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ST. MICHAEL'S MOUNT. MOUNTAIN, the curious Muse might love to gaze,

even in those early ages. As far back as 1070 we On the dim record of thy early days; Oft fancying that she heard, like the low blast,

find it the site of a priory of Benedictine monks; The sound of mighty generations past.

after the Norman Conquest, it was bestowed upon Hero the Phoenician, as remote he sailed Along the unknown coast, exulting hailed;

Robert Earl of Mortaigne, who made it a cell And when he saw thy rocky point aspire,

(chapel) to the Abbey of St. Michael in Normandy. Thought on his native shores, of Aradus or T'yre.

At the beginning of the fourteenth century, when
Thou only, aged mountain, dost remain !
Stern monument, amidst the deluged plain,

the alien priories were suppressed, an exception was And fruitless the big waves thy bulwarks beat,

made in favour of St. Michael, on condition of the The big waves slow retire, and murmur at thy feet.-Bowles.

same tribute being paid to the English crown, as This beautiful and romantic spot is situated on the was formerly remitted to its parent abbey. In later southern coast of Cornwall, immediately opposite the times, when the monasteries were dissolved in the little market town of Marazion, and about three reign of Henry the Eighth, it was bestowed on miles and a half from Penzance. The mount itself Humphrey Arundel Esq. It afterwards came into is about 231 feet above the level of the sea, exclusive the possession, by purchase, of the St. Aubyn family, of the buildings with which it is crowned. Its to whom the buildings on the Mount at present singular situation and picturesque effect render belong. The pier, which affords protection to at it a most interesting object of curiosity; and it is least fifty sail of small vessels, being in a dilapidated calculated equally to attract the attention of the state, was rebuilt in 1726 by Sir John St. Aubyn, historian, awaken the researches of the naturalist, and the small village which is built at its base was or employ the pencil of the painter. Its magnitude much enlarged. is seen in the most impressive point of view from its It was occasionally occupied, at early periods of base, for when observed from a distance, its form our history, as a military station. During the capappears trifling, amidst the vast expanse of waters tivity of Richard Cæur de Lion in Austria, it was with which it is surrounded.

seized by Hugh de la Pomeroy, who expelled the A narrow neck of land, little more than a quarter monks, and fortified the place, for the purpose of of a mile in length, connects it with the main land: favouring the meditated usurpation of the throne by this natural causeway is passable at low water to Prince John. On the return of the king, Pomeroy, foot-passengers and carriages, but at high tide is com- dreading his vengeance, fled hither from the Castle pletely covered by the sea. The Mount is supposed of Berry Pomeroy, and, after bequeathing a large by some writers to have been originally surrounded portion of his lands to the monks, caused himself to by a dense forest, and this idea is strengthened by be bled to death, after which the Priory was surrenthe remains of trees having been discovered in its dered to the Archbishop of Canterbury. neighbourhood, at the time of an extraordinary high During the wars of the Roses, a short time after tide, as Borlase, the historian of Cornwall, relates in the discomfiture of Edward the Fourth at Barnet, the fiftieth volume of the Transactions of the Royal | John, Earl of Oxford, arrived here by sea, and Society, and also from its Cornish name Carakh-ludgh having disguised himself and some of his adherents en luz, (The Grey Rock in the wood.)

in pilgrims' habits, obtained entrance, overpowered It is supposed to be the island called letis by the garrison, and held the place against the forces of Diodorus Siculus, and other ancient authors, from King Henry, until he obtained honourable terms of which the Gauls and other nations of the continent capitulation. fetched the tin, which Cornwall was known to produce, At the present time it is occupied as a country



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The organs

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seat; and, although the rooms it contains are much

too small for modern habits, yet its delightful situa- TAE wing of the Bat is very commonly spoken of as
tion renders it a desirable residence during the sum-

a wing of leather, and the idea attached to this term,
mer months. The dining-room was formerly the undoubtedly is, that it is composed of a callous
refectory of the convent, and contains a curiously- membrane; that it is an insensible piece of stuff like
carved frieze, representing hunting subjects.

It was

the leather of a glove or of a lady's shoe; but nothing formerly famous for a fine peal of bells, which have

can be further from the truth. If one were to select now entirely disappeared.

an organ of the most exquisite delicacy and sensibility On the top of the tower, in one of the angles, is it would be the bat's wing; it is any thing but leather, the remains of what is supposed to have been a

and is, perhaps, the most acute organ of touch that moorstone lantern, kept, in all likelihood, by the

can be found, though it is not easy to understand
monks, who had a tithe of the fishery, to give direc-why it should be so. Spallanzani, a philosopher as
tion to the fishermen in dark and tempestuous noted for his extreme cruelty, as for his ingenuity
weather. This is vulgarly called St. Michael's Chair, and love of research, had observed that bats could
and will only admit one person to sit down in it at a fly with great certainty, in rooms however dark,

without striking against the walls. He found that
when their eyes were covered, they could fly with as
much precision as before; and even when their eyes
were put out, no alteration in this respect was
observed. When branches of trees or threads were
suspended from the ceiling they avoided them, nor
did they even brush the threads as they flew past or
between them; and even when the space between
was too small to admit their expanded wings, they
contracted the latter so as to suit their dimensions to
the breadth of the passage. Spallanzani thought
that the bat must possess a sixth sense.
of vision had been destroyed, and therefore it could
not be by sight that they avoided all obstacles. In
many individuals the ears were stopped, so that it
could not be by hearing. In others the nostrils were
stopped, so that it could not be by smelling; and
taste is out of the question.

The following remarks from Cuvier are sufficiently
demonstrative, I think, that it is by the acutences of
the sensation of touch in the wing, and not by any

additional sense, that the phenomenon is to be acST. MICHAEL'S CHAIR.

counted for. “ The bones of the metacarpus, and time. The ascent to it is dangerous, but it is some- the phalanges of the four fingers which succeed the times foolishly attempted out of bravado. There is thumb, are excessively elongated. The membrane also a legend attached to it, which, in former days, which unites them presents an enormous surface to was firmly relied on, and even now is not entirely the air; the nerves which are distributed to it are disbelieved, namely, that whoever first sits in St. numerous, and minutely divided; they form a netMichael's chair after marriage, whether the husband work very remarkable for its fineness and the number or wife, shall from that time forth remain the ruler of its anastomoses. It is probable, that in the action in domestic affairs.

of fight, the air, when struck by this wing, or very The town of Marazion, or Market-Jew, with which sensible hand, impresses a sensation of heat, cold, the mountain is in fact connected for twelve hours mobility, and resistance on that organ, which indicates out of every twenty-four, must formerly have been a to the animal the existence or absence of obstacles place of considerable importance, and originally had which would interrupt its progress. In this manner three market-days in a week ; but, in the third or blind men discover by their hands, and even by the fourth year of the reign of Henry the Eighth, and skin of their faces, the proximity of a wall, door of also at a later period, it was nearly destroyed by the

a house, or side of a street, even without the assistFrench.

ance of touch, and merely by the sensation which The climate of this part of the Cornish coast is the difference in the resistance of the air occasions. considered the mildest in England, and the visiter -Letters to a Young Naturalist.

0. N. from other parts of the country will be surprised to find myrtles, hydrangeas, and fuchsias flourishing in CAREFULLY avoid those vices which most resemble virtuc, the open air, and scarcely ever receiving any injury they are the most dangerous of all vices. from the severity of the winters ; on this account it has been called the Montpelier of England.

Hz that riseth late in the morning must be in a hurry all

the day, and scarce overtake his business at night.
Be wondrous wary of your first comportments; get a good
name, and be very tender of it afterwards: for 'tis like the
Venice-glass, quickly cracked, never to be mended, though. Some people act as if they deemed happiness to consist
patched it may be. To this purpose, take along with you

in good eating and drinking, and in an expensive and
this fable. It happened that Fire, Water, and Fame went splendid way of life. I, for my part, am of opinion, that
to travel together, (as you are going now;) they consulted,

to have need of nothing is a divine perfection : hence it
that if they lost one another, how they might be retrieved, follows, that as there is nothing more excellent than the
and meet again. Fire said, Where you see smoke, there Deity, whatever approaches nearest to this state, is like-
you shall find me. Water said, Where you see marsh, wise most near the Supreme Excellence."-SOCRATES.
and moorish low ground, there you shall find me. But
Fame said, Take heed how you lose me; for, if you do, you Nons are so seldom found alone, and are so soon tired of
will run a great hazard never to meet me again: there's their own company, as those coxcombs who are on the
no retrieving of me. ---HOWBLL's Familiar Letters, 1634. | best terms with themselves.-C.





For Israel's King of David's line, the Crowned, the Crucified,

Who languished in Gethsemane, and who on Calv'ry died, “How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! All her Yes, He shall come, and gather in of every clime and hue, gates are desolate.”-LAMENTATIONS I. 1, 4.

Barbarian, Soythian, Indian, Greek; the Gentile, and the Jew.

No light of sun or moon shall then again be needed there,
WHERE are the cities which of old in mighty grandeur rose ? Nor cooling fountains cast their floods into the balmy air,
Amid the desert's burning sands, or girt with frozen snows, But He who is the light and life, in the temple-thronc shall
Is there no vestige now remains, their won'drous tale to tell, dwell,
Of how they blazed like meteor-stars, and how,like them, they His brightest crown Salvation is, his name Immanuel.

And down the streets of purest gold, bright as transparent
Hark! hark! the voice of prophecy comes o'er the desert wide,

Come down, come down, and in the dust, thy virgin beauties Diffusing health and happiness, o'er nations as they pass,

The everlasting streams of life, their healing waters pour,
Oh “ Daughter of Chaldea,” thou no more enthroned shalt be, And he who tastes those crystal floods, shall faint with thirst
For the desert and the wilderness, alone shall tell of thee.

no more! Though old Euphrates still rolls on his everlasting stream, Stonebrakes.

H. BROWNLEE. Thy brazen gates and golden halls as though they ne'er had

been, Where stood thy massy tower-crowned-walls, and palaces of SCEPTICAL modes of thinking have a direct and natural

tendency to beget a captious, quibbling, sophistical habit; pride,

to create and foster literary arrogance and conceit; to The dragon and the wild beast now therein securely hide.

destroy whatever is candid and ingenuous in controversial The “ besom of destruction” o'er thee hath swept its way warfare; to make the mind diminutive, ricketty, and disIn wrath, because thine impious hand, on God's Anointed lay; torted; to induce men to set a higher value on crotchety Thou “Lady of the Kingdoms," Chaldea's daughter proud, sophisms, than on the inspirations of real wisdom and Thy gold is dim, thy music mute, and darkness now thy shroud. science; to make them more eager to puzzle and bewilder,

than to convince and instruct; to lead them to view questions Lament, ye seas, and howl, ye isles, for Tyre's virgin daughter,

of great and acknowledged interest to their species, with Who sits a queen enthroned upon the wide far-flowing water,

coldness, apathy, and distrust; to throw a gloom and cloudiWho said, "I am above all else with perfect beauty crowned, And helm and shield in comeliness hang on my walls around; picking holes in the garment of knowledge, instead of en

ness over the whole mind; to cause men to take delight in “My merchant-princes bear the wealth of every land and clime, deavouring to multiply its sheltering folds over their race;

The choicest things that earth can give, in sea, or air, are mine, to mistake verbal wranglings, and snarlish disputations, as
The vestments rich of purple dye, alone are made by me, certain indications of real talent and genius; to make men
And kings that robe can only wear, the robe of sovereignty." slaves to ambitious singularities and mental eccentricities;

and, in one word, the general and most valuable of our And haughty Zidon, she too stood enrobed in dazzling light, mental principles become paralyzed and enfeebled, by a The precious stone her covering was, with pearl and diamond

constant habit of frivolous doubting and minute fastidiousbright,

ness, as to the degree of evidence required to produce firm The ruby and the emerald, the sapphire's glowing gem,

and rational conviction on subjects of vital importance Blazed on her star-embroider'd vest, and on her diadem.

BLAKEY. Thou “city of a hundred gates," through whose folding leaves of brass,

Very few persons consider how early children receive their Ten thousand men in arm'd array, from each at once might first impressions, how soon they learn to follow the tempers pass,

and manners of those about them. How important, then, Could not thy warriors and thy walls thee from the spoilers must be the example of their father and mother! How save?

naturally will the child be guided by the daily conversation, Alas! alas! thy gates are down, thy heroes in the grave. the daily conduct of its parents. How strong must be And where those sumptuous summer-homes, those bowers of

their intiuence on the young mind, taught to look up to kingly pride,

them with love and respect.
That rose amid the "palm-tree shade,” far in the desert wide?
Where that gigantic structure the temple of the sun? THERE is no age at which we are not apt to follow the
Is thy day of beauty too gone by, thy race of glory run ? example of those around us, but it is in childhood, above
Imperial “Mistress of the World,” where are thy triumphs all, that example exerts its greatest power. It is the nature

of children to imitate all they see; it is by this means they
For dark, and dim, and lustreless, the jewels on thy brow,

learn so much during the first years of their life. We see The proud stream at thy feet rolls on, as it was wont of old,

that speech is taught them by imitating those around them, And bears within its azure depths what time may not unfold. feelings we call natural, are often taught in the earliest

but we are too little aware how many of the passions and
The seven hills thy ancient throne, the hand of time defy, infancy,
But now the marble coronets, in broken fragments lie,
The stately arch, the pillar'd done, the palace and the hall,

It is a great satisfaction to me that my daughters will be
No more behold in banner'd pride, the gorgeous festival.

educated well, and taught to depend upon themselves for Thy Cæsars, and thy citizens, the emperor, and slave,

their happiness in this world : for if their hearts be good, Alike rest in the silent tomb, or in the peaceful grave;

they have both of them heads wise enough to distinguish Even there thy noble ladies, in deeds of virtue bold,

between right and wrong. While they have resolution to And there is Messalina now, in her robe of woven gold.

follow what their hearts dictate, they may be uneasy under

the adventitious misfortunes which may happen to them, And thou, beloved “JERUSALEM,” tho’ desolate thou art, Thy honoured name enshrined shall be, in every


but never unhappy; for they will still have the consolation heart,

of a virtuous mind to resort to. I am most afraid of out

ward adornment being made a principal study, and the Tho' the harp of Jesse's son now lies neglected, mute, and

furniture within being rubbish. What they call fashionable still, Yet Abraham's God cannot forget his own most holy hill.

accomplishment, is but too often teaching poor Misses to

look bold and forward, in spite of a natural disposition to
The silver trumpet yet shall wake in thee a joyous sound, gentleness and virtue.-LorD COLLINGWOOD.
Thy golden altars be once more with sweetest incense crown'd,
Yet not the blood of bulls or goats, that shall be offered there,

He that at midnight, when the very abourer sleeps
But the sweet incense of the heart, in notes of praise and

securely, should hear, as I have often done, the sweet prayer.

descants, the natural rising and falling, the doubling and The seven-branch lustre yet shall shed its rays of holy light, redoubling of the nightingale's voice, might well be lifted On every clustered capital, with sculptured traceries bright, above earth, and say, Lord, what music last thou provided And He whose presence dwelt between the cherubims of gold, for the saints in heaven, when thou afiordest bad men such Shall to his bright pavilion come, as he was wont of old. music upon earth.--IZAAK WALTOY.


FAMILIAR ILLUSTRATIONS OF EXPERI- gold, effectually covering silver-wire, and weighing MENTAL SCIENCE.

only 1,400,000,000th (one fourteen hundred millionth) of a No. III. DIVISIBILITY OF MATTER. grain may be seen by the aid of a common magnifier,

Small and insignificant as the fourteen hundred All material substances may be divided into two millionth of a grain of gold may appear, it is, comgeneral classes,-simple and compound. A simple paratively, a rough fragment of the metal, consisting, substance retains its original character, under every probably, of many thousands of its ultimate parvariety of form it may assume, whether solid, liquid, ticles. The most perfect state of separation to which or aëriform. It corresponds, in this respect, with the

we can subject a metallic body is that of vaporization. description we have already given of an element. A

To detach a single particle of vapour, weigh it, compound substance consists of two or more simple and measure it, is a process too refined and complior elementary substances, held together by certain cated for man to perform, notwithstanding the aids laws of affinity or attraction, and presenting proper

with which science has supplied him. In the focus ties essentially different from those possessed by either of a burning-glass, the heat of which far exceeds that of the simple bodies when in its separate state. The of a furnace, gold has not only melted, but vaporized. number of simple substances at present known is This fact was attested by a piece of silver, placed at fifty-three, of which five only are found capable of

some distance above it, being gilded by the condencombining with all the others. By a series of com

sation of the vapour of gold upon its surface. binations that, in number, far exceed our limited

When a solid body, as salt, is dissolved in water, comprehension, these fifty-three elementary bodies

we have an instance of the minute separation of its constitute all that is known to us amidst the wonders

particles. By evaporating some of the solution, the of creation.

quantity of salt recovered will be proportionate to its In our last paper, alluding to the changes going diffusion throughout the mass. On this principle it on around us, we remarked that, notwithstanding the is that common salt is obtained from sea-water, apparent waste and dissipation to which every sub- Spring-water generally holds in solution great quanstance, animate and inanimate, is, by a wise ordina- tities of earthy matter, especially carbonate of lime. tion of Providence, subjected, nothing is really lost By a very simple process, that we shall, in some or destroyed. These mutations of form and of cha future paper, describe, the lime may be separated racter result from the most complete separation of from the water, and deposited at the bottom of the the particles of matter of any with which we are

vessel that contains it, in the form of an impalpable acquainted; implying the reduction of compound white powder. Under ordinary circumstances the bodies to their elements, which elements assist in lime, thus dissolved in water, is so finely divided, constructing new substances, whose round of duty that it passes readily through the most perfect filters being performed, they become, in their turn, liable to that have ever been invented, imparting not the the same immutable law of decay and reproduction. slightest trace of turbidity to the liquid. Its preThe minuteness of division necessary to these trans

sence may be detected by sprinkling a few drops of formations may, very properly, be termed elementary. the water on a piece of clean glass; when the water The elementary division of matter not only extends has evaporated, the lime will remain, communicating beyond the range of our visual organs, but it exceeds

a faint white stain to the surface of the glass. the most laborious stretch of our imagination. We In the evaporation of water, and other liquids, we will endeavour to illustrate this subject by a refe- have an example of the minute separation of those rence to some instances of the extreme divisibility bodies. The vapour of water at a certain tempeof matter, by a process that may be denominated rature is invisible, and perfectly dry. It becomes mechanical.

visible, and imparts moisture, only when in a state of Although we possess no means whereby to render transition from the vaporous to the liquid form. The visible to our senses the form, size, colour, weight, vapour of ether may be poured, like water, from one and other peculiarities of an ultimate particle of vessel to another, without being seen by the operator. matter in its separate state, we justly conclude that

The diffusion of odours through the atmosphere matter is incapable of division or diminution beyond may be noticed in illustration of the divisibility of certain limits; consequently, that each particle is matter. These odours may be either agreeable or endowed with some specific characteristic, and that offensive ; emanating from solids or liquids, or a the quantities of the particles of matter are as various mixture of both, and dependent on certain condiand 'as dissimilar as those exhibited by the simple tions annexed to the products of the animal, vegebodies they compose.

table, and mineral kingdoms. Gold affords a remarkable proof of the minute

In many of the inferior animals, the sense of mechanical division of which a solid body is suscep smelling is more refined than in the human species. tible. In the form of gold-leaf it may be beaten so Beasts of prey seem to be guided by the intimations thin, that fifty square inches weigh only one grain*. received through their olfactory organs to the haunts By the aid of a magnifying-glass the woooth (one of such animals as are adapted for their sustenance. thousandth) part of an inch may be distinctly seen. In some particular species of birds the senses of A square inch of gold-leaf may, therefore, be divided sight and smell are eminently acute. Fish also are into 1,000,000 (one million) equal parts, each of attracted by the odours exhaled from particular subwhich, weighing 10.000.000th (one fifty millionth) of a stances, as is well known to anglers. Sharks will grain, will be distinguishable by the eye. On silver- follow a ship for many successive days, when any of wire gold is reduced much thinner than it is in the the crew happen to be sick. We are not without state of leaf. It has been shown by an eminent satisfactory evidence, that insects, in searching for French philosopher (Réaumur), that one grain of their food, or proper recipients for their eggs, are gold, of the thinness which it is upon silver-wire, stimulated at considerable distances, by impressions will cover an area of 1400 square inches. Dividing made upon organs corresponding with those of smell the square inch, as in the former case, into 1,000,000 in animals. In all the cases we have cited, the im(one million) equal parts, it follows that a piece of pressions must necessarily be dependent on actual There are 5760 grains in a pound (Troy) of gold.-An avoir.

contact with minute portions of the respective dupois pound is equal to 7000 grains,


1 1000


The exhalations from the human body, when in hand that sustains and directs, throughout all their health, differ materially from those consequent on mighty revolutions, our own and myriads of other disease ; hence domestic animals, as dogs and cats, worlds; controls, amidst its successive combinations, evince symptoms of uneasiness when sickness pre- every particle of matter of which those worlds consist. vails, or death occurs, in their master's family. These We may well adopt the language of the Psalmist, emanations may be modified, and are very often “ Great is the Lord and greatly to be praised; and totally changed by change of food, habit, occupation, his greatness is unsearchable. I will speak of the or climate.

glorious honour of thy majesty, and of thy wondrous It would appear, that every body in nature is sur works.—Psalm cxlv. 3. 5.

R. R. rounded by an atmosphere peculiar to itself. In animals and vegetables this may be more distinctly recognised than in minerals. But although in the The grub of the large Tipula, sometimes called Tom latter we meet with some apparent exceptions, they Taylor, or Tommy Longlegs, says a writer on this subject, are, evidently, due to our incapacity for detecting ing up of the grass-land, also after clover and after beans;

commits its ravages chietly in the first crop, after the breakthem, rather than to any departure from a law which

the fly, from which this insect is produced, having deposited we may rationally infer is universal. We know that its eggs on the soil amongst the grass, clover, or beans. I some of the metals may be distinguished by their endeavoured some few years ago, to acquaint myself with odour on being rubbed, or subjected to a slight eleva- the natural history of this insect, and I was so successful tion of temperature. The most familiar instances as to ascertain the different stages of existence through are iron, lead, copper, zinc, and brass.

which it passes; the fly, the egg, the grub, and the chrysalis; The number of odorous particles liberated from take place, and some degree of usefulness was the result


as well as the season of the year when the different changes certain substances, without any apparent diminution I found that it took the tly-state about the begiuning of the in their weight or bulk, bids defiance to every thing month of August; I therefore concluded, as we got our like estimate or calculation. That each particle must clover-hay from the land a little after Midsummer, that if be inconceivably small is quite certain; yet small as we ploughed the clover-stubble any time after that, and it is in the majority of cases, it retains its compound the grub, as instinct has directed the fly not to leave its

before the month of August, it would be nearly free from form, consisting of two or more simple substances

eggs upon the naked soil, where no living vegetable is in chemical union. This spontaneous separation of growing. I know of no application to the land that will in the particles of a body, is preparatory to its final any degree destroy the grub, but we are much indebted to decomposition.

the rook and a variety of other birds for keeping its depreThe rapid diffusion and extensive distribution of dations within limited bounds. A family of rooks would odours through the atmosphere, is not the least consume 3847 grubs per day, supposing the consumption remarkable property possessed by them. This cannot to be continued throughout the year, it would amount to be too often impressed upon us in connexion with 1,404,155; and supposing a grub to destroy as many wheat

or other plants as might grow on a space of ground equal fever, small-pox, and other dangerous diseases. It to nine inches square, a family of rooks would preserve points to the importance of cleanliness and effectual from destruction more than two acres of corn. If we ventilation whenever sickness prevails, and especially extend our ideas further, and suppose all these grubs to in prisons, workhouses, and hospitals.

live and propagate their species, it appears to me more than The odour of newly-mown hay has been detected

probable, that if this one species of bird alone were extinct,

ihe labour of the husbandman would be nearly, if not altoat least seven miles from land. A late traveller, in gether, in vain. sailing along the coast of Ceylon, at a distance of nine leagues from the shore, recognised the delicious Every body who is fond of petting a canary-bird, and aroma of the spices, particularly cinnamon, for which making the little stranger as happy as he can be in a that island is celebrated.

foreign land, is well acquainted with the Ribwort Plantain, Our distinguished countryman, the Honourable which, with the groundsel and chickweed, is a favourite Robert Boyle, almost two hundred years ago, made who have been in the habit of introducing it between the

food of all the feathered tribes. But few persons, perhaps, some very curious experiments on the divisibility of wires of their bird-cages are aware how very curious a plant matter. The following we select, as being highly it is which they have in their hands. It has no pretensions interesting as well as instructive.

to beauty, taken as a whole; but when dissected it is as Mr. Boyle found that the materials resulting from full of wonder as any specimens of the vegetable kingdom the explosion of half a grain of gunpowder, occupied more attractive to the eye. When out of bloom, it appears a space 500,000 (five hundred thousand) times

more like a piece of dark worsted, twisted round a piece of

stick into the form of a slender cone, than like a flower, greater than the powder in its original state. A grain but on examination, this cone is found to contain a sucof copper dissolved in muriate of ammonia (sal cession of perfect flowers from the bottom upwards, easily ammoniac) imparted a blue tint to 32,000 (thirty- separated from each other, and all containing four stamens two thousand) gallons of water; and a perceptible and a pistil. The filaments are extremely fine, like silk discoloration was produced in double that quantity

just wound from the ball of the silkworm. They are, also, of water.

very long, and, bearing an anther at their extremities, they A pair of Spanish perfumed gloves that Mr. Boyle their receptacle; but to this they are so tightly fixed, that

seem constantly agitated, and in danger of being torn from

, had in his possession, preserved their odour, appa- it requires considerable force to displace them. Thus, rently unimpaired, for nearly thirty years. A piece flower after flower blows and withers, and gives place to of ambergris, carefully counterbalanced in scales that those which are formed beneath them on the cone; till at would turn with a very small part of a grain, was length the whole have gone through the separate stages of exposed to the air for three days and a half; and vegetation, till their seed is perfected; when the first peralthough there must have been disengaged from it, and carries it away to the bird-cage or aviary.—E. T.

son who passes by, possessing a canary-bird, snaps its stem an incalculable number of odorous particles during that time, yet no loss of weight or of bulk could be Never doth reason show itself more reasonable than when discovered. A lump of assafætida similarly treated, it ceaseth to reason about things which are above reason. was found, after five days and a half, not to have undergone any appreciable diminution.

LONDON: Whilst occupied in these investigations, we perceive, JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND. at every step we take, incontrovertible proofs of the PUBLISHED IN WEEKLY NUMBERS, PRICE ONE PEYNY, AND IN MONTHLY PARTE power, and wisdom, and goodness of God. The

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