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change of bodily appetites. This the ministry of Christ and his moral taste is different from moral apoftles, whom they persecuted affections, and is the cause of them, with extreme violence. or the preparation for them; and 1 5. There may be, and there is stands in nearly the same relation in believers while in this world, to the affections, as the will does two tastes, respecting moral sub. to its volitions, except that the jects, in direct opposition to each taste governs both the affections, 1 other; one is pleased with holiand the will, with its volitions. ness, and the other with the ob
3. This preparation to be pleas jects of sinful pleasure. In the ed or offended with moral things, holy scriptures these are diftinwhich we call the taste or the guished by the law of the mind, heart, or the disposition of mind, and the law in the members, or (for these are synonimous words, the new heart, and the carnal tho' by continual and repeated ob heart. “ I find then a law, that ervations, it is found to remain when I would do good, evil is constantly in the mind, is never in present with me : for I delight in exercise, unless those moral ob- the law of God, after the inward jects with which it is prepared to man ; but I see another law in be delighted or disgusted, are pre-my members, warring against the sented to its view. The tafte or law of my mind, and bringing me heart lies dormant, as to these into captivity to the law of fin, things, and produces no exercises which is in my members. So of the affections, is neither pleased then, with my mind, I myself or offended, until called into action serve the law of God; but with by the contemplation of the ob the flesh, the law of fin.”_In all ject with which it is prepared to | true believers the holy taste is be affected, that is, by moralthings. | stronger than the finful one, or the
Thus the wise virgins often flum | fupreme object in which it delights ber and sleep.
is so infinitely superior to all the 4. When the divine character, objects which please the carnal or the object of the taste is pre- | taste, that if both were felt and sented, then it acts in proportion | realized by the mind, at the to its ftrength, the nearness of the same time, and in the same degree, object, and its being contemplated a decided preference would always and realized with undivided atten be given in favor of holiness ; for tion. If the true character of the mind is prepared to be more God be bro't into view, and be exquisitely delighted with God seriously considered, and the rela- | than with any sinful gratifications. tions in which we stand to him and - Thou art my portion, O Lord.” his government, appear real and ! But in certain circumstances, interesting, there will be a great believers do actually serve fin, and affection of love orienmity, accord the finful taste prevails. At such ing to the nature of the heart or times, some object, calculated to tafte. And hence it is that the inflame the finful taste, is present people of God are exceedingly |-is contemplated--the imaginablessed in beholding him, and his tion fired and the taste strongly enemies become exasperated to excited, and God is either not madness, when God and his gove thought of at all, or his glory is ernment are brought clearly into little contemplated ; and in this view. This was the case under way the finful talte hurries the man into evil exercises. Thus treasure of his heart, bringeth David had his perverse inclination forth good things; and an evil or taste enflamed, while God was man, out of the evil treasure, out of view ; so that he did very bringeth forth evil things." These great wickedness. But when he words teach us, that there is the reflected upon his fin in the pres. | same preparation in the heart to ence of God, he was filled with produce particular moral exercises, anguilh of spirit ; and said, “My good or evil, as in a tree to pro. bones waxed old thro' my roaring duce good or evil fruit ; that the all the day long'- Make me to heart or taste is as distinct from its hear joy and gladness, that the | affections or exercises, as the tree bones which thou hast broken from its fruit; and that the exer. may rejoice.'
cises of the heart do as certainly İn all these particulars, the af. and as necessarily correspond with fections of the mind are analogous its nature, as the fruits do with to those of the palate ; and it is the nature of the tree. thought, do as fully prove a mor. The scriptures frequently use al taste, which is the foundation the word beart in the same sense, of moral affections or exercises, fignifying the moral taste. They as the others prove an appetite, mention a ftony heart, an heart of which is the foundation of the flesh, a new heart, an honest and pleasure or disgust, which certain good heart, a clean heart, an hard kinds of food or fruits give to heart and a carnal heart, in such a men and other animals.
way as seem necessarily to imply a Besides : It is thought, that preparation or taste for holy or this idea of a moral taste, distinct unholy exercises. They also es, from moral exercises, and the pressly distinguish between the foundation of them, is supported | heart and its exercises. They by the holy fcriptures. Our mention, the defires of the heart, Lord says, “ Either make the an heart which worketh iniquity, tree good, and his fruit good, or and an heart that believeth. It is else make the tree corrupt, and thought that this proves, that by his fruit corrupt, for the tree is the heart, when used in this man, known by his fruit." And again ner, we are to understand a moral he says, “ Yeshall know them by taite or disposition. their fruits. Do men gather Again : That men have a moral grapes of thorns, or figs of this. taste, and by nature a corrupt tles? A good tree cannot bring moral taste, appears to be more forth evil fruit, neither can a corn fully confirmed by the considera.. rupt tree bring forth good fruit." |tion, that mankind universally beThe tree is here designed to rep. gin their lives with evil exercises ; resent the moral quality of the and unless renewed by the Holy man, or his preparation for good Ghost, they are wholly given to or evil exercises, and the fruit, to fin, at all times, and on all occa, represent those exercises, as ap- fions, which is a scripture docpears by their connection. In trine. When the chain of their one instance, the tree is mention. moral exercises is disturbed by the ed as a mark to diftinguiih false most surprising incidents, or sus. prophets, and in the other, it is pended and broken off by sleep, or explained by the following words. diverted from one object to anoth" A good man, out of the good! er, in an infinite variety of ways, still “ Every imagination of the all that the scriptures say of rethoughts of the heart is only evil generation is intelligible in this continually.” This is naturally view ; for that taste is permanent, accounted for, on the idea that and whenever it is excited by con. they have an evil heart or taste, templating God and the things which is a continual preparation to which it relishes, will put forth love fin and hate holiness, and holy affections. But were we to that they have no other moral in disbelieveany such thing as an holy clination ; and that this remains taste, and suppose the heart to independent of moral exercises, be nothing but a simple chain of and the foundation, faculty or moral exercises, we must neceffaprinciple of them ; for in this case, rily suppose, that there is nothing the tree must always bring forth special in regeneration, different in such fruit, or the heart such ex- | kind, from that which takes place ercises. But if no such corrupt at any other time, when God is taste or bias be supposed, recourse pleased to create an holy exercise must be had to some hypothesis in the soul, after it had been emmore unnatural, and different from ployed in finful exercises ; which the ordinary method of divine op | seems to be contrary to the reperations, by which God brings | resentation, which the scriptures about events by natural or moral give us, of the importance, and causes, sometimes called the laws | especially of the peculiar nature of nature. And this hypothefis of regeneration. must also contradict the scripture The idea of moral taste, as it representations, of corruptstreams, has been explained, is also in perdepending on a corrupt fountain, fect conformity to that which the for their evil quality. It is be | scriptures assert concerning two lieved, that this is no small evi- opposite laws, or propensities in dence of a moral taste, and of one the Christian. Theold one is but which is corrupt.
in part taken away in this life, and Further : It is believed, that a new one is created. This will the scripture representation of re- therefore reasonably account for generation brings a serious argu- theinconstancy of believers. When ment, in proof of the existence of objects adapted to please either a moral taste. Regeneration is a taste are brought near and conchange from sin to holiness. In templated, that taste prevails for effecting this, God takes away the time. And the whole is per. the heart of stone, and gives an fectly intelligible, which other. heart of Aesh. It is an event never wise would be a mystery. For repeated in the same person. In Christians are conscious of one, giving the new heart, God is rep-| and sometimes of an opposite class resented as doing fomething for a of moral exercises, as according man, which he never does again, to the idea of a moral taste, they and which is different from theor- must be, when the objects which dinary operations of his fpirit, in please either taste are out of view. carrying on the work of sanctifi. Moreover : The view we have cation. And this corresponds taken of the subject is calculated with the idea, that regeneration is to impress on the mind the imthe communication of an holy ) portance of the numerous directaste, which begins to exterminate tions, which God has given us, the original corrupt taste. And' to avoid tempations, and to pray
that webenot led into them; which I and the use of means directed, that would not appear so cvidently im- we are to expe&t that God will portant, if we rejected the idea of work in us, both to will and to a moral tasteor disposition of mind. do, by his special grace. In this It peculiarly shows us the impor- way we are to give all diligence to tance of avoiding the company make our calling and election sure, and evil communications of the Further: The view now taken wicked, of meditating on the law I of this subject peculiarly helps us of God, and of keeping the heart to understand, how it is, that the with all diligence. For accor truths revealed in the scriptures ding to the idea that Christians are the food of the saints. They have two opposite moral tastes or grow by the fincere milk of the inclinations, which are excited and word, and are edified by the use of put in action by the objects which all Christian institutions. These are suited to give them delight res. things excite holy affections in pectively, it is evidently of great those who have an upright heart consequence to make a covenant or moral tafte, strengthen it, call with our eyes and with all our off the heart from objects of finsenses, not to present us with the ful desire, show how evil and unobjects suited to inflame the finful satisfying they are, and wean the taste; and that we do not suffer heart from them. We have octhem to work upon our imagina-cafion to admire the mercy of God tions, left they hurry us into fin. in the gift of his word and instiAnd it is equally necessary, that tutions, which so often call our we keep those things in view con- minds off from the objects which tinually, which please the holy inflame the sinful taste, to meditafte ; that we may have holy af. tate on those which captivate an fections, and be in the fear of the holy inclination. Thus we have Lord all the day long. Thus we the fabbath weekly, and daily calls may set the Lord always before to family and closet prayer ; and us, and ponder the path of life. are taught to address God when
Besides : As the appetites of ever we sit down to our food, of. the body are weakened by long lien to read the scriptures, attend absence of their objects, and men the religious instruction of chil. become gradually weaned from dren, and associate with the peothem, and as they are strength. | ple of God. These things feed ened by frequent gratifications ; so the people of God, recover them avoiding temptations and finful from temptations, habituate them indulgencies tends to weaken and to holy exercises, and so weaken subdue the corrupt taste, and the power of the corrupt, and wean us from fin; and the constant strengthen the good disposition, sense of the perfections of God, And accordingly, where these and the exercise of gracious af- helps are not enjoyed, or are too fections naturally tend to strength-much neglected, Christians are en an holy difpofition or taste. | sensible of spiritual decay. This These confiderations should en- | | also may be considered as another gage us to follow the directions evidence of the reality of a moral we have received, to avoid tempt. | taste. . ation, and set the Lord always Again : If there be an holy before us. The way to conquer taste, then believers will hunger is to fly. And it is in obedience and thirst after righteousness ; and if an evil one, then the wick. | their earthly goods, for raising ne. ed will have their minds on those cessary funds; and many inftrugratifications which suit their taste, ments have been raised up, and and will be tempted and drawn endowed with extraordinary zeal away by their own lufts, juft as and fortitude, who have been fent we find by scripture, experience and are now laboring as miffionand observation that they are ; aries in the most diftant and unwhich, while it brings another civilized parts of the world. evidence of a moral tafte, at the The fame fpirit has operated, same time, calls us to examine in a moft extraordinary manner, ourselves, and instructs us by on the hearts of Christians in A. what means we may know our' merica. Within a few years past, own hearts, even by their fruits. there have been formed ten or
Finally : Men must be born twelve missionary societies, for the again. We need good hearts, and purpose of furnishing the inhab. a good heart or moral preparation | itants in the new settlements with is indeed an excellent treasure ; the preaching of the gospel, and agreeable to the instruction of our the adminiftration of Christian orLord, « A good man, out of the dinances ; and of gospelizing the good treasure of the heart, bring. tribes of Indians who inhabit our eth forth good things.”
western frontiers. CARDIA.
: So extensive a co-operation among Christians, to spread the
knowledge of Christ and to ad. A Narrative on the subject of Mif- | vance his kingdom in the world, fons : and a Statement of the affords great reason to believe, Funds of the Missionary Society that it is God's design to make of Connecticut, for the year 1803. fome uncommon advances, at least, Publisbed by order of the Trustees towards the fulfilment of his proof the Society.
mise, to fill the earth « with the
knowledge of the glory of the Lord.” A MONG all the great events A missionary society was formA which have taken place ed in Connecticut in June, A. D. within a few years past, no one is 1798. And, although at firit it more remarkable, than the sudden was deftitue of the necessary funds and extensive ardor which has for carrying into execution the bebeen excited, among Chriftians, in nevolent designs of its institution, almost all parts of Chriftendom, yet it has pleased God to open the to spread the light of the glorious hearts of the people to contribute, gospel of Christ, and advance his publicly and privately, in fo liberal kingdom in the world. In Eu a manner, that the funds of the rope, Christians, of every denom- society have been uniformly inination, have united their efforts, creasing ; notwithstanding a numto send the gospel to nations ber of missionaries have been conwhich are in total darkness, and to stantly enıployed. extend the means of salvation with The same zeal which has respect to those who but partially prompted the pious, by their enjoy them. Many missionary fo- prayers and contributions, to ad. cieties have been formed. The vance the missionary cause, will hearts of Christians have been on naturally enkindle in them a defire pened, to contribute liberally of and solicitude to know in what