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earnest entreaty, 'not to let his misfortunes tempt a hundred inmates more being accommodated in him to commit any rash act;' then, placing in his consequence. hand a guinea, with the delicacy of genuine benevo- Passing directly through the colonnade, we arrive lence, he hastily withdrew. Guy, roused from his at the portion of the building which is assigned for reverie, followed the stranger, and warmly expressed the charge of twenty-four female lunatics; some of his gratitude; but assured him he was mistaken in whom, though they entered apparently hopeless cases, supposing him to be either in distress of mind or (as the epitaph on the founder implies,) have, we are of circumstànces, making an earnest request to be happy to say, quitted their safe and hospitable retreat favoured with the name of the good man, his intended in a sound state of mind. benefactor. The address was given, and they parted. Further on, amidst trees which flourish well and Some years after, Guy, observing the name of his give a look of cheerfulness, so delightful to many friend in the bankrupt-list, hastened to his house; a languid sufferer when permitted to walk forth into brought to his recollection their former interview; the air, we reach the Museum. This is a neat modern found, upon investigation, that no blame could be building, comprising a valuable surgical collection, attached to him under his misfortunes; intimated his the principal feature of which is a vast variety of wax ability, and also his full intention to serve him;
models, illustrative of the wonders of the human entered into immediate arrangements with his frame, and of remarkable cases of disease, executed creditors, and finally, re-established him in a business, with surprising accuracy by Mr. Joseph Towne of
M. which ever after prospered in his hands, and in the Guy's Hospital. hands of his children's children, for many years, in Newgate Street."
HISTORY OF NAVIGATION, DISCOVERY, AND His humane plan of founding an hospital having
COMMERCE. been matured, Guy, at the age of seventy-six, procured
II. ORIGIN OF NAVIGATION. THE ARK. ANCIENT from the governors of St. Thomas's Hospital, South
SHIP-BUILDING. EGYPT. ROMAN Ships. EARLY wark, the lease of a large piece of ground for a term of 999 years, at
COMMERCE WITH INDIA. rent of £30 a year. Having cleared the which was then occupied by a num
At what time the art of Navigation had its origin is space ber of poor dwelling-houses, he laid the first stone of unknown. We have no account of its existence previous
to the time of Noah. It is, however, not improbable that his new building in 1722. He lived to see it covered in :
the antediluvians were acquainted with it in some degree. but before the excellent machine had begun to work, A period of sixteen centuries, in which the life of man he was laid in the grave; for the hospital received was so greatly protracted, it may reasonably be supposed within its walls the first sixty patients on the 6th of was not barren of inventions. But, however this may January, 1725. His trustees faithfully effected the be, we have no account of any naval or commercial
In completion of his great and good design, and soon
operations previous to the building of the ark.
the erection of that immense structure, Scripture informs procured an Act of Parliament for establishing the
us that Noah was particularly instructed from heaven. foundation, according to the directions of his will. This would, doubtless, be necessary, whether he had Large and profitable estates were afterwards purchased any previous acquaintance with the art of ship-building in Herefordshire and Essex, for the benefit of the or not. In framing a structure for purposes so widely institution : the lease of an additional piece of ground different from those of common navigation, whatever general was also obtained, for which, with the former, the knowledge of that art he might have, would be of comgovernors still pay an annual sum to St. Thomas's. paratively little use to him. The dimensions of the ark,
too, were doubtless far greater than those of any work On this were erected two handsome wings, con- of naval architecture which he had before seen. The length nected by an iron railing and gates: and Guy's of the ark is supposed to have been about five hundred Hospital now occupies a site of five acres and a half. feet, its breadth not far from eighty, and its height about Against the stone front of the building, on entering, fifty. Its burden is computed to have been about 81,000 are two emblematic figures, Æsculapius, the heathen
The circumstances in which the immediate descendants god of medicine, and Hygeia, the goddess of health, of Noah were placed, were by no means favourable to the daughterof Æsculapius. In the west wing is the chapel; retention, much less to the improvement, of whatever naval and opposite, in the east wing, which is the older, is the skill they had acquired from their great progenitor. They Court-room. Here is a picture of Guy.
were few in number, at some distance from the coast, in a portrait by Phillips of the present Treasurer, B. country which furnished all the necessaries and many of Harrison Esq., who has filled that situation for nearly the luxuries of life, and the world, untenanted and unculthirty-five years, and under whose kind and liberal have led to improvement in navigation, have been the
tivated, was all before them. The principal causes which management the hospital continues to prosper, and desire of commerce with others, and the passion for disto fulfil the good its pious founder intended. The covery. In an unpeopled world, there were none with wings, likewise, contain the residences of the principal whom the immediate descendants of Noah could carry on officers.
commerce, and the regions around them were, as yet, too Passing through the arches in the centre, we come
little explored, for them to think of searching for • realms to a long colonnade, on each side of which are two beyond the deep. Hence it is not till several centuries
after the Deluge that we find any records of commercial quadrangles, containing the wards for patients, there operations or attempts at discovery. Indeed, we have bung altogether five hundred and thirty beds. reason to think that a period of very considerable length Son of the wards are for surgical cases, one for elapsed before the people removed far from those mild and accidents; the remainder are filled according to fertile regions, in which they found themselves at the
The buildings are airy, and well cessation of the Deluge. suited to promote recovery: and it is estimated that
Among the countries earliest settled, after the Deluge, of abou, three thousand patients who enter in the countries to the regions from which the first migrations
were probably Egypt and Greece. The contiguity of those course the year (the present average of admis- must have been made, the fertility of their soil, the salunio-tenths
out cured. Besides this, brity of their climate, and the acknowledged antiquity of the hospita, relieves tzwards of fifty thousand out their history, all warrant this supposition. Yet of Greece patients. T. means of usefulness, indeed, enjoyed
we have no authentic accounts which carry us back further by this admirale establishment, have lately admitted though its settlement can
be traced back further than that
than 1600 years before Christ, and in regard to Egypt, of an abundan increase, by the munificent bequest of Greece, we have no evidence that it was settled till a of 196,0001., mi, a few years since by Mr. Hunt; considerable time after the Deluge. Tradition states, that
the first settlements in Egypt were made by Misraim, nience of their ships. The Romans transported from grandson of Ham, 160 years after the flood.
Egypt to Rome obelisks formed out of a single stone, of Probably most of the early migrations of mankind were a length and size so enormous, that it is questionable made by land; for not only the ocean, but even a channel, whether they could have been put on board any modern or frith, of any considerable extent, would, in the infancy of ship whatever. This fact shows that the Roman ships society, be invested with enough of terror to deter the must have been large and strong, and that a considerable unpractised wanderer from trying so dangerous a path to degree of skill must have been exhibited in their condiscovery. The colony that Misraim led to Egypt, probably struction. The following account of one of the ancient preferred to cross the isthmus of Suez, rather than tempt ships is given by Athenæus. the dangers, fearful indeed to them, of the Mediterranean " It had forty ranks of oars, was four hundred and and Red Seas.
twenty-seven English feet in length and fifty-seven in We may, however, safely conclude, that the inventive breadth, and nearly eighty feet in perpendicular height genius of man did not rest very long without attempting to from the taffrel to the keel. It was furnished with four find some way to surmount the obstacles to human inter- rudders, or steering-oars, forty-five feet in length, and the course and the settlement of the world, interposed by rivers longest of the oars by which it was impelled, were in and arms of the sea, and the still more formidable ones length equal to the extreme breadth of the vessel. The presented by the ocean itself. Doubtless, traditions, and crew consisted of upwards of 4000 rowers, and at least 3000 probably some remains of knowledge relative to Noah and other persons employed in the different occupations conthe ark,
tinued long to exist among his descendants. nected with navigating so immense a fabric." These would suggest the practicability of forming structures The earliest mode of conducting commerce was doubtwhich would form a safe means of conveyance across rivers
less by caravans, which as appears from Scripture were and arms of the sea, as the ark had over the waters by known as early as the days of Joseph, and the merchants which the world was covered.
to whom he was sold probably belonged to a caravan. The first attempts at ship-building and navigation The earliest commerce with India, of which we have any after the Deluge, were probably the construction of rafts authentic account, was carried on in this way by the merand canoes, and the guiding of them, with more or chants of Arabia and Egypt. less skill, over the rivers that impeded the huntsman The Mediterranean and Red Seas were the scene of the in his pursuit of the chase, or the channels and arms first commerce carried on by water. This would naturally of the sea that interrupted the communication between be the case, as those seas border on the countries where the the occupants of opposite shores. Under these circum- human race was first planted, countries in former days disstances it would soon be found that the water, instead tinguished for the richness and variety of their productions. of impeding the intercourse of men with one another, The first people of whose maritime commerce we have furnished far better means and far greater facilities for any authentic and distinct account, are the Egyptians. carrying on that intercourse, than the land. Hence | They are said, soon after the estabishment of their monmaritime intercourse between comparatively distant cities archy, to have opened a commerce with the western coast on the same coast would arise, and the commodities of one of India, though of the extent of this commerce we know would be exchanged for those of the other. The conve but little. It appears, however, that its flourishing period nience of water as a means of transporting these com- was short, for pursuits of this kind were by no means conmodities would become more and more obvious, as their genial to the spirit of that proud and self-sufficient people, commercial operations became more extensive, and this who regarded themselves as superior to all other nations, would excite increased attention to the arts of ship-building and their country as superior to all other countries and navigation. In the course of the voyages thus made, Thus considering themselves the first of men, they new discoveries would from time to time occur, and these looked down with contempt on other nations, and were would stimulate the spirit of enterprise to more active disposed to stand at a haughty and repulsive distance efforts, and give it a higher tone. In this way we may
from them. Sea-faring men were regarded by them safely conclude, that the foundation was laid for the advance with a feeling bordering on contempt.
Their manners ment of commerce, and for the many splendid discoveries, and institutions differed widely from those of other nations. which have attended and rewarded the enterprise of sub- Possessing a character, and cherishing a spirit, so entirely sequent ages.
the reverse of that which commerce is calculated to form Like all other arts the arts of ship-building and navigation and to foster, it is not strange that they soon retired from were at first very imperfect. Naval operations which, the theatre of commercial enterprise, and left it to be in subsequent ages, would have been considered as un- occupied by a people possessing more of that free and worthy of mention, were, in the earlier ages of antiquity, social spirit which commerce requires. regarded with such wonder that the conducters of them were deified, and the names of the ships themselves The miseries of indolence are known only to those who transferred to the constellations of heaven. With many have no regular pursuit; nothing in view, however eager, of the great principles and operations in navigation, or arduous; nothing by which time may be shortened by which are now considered as the very elements on which occupation, and occupation rendered easy by habit. that science is founded, the ancients were wholly unac- Bishop MANT. quainted. The property of the magnet, by which it attracts iron, was known to them, but that more important To endeavour to gain the perfect happiness promised in property, by which it points to the poles, had entirely the next world, is the surest way to gain the greatest hapescaped their observation. They had no other means of piness this present world can bestow.-LA HARPE. regulating their course than the sun and stars. Their navigation of course was uncertain and timid. They Seek not proud riches, but such as thou mayest get justly, seldom ventured far from land, but crept along the coast use soberly, distribute cheerfully, and leave contentedly. exposed to all the dangers and retarded by all the obstruc
-Bacon. tions incident to a course so circuitous and so liable to interruption. A voyage which would now scarcely require The lands and houses, the goods and chattels, which the weeks, then required months for its completion. Even on parent bequeaths to his child in the hour of death, are the calm waters of the Mediterranean they ventured to scattered, and consumed, and swallowed up, by the rude sail only in summer, and few indeed were the hardy spirits assault of time; but the imperishable inheritance of a that did not shrink back as they thought of encountering sound, religious education, is a treasure, which, throughout the wild waves of the Atlantic. 'Winter laid an embargo the fiercest changes and storms of life, bears the richest on all their maritime operations. To put to sea at that and surest of fruits. season would have been deemed the height of rashness.
The art of ship-building appears to have made much The world is much mistaken in the value of a septre or more rapid progress than that of navigation. The account
à crown; we gaze upon its brightress, and get its of the commerce of Tyre, given in the twenty-seventh brittleness; we look upon its glory, and forger.ts frailty ; chapter of Ezekiel, affords strong evidence that the
we respect its colour, and take 20 notice of its weight. Tyrians had made no small advances in this art, and it is But it all those gay things which we frdly fancy to reasonable to conclude that the naval and commercial ourselves, are really to be found in greatņss, yet still he operations in which the Tyrians and other ancient nations
pays too dear, that pawns his heaven for
he that buys were engaged, would stimulate them to devise. various
a short bliss, gives not wenty, or an hudred years
' para means of increasing the strength, and speed, and conve- 1 chase, but cf mercy prevent not), etery).---SANCAOST,
AMONGST the many noble examples of the archi- | narrative which they give must be looked upon as tectural skill of our forefathers, which yet remain in fabulous*. this country, there are few which possess a higher The Conisborough estate subsequently passed from claim upon our interest than the majestic Castle of the family of Warren to Richard, Earl of Cambridge, Conisborough, which, after a lapse of nearly one who assumed the name of Richard of Conisborough, thousand years, still uprears its head; a visible relic in consequence, it is said, of the castle having been of another time; a connecting link between the past his birth-place. After his death it passed into the and the present. If even the most insignificant hands of his grandson, King Edward the Fourth, memorial of former ages affords materials for and remained in the possession of the crown for thought to a reflecting mind, how much more should more than two centuries, when it was given by James a ruin like that of Conisborough, which has by many the Second to Lord Dover. It afterwards became been considered the most important of the few the property of the family of its present possessor, remaining strong-holds of our Saxon ancestors yet to the Duke of Leeds. be found in this country, engage the attention of the The historical records of Conisborough Castle are lover of history and antiquities. Of late years, unusually scanty and imperfect, and the period when however, Conisborough has acquired an interest of a it fell to decay, like that of its origin, can only be new, and it may be safely affirmed a lasting character, guessed at. The plan of the structure, which must
, from its being chosen by Sir Walter Scott for one once have been of considerable extent and importance, of the principal scenes of his romance of Ivanhoe. is irregular, though rather inclining in form to an Tht
origin of this Castle is unknown. Tradition oval. The entire strong-hold, which crowns the assigns
a very remote antiquity, whilst several summit of an elevation, was surrounded by an modern aniquaries seem disposed to attribute the extensive fosse or ditch, still in many places forty foundation of first Eal of
present structure to William, the feet deep, but now destitute of water, and full of
rren, to whom the surrounding estate was granted by William the Conqueror. It is, being defeated in this neighbourhood by the British Commander
• According to these writers, "Hengist, the first Saxon invader, sort existed here during the times of the Saxons. thills as them ear the entrance to the castle is a tumulus, which is said however, indisputable, that a strong-hold of some Aurelius Ambrosius,
in the year 487, was obliged to take refuge in
killed Geoffrey of Spnmouth, and some of our old his
to cover the body of this chief ; but Turner, the eminent historian zve carried bak its origin
to a period of the Anglo Saxons, as well as other writers of high authority: invasion
torians, indeed preceding the
are of opinion that he never, at any time, ponotsated into the Britain, but the northern counties at alle
lofty oaks and elms: on the northern side, however, five or six feet in diameter and height;" its mouth is where the entrance was placed, the fosse is com- two feet square, and is on a level with a passage, pletely filled with rubbish.
which seems to have run round the tower. The wall Before the invention of artillery, the castle must is here ten and a half feet thick, so that it dimihave been almost impregnable, but in later times, in nishes eighteen inches at every floor. The height of consequence of the superior height of the neighbour- the three rooms we have described is 52 feet, and ing eminence on which the village of Conisborough the total height of the buttresses 86 feet, but they is situated, it must have been greatly reduced in have formerly been of loftier elevation. consequence, to which we may attribute its ultimate The village of Conisborough is of very high antidesertion. The remains, as far as they can be traced, quity; by the Britons it was called Caer Conan, and extend about 700 feet in circumference; but the by the Saxons Cyning, or Conan Burgh, both signichief object of interest is the magnificent tower; the fying a royal town; it must once have been a place subject of our engraving; in describing which we of some importance, as it is handed down that it was shall avail ourselves of the substance of a very the seat of a civil jurisdiction, which comprised curious paper which appeared in the Gentleman's twenty-eight towns. Magazine for the year 1801.
This picturesque village stands, as we have already
stated, on a lofty elevation, about six miles to the This noble round tower is strengthened by six massive south-west of Doncaster, overlooking a rich and square buttresses, running from the base to the summit at wooded country, through which the river Don equal distances. Eighteen feet from the ground, both the tower and buttresses expand, sloping gradually to the meanders with a life-like effect. The church, which width of four feet, in order to give greater strength to the is dedicated to St. Peter, is an ancient and remarkbase The tower is situated at the south-eastern extremity able structure, exhibiting the several characteristics of the castle, two-thirds of it being within the walls, which of the Norman, the early English, and the later or rest against it. The other face forms of itself the outward decorated styles of architecture; so that it has eviwall, and here the entrance, which is twenty-four feet fron dently been built at different periods. The monuthe ground, and ascended to by a flight of thirty-two steps, is situated. On a level with this door is a floor, ments are not destitute of interest, and a singular on which we enter through the wall, which is here fifteen stone, carved with hieroglyphics, has frequently feet thick, and at each buttress twenty-three feet. It is an excited the attention of the antiquary. The following undivided apartment, twenty-two feet in diameter, of account of a feast in the olden time, is framed and circular form, as is the whole interior of the structure. hung up in a room at an inn in this village; it The wall is quite plain, and wholly destitute of any exhibits a curious example of the change which has aperture for light except the entrance.
In the centre of the floor is a round hole, resembling the taken place in the value of money. mouth of a well, which, however, forms the only entrance
The expenses of Sir Ralph de Beeston and Sir into a lower apartment, or dungeon, from whence, accord-Gunon de Baldriston of Conisborough, on Monday, ing to tradition, there was a subterraneous passage from the morrow of the exaltation of the Holy Cross, in the castle. Ascending by a flight of twenty-five stone the fourteenth year of King Edward the Second, stairs from the entrance-passage, lighted by two loop-holes,
A.D. 1321. we reach the level of another apartment, but the floor has entirely fallen away. The fire-place, which is deserving of
Im bread, bot minute attention, is surrounded by a triple pillar on each
xviij d. Im 4 gallons of wine, bot
"S side, with carved capitals supporting a chimney-piece Im 12 gallons of ale, bot in Doncaster, xviij d. twelve feet long, now partly ornamented with ivy. Oppo
Im 16 gallons of ale, bot in Conisborough, xvj d. site, is a large arched window, ascended to by three bold
Im shambles meat, bot
Im 8 fowls, bot steps. The only other objects in this room are a closet,
Im 2 geese, bot and a niche and trough in the wall, which is here 134 feet Im eggs, bot thick. An ascent of thirty-four steps leads to the next Im 2 lbs. of candles, bot
0 31 room, which has also a fire-place. Few persons ascend
Im a woman's wages in fetching the ale, jd. further than this, as the upper room is exceedingly difficult
Im provender for the horses, bot
1 3 and dangerous of access, being only to be reached by In the neighbourhood of Conisborough may be venturing along a narrow ledge scarcely nine inches broad. discovered several traces of a Roman road.
On at last gaining an entrance, (says the writer,) the certain antiquity of the chamber, and the idea that here, perhaps, our warlike ancestors had offered up their prayers, or buckled on their armour, or taken their repose, filled us
TIME. with a pleasing awe and veneration, that was heightened to superstition by a charming sound like that of an Eolian
TIME speeds away-away-away: harp, which we both distinctly heard at several intervals,
Another hour-another dayunable to conjecture how it was occasioned.
Another month-another yearThis beautiful room is of hexagonal proportion, and the
Drop from us like the leaflets sear; ceiling is composed of a series of arches “decorated in the
Drop like the life-blood from our hearts; Gothic manner." It is very imperfectly lighted, there
The rose-bloom from the cheek departs,
The tresses from the temples fall, being only one large loop-hole or aperture in the wall, six feet in height, which diminishes in width from six feet on
The eye grows dim and strange to all. the outer wall of the tower, to thirty inches in the inner.
Time speeds away-away-away, The ceiling and other parts of this interesting chamber
Like torrent in a stormy day; have been richly ornamented with carved-work, which is
He undermines the stately tower, now much defaced; but the room is sufficiently perfect to
Uproots the tree, and snaps the flower; afford a vivid idea of the state of the castle in the olden
And sweeps from our distracted breast time.
The friends that loved—the friends liat bles:
And leaves us weeping on the shore, Our antiquaries next ascended by a flight of
To which they can return no more. twenty-five stone-stairs to the summit of the tower,
Time speeds away-away-away: which commands a prospect of exceeding richness
No eagle through the skis of day, and beauty, over field and flood. The buttresses, as
No wind along the hills can fice depicted in our Illustration, rise several feet higher
So swiftly or so smouth as he. than the walls ; in one of them appear steps ; three
Like fiery steed-crom stage to
Ile bears us or froin youth to zes others each contain a large arched alcove, whilst in
Then plunges in the fearful se
ox a fifth is “ a broad place exactly resembling an oven, Of fathomless Eternity.----|OX
iij d. ob.
THE NORTH CAPE.
tremity, where it becomes of a circular shape, and is
indented by several chasms, that form small creeks. Its Tais cape forms the most northerly point of the surface is flat, being what sailors call table-land, rising continent of Europe, and may be regarded as one of gradually from the part adjoining the land till about å the most sublime wonders of nature. It is thus quarter of a mile from its other extremity, when it declines described by Sir Arthur DE CAPELL BROOKE *, with a gentle slope toward the sea. In this part is its who approached it from the land, and from whose greatest breadth ; being, as I conjecture, nearly three
quarters of a mile across. The whole of it is almost deswork the accompanying view is taken.
titute of any vegetation, and thickly strewed with small At six in the evening we reached the North Cape; and, broken fragments of rocks. advancing to the edge of the precipice, contemplated the
On the approach of winter, the storms of snow are fearful steep between us and the ocean. Let the reader often of very long duration, lasting for many days, and imagine a cliff exceeding in height that of Dover, and with
even weeks. They are preceded by heavy fogs, which Shakspeare's celebrated description of the latter, he may
drag in from the ocean in immense masses, like impeform a good idea of the North Cape, black from the polar
netrable walls, or moving bodies of water. This, however, storms, and proudly frowning upon the foaming element at ) is the case only with westerly winds; the weather being its feet.
fine and clear when it blows from the eastward. The The eye vainly endeavoured to catch the fleeting sails climate, with all its seeming disadvantages, is notwithof some vessel steering its way through these desert seas:
standing healthy; and dreary and dismal as it may appear all was one wide roaring waste of waters. On the verge
to the inhabitants of more temperate zones, it holds out of the horizon black mists hovered, driving on from the
even its pleasures and enjoyments to the few settlers that
reside there. It is fortunate that disease is so rare, as arctic regions of Spitzbergen. To the eastward, at the distance of thirteen leagues, the North Kyn protruded there is no medical person within 150 miles: the scurvy is boldly into the waves, and seemed to vie with its gigantic the only disorder known, and this not to any great degree. rival, being separated from it by the mouths of the great
The sun disappears to the inhabitants for more than two Porsanger and Laxe fiords. Looking to the west, the months in the year; but, in return for this privation, it is lofty rocks of Stappen seemed still close to us; and beyond
for the same period above the horizon constantly day and them Maasöe and Jelmsöe presented their mountains, the
night, and for the space of about three months there is an rugged surfaces of which were softened by the distance.
uninterrupted continuance of daylight. During the long Evening was now fast approaching; and the wind, which winter-night, the aurora borealis, which shines with uncomwas strong and chill, warned us to prepare our tent for the mon brilliancy at the North Cape, compensates for the loss night. This was a task of no small difficulty, as the bleak of the sun; and its light is so great, that the fishermen are exposed surface of the Cape, and the hardness of the rock,
enabled to carry on their ordinary occupations as well as by which prevented our driving in the pegs, gave us good
the usual daylight. reason to fear, that not our little tent only, but all it con
No part of the North certainly conveys to the traveller tained, might be swept away by the blast. Having at length so perfect an idea of desolation as Mageroe, or Lean Island; found a projecting part of the cliff, which screened us in
a name highly appropriate, destitute as it is of every thing some measure, we pitched it within a few yards of this, but rocks, piled one upon the other in an extraordinary securing it as well as we could by fragments of the rock, is about seventy miles. It is very narrow, being intersected
The circumference of Mageröe, I was informed, which we rolled on the edge of the canvass, to supply the place of pegs. As we had eaten nothing since an early
by long and extensive fiords, which run very deep into the hour in the morning, and had walked some miles across
land between the mountains, and nearly approach each the mountains against the keen air of Mageröe, we had
other from the opposite sides of the land. On the mounby this time a pretty good appetite. Our provision was
tains there are about two hundred rein-deer, belonging to accordingly produced: and, having lighted a blazing fire
some Field Laplanders, who remain with them the whole with the wood we had taken care to bring, snug within our
of the year, the Mageröe sound being too broad and turtent, we enjoyed our repast with a greater relish than the
bulent, to allow of their crossing it to the continent. On most luxurious feast would have afforded in a palace at
some parts of Mageröe, where there is a little brushwood, home. When this was concluded, to drown fatigue, and hares, we were told, are found in sufficient plenty. These celebrate our arrival at the Cape, a bowl of punch was
with the ermine and lemming, constitute the quadrupeds quickly made; and, while the north wind, sweeping in
of the island. howling blasts over the icy seas, whistled loudly round us,
Dr. Henderson, in his work on Iceland, mentions a with our faces turned to the south on account of the wind, curious circumstance respecting the foxes at the North we drank“ a health to those far away;" and the recollection Cape. “In the vicinity of the North Cape,” he says, “where of many an absent friend in that quarter prolonged our
the precipices are almost entirely covered with various libations.
species of sea-fowl, the foxes proceed on their predatory The hour was late before we reclined ourselves to rest,
expeditions in company; and previous to the commencegrateful for the shelter afforded us. Sleep soon over
ment of their operations, they hold a kind of mock fight powered all but myself; and the deep snorings of the upon the rocks, in order to determine their relative Norwegian boatmen, and the Laplander, who was our
strength. When this has been fairly ascertained, they guide, proved that they had speedily lost all sense of the advance to the brink of the precipice; and, taking each fatigues of the day. Feeling no disposition to sleep, I other by the tail, the weakest descends first, while the arose softly, and, stealing out of the tent, strolled round strongest, forming the last in the row, suspends the whole the Cape. It was already midnight. The sun had sunk number, till the foremost has reached their prey. A signal beneath the horizon about an hour, but a reddish, angry
is then given, on which the uppermost fox pulls with all tint, still marked its progress below it. A feeble twilight their feet against the rocks; in this manner they proceed
his might, and the rest assist him as well as they can with diffused itself around, just sufficient to mark the gigantic from rock to rock, until they have provided themselves outlines of the cliffs. Toward the north black masses of with a sufficient supply." Nothing, I confess, would have clouds, with threatening looks, announced an approaching vorm; and the billowy ocean, that dashed against the better repaid me for a long journey to the North Cape, roche, loudly bellowed its fury. I now returned to my have beheld this very extraordinary link of foxes, sus
than to have witnessed these curious proceedings, and to slumbwing companions, crept into the tent, every object of which wa wrapped in gloom; and was soon lulled to sleep pended from the tremendous cliffs, and dangling mid-way by the mur,urings of the surge below.
between the ocean and their summits. There appeared a Our small hot stood well the rude attacks of the north great scarcity of sea-fowl, and I observed very few even wind, which blew furiously in the night; and in the morn
of the gull-tribe, which abounded most at the low rocks of ing we commenceu exploring the neighbourhood of the
Giesvær. Cape, anxiuis to lose a time, as our stay would necessarily
The sea has decreased considerably on the Mageröe depend upo. the supply of wood and provisions that with the other parts of Finmark; and it has been con
coast within the last fifty years. This is also the case remained.
The Norta Cape, which is in latitude 71° 10'15', tinuing so to do probably for sotne centuries. Even on the near its root, anı enlarging itseki towards its other ex- level of the ocean. is a long extenul headland, or tongue of rock, narrowest top of the North Cape
, the action of water can be traced, at an elevation which is so considerably above the present
This decrease of it has not failed to *wels to the North Cape,
have been observed by the inhabitants of these coasts, who