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Rules for making the Characters. 1st Class. Make s to the right, t down, d downward, r upward, fv downward.
2d Class.--Make k q and n from left to right, ch and gj down. ward.
3d Class.-Make the circle first in all cases.
4th Class.—Make the hook or quadrant first in all cases, except ious, this always ends with the hook. For double letters make the line longer, or the circle larger.
Rules for joining Characters. Make one letter as if no other were to be made, and then without lifting the pen, make the next as if the first had not been made, observing to turn in that way which is most simple and
but let the line always take the same direction from the circle.
Rules for Spelling. 1. Use no vowels in spelling, except when distinctly sounded at the beginning and end of words. Example, entity ntt, chastity chstt, obey oba, away awa, pay pa, lay la, say sa.
2. Omit all silent letters. Ex. Light lit, sight sit, night nit.
3. When two letters sound like any one, use that one in their stead. Ex. Laugh, lauf, physic, fysic, Utica Utk, empty mt.
4. The letter c must be supplied by k and s. Ex. Comply komply, celestial selestial, receiver reseiver.
5. H may frequently be omitted as folluws. Ex. Behold beold, how ow, highway iway, heaven even, help elp.
6. Pn and gh are never written in short hand, as they are always sounded like f or v, (when not silent,) and therefore represented by these characters. Ex. Enough enuf, tough tuf, Philadelphia Filadelfia, philosophy filosofy, Stephen Steven.
7. When double consonants occur, use only one; but if a vowel intervene, use both. Ex. Restlessness restlesnes, commendation comendation, memory mmory, people pple.
8. B and w may be omitted, as follows. Ex. Number numer, encumber encumer, slumber slumer, answer anser.
9. The ch character is only used where it has its natural sound, as in charm, church, chapter, choice. Where ch have the sound of k or sh, let these signs be used.
10. Let z be represented by s in all cases; but to distinguish it, let the mark be made thicker than for s.
REMARKS.-Although this method of spelling may appear difficult to the beginner, he is assured, that it may be made quite familiar in a few hours, and that without injuring his common spelling. To do this pronounce words distinctly and rapidly, retaining for short hand nothing but the most prominent sounds; as nv, for envy, ntt, for entity ; ldr, for elder; disfr, for philusupher, &c.
Rules for Writing 1. Provide a good pencil, or fine hard pen, good ink and paper.
2. When a vowel is to be written make a small dot, and if it belong to & particular word, let it stand near that word, at the right or left.
3. Do not lift the pen in a word, except to write a pretix, termination, or vowel.
4. Make the character y, for the words you, your, year; and at the begin ning of words, but never at the last end, as it is there a vowel and represented by a dot.
5. At the beginning of words use r for recon, recom; m for multi, magni; k for contra, contri, counter ; n for inter, intro, enter; s for satis, super, circum; t for trans.
It must be remembered, that all these signs should be made small, and placed just before the word, but not joined to it. For under, beneath, below, make a sınall circle. below the line of writing; for on, upon, over, and above, make i ° over the line; for before make it in the line 0; for up and down make a small dot or touch above' or below. as the case requires.
6. At the end of words, a scratch through the last letter is tive; a dot. below is ly; a dot' above is tion, sion, cian; a touch' above is tions, sions, cians; at the right it is ing, ong, ung ; if below, it is ings, ongs, ungs ; it thus 'it is ity, ality, elity, ility, a horizontal touch“ above is al, ial, tial, cial; and the same touch - below is less, fess, ress; and without lifting the pen, the following letters may be used for some of the frequent endings of words; viz. n for ness, b for ble or bles, m for ment or ments, s for self or selves, f for full, ference, w for ward, sh for ship, and for ious, cous, uous, ius.
7. Use common figures to represent numbers, but make them larger than the other characters, that they may be readily distinguished.
8. The common marks for punctuation may all be used in short hand, except the period, which would be taken for a vowel. But the following distinction is all that is necessary in following a speaker-when a sentence is complete, leave a blank of half an inch, and let each paragraph begin a line.
9. Long words may often be represented by two or three of their leading consonants, or by their
initials, when the sense is clear; and in most long sentences a number of small words may be dropped, without impairing the perspicuity of the sentence.
10. When a word or sentence is immediately repeated, write it once, and draw a line under it for the repetition. If it be a sentence, and not repeated till something else occur, write a word or two and make the à for &c.
Rule for Reading: When a word is not known at sight, proceed to speak each letter of which it is composed, separately and distinctly, and then pronounce the whole together, as rapidly as possible-thus; n, v, when pronounced nv, would give the word envy-n, t, t, pronounced ntt, would give the word entity--I, d, r, would be elder-f, 1, s, f, r, or flsfr, would be readily recognized as philosopher; and the same of all other words.
REMARK.-The characters of this system are simple and few, and may soon be known at sight, like the letters of our common Alphabet, and when this is the case, the sense of the subject will render the reading sure