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created arm could bring assistance. And will not this set our sins in .their, true light ? Surely our hearts must be harder than the adamant,if they cannot bleed on beholding a God, a dying Jesus, suspended between the heavens and earth, nailed to a cross and pierced, 'till blood and water, sussicient to wash and cleanse a world of sinners, flow from his wounds. I»ray reflect often on the guilt of your own heart, and fee if you cannot call up a catalogue of sins, so black, as to drive you immediately to this all-cleansing fountain.
I do not know but you have chosen Jesus for your friend: but this I know, that neither you nor any of the human race, can obtain heaven, without an interest in the atonement which he has made.
If you are not a friend to God, let me intreat you not to sleep in a situation so dangerous; and if you are, it will not hurt your feelings, if I speak a little concerning the regions of despair; of heaven and immortal glory, and of God's perfections.
In all our enjoyments, we may draw an usesul contrast between them and the misery of those who are consigned to remediless woe.
When we assuage our thirst or appease our hunger, let us reflect, that, in hell, sinners cannot get a drop of water to cool their tongues; but must forever thirst, forever starve, forever burn.
Here we can procure fruits and whatever is agreeable to the taste: there, will be no fruit, but that of a stubborn heart, which rejected a Saviour.
Now, we are covered with garments os convenience and beauty: they who have trifled with 'the. ossers of grace, are covered with eternal shame and remorse.
Now, we may read God's word
of comsort, counsel, reproof and threatening: there, they shall read, "Depart from me ye workers of iniquity."—Here, the songs of mirth, the notes of the harp and viol may sometimes exhilarate our hearts—There, the dreadsul anathema of" Depart ye cursed," will forever sound i/i their ears, accompanied by an eternal jargon of blasphemies.
Do you wonder, my dear sir, that I dwell on such awsul subjects? Think a little ;—have I faid any thing which is not authorized by the word of God? Have I mentioned half as many curses as are there contained? On the contrary, are not the whole contents of that book levelled against the impenitent?
But, if we have followed these gloomy reflections far enough— if you are wearied with looking over the abyss of eternal woe— and if you are not yet moved with the awsul fate of stubborn sinners, pray let your heart be melted with the endearing word» and precious invitations of Christ —" Come ye blessed of my Farther—He that cometh to me "I will in no wife cast out—The "spirit and the bride fay come, "and let him that is athirst come, '• and he that will, let him come f* and partake of the waters of "life freely." Come my little flock, for whom I paid a costly ransom, " inherit the kingdom— "enjoy the promised rest." All tears shall there be wiped from your eyes. Ye have mourned and wept, but now ye "shall be com"sorted": ye have been poor and despised, but now " yours is "the kingdom: ye have " hun"gered and thirsted after riglit"eousness," but ye " shall be "silled."
Oh, my dear brother, if you
have any regard for your own soul or the souls of others—if you have love for Christ, or wisli the promotion of his cause, pray without ceasing; let your prayers frequently rife before the mercy feat of a commiserating God, who has enjoined it Oh Us, to "give "the throne of grace no rest un
"til he come and make Jerusalem "a praise in the earth."
That each of us may be prepared to meet him on that gre«t day, when prayers for the impenitent can no longer avail, is the most sincere and constant petition of your affectionate sister.
P M .
At a meeting of the General Association of ConneSicut, at Stratford, on the third Tuesday of June A. D. 1803,
It was Voted, That the Trustees of the Missionary Society be requested to procure a publication of the report of our delegates to the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, in the Evangelical Magazine.
Also, Voted, That the Trustees of this Society be requested to prepare, or procure, publish and distribute a summary of the Christian doctrines, for the benefit of the people in the new settlements.
On balloting for Trustees of the Missionary Society, for the ensuing year, the following gentlemen were duly elected.
His Honor John Treadwell, Esq.
Hon. Roger Newberry,
Hon. Jonathan Brace,
Hon. John Davenport,
Hon. Aaron Austin,
Hon. Oliver Ellsworth, Esqrs.
Rev. Messrs. B. Trumbull, D. D.
The above are a true extracts from the minutes of the General Association.
CYPRIAN STRONG, Register.
Note. The Jlated meeting of the Trustees, by the Constitution of the Missionary Society, is annually on the firjl Wednesday in September, in Hartford.
Donation to the Missionary Society of Connc8icut. July 6. A friend of Missions, . . . 10 dols.
For The Connecticut EvanGelical Magazine.
Attempts to Christianize the Indians in Netu-England, &c.
[Continued from p. 14.]
The Indians at Naikk are formed into a church, after, what was then deemed, a suitable time of inJiruSion and trial—-A church gathered, and a minister ordained at Majhipaug—Of Mr. Eliot's ajjijlants in his missionary services; and biographical sketches of some of them—Theslate of the Christianizedcongregations,audchurches in 1670.
IN the preceding number an account was given of the ex. amination of the Christian Indians at Natick in respect to their qualifications for baptism) and being formed into a church state. Tho' the examiners received much satisfaction ; and the confessions of many of them, being sent to England, and published, were approved of there ;' yet they were kept, Vol. IV. No- 3.
For several years after, in the state of catechumens.*
At length they were incorporated into a church, after the manner of New-England, giving themselves first to the Lord, and then
* Catechumens.] Perhaps some young readers need to be informed, that this Word, as here used, signifies persons under instruction in the principles, and duties Of Christianity, in order to their being aimitted to baptism, when it fliall appear, that they have, according to Christ's institution, competent qualifications for this i;tcred ordinance.
Possibly our predecessors might keep the Indians, who appeared serious, and were well instructed in the doctrines of Christianity, too long a time in the state of Catechumens: Perhaps, that might be applied to them, in respect to admission to church privileges, which was said by a Roman historian in another case. " Nocuit antiquus Rigor, et nimia Severitas." It may be, they insisted upon terms higher in degree, than the inspired apostles did, in admitting adults, converted amang the heathen, to the positive institutions of Christianity—At least we do not learn from the history of the New Testament, that the apostles kept their proselytes/c long from the enjoyment of the special sacred ordinances of the gospel. However, thts may be alledged in apology sot: Mr. Eliot, wd other ancient divines in NewEngland, that the easy «"°S» uSot' one to another in an holy covenant; promising to walk together in all the ordinances, and institutions of the gospel ; and Mr. Eliot first baptized, and then administered the Lord's supper to them.f Thus was the first Indian church formed about the year of our Lord 1660, or 1661.^
The fame spirit, which actuated Mr. Eliot, excited others elsewhere to prosecute the same excellent work: One of these was the pious Richard Bourne, who soon saw a great effect of his labors.
In the year 1666, about the middle of July, the Hon. Thomas Prince, Esq. Gov. of the jurisdiction of New-Plymouth, Mr.
■which persons, in too many of the establistied churches in England in their day, -were admitted to special ordinances, might lead them to an opposite extreme: For in too many instances, very scandalous persons were admitted to the Lord's Supper, as members of the national church, with little, or no restriction. However, they must be commended in general, for using caution in their admissions: And if they exceeded due limits in their cnuthn, it discovered a desire in them to avoid making the special institutions of Christianity common to the qualified, and unqualified, as had been done in too many churches ;n Christendom.
t Magnalia, B. III. p. 198. Neal Vol. I. p. aj 8.
I I have not yet learned the precise time of forming the church at Naticlt. Gov. Hutchinson places it in 1651; but this seems to be a mistake in chronology: For Dr. Increase Mather, who flourished in the 17th century, and began his career of public service but a sew years after the middle of it, places this transaction several years later: In his letter to Professor I.eusden os Utrecht, dated July 12, 1687, he thus writes, "Above asi years ago, he [Mr. Eliot] gathered a church of converted Indians in a town, called Natick." According to Dr. Mather, this church waj formed about the year 1660, m 1661.
Thomas Southworth, one of the magistrates, Mr. John Eliot, fen. Mr. John Eliot, jun. Mr. Samuel Arnold, Mr. John Holmes, Mr. William Brimsmead, and Mr. Thomas Cushman, went to Sandwich to have an interview with. Mr. Bourne, who lived there, and had been instructing the Indians in that vicinity, in the Christian faith; and to make enquiry into, the progress they had made in knowledge, and virtue. Most, or all of these gentlemen, except the two Mr. Eliots, were inhabitants of Plymouth colony—some in the civil, and others in the Ecclesiastical department. At their motion a large assembly was convened at Mafhippaug [Mafhpee]: At this meeting a good number of the Indians, whom Mr. Bourne had been instructing, were examined: They gave such an account of their knowledge, and belief, and of the impression the gospel had made upon their hearts; and gave their relations with such affection, as was extremely grateful to the pious auditory; The magistrates and ministers, convened upon the occasion, received much satisfaction in what they observed and heard: Yet such was the strictness of those who conducted the business of the meeting, that before they would countenance the advancement of these Indians to church fellowship, they concluded, that their confessions should be written^ and a copy sent to each church in the colony for their inspection, and approbation, if they saw fit ; so. that if no objections should be offered, they might, at a suitable time, be permitted, and encouraged to enter into church fellowship. The confessions, and relations were very agreeable to the churches, to which they were communicated.
Afterwards, the melfengers of all the churches being present, and giving their consent, these Indians were formed rato a church, and chose Mr. Bourne to be their pastor, who was then by Mr. Eliot, and Mr. John Cotton of Plim* outh ordained to that ossice over them. The ordination was performed in the year 1670. Mr. Bourne continued in ossice for sundry years.*
- He was an early settler in Blimouth colony, and a moft zealous, and indesatigable promoter of the gospel among the Indians.f
Besides Mr. Bourne, Mr. Eliot had the fatisfaction of having sundry fellow-laborers in his missionary work: Most of those, who ossiciated Jlatedly, survived him, and faithsully pursued the service 'after he had sinished his course, and rested from his labors.
Soon aster entering upon his mission he found, as might be expected, the need of more laborers in this extensive, and arduous work. The ministers indeed in his neighborhood gave him occasional assistance; but their advantages for instructing the Indians in Christianity were, in one respetl at least, much inserior to his own, as they could instruct them only by the help of an interpreter; whik he, being master of their language, did preach to them in their own tongue. It was his earnest prayer, that God would fend forth .still more laborers into this harvest: And he was the more importunate, as he was sensible, that but few secular advantages and encouragements attended the service, and much toil and self denial,
* Magnal. B. III. p. 199. Morton's Memorial under the year 1666.
f Hufcchinson's Hist. Masla. V. II. f. 46 J
if not personal danger, must be expected ; so that a special, divine influence upon the mind was necessary to incite a man to engage iu it, and pursue it with resolution, and persevering sidelity. He had the pleasure to sind, that 3 gracious answer was returned to his petitions: He faw .generous, and vigorous attempts made by several other most worthy preach. ers of the gospel in several places (some of them remote from him) to Christianize the perishing Indians.
After some years, his eldest son Rev. 'John Eliot of Cambridge. Village, [now Newtown] and Rev. John Cotton, of Plimouth, learned the language of the natives, and were able to preach to them in theirown tongue, and did so for a considerable time —Mr. John Eliot, jun. I presume till his decease in 1668—and Mr. John Cqtton fill i6QO,tif npt some years after.* ,..-..
A . bries account of the other ministers, except two, will be given in the words of Dr. C. Mather. The epithets he assixes ta their names lrjow in what estimation he held them. •
f In Connecticut the holy and acute Mr. Fitch has made noble essays towards the conversion of the Indians : But, I think, the Prince he has to deal with, being an obstinate insidel, gives unhappy hindrances to the successes of his ministry.—Godly Mr. Pierson has, in that colony, deserved well, if I mistake not, upon the fame account."
"In Massachusetts we fee, at this day, the pious Mr. Daniel Gookin, the gracious Mr. Peter Thacher ; the well-accomplished, and industrious Mr. Grindal Raw