with moral subjects, according to the nature of the taste. Let this resemblance or analogy be considered.

1. Universal experience and observation make it manifest, that certain men appear to be pleased with the doctrines of the gospel, with the law of God, and with his supremacy in the exercise of universal providence; and that others are displeased with these things. This is also agreeable to

"the holy scriptures, which teach us, that men either love God or are at enmity against him.

2. Observation and experience prove, that these affections of being pleased or displeased with God, and his government, are in a degree permanent, and continue, so as to form the general characters of men ; and that they usually take place, whenever these moral

subjects are strongly impressed up. on and realized by the mind. With reference to this, the holy sculptures denominate some men the friends, and some the enemies of God. His friends have also a fixed abhorrence of sin, and his enemies delight in it. This is fully illustrated in the different characteis of men, given for our instruction, in the word of God. Among his friends, some are more usually, or more strongly affected with one and some with another part of his dispensations, as his law, his gospel or his providence; and have a correspondent set of exercises and duties, by which some become more especially exemplary in one part of Christian duties and exercises, and some in another. In the fame manner, some who love sin, are given to detraction, others to covetousness, intemperance, profaneness, or persecution of the people of God; and these propensities become characteristic of them. These are as evidential of a permanent taste or preparation of mind to be affected with pleasure or pain bymoral objects, as the analogom affections are of the natural taste or appetites of the body. It is rational to consider them as the necessary effects of moral taste; and they can be rationally accounted for in this way, and in no other. It is also true, that sometimes these moral affections are suddenly changed, as in the case of Saul of Tarsus, and of the three thousand at the memorable day of pentecost; and then contrary affections become permanent, which proves what the scrip, tures call a change of heart; and is the fame that is meant by a change of moral taste or disposition of the mind towards such things, and is as evideut as the

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