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o'clock in the afternoon of the same day, the sister of the prisoner came to his house in a cab, and he returned with her. They found both doors of the prisoner's rooms locked. A poker was brought and he broke open the panel of the door, pushing the sister in first, not being able to get through the aperture himself. On the sister opening the door, he saw the prisoner lying on the floor nearly covered with blood, which proceeded from a long jagged wound in her own throat. The child lay on the top of a bed partly covered with a pillow. It was then alive. A razor lay on the bed. On examining the child he found a small incised wound between the fifth and sixth ribs, just under the left nipple. He dressed the wound. The child died on the following Sunday, the 2nd of August, and a post-mortem examination disclosed that the death resulted from a wound inflicted by a dagger. That dagger was found on the Sunday evening by a police officer behind a shutter in the room where the child lay. It was in a sheath, and there were marks of blood upon it. The wound on her own throat had been inflicted by the razor. Previously to her confinement, in April, he always found her excessively nervous. Her husband, she said, did not behave kindly to her, and she was always extremely jealous. Occasionally she was subject to hysteria. He believed the jealousy was well founded. After the deed she had always a vacant stare, and showed little apparent sorrow for the loss of her child. He believed from those symptoms her mind was not then in a proper state. She used to complain greatly of her head aching and of dizziness, which were often proofs of insanity. On the day of consultation he and Mr. Byam thought she might be left with safety; but in his (witness's) opinion no woman could have done what she did unless in a state of insanity. She showed, also, a great deal of cunning in throwing them off their guard, which was another mark of insanity. By Serjeant Shee.—The confinement in April was a premature one. After that she was subject to great nervous excitement and restlessness, and they were obliged to give her considerable quantities of opium to enable her to rest at all. She was provided by Mr. Chappell with every thing necessary to her comfort and ease. For about the last three weeks before the child's death she said she would not receive any more money from Mr. Chappell unless she had his affections. Mr. Chappell and she had had a desperate quarrel, and witness was requested to make terms with her. It was on that occasion she refused receiving any more money. In these three weeks she was absent a few days at Liverpool, and whenever witness saw her she was always in an excited state. The prisoner's sister, alarmed at seeing her have laudanum, had frequently consulted him about the state of her mind. The prisoner had repeatedly told him she would destroy herself, and that induced him to call in Mr. Byam. On the very morning they had the consultation she smiled frequently and talked cheerfully when they conversed with her about a settlement. They had gone to see whether there was any necessity for putting her under restraint, but she threw them off their guard by her excessive cunning. The child was then out. Elizabeth Mitchell.—I am the sister of the prisoner. In 1859 my sister went into the service of Mr. Chappell, who resided near Manchester. She was there until the 11th of October, 1862, when she came to London. I came with her. The child was fourteen months old when it died. I lived with her, and acted as nurse. She became very low and desponding after they had been in London about three months. There was something strange and peculiar in her manner. She had many fancies about things which were not real. She complained of people talking to her during the night, and of having distressing dreams. She said she was sure somebody was coming to take her away. She fancied there were mice and black beetles in her bed, and she asked me to look for them. She was very much flushed in the face, and her loss of memory became very perceptible. Being very much alarmed at seeing her have a bottle of laudanum, I consulted Dr. Cathrow. On Friday, the 31st of July, I returned home with the child, about half-past twelve o'clock, after a walk in the Regent's-park. I gave the child its dinner, and put it in bed, in its cot, about half-past one o'clock. I then, at my sister's request, went to Covent-garden market to get her a peach, leaving the child in a nursery on the second floor. I returned about four o'clock. (Witness then related how the door was broken up, and the circumstances to which Dr. Cathrow had deposed.) I had never before the act seen a dagger or razor in my sister's possession. By Serjeant Shee.—My father is in an accountant's office at Liverpool. My sister had lived with Mr. Chappell as his housekeeper at Huyton-hall, he being a widower with two grown-up daughters. I also lived in his service. He had a town house in Devonshire-place. My sister and I came to London during the Exhibition, and he took a lodging for us in Weymouth-street, in the first instance. She went by the name of Mrs. Chappell. He always called her by that name, and she wore a wedding-ring in his presence. Both in Liverpool and in London all proper comforts were supplied by Mr. Chappell. She was always extremely kind to the child, to a degree, indeed, beyond any thing I had ever known in a mother. She became more affectionate to it up to the very last moment. After her confinement in April last there was a great change in her manner, and I thought her quite deranged. She was at times very much excited, without any apparent cause. At one time she suspected Mr. Cathrow, the surgeon, and others were conspiring together to poison her. She also apprehended Mr. to." was going to take the child from her. She declared she would never be separated from it. After she was confined Mr. Chappell’s visits became less frequent. About that time she réceived a letter from him, which she tore up. I
also had a letter from him, and spoke to her about it; but she
“Believe me, yours sincerely,
Witness continued.—After that she became still more excited. I remember Mr. Wilson, a solicitor, calling to see her. I left the room when he came, and shortly afterwards the bell rang. I returned and found my sister fainting, and Mr. Wilson supporting her. Previously to the death of the child she went to Liverpool for a few days. While I was absent at Covent-garden she had taken off the child's day-dress, and put on its night-clothes. She had laid out another night-dress for the baby. Her own clothes were all locked up, and she had hidden the key. After the letter of the 25th, and after Mr. Wilson's visit, Mr. Chappell came to see her, but not again.
Mr. W. J. Byam, a surgeon residing at Welbeck-street, Cavendish-square, gave evidence corroborative of that of Mr. Cathrow as to the state of the prisoner's mind towards the end of April, and stated that after her confinement she laboured under a form of insanity.
Dr. Thorne, a physician of twenty years' practice, said he had had his attention directed to persons suffering under aberration of mind. He attended the prisoner in her first confinement, in June, 1862. She had a very tedious labour, and suffered very much from hysteria afterwards. He succeeded in getting her well by
giving her opium. Her mind was then wavering. He advised that she should be sent home to her friends, and that she should not again cohabit with Chappell. He was positive that if she became again in the family way, either her body or mind would give way. At the time she was removed to Newgate upon the charge of having murdered her child she was in a state of suicidal mania. She laboured under several illusions, one of which was that her child was about to be taken away from her, which was not the fact. Mr. Baron Martin here consulted with Mr. Justice Willes, and said that, although the question in this case was entirely for the jury, he himself had no doubt about the matter. Dr. Thorne had just stated that the prisoner was in a state of suicidal mania in Newgate, and that she previously laboured under hysteria, producing a form of insanity. The question was, could she have been in a responsible state of mind, answerable for her actions, at the time she fatally wounded her child? Mr. Clerk said he had other evidence to produce, which would still more fortify that given by Dr. Thorne, some of the witnesses stating that she laboured under the illusion that soldiers were walking in her room. Mr. Baron Martin, addressing the jury, said the prisoner was accused of murder, and that if she was not guilty of that offence, she must be acquitted on the ground of insanity. There appeared to be no doubt that she had been guilty of the murder of her child, to whom she was fondly attached,—in other words, of unlawfully killing; and the question depended altogether upon the state of her mind at the time. It was for the jury to say whether they wished to listen to further evidence, or whether they desired to hear Mr. Serjeant Shee. The jury consulted together for about a minute, and then road a verdict of “Not Guilty,” upon the ground of insanity.
2. STAR vation of A FAMILY.—A respectable family, carrying on a school at No. 45, De Beauvoir-square, West Hackney, were plunged into a state of the greatest destitution through the failure of the school, and recently an execution was put into the house, when all the furniture and effects were carried away. A short time ago, one of the children, Macaulay Josiah Brewer, aged twelve years, was found by Dr. Kitchen lying without covering in a room without furniture and without fire, and dying from, apparently, the want of food and comfort. Death soon after put ond to his
sufferings. Mr. H. Raffles Walthew, deputy coroner, held an inquest upon the body, at the Waggon and Horses Tavern, De Beauvoir square, and so great was the sensation which the sufferings of the family had made in the neighbourhood, that not only was the court crowded, but several hundred persons gathered in the street outside. Mrs. M. Brewer, 45, De Beauvoir-square, deposed that deceased was her child. About three weeks ago he was taken with a cold. She noticed a change come over him, and she was about to send for a doctor, when he was taken with a fit and died soon after. Witness had had a family of twelve children, five of whom were living with her. The eldest of the latter was eighteen years old, and had assisted in teaching in the school. They had taken the school last December, but it had failed. A month ago an execution was put in and every thing removed. Dr. Kitchen said he was called in when deceased was dying. Death resulted from water being effused on the lungs, from the effects of want of food and of exposure. The child's lying as he found him, in a room without fire, and when reduced to the last stage from privation, was sufficient to cause death. The family were miserably poor, and were on that account unable to call in a medical man in time to save deceased's life. Sarah Hubbard, 41, De Beauvoir-square, said that the family had been for some time past in great trouble and want. Mr. Josiah Brewer said that he was a schoolmaster. He took the house last Christmas, and had about twelve scholars. He only had a few shillings a week— not more than 10s. to keep five children with. When the execution was put in the school was upset. He did all he could for deceased. None of the family had bedding or clothing. Mr. Williams, coroner's officer, said that he found the family in the house without as much as a chair or stool to sit upon. Deceased lay on the floor dead, with the bones almost coming through the skin. The coroner said that a more dreadful case of suffering he had never seen. The parents ought to have applied for relief to the proper quarter, instead of attempting to conceal their deplorable condition. If a doctor had been called in before, deceased might not have been sacrificed. The jury returned a verdict of “Death from effusion on the lungs, caused by want of food,” adding “that the parents showed neglect in not calling in medical aid for the deceased before his death.” The coroner, the jury, and the Rev. S. Finch, the incumbent of the district, raised a subscription, which amounted to 4! 13s., for the unfortunate family. 3. CoNSECRATION of THE NEw GARRIsoN CHURCH AT Woolwich.-For many years the only place of worship for this important garrison has been a small and incommodious building ; and the late Lord Herbert, on the part of the Government, eagerly entered into the project of building a new church, which should be adequate to the wants of the garrison, and himself settled the plans, and fixed the site. , Messrs. Wyatt were entrusted with the designs, and produced an edifice which may serve as a